gayaasuddeen balaban

gayaasuddeen balaban (1266 – 1286) Delhi saltanat mein gulaam vansh ka ek shaasak tha. usane san 1266 se 1286 tak raajya kiya.

gayaasuddeen balaban, jaati se ilabaari turk tha. usaki janmatithi ka pata naheen. usaka pita uchch shreni ka sardaar tha. baalyakaal mein hi mangolon ne use pakadkar Baghdad ke baajaar mein das ke roop mein bech diya. bhaagyachakr usako bhaaratavarsh laaya. sulataan ilatutmish ne us par daya karke use mol le liya. svaamibhkti aur sevaabhaav ke falasvaroop vah nirantar unnati karta gaya, yahaaain tak ki sulataan ne use chehalagan ke dal mein sammilit kar liya. rajiya ke raajyakaal mein usaki niyukti ameere shikaar ke pad par hui. baharaam ne usako revaadi tatha haansi ke kshetr pradaan kiye. san. 1245 E. mein mangolon se loha lekar apne saamarik gun ka pramaan diya. aagaami varsh jab naasiruddeen Mehmood sinhaasanaaroodh hua to usane balaban ko mukhya mantri ke pad par aaseen kiya. 20 varsh tak usane is uttaradaayitv ko nibaaha. is avadhi mein uske samaksh jatil samasyaaeain prastut huin tatha ek avsar par use apamaanit bhi hona pada, parantu usane na to saahas hi chhoda aur na drudh sankalp. vah nirantar unnati ki disha mein hi agrasar raha. usane aantarik vidrohon ka daman kiya aur baahya aakramanon ko asafal. san. 1246 mein duaabe ke hindu jameendaaron ki uddandata ka daman kiya. tatpashchaat kaalinjar va kada ke pradeshon par adhikaar jamaaya. prasann hokar san. 1249 E. mein sultaan ne apni putri ka vivaah uske saath kiya aur usako naayab sultaan ki upaadhi pradaan ki. san. 1252 E. mein usane gvaaliyr, chanderi aur maalava par abhiyaan kiye. pratidvandviyon ki irshya aur dvesh ke kaaran ek varsh tak vah padachyut raha parantu shaasan vyavastha ko bigdti dekhkar sultaan ne vivsh hokar use bahaal kar diya. dubaara kaaryabhaar sainbhaalane ke pashchaat usane uddand ameeron ko niyantrit karne ka prayaas kiya. san. 1255 E. mein sultaan ke sautele pita katlug khaaain ke vidroh ko dabaaya. san. 1257 E. mein mangolon ke aakraman ko roka. san. 1259 E. mein kshetr ke baagiyon ka naash kiya. 1260 E. se lekar 1266 E. tak ki usaki krutiyon ka itihaas praapt naheen. jm

naasiruddeen Mehmood ki mrutyu ke pashchaat bina kisi virodh ke ne mukut dhaaran kar liya. usane 20 varsh tak raajya kiya. sultaan ke roop mein usane jis buddhimtta, kaaryakushalata tatha naitikta ka parichay diya, itihaasakaaron ne usaki bhoori bhoori prashansa ki hai. shaasanapaddhati ko usane naveen saaainche mein dhaala aur usako moolat: laukik banaane ka prayaas kiya. vah musalmaan vidvaanon ka aadar to karta tha lekin raajakeeya kaaryon mein unako hastakshep naheen karne deta tha. usaka nyaaya pakshapaat rahit aur usaka dand atyant kathor tha, isi kaaran usaki shaasan vyavastha ko loh rakt ki vyavastha kehkar sambodhit kiya jaata hai. vaastav mein is samay aisi hi vyavastha ki aavashyakta thi.

balaban ne mangolon ke aakramanon ki rokathaam karne ke uddeshya se seemaant kshetr mein sudrudh durgon ka nirmaan kiya aur in durgon mein saahasi yoddhaaon ko niyukt kiya. usane mevaat, doaab aur katehar ke vidrohiyon ko aatankit kiya. jab tugaril ne Bengal mein svatantrata ki ghoshana kar di tab sultaan ne svaya vahaaain pahuainchakar nirdayata se is vidroh ka daman kiya. saamraajya vistaar karne ki usaki neeti na thi, iske vipreet usaka adig vishvaas saamraajya ke sangathan mein tha. is uddeshya ki poorti ke hetu ke usane umaraav varg ko apne niyantran mein rakha evam sulataan ke pad aur pratishtha ko gauravamaya banaaya. usaka kehna tha ki "sultaan ka hrudaya daivi anukanpa ki ek vishesh nidhi hai, is kaaran usaka astitv adviteeya hai." usane sijda evam paayabos ki paddhati ko chalaaya. usaka vyaktitv itna prabhaavashaali tha ki usako dekhte hi laag sanjnyaaaheen ho jaate the. usaka bhaya vyaapak tha. usane sena ka bhi sudhaar kiya, durbal aur vruddh senaanaayakon ko hataakar unki jagah veer evam saahasi javaanon ko niyukt kiya. vah turk jaati ke ekaadhikaar ka pratipaalak tha, at: uchch padon se aturk logon ko usane hata diya. keerti aur yash praapt kar vah san. 1287 E. ke madhya paralok sidhaara.

dekhein

poorvaadhikaari
naasirooddeen Mehmood
gulaam vansh
1206–1290
uttaraadhikaari
muijuddeen kaaekaabaad
poorvaadhikaari
naasirooddeen Mehmood
Delhi ka sultaan
1206–1290
uttaraadhikaari
muijuddeen kaaekaabaad