gataapaaracha

gataapaaracha
पैलाक्विम गटा
pailaakvim gata
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
(ashrenikrut) aavrutabeeji
(ashrenikrut) Eudicots
(ashrenikrut) Asterids
gan: Ericales
kul: Sapotaceae
prajaati: pailaakvim
blaanko
prajaatiyaan

lagbhag 100-120 prajaatiyaan, jinmein shaamil hain:
Palaquium amboinense
Palaquium barnesii
Palaquium bataanense
Palaquium beccarianum
Palaquium borneense
Palaquium burckii
Palaquium clarkeanum
Palaquium cochleariifolium
Palaquium dasyphyllum
Palaquium ellipticum
Palaquium formosanum
Palaquium galactoxylum
Palaquium gutta
Palaquium herveyi
Palaquium hexandrum
Palaquium hispidum
Palaquium hornei
Palaquium impressinervium
Palaquium kinabaluense
Palaquium lanceolatum
Palaquium leiocarpum
Palaquium lobbianum
Palaquium luzoniense
Palaquium macrocarpum
Palaquium maingayi
Palaquium merrillii
Palaquium microphyllum
Palaquium obovatum
Palaquium obtusifolium
Palaquium ottolanderi
Palaquium philippense
Palaquium pseudocuneatum
Palaquium pseudorostratum
Palaquium quercifolium
Palaquium regina-montium
Palaquium ridleyi
Palaquium rioense
Palaquium rostratum
Palaquium semaram
Palaquium stellatum
Palaquium sukoei
Palaquium sumatranum
Palaquium tenuipetiolatum
Palaquium walsurifolium
Palaquium xanthochymum

gataapaaracha (pailaakvim), ek ushnakatibandheeya vruksh ka vansh hai, jo dakshin-poorv Asia aur uttari Australia ki ek mool prajaati hai. iska vistaar taaivaan se malaya praayadveep ke dakshin aur poorv mein soloman dweep tak hai. isse praapt ek apratyaasth praakrutik rabad ko bhi gataapaaracha ke naam se hi jaana jaata hai jise is paudhe ke ras se taiyaar kiya jaata hai. yeh rabad vishesh roop se pailaakvim gata naamak prajaati ke paudhon ke ras se taiyaar kiya jaata hai. raasaayanik roop se, gataapaaracha ek pauleetarapeen hai, jo aaisopreen ya pauleeaaisopreen ka ek bahulak hai, vishesh roop se hai (traans-1,4-pauleeaaisopreen).

'gataapaaracha' shabd malaya bhaasha mein is paudhe ke naam getaah parcha se aaya hai, jiska anuvaad “aparcha ka saara” hai.

anukram

gataapaaracha (padaarth)

gataapaaracha (Sapotaceae) saipotesii kul ke tatha paaleinkviam‌ gatta (Palanquium gutta) aur paaleinkviam aublaungifoliya (P. oblongifolia) prajaati ke katipya vrukshon ke aaksheer (latex) ko rabar ki tarah hi sukhaane se jo padaarth praapt hota hai use gataapaaracha kehte hain. ye ped pradhaanataya malaya dveepasamooh aur Brazil mein paae jaate hai. malaya ke pedo ka gataapaaracha sarvashreshth hota hai. isi kul ke kuchh anya pedon se bhi apekshaakrut nikrusht koti ka gataapaaracha hota hai. gataapaaracha ke ped 70 se 100 foot tak ooainche aur dhad par teen foot vyaas tak ke hote hain. 30 varsh mein ped taiyaar hota hai. ped ki upaj ke liye aardr jalavaayu aur 20 se 32 sein. tak ka taapamaan achha hota hai. beej ya dhad ki kalam se ped ugaaya jaata hai. ped ki chhaal ko chhedane se aaksheer niklata hai, par malaaya mein pedon ko kaatkar dhad mein ek ek foot ki doori par ek inch chaudi nali banaakar aaksheer ikattha kar lete hain aur fir vahaaain se nikaalkar khule paatr mein aag par ubaalakar gataapaaracha praapt karte hain.

gataapaaracha do manibheeya roopon - elfa roop, galanaank 650 sein. tatha beeta roop, galanaank 560 sein.-aur amanibheeya roopon mein paaya jaata hai. yeh thos, kada aur apratyaasth hota hai, kintu garam karne se komal ho jaata hai. ooainche taap se yeh vightit ho jaata hai. kshaaron aur tanu amlon ka ispar koi prabhaav naheen padta. saandr amlon se yeh aakraant hota hai. kloreen aur gandhak ki ispar kriya hoti hai. yeh jal mein ghulata naheen, par kaarbanik vilaayakon mein ghul jaata hai. rasaayanat: yeh (C5 H8) ekakon se bana hai. iska anubhaar 30,000 ke lagbhag paaya gaya hai.

kada aur abhangur hone ke kaaran gaulf ki geindon aur kebal ke aavaranon, vidyut visanvaahak (electrical insulators), chhadiyon, chhuri ki moothon aur chaabukon, chyuing gam aadi ityaadi ke banaane mein prayukt hota hai. iske sthaan mein ab saste sanshlisht plaastikon ka prayog badh raha hai. gataapaaracha se bahut milta julata ek padaarth balaata (Balata) hai, jise balaata gond ya balaata gata bhi kehte hain. yeh anya pedon se praapt hota hain. iske bhi upayog ve hi hain jo gataapaaracha ke.

sandarbh

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