gangotri

gangotri
city
View of गंगोत्री, India
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttaraakhand
jila uttarakaashi
janasankhya 606 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 3,753 meter (12,313 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 30°a59′aN 78°a56′aE / 30.98°aN 78.93°aE / 30.98; 78.93

gangotri ganga nadi ka udgam sthaan hai. gangaaji ka mandir, samudra tal se 3042 meter ki ooainchaai par sthit hai. bhaageerathi ke daahine or ka parivesh atyant aakarshak evam manohaari hai. yeh sthaan uttarakaashi se 100 kimi ki doori par sthit hai. ganga maiya ke mandir ka nirmaan gorakha commander amar Singh thaapa dvaara 18 vi shataabdi ke shurooaat mein kiya gaya tha vartamaan mandir ka punanirmaan Jaipur ke raajagharaane dvaara kiya gaya tha. pratyek varsh May se October ke maheeno ke beech patit paavani ganga mainya ke darshan karne ke liye laakho shraddhaalu teerthayaatri yahaan aate hai. yamunotri ki hi tarah gangotri ka patit paavan mandir bhi Akshay truteeya ke paavan parv par khulata hai aur deepaavali ke din mandir ke kapaat band hote hai.

anukram

pauraanik sandarbh

pauraanik kathaao ke anusaar Bhagwan shri raamachandr ke poorvaj raghukul ke chakravarti raaja bhageerath ne yahaan ek pavitra shilaakhand par baithakar Bhagwan shankar ki prachand tapasya ki thi. is pavitra shilaakhand ke nikat hi 18 vi shataabdi mein is mandir ka nirmaan kiya gaya. aisi maanyata hai ki devi bhaageerathi ne isi sthaan par dharati ka sparsh kiya. aisi bhi maanyata hai ki paandavo ne bhi mahaabhaarat ke yuddh mein maare gaye apne parijno ki aatmik shaanti ke nimit isi sthaan par aakar ek mahaan Dave yagya ka anushthaan kiya tha. yeh pavitra evam utkrushth mandir safed grenaait ke chamakadaar 20 feet oonche pattharon se nirmit hai. darshak mandir ki bhavyata evam shuchita dekhkar sammohit hue bina nahi rahate.

shivling ke roop mein ek naisargik chattaan bhaageerathi nadi mein jalamagn hai. yeh drushya atyadhik manohaar evam aakarshak hai. iske dekhne se daivi shakti ki pratyaksh anubhooti hoti hai. pauraanik aakhyaano ke anusaar, Bhagwan Shiv is sthaan par apni jataao ko faila kar baith gaye aur unhone ganga maata ko apni ghungharaali jataao mein lapet diya. sheetakaal ke aarambh mein jab ganga ka star kaafi adhik neeche chala jaata hai tab us avsar par hi ukt pavitra shivling ke darshan hote hai.

gangotri mandir

gangotri mandir

itihaas

gangotri

gangotri shahar dheere-dheere us mandir ke ird-gird viksit hua jiska itihaas 700 varsh puraana hain, iske pehle bhi anajaane kai sadiyon se yeh mandir hiduon ke liye aadhyaatmik prerana ka shrot raha hai. choonki puraane kaal mein chaaradhaamon ki teerthayaatra paidal hua karti thi tatha un dinon iski chadhaai durgam thi isaliye varsh 1980 ke dashak mein gangotri ki sadak bani aur tab se is shahar ka vikaas drut gati se hua.

gangotri shahar tatha mandir ka itihaas abhinn roop se juda hai. praacheen kaal mein yahaan mandir naheen tha. bhaageerathi shila ke nikat ek manch tha jahaan yaatra mausam ke teen-chaar maheenon ke liye devi-detaaon ki moortiyaan rakhi jaati thi in moortiyon ko gaanvon ke vibhinn mandiron jaise shyaam prayaag, ganga prayaag, dharaali tatha mukhaba aadi gaavon se laaya jaata tha jinhein yaatra mausam ke baad fir unheen gaanvon mein lauta diya jaata tha.

gadhvaal ke gurakha senaapati amar Singh thaapa[1] ne 18veen sadi mein gangotri mandir ka nirmaan isi jagah kiya jahaan raaja bhaageerath ne tap kiya tha. mandir mein prabandh ke liye senaapati thaapa ne mukhaba gangotri gaanvon se pandon ko bhi niyukt kiya. iske pehle takanaur ke rajput hi gangotri ke pujaari the. maana jaata hai ki Jaipur ke raaja maadho Singh dviteeya ne 20veen sadi mein mandir ki marammat karavaayi.

