gayaanaaitihaasasanpaadit kareindharm aur prajaateesanpaadit karein

Coat of arms of Guyana.svg
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Guyana in its region.svg

gayaana ya guyaana dakshini amareeka me ek desh hai. is ka aadhikaarik naam- 'kauparetiv ripbalik of guyaana' hai. yeh dakshin amareeka ke uttar-madhya bhaag me hain. 'guyaana' shabd ka aitihaasik prayog haulaind ke teen upanivesho ke liye kiya gaya tha. yeh upanivesh the- essekyoobo, demeraara aur berabis. vo etihaasik gayaana amejn nadi ke uttar me tha aur orinoko nadi ke purav me tha.

yahaaain par bharateeya sabse baadi prajaati hai. yeh bharateeya prajaati ke log yahaaain angrejo ke shaashan kaal me aaeain. is desh par sabse pehle haulaind ne shaashan kiya aur fir 200 saal tak angrejo ne is par shaashan kiya.

itihaas

yahaaain par pehle deshi kabeelo- araavak aur kaarib ka raaj tha. kristofr kolambas ne gayaana ko apni tisri yaatra (1498) me dekha tha, parantu haulaind pehla desh tha jisne yahaaain par apne upanivesh sthaapit kiye: essekyoobo (1616), berabis (1627) aur demeraara (1752). 18 vi sadi ke ant tak Britain ne in teeno upanivesho par apna raaj sthaapit kiya aur iska naam 'british guyaana' rakh diya.

yahaaain kaam karne ke liye Britain ne apne anya upanivesho se majdoor gayaana me laae. at: aadhunik gayaana ki taadaat jyaada tar bhaarateeyon aur afareeki logo se hi banti hai.

gayaana ko Britain ke 200 varshon ke shaashan se 26 May 1966 ko mili aur 23 fravari 1970 ko yeh ganaraajya bana.

dharm aur prajaati

43.5% log bhaarateeya mool ke hain, 30.2% log afariki hai. mishrit jaati ke log 16.7% hain. 9.6% log anya prajaati ke hai.

57% log isaai hain aur lagbhag 30% log hindu hain.