gareeb das

sant gareeb das (1717-1778) bhakti aur kaavya ke liye jaane jaate hain. gareeb das ne ek vishaal sangrah ki rachana ki jo gareebagranth ke naam se prasidd hai. jise ratn saagar bhi kehte hain. inhone gareebadaasi naamak sampradaaya ki neenv rakhi. svaami chetan das ke anusaar inhone 18500 se adhik padon ki rachana ki.[1] ach. ai. roj ke anusaar gareebadaas ki granth saahib pustak mein 7000 kabeer ke pad liye gaye the aur 17000 swayam gareeb das ne rache the. gareebadaas ka darshan tha ki Ram mein aur raheem mein koi antar naheen hai.[2]

jeevan parichay

sant gareeb das ji ke jeevan parichay ka adhikaans vivran lekhak bhaleraam beneevaal (2008) ki pustak - jaat yoddhaaon ka itihaas se liya gaya hai. itihaasakaar bhaleraam beneevaal[3]ke anusaar gareeb das mahaaraaj ka janm baishaakh poornima ke din samvat 1774 (1717) ko chaudhari balaraam dhanakhad ke yahaaain hua tha. inki maata ka naam raani tha. inke pita balaraam dhanakhad apni sasuraal chhudaani (Rohtak) mein apna gaaainv karautha chhodkar aa base the. aapke naanaaji ka naam chaudhari shivlaal tha ve athaah sampati ke maalik the. unke ghar koi ladka naheen hua tha. keval ek ladki raani thi jiska vivaah karautha nivaasi chaudhari haradev Singh dhanakhad ke putr balaraam se kar diya. shri balaraam apne sasur shivlaal ke kehne par apna gaaainv karautha chhodkar gaaainv chhudaani mein ghar jamaai ban kar rahane lage. tab varsh ke baad raani se ek ratn paida hue. jiska naam gareebadaas rakha gaya.

gareebadaas ko bachapan se hi vairaagya ho gaya tha. ishvar bhakti, spashtavaadita tatha nirbheekata ke liye ve baalyakaal se hi prasidd the. inhone hindutv aur aadhyaatmikta ka bada prachaar kiya. sant gareebadaas ka vivaah naadar Singh dahiya, gaaainv barauna jila soneepat ki putri devi se hua tha. isse inko chaar putr jetaraam, turateeraam, angaderaam aur Aasaaram tatha do putriyaaain dilkaur aur jnyaaanakaur paida hui. inmein jab jetaraamaji ke jagannaath putr hua to vah gruhasth chhodkar naanga saadhoo ho gaya. vah saadhoo karautha gaaainv mein aakar rahane laga tatha 1780 mein mahantapur (jalandhar) mein inka nidhan ho gaya. jahaaain par unki chhatari bani hui hain. inki ek chhatari karautha mein bhi banaai gayi hai.

gareebadaas ke doosare putr turateeraam chhudaani ki gaddi par baithe jo 40 varsh tak aaseen rahe. san 1817 mein inka svargavaas ho gaya. inki donon putriyaaain poori aayu kanvaari rahakar ishvar bhakti karti rahi. ek baar aapko mugl samraat muhammad shaah rangeela (1719 -1748) ne aasheervaad lene ke liye Delhi bulaaya. aapne baadshah ke saamane teen baatein rakhi.

  • 1. sampoorn raajya mein govadh band karo.
  • 2. doosare dharmiyon par atyaachaar band karo.
  • 3. kisaanon ke ann par taiksh band karo va akaal graston ko lagaan mein chhoot do.

aapki teenon baatein baadshah ne maanali to aapne aasheervaad diya "jo koi maane shabd hamaara, raaj karein Kabul kandhaara" parantu mullaaon ne kah kar "kaafir ka kaha maanana naapaak ho jaata hai," shaah ko teenon baatein maanane se rok diya. bandi banaane tak ka shadayantr racha gaya. parantu jab mahaaraaj gareebadaas ko iska pata chala to vah sevakon sahit Delhi chhod gaye tatha yeh abhishaap de gaye ki "Delhi mandal paap ki bhoomaadharati naal jagaaoo soobha" arthaat Delhi paap ki bhoomi ban gayi hai aur yahaaain par shatruon ke ghodon ke khuron ki dhool udkar rahegi. aapke abhishaap ke anusaar agale varsh aisa hi hua. naadirshaah ne Delhi par dhaava bol kar ise khoob loota tatha katle aam kiya.

gareebadaas ji kabeeradaas ji ke anuyaayi the. ve graameenon ko upadesh karte the

"gareeb gaadi baaho dhar raho. kheti karo, khushahaal saain sar par rakhiye to sahi bhakti haralaal"

unhonne aage kaha

"das gareeba kahe darvesha roti baaton sada hamesha."

