gaya

gaya
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
janasankhya
ghanatv
4,63,454 (2011 tak )
• 7,800 /kimi2 (20,202 /varg meal)
kshetrafal 50.11 sq. kms ki.mee²

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 24°a49′aN 85°a00′aE / 24.81°aN 85°aE / 24.81; 85

bodhagaya ka mahaabodhi mandir

gaya, Jharkhand aur Bihar ki seema aur falgu nadi ke tat par basa Bhaarat praant ke Bihar raajya ka doosra bada shahar hai.[1] Varanasi ki tarah gaya ki prasiddhi mukhya rup se ek dhaarmik nagari ke rup mein hai. pitrupaksh ke avsar par yahaaain hajaaron shraddhaalu pindadaan ke liye jutate hain.[2] [3] gaya sadak, rel aur vaayu maarg dvaara poore Bhaarat se juda hai. navanirmit gaya antarraashtreeya havaai adda dvaara yeh Thailand se bhi seedhe juda hua hai. gaya se 17 kilometer ki doori par bodhagaya sthit hai jo bauddh teerth sthal hai aur yaheen bodhi vruksh ke neeche Bhagwan buddh ko gyaan ki praapti hui thi.

gaya Bihar ke mahatvapoorn teerthasthaanon mein se ek hai.[4] yeh shahar khaaskar hindu teerthayaatriyon ke liye kaafi prasiddh hai. yahaan ka vishnupad mandir paryatakon ke beech lokapriya hai.[5] dantakathaaon ke anusaar Bhagwan vishnu ke paanv ke nishaan par is mandir ka nirmaan karaaya gaya hai. hindu dharm mein is mandir ko aham sthaan praapt hai. gaya pitrudaan ke liye bhi prasiddh hai. kaha jaata hai ki yahaan falgu nadi ke tat par pindadaan karne se mrut vyakti ko baikunth ki praapti hoti hai.

gaya, madhya Bihar ka ek mahatvapoorn shahar hai, jo ganga ki sahaayak nadi falgu ke pashchimi tat par sthit hai. yeh bodhagaya se 13 kilometer uttar tatha rajdhani Patna se 100 kilometer dakshin mein sthit hai. yahaan ka mausam milaajula hai. garmi ke dinon mein yahaan kaafi garmi padti hai aur thand ke dinon mein ausat sardi hoti hai. monsoon ka bhi yahaan ke mausam par vyaapak asar hota hai. lekin varsha ritu mein yahaan ka drushya kaafi rochak hota hai.

kaha jaata hai ki gayaasur naamak daitya ka badh karte samay Bhagwan vishnu ke pad chinh yahaan pade the jo aaj bhi vishnupad mandir mein dekhe ja sakte hain.

anukram

itihaas

gaya ka ullekh mahaakaavya raamaayan mein bhi milta hai. gaya maurya kaal mein ek mahatvapoorn nagar tha. khudaai ke dauraan samraat ashok se sambandhit aadesh patra paaya gaya hai. madhyakaal mein yeh shahar mugal samraaton ke adheen tha. mugalakaal ke patan ke uparaant gaya par anek kshetreeya raajaaon ne raaj kiya. 1787 mein holkar vansh ki saamraajnyai mahaaraani ahilyaabaai ne vishnupad mandir ka punarnirmaan karaaya tha. [6]

pavitra sthal

son bhandaar gufa

vishnupad mandir

falgu nadi ke pashchimi kinaare par sthit yeh mandir paryatakon ke beech kaafi lokapriya hai. kaha jaata hai ki is mandir ka nirmaan Bhagwan vishnu ke padachinhon par kiya gaya hai. yeh mandir 30 meter ooncha hai jismein aath khanbhe hain. in khanbhon par chaandi ki paratein chadhaai hui hai. mandir ke garbhagruh mein Bhagwan vishnu ke 40 seinteemeetar lambe paanv ke nishaan hain. is mandir ka 1787 mein Indore ki mahaaraani ahilya baai ne naveekaran karavaaya tha. pitrupaksh ke avsar par yahaan shraddhaaluon ki kaafi bheed jutati hai.