E.ti. etakins ne di himaalayan gajetiyr (volyum III bhaag I, varsh 1882) mein likha hai ki angrejon ke takanaur shaasanakaal mein gangotri prashaasanik ikaai patti tatha paragane ka ek bhaag tha. vah usi mandir ke dhaanche ka varnan karta hai jo aaj hai. etakins aage bataate hain ki mandir parivesh ke andar kaaryakaari braahman (pujaari) ke liye ek chhota ghar tha tatha baahar teerthayaatriyon ke liye lakdi ka chhaayaadaar dhaancha tha.

mausam

  • greeshm- din ke samay suhaavana tatha raat mein samay sard. nyoonatam taapamaan 6 sein. tatha adhiktam 20 sein
  • sheetakaal- September se November tak din ke samay suhaavana, raat ke samay adhik thanda. December se March tak himaachhaadit. taapamaan shoonya se kam

gangotri avastha ko ek naam diya ja sakta hai- preranaatmak. naatakeeya paridrushyon mein shaamil hain oonche barfeele shikhar jiski prushthabhoomi mein hain gahari gadhi ghaatiyaan jahaan siron evam devadaar ke pedon ke beech jhilmilaati nadiyon ka aagaman hota hai. yeh bhautik drushya ek jaadoo bikherata hai. sadiyon se yeh laakhon teerthayaatriyon ko aadhyaatmik utsaah tatha hajaaron saahasikon ko ek chirntar chunauti deta raha hai.

sthaan

samudra tal se 3,140 meter ki oonchaai par sthit gangotri mandir bhoj vrukshon se ghira tatha kinaare par khade parvat ki shivling, satopanth jaisi chotiyon ke saath devadaar jungle ke beech ek sundar ghaati hai. bhaageerathi ghaati ke baahar nikalkar kedaaraganga tatha bhaageerathi ke kolaahal ko chhodkar jal ganga se mil jaati hai, is sundar ghaati ke ant mein mandir hai.

vanaspatiyaan

is kshetr mein vanaspatiyon ki vishaal prajaatiyaan hai. himaalaya ka baloot sarvaadhik pramukh hai. anya mein shaamil hain buraans, safed saro (eveej peendro), svachh ped (paaisiya smil biyaana), sadaabahaar ped (saaipresas taroolos) tatha neele devadaar aadi hain. jab baloot ke ped vileen ho rahe hote hai to paingar (esakyulas idika), kabaasi (korils jaikumonti), kanjula (esar kaisiym) tatha reengaal (jaanaseresins) iski jagah aa jaate hain. pararnaang, visrpi paudhe tatha shaivaak ki yahaan bahutaayat hai.

jeevajantu

is kshetr mein paaye jaane vaale saamaanya jeev-jantuon mein hain langoor, laal bandar, bhoore bhaaloo, saamaanya lomadi, cheete, barfeele cheete, bhonkate hiran saanbhar, kastoori mrug, sero, barad mrug, saahi, tahar aadi. vibhinn rangon ki titliyaan tatha keetein bhi yahaan paayi jaati hain. gadhvaal kshetr rangeen evam sangeetamaya jeev-jantuon se bhara pada hain. himaalayi seeti bajaati saarikaaen, svanirm kireetadhaari, paashchaatya rang-virange haisod, saakhiyen monaal evam kokal teetar, chak

sthaaneeya log

  • vesh-bhoosha- April se July tak halke ooni vastr tatha September se November tak bhaari ooni vastr
  • teerth-yaatra ka samay- April se November tak
  • bhaasha- hindi, angreji tatha gadhavaali.
  • aavaas- gangotri tatha yaatra maarg mein samast pramukh sthaano par jeeemaveeen yaatri vishraam gruh, niji vishraam gruh tatha dharmashaalaaen