aapki 12 boriyon ka vishaal sangrah gareebagranth ke naam se prasidd hai. jise ratn saagar bhi kehte hain. inhone Delhi, haridvaar, rishikesh, kaashi aadi ke math tatha kutiyaaain banvaai thi. inhi ke naam Haryana, uttar pradesh, Punjab, Himachal pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan aur Gujarat mein lagbhag 110 gareebadaas ke naam se aashram hain. aapne 1788 mein shareer tyaag diya aur svarg ki raah li.

gareeb das ji ki amrutavaani

aachaarya shri gareeb das ji ne amrutavaani mein saptaah ke sabhi dinon ka alag-alag varnan kiya hai. antar saadhana hi manushya maatr ka param lakshya hai jiski aur sataguru mahaaraaj ji ne nimnaanusaar sanket kiya hai.[4]

  • "saaton baar samool bakhaano, pahar ghadi padh jyotish jaano." - sataguru ji mahaaraaj kehte hain. sabhi dinon hamaara kya jyotish kehta hai, vahi main varnan karta hooain.
  • "itavaar antar naheen koi, lagi chaanchari pad mein soi." - ravivaar ka din tabhi shubh mangalakaari hota hai jab jeev ki vruti chaanchari mudra dvaara satya pad mein lagi rahe.
  • "som mangal karo din raati, door karo na dil ki kaati." - somvaar ke din hamaara jyotish yahi sanket karta hai ki din raat sachet hokar apne amolak svaason ki sanbhaal karo.
  • "mangal man ki maala fero, chaudah koti jeet jam jero." - mangalvaar ke din maanasik jaap arthaat shabd ka surati se abhyaas karte hue svaas rupi maala ko fero. maanasik jap se yamaraaj ke chaudah karod yamadoot par vijay paakar param pad ki praapti karo.
  • "budh binaani vidya deeje, sat sukrut nij sumaran keeje." - Budhvaar ke din sat svarup ishvar ka sumirn karte hue ishvar brahm-vidya arthaat vivek maan ki maang karein.
  • "bruhaspati bhyaas bhaye veraaga, taante man raate anuraaga." - jo manushya guruvaar ke din vairaagya sahit svaas dvaara surati shabd ka abhyaas karta hai usi ka man paarabrahm prabhu ke prem mein nimgn hota hai.
  • "saneechar svaasa maanhi samoya, jab ham makrtaar mag joya." sataguru Dave kehte hain ki shanivaar ke din humne surati ko shabd mein milkar svaas dvaara jab dhyaan kiya jaata hai tab humne makrataar maarg ko dekha .

II jagat guru Baba gareebadaas ki baani II [5]

  • amar karoo satalok paathaaOm, taate bandi chhod kahaaOm I

ham hi satapurush daravaani, mettoo utpati aavaajaani I

  • jo koi kaha hamaara maane, saar shabd kun nishchaya aane I

ham hi shabd shabd ki khaani, ham avigt pravaani I

  • hamare anahad baaje baaje, hamare kiye sabhe kuchh saaje I

ham hi lahar tarang uthaave, ham hi pragat ham chhip jaave I

  • ham hi gupt guhj gambheera, ham hi avigt hame kabeera I

ham hi garaje, ham hi barashe, ham hi kulaf jade ham nirkhe I

  • ham hi saraaf johari kahiya, hamare haath lekhan sab bahiya I

yeh sab khel hamare kiye, hamse mile so nishchaya jeeye I

  • ham hi adali jinda jogi, ham hi ami mahaaras bhogi I

hamara bhed na jaane koi, ham hi satya shabd nirmohi I

  • aisa adali deep hamaara, koti baikunth roop ki laara I

sankh padam ek funi par saaje, jahaaain adali satya kabeer viraaje I

  • jahaaain kotik vishnu khade kar jore, kotik shambhu maaya more I

jahaaain sankho brahm ved uchaari, koti kanheya raas vichaari I

  • ham hai amar achal anaraagi, shabd mahal mein taari laagi I

das gareeb hukm ka hela, ham avigt adali ka chela I

sandarbh

  1. Sri Garib Das : Haryana's Saint of Humanity/K.C. Gupta. Reprint. New Delhi, Aditya Prakashan, 2004, xx, 216 p., ISBN 81-7742-057-7
  2. Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province By H. A. Rose, IBBETSON, Maclagan, p. 841
  3. bhaleraam beneevaal (2008): jaat yoddhaaon ka itihaas (Jāat Yodhāaon kā Itihāasa), p.646-647
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Adhunik Jat Itihas (in Hindi) (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, Section 9, p.81
  5. Satsahib.org