jaama masjid

jaama masjid Bihar ki sabse badi masjid hai. yeh takareeban 200 saal puraani hai. isame hajaaro log saath namaaj ada kar sakte hain.

bitho shareef

mukhya nagar se 10 ki॰mee॰ door gaya Patna maarg par sthit ek pavitra dharmik sthal hai. yaha navi sadi hij‍aari me chishti asharafi silsile ke prakhyaat soofi sat hajarat makhadoom sayad darvesh Ashraf ne khaanakaah asharafiya ki sthaapana ki thi. aaj bhi poore Bhaarat se shradaaloo yaha darshan ke liye aate hai. har saal islaami maas shaabaan ki 10 taareekh ko hajarat makhadoom sayad darvesh Ashraf ka urs manaaya jaata hai.[7]

baanaabar (baraabar) pahaad

gaya se lagbhag 20 kilometer uttar belaaganj se 10 kilometer poorab me sthit hai. iske oopar Bhagwan Shiv ka mandir hai, jahaaain har varsh hajaaron shraddhaaloo saavan ke maheene me jal chadhte hai. kehte hain is mandir ko baanaasur ne banavaaya tha. pun: samraat ashok ne marammat karavaaya. iske neeche satagharava ki gufa hai, jo praacheen sthaapatya kala ka namoona hai. iske atirikt ek maarg gaya se lagbhag 30 kimi uttar makhadumapur se bhi hai. is par jaane hetu paataalaganga, hathiyaabor aur baavanaseedhi teen maarg hai, jo kramash: dakshin, pashchim aur uttar se hai, poorab mein falagoo nadi hai.

aur gaya se lagbhag 25 kilometer poorab mein tanakuppa prakhand mein chovaar ek gauv hai jo ki gaya jile mein ek alag hi bisheshata rakhata hai!is gauv mein ek praacheen Shiv mandir hai jo apne aap mein hi ek bahut badi mahaanata rakhata hai!is mandir mein Bhagwan Shiv ko chaahe jitna bhi jal kyon naheen chadhaaye par aajatak iska pata naheen lag paaya hai!aur isi gauv mein khudaai mein bahut hi praacheen ashtadhaatu ki moortiyaaain aur chaaaindi ke bahutein sikke mile hai!is gauv mein ek taad ka ped bhi hai,jo ki bahut hi adbhut hai. is taad ke ped ki visheshata yeh hai ki is ped mein tin daal hai jo ki Bhagwan Shiv ki trishool ki aakaar ka hai,ye gauv ki shobha badhaata hai ji haaain ye chovaar gauv ki visheshata hai.

praacheen eban adbhut Shiv mandir (chovaar gauv)

chovaar gaya shahar se 35 kilometer poorv mein ek gauv hai chovaar jo ki apne aap mein ek bahut hi adbhut hai is gauv mein ek bahut hi praacheen Shiv mandir hai jaha saikado sardhaaloo Baba baaleshvaranaath ke oopar jal chadhaate hai par aajatak ye jal kahaaain jaata hai kuchh pata naheen chalta hai iske peechhe ke kaaran kisi ko naheen pata chala lagbhag hajaaro saalon se ye chamatkaar ki jaaainch karne aaye saikado baijnyaaaniko ne bhi ye daaba kiya hai ki ye Bhagwan Shiv ka chamatkaar hai. .aur isi gauv mein kuchh saalon pehle sadak nirmaan ke dauraan yahaaain ek bahut hi bada ghada nikla jisme hajaaro shuddh chaaaindi ke sikke nikle the!aur aaj bhi is gauv se ashtadhaatu ki aneko moortiyaaain hai jo ki,aaj bhi Shiv mandir mein dekhne ko milta hai. . is gauv mein ek taad ka ped bhi hai jo is chovaar gauv ki shobha badhaata hai isame khaas baat to ye hai ki,ye taad ka ped ek,do,naheen balki pure tin daal ka ped hai ji haaain is taad ke ped mein tin daal hai jo ki Bhagwan Shiv ki trishool ki aakaar ka hai!door-door se log is ped ko dekhne ke liye aate hain.

