gjnavi saamraajya

غaaزaaنaaوaaیaaاaaن
gjnaviyaan
gjnavi saamraajya
Saffarid dynasty 861-1003.png

Samanid dynasty (819–999).GIF
963 – 1186 Ghori Dynasty 1149-1212 (AD).png

Seljuk Empire locator map.svg

Flag of ग़ज़नवी साम्राज्य

gjnavi dhvaj

Location of ग़ज़नवी साम्राज्य
apne charam par gjnavi saamraajya
rajdhani gjna
(963–1163)
Lahore
(1163–1186)[1]
bhaasha(eain) faarasi (raajabhaasha aur aam-bhaasha)[2][3]
arabi (dhaarmik)
Turkey (sainik)[4]
dharm sunni islaam
sarkaar saamraajya
sulataan
- 961-963 alp tigin (pratham)
- 1160-1186 khusaro maalik (antim)
aitihaasik yug madhyakaaleen
- sansthaapit 963
- visansthaapit 1186
kshetr
- 1029 anumaanit 34,00,000 km² (13,12,747 sq mi)
vartamaan mein

gjnavi raajavansh (faarasi: غaزaنaوaیaاaنa‎, angreji: Ghaznavids) ek turk muslim raajavansh tha jisne 975 isavi se 1186 isavi kaal mein adhikaaainsh Iran, aamoo paar kshetron aur uttari bhaarateeya upamahaadveep par raaj kiya. iski sthaapana sabuk tigin ne tab ki thi jab use apne sasur alp tigin ki mrutyu par gjna (aadhunik gjni praant) ka raaj mila tha. alp tigin swayam kabhi khuraasaan ke saamaani saamraajya ka siphasaalaar hua karta tha jisne apni alag riyaasat kaayam kar li thi.[5]

anukram

Mehmood gjnavi dvaara saamraajya vistaar

sabuk tigin ke putr, Mehmood gjnavi ne gjnavi saamraajya ki seemaaon ko bahut badhaaya aur apne raajakshetr ko uttar mein aamoo dariya se lekar poorv mein sindhu nadi tak aur dakshin mein arab saagar tak vistrut kar diya. turk nasl ke hone ke baavajood gjnavi vansh saamaani saamraajya ki Irani-faarasi sabhyata se prabhaavit tha. vah sainik abhiyaanon mein Turkey bhaashaaeain prayog karta tha lekin raajadarabaar aur sanskruti mein faarasi istemaal karta tha.

saamraajya ka patan

masood pratham (1031-1041) ke shaasanakaal mein gjnavi apna pashchimi kshetr san 1040 mein lade gaye dandaanaakaana​ ke yuddh mein salajook saamraajya ko kho baithe.[6] iske baad unka saamraajya sikud kar aadhunik afgaanistaan, balochistaan aur Punjab tak seemit rah gaya. 1151 mein sulataan baharaam shaah ke raajakaal mein gjnavi saamraajya swayam gjni ko bhi gor ke alaauddeen husain ko haar gaya.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. "Lahore" Encyclopæadia Britannica
  2. Homa Katouzian, "Iranian history and politics", Published by Routledge, 2003. pg 128: "Indeed, since the formation of the Ghaznavids state in the tenth century until the fall of Qajars at the beginning of the twentieth century, most parts of the Iranian cultural regions were ruled by Turkic-speaking dynasties most of the time. At the same time, the official language was Persian, the court literature was in Persian, and most of the chancellors, ministers, and mandarins were Persian speakers of the highest learning and ability"
  3. "Persian Prose Literature." World Eras. 2002. HighBeam Research. (September 3, 2012);"Princes, although they were often tutored in Arabic and religious subjects, frequently did not feel as comfortable with the Arabic language and preferred literature in Persian, which was either their mother tongue—aaas in the case of dynasties such as the Saffarids (861–1003), Samanids (873–1005), and Buyids (945–1055)— or was a preferred lingua franca for them—aaas with the later Turkish dynasties such as the Ghaznawids (977–1187) and Saljuks (1037–1194)". [1]
  4. C.E. Bosworth, The Ghaznavids:994-1040, (Edinburgh University Press, 1963), 134.
  5. First encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913-1936, Martijn Theodoor Houtsma, pp. 162, BRILL, ISBN 978-90-04-09796-4, ... About 350 (961) a Turkish slave named Alp-tegin who had been Hadjib or Chamberlain under the Samanide king 'Abd al-Malik rebelled against his successor Mansur, and took possession of the town of Ghaznin ...
  6. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, René Grousset, pp. 147, Rutgers University Press, 1970, ISBN 978-0-8135-1304-1, ... On May 22, 1040, the Ghaznavids had been beaten at the battle of Dandanaqan, near Merv, by another Turkic band, the Seljuks, who had captured Khurasan from them and driven them back into Afghanistan and India ...