niktavarti aakarshan

gaumukh

Gangotri.JPG

gangotri se 19 kilometer doora3,892 meter ki oonchaai par sthit gaumukh gangotri gleshiyr ka muhaana tatha bhaageerathi nadi ka udgam sthal hai. kehte hain ki yahaan ke barfile paani mein snaan karne se sabhi paap dhul jaate hain. gangotri se yahaan tak ki doori paidal ya fir tttuon par savaar hokar poori ki jaati hai. chadhaai utani kathin naheen hai tatha kai log usi din vaapas bhi aa jaate hai. gangotri mein kuli evam tttu upalabdh hote hain.

25 kilometer lamba, 4 kilometer chauda tatha lagbhag 40 meter ooncha gaumukh apne aap mein ek paripoorn maap hai. is gaumukh gleshiyr mein bhageerathi ek chhoti gufaanuma dhaanche se aati hai. is badi varfaani nadi mein paani 5,000 meter ki oonchaai par sthit ek besin mein aata hai jiska mool pashchimi dhalaan par se santopanth samooh ki chotiyon se hai.

mukhaba gaanv

bhaageerathi ke alaava is gaanv ke nivaasi hi gangotri mandir ke pujaari hain jahaan mukheemath mandir bhi hai. pratyek varsh deevaali mein jab gangotri mandir band hone par jaadon mein devi ganga ko ek baaje evam julus ke saath is gaanv mein laaya jaata hai. isi jagah jaadon ke 6 maheenon, basant aane tak ganga ki pooja hoti hai jab pratima ko gangotri vaapas laaya jaata hai.

kedaar khand mein mukhyamath ki teerthayaatra ko mahatvapoorn maana gaya hai. isse sata hai maarkandeyapuri jahaan maarkandeya muni ke tap kiya tatha unhein Bhagwan vishnu dvaara srushti ke vinaash ka darshan karaaya gaya. kinbadanti anusaar isi prakaar se maatang rishi ne varshon tak bina kuchh khaaye-peeye yahaan tap kiya.

bhairon ghaati

dhaaraali se 16 kilometer tatha gangotri se 9 kilometer. bhairon ghaati, jadh jaahnavi ganga tatha bhaageerathi ke sangam par sthit hai. yahaan tej bahaav se bhaageerathi gahari ghaatiyon mein bahti hai, jiski aavaaj kaanon mein garjati hai. varsh 1985 se pehle jab sansaar ke sarvochch jaadhaganga par jhoola pul sahit gangotri tak motor gaadiyon ke liye sadak ka nirmaan naheen hua tha, teerthayaatri lanka se bhairon ghaati tak ghane devadaaron ke beech paidal aate the aur fir gangotri jaate the. bhairon ghaati himaalaya ka ek manoram darshan karaata hai, jahaan se aap bhrugu parvat shrrunkhala, sudarshan, maatru tatha cheedvaasa chotiyon ke darshan kar sakte hain.

harshil

bhatavaari se 43 kilometer tatha gangotri se 20 kilometer door sthitharshil ka varnan sirf ek vaakya mein ho sakta hai: aarshyayajanak. yeh Himachal pradesh ke baspa ghaati ke oopar sthit ek bade parvat ki chhaaya mein, bhaageerathi nadi ke kinaare, jalanadhaari gadh ke sangam par ek ghaati mein avasthit hai. baspa ghaati se harshil lamakhaaga darre jaise kai raaston se juda hai. maatru evam Kailash parvat ke alaava usaki daahini taraf shreekanth choti hai, jiske peechhe kedaaranaath tatha sabse peechhe badanrapoonchh aata hai. yeh vanya basti apne praakrutik saundarya evam meethe seb ke liye mashahoor hai. harshil ke aakarshan mein havaadaar evam chhaaya yukt sadak, lambe kagaar, oonche parvat, kolaahali bhaageerathi, sebon ke baