giddh

ghonsale mein giddh
samooh mein giddh

giddh shikaari pakshiyon ke antargat aanevaale murdaakhor pakshi hain, jinhein gruddh kul (Family Vulturidae) mein ekatr kiya gaya hai. ye sab pakshi do bhaagon mein baaainte ja sakte hain. pehle bhaag mein amareeka ke kaundar (Condor), King valchar (King Vulture), kailiforniyn valchar (Californian Vulture), tarki bajrd (Turkey Buzzard) aur Amreeki black valchar (American Black Vulture) hote hain aur doosare bhaag mein Africa aur Asia ke raajagruddh (King Vulture), kaala giddh (Black Vulture), chamar giddh (White backed Vulture), bada giddh (Griffon Vulture) aur gobar giddh (Scavenger Vulture) mukhya hain.

ye katthai aur kaale rang ke bhaari kad ke pakshi hain, jinki drushti bahut tej hoti hai. shikaari pakshiyon ki tarah inki chonch bhi tedhi aur majaboot hoti hai, lekin inke panje aur naakhoon unke jaise tej aur majaboot naheen hote. ye jhundon mein rahane vaale murdaakher pakshi hain jinse koi bhi gandi aur ghinauni cheej khaane se naheen bachati. ye pakshiyon ke mehatar hain jo safaai jaisa aavashyak kaam karke beemaari naheen failane dete.

ye kisi ooainche ped par apna bhadda sa ghonsala banaate hain, jismein maada ek ya do safed ande deti hai.

anukram

prajaatiyaaain

Bhaarat mein giddh ki jo prajaatiyaaain paayi jaati hain vah is prakaar hain:-

  • bhaarateeya giddh (Gyps indicus)
  • lambi chonch ka giddh (Gyps tenuirostris)
  • laal sir wala giddh (Sarcogyps calvus)
  • Bengal ka giddh (Gyps bengalensis)
  • safed giddh (Neophron percnopterus ginginianus)

patan

yeh jaati aaj se kuchh saal pehle apne poore kshetr mein prachur maatra mein paayi jaati thi. 1990 ke dashak mein is jaati ka 97% se 99% patan ho gaya hai. iska moolat: kaaran pashu davaai daaiklofinaik (diclofenac) hai jo ki pashuon ke jodon ke dard ko mitaane mein madad karti hai. jab yeh davaai khaaya hua pashu mar jaata hai aur usako marne se thoda pehle yeh davaai di gayi hoti hai aur usako bhaarateeya giddh khaata hai to uske gurde band ho jaate hain aur vah mar jaata hai. ab nai davaai mailauksikaim meloxicam aa gayi hai aur yeh hamaare giddhon ke liye haanikaarak bhi naheen hain. jab is davaai ka utpaadan badh jaayega to saare pashu-paalak iska istemaal kareinge aur shaayad hamaare giddh bach jaayein.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • bhaarateeya giddh
  • lambi chonch ka giddh
  • laal sir wala giddh
  • Bengal ka giddh
  • safed giddh

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh