girnaar

girnaar parvat
ગaaિaaરaaનaaાaaર પaaરaa્aaવaaત
giringar
revatak parvat
गिरनार
girnaar ka dattaatreya mandir
ooainchaai 1,031 m (3,383 ft)
sthiti
गिरनार is located in गुजरात
bhavanaath, joonaagadh, Gujarat Bhaarat
nirdeshaank 21°a29′a41″aN 70°a30′a20″aE / 21.49472°aN 70.50556°aE / 21.49472; 70.50556Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a29′a41″aN 70°a30′a20″aE / 21.49472°aN 70.50556°aE / 21.49472; 70.50556

Bhaarat ke Gujarat raajya ke joonaagadh jile sthit pahaadiyaaain girnaar naam se jaani jaati hain. yeh Ahmedabad se 327 kilometer ki doori par joonaagadh ke 10 meal poorv bhavanaath mein sthit hain. yeh ek pavitra sthaan hai jo hinduon aur jain dharmaavalambiyon donon ke liye ek mahatvapoorn teerth hai. hare-bhare gir van ke beech parvat-shrrunkhala dhaarmik gatividhi ke kendra ke roop mein kaarya karti hai. in pahaadiyon ki ausat ooainchaai 3,500 foot hai par chotiyon ki sankhya adhik hai. inmein anbaamaata, gorakhanaath, aughad seekhar, guroo dattaatreya aur kaalaka pramukh hain. sarvochch choti gorakhanaath 3,666 foot ooainchi hai.

itihaas

girinaar ka praacheen naam ujjayant athva girivr tha. ye pahaadiyaaain aitihaasik mandiron, raajaaon ke shilaalekhon tatha abhilekhon (jo ab praaya: dhvastapraaya sthiti mein hain) ke liye bhi prasiddh hain. pahaadi ki talahati mein ek bruhat chattaan par ashok ke mukhya 14 dharmalekh utkeern hain. isi chattaan par kshatrap roodradaaman‌ ka lagbhag 120 E. ka prasiddh sanskrut abhilekh hai. ismein samraat chandragupt maurya tatha paravarti raajaaon dvaara nirmit tatha jeernodvaarakrut sudarshan tadaag aur vishnumandir ka sundar varnan hai. yeh lekh sanskrut kaavyashaili ke vikaas ke adhyayan ke liye mahatvapoorn samjha jaata hai. is bruhat abhilekh mein roodradaaman ke naam aur vansh ka ullekh tatha roodradaaman‌ sanvat‌ 72 mein, bhayaanak aaaindhi paani ke kaaran praacheen sudarshan jheel toot foot jaane ka kaavyamaya varnan hai. visheshakar suvarnasikta tatha palaashini nadiyon ke paani ko rokakar baaaindh banaae jaane tatha mahaavrushti evam toofaan se chhoot jaane ka varnan to bahut hi sundar hai.

is abhilekh ki chattaan par 458 E. ka ek anya abhilekh guptasamraat skandagupt ke samay ka bhi hai jismein suraashtr ke tatkaaleen raashtrik parnadatt ke putr chakrapaalit dvaara sudarshan tadaag ke setu ya baaaindh ka pun: ek baar jeernoddhaar kiye jaane ka ullekh hai kyonki puraana baaaindh, jise roodradaaman‌ ne banavaaya tha, skandagupt ke raajyaabhishek varsh mein jal ke mahaaveg se nasht bhrasht ho gaya tha.

anbaamaata ka mandir anbaamaata choti par sthit hai. gaumukhi, hanumaanadhaara aur kamandal naamak teen kund yahaaain sthit hain. praacheen kaal mein ye pahaadiyaaain aghori santon ki kreedaasthali raheen. paalitaana (Palitana) ke baad yeh jainiyon ka dviteeya pramukh teerth hain. yahaaain ke sinhon ki nasl bhi adhik vikhyaat hai jinki sankhya dheere-dheere kam hoti ja rahi hai. yaheen mahaaraaja khetasih khangaar ji ki janmasthali bhi hai,jahaan se khangaar kshatriya jaati ka udgam hua. khangaar Saurashtra Gujarat mein jain dharm ke sanrakshak rahe hain jain dharm ki pavitra pustak " girnaar gaurav" iski gavaahi deti hai.

bhoogol

girnaar ke jain mandir

yeh parvat jila joonaagadh, kaathiyaavaad, Gujarat mein jiska praacheen naam 'giringar' tha mein sthit hai. mahaabhaarat mein ullikhit raivatak parvat ke krod mein basa praacheen teerthasthal hai. pahaad ki choti par kai jainamandir hain. yahaan tak pahuainchane ke liye 7,000 seedhiyaaain hain. inmein sarvapraacheen mandir Gujarat naresh kumaarapaal ke samay ka bana hua hai. doosra vaastupaal aur tejapaal naamak bhaaiyon ne banavaaya tha. ise teerthankar mallinaath mandir kehte hain. yeh vikram sanvat‌ 1288 (1237 E.) mein bana. teesara mandir neminaath ka hai jo lagbhag 1277 E. mein taiyaar hua. yeh sabse adhik vishaal evam bhavya hai. praacheen kaal mein in parvaton ki shobha apoorv thi kyonki inke sabhaamandap, stambh, shikhar, garbhagruh aadi svachh sangamaramar se nirmit hone ke kaaran bahut chamakadaar aur sundar dikhte the. ab anek baar marammat hone se inka svabhaavik saundarya kuchh feeka pad gaya hai. parvat par dattaatreya ka mandir aur gomukhi ganga hai jo hinduon ka teerthasthal hai.

baahari kadiyaaain

  • girnaar bhakti - shvetaambar jain mahaateerth girnaar ke baare mein sampoorn jaankaari