ghaaraapuri gufaaeain

yunesko vishv dharohar sthal
ghaaraapuri gufaaeain
vishv dharohar soochi mein ankit naam
त्रिमूर्ति - सदाशिव मूर्ति
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
prakaar Cultural
maanadand (i)(iii)
sandarbh [[1] 244]
yunesko kshetr dakshin Asia
shilaalekhit itihaas
shilaalekh 1987 (11th satr)

nirdeshaank: 18°a58′a00″aN, 72°a56′a09″aE ghaaraapuri gufaaeain (maraathi: ghaaraapureechi leni; angreji: eleefeinta) Bhaarat mein mumbai ke gate ve of indiya se lagbhag 12 kilometer door sthit ek sthal hai jo apni kalaatmak gufaaon ke kaaran prasiddh hai. yahaaain kul saat gufaaeain hain. mukhya gufa mein 26 stambh hain, jismein Shiv ko kai roopon mein ukera gaya hain. pahaadiyon ko kaatkar banaai gayi ye moortiyaaain dakshin bhaarateeya moortikla se prerit hai. iska aitihaasik naam ghaarapuri hai. yeh naam mool naam agrahaarapuri se nikla hua hai.[1] elifeinta naam purtagaaliyon dvaara yahaaain par bane patthar ke haathi ke kaaran diya gaya tha.[2] yahaaain hindu dharm ke anek devi devataaon ki moortiyaaain hain. ye mandir pahaadiyon ko kaatkar banaaye gaye hain. yahaaain Bhagwan shankar ki nau badi-badi moortiyaaain hain jo shankar ji ke vibhinn roopon tatha kriyaaon ko dikhaati hain. inmein Shiv ki trimoorti pratima sabse aakarshak hai. yeh moorti 23 ya 24 feet lambi tatha 17 feet ooainchi hai. is moorti mein Bhagwan shankar ke teen roopon ka chitran kiya gaya hai. is moorti mein shankar Bhagwan ke mukh par apoorv gambheerata dikhti hai.

doosari moorti Shiv ke panchamukhi parameshvar roop ki hai jismein shaanti tatha saumyata ka raajya hai. ek anya moorti shankar ji ke ardhanaareeshvar roop ki hai jismein darshan tatha kala ka sundar samanvaya kiya gaya hai. is pratima mein purush tatha prakruti ki do mahaan shaktiyon ko mila diya gaya hai. ismein shankar tanakar khade dikhaaye gaye hain tatha unka haath abhaya mudra mein dikhaaya gaya hai. unki jata se ganga, yamuna aur sarasvati ki tridhaara bahti hui chitrit ki gayi hai. ek moorti sadaashiv ki chaumukhi mein golaakaar hai. yahaaain par Shiv ke bhairav roop ka bhi sundar chitran kiya gaya hai tatha taandav nrutya ki mudra mein bhi Shiv Bhagwan ko dikhaaya gaya hai. is drushya mein gati evam abhinay hai. isi kaaran anek logon ke vichaar se elifenta ki moortiyaaain sabse achhi tatha vishisht maani gayi hain. yahaaain par Shiv evam paarvati ke vivaah ka bhi sundar chitran kiya gaya hai.[3] 1987 mein yoonesko dvaara eleefeinta gufaaon ko vishv dharohar ghoshit kiya gaya hai.

yeh paashaan-shilpit mandir samooh lagbhag 6,000 varg feet ke kshetr mein faila hai, jismein mukhya kaksh, do paarshv kaksh, praangan va do gaun mandir hain. in bhavya gufaaon mein sundar ubhaaraakrutiyaan, shilpaakrutiyaan hain va saath hi hindu Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit ek mandir bhi hai. ye gufaaeain thos paashaan se kaat kar banaayi gayi hain.[4] yeh gufaaen naunveen shataabdi se terahaveen shataabdi tak ke silhaara vansh (8100–1260) ke raajaaon dvaara nirmit bataayeen jaateen hain. kai shilpaakrutiyaan maanyakhet ke raashtrakoot vansh dvaara banavaayeen hui hain. (vartamaan Karnataka mein).

chitr deergha

sandarbh

  1. angreji viki par eleefeinta gufaaen
  2. "ailifeinta : khoobsoorat itihaas". Delhi Haryana samay. http://delhiharyana.samaylive.com/news/600518/600518.html. abhigman tithi: 2009.
  3. ishvari prasaad, padmabhooshan (July 1986). praacheen bhaarateeya sanskruti, kala, raajaneeti, dharm tatha darshan. Allahabad: meenoo pablikeshan, myor road. pa॰ 219 se 220.
  4. "Elephanta Caves". Mumbai Net. http://www.mumbainet.com/travel/elephanta.htm. abhigman tithi: 2006-10-14.

baahari kadiyaaain