kotesvaranaath

yeh ati praacheen Shiv mandir morahar nadi ke kinaare main gaaainv mein sthit hai. yahaaain har varsh shivraatri mein mela lagta hai. yahaaain pahuainchane hetu gaya se lagbhag 30 kimi uttar Patna-gaya maarg par sthit makhadumapur se paaibigha samasaara hote hue jaana hota hai. gaya se paaibigha ke liye seedhi bas seva upalabdh hai. paaibigha se iski doori lagbhag 2 kimi hai.

soorya mandir

inhein bhi dekhein: soorya mandir, gaya

soorya mandir prasiddh vishnupad mandir ke 20 kilometer uttar aur railway station se 3 kilometer door sthit hai. Bhagwan soorya ko samarpit yeh mandir son nadi ke kinaare sthit hai. dipaavali ke chh: din baad Bihar ke lokapriya parv chhath ke avsar par yahaan teerthayaatriyon ki jabardast bheed hoti hai. is avsar par yahaan mela bhi lagta hai.

brahmayoni pahaadi

brahmayoni parvat

is pahaadi ki choti par chadhne ke liye 440 seedhiyon ko paar karna hota hai. iske shikhar par Bhagwan Shiv ka mandir hai. yeh mandir vishaal bargad ke ped ke neeche sthit hain jahaan pindadaan kiya jaata hai. is sthaan ka ullekh raamaayan mein bhi kiya gaya hai. dantakathaaon par vish‍aavaas kiya jaae to pehle falgu nadi is pahaadi ke oopar se bahti thi. lekin devi seeta ke shaap ke prabhaav se ab yeh nadi pahaadi ke neeche se bahti hai. yeh pahaadi hinduon ke liye kaafi pavitra teerthasthaanon mein se ek hai. yeh maaranapur ke nikat hai.

mangala Gauri

pahaad par stith yeh mandir maan shakti ko samarpit hai. yeh sthaan 18 maaha shakti pithon main se ek hai. maana jaata hai ki jo bhi yahaan puja karaate hain unki man ki ichha puri hoti hai. isi mandir ke parivesh main maan kaali, ganesh, hanumaan tatha Bhagwan Shiv ke bhi mandir stith hain.

baraabar gufa

yeh gufa gaya se 20 kilometer uttar mein sthit hai. is gufa tak pahunchane ke liye 7 kilometer paidal aur 10 kilometer riksha ya taanga se chalana hota hai. yeh gufa bauddh dharm ke liye mahatvapoorn hai. yeh baraabar aur naagaarjuni shrrunkhala ke pahaad par sthit hai. is gufa ka nirmaan baraabar aur naagaarjuni pahaadi ke beech samraat ashok aur unke pote dasharath ke dvaara ki gayi hai. is gufa ullekh i॰aaem. fostar ki kitaab A paisej too India mein bhi kiya gaya hai. in gufaon mein se 7 gufaaen bhaarateeya puraatatv vibhaag ki dekharakh mein hai.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar is jile ki janasankhya:[8]

  • shahari kshetr:- 3,55,895
  • dehaati kshetr:- 23,08,908
  • kul:- 26,64,803

gamyata

havaai maarg

Bihar evam jhaarakhand ke ekamaatr antarraashtreeya havaaiadda gaya antarraashtreeya havaaiadda hai

rel maarg

gaya jankashan Bihar ka doosra bada rel station hai. yeh ek vishaal parisar me sthit hai. isame 9 platform hai. gaya se Patna, Kolkata, puri, banaaras, chennai, mumbai, nai Delhi, Nagpur, Guwahati aadi ke liye seedhi trainein hai.

sadak maarg

gaya rajdhani Patna aur raajageer, Ranchi, banaaras aadi ke liye basein jaati hain. gaya mein do bas stand hain. donon stand falgu nadi ke tat par sthit hai. Gandhi maidaan bas stand nadi ke pashchimi kinaar par sthit hai. yahaan se bodhagaya ke liye niyamit taur par basein jaati hain.

engineering college

sandarbh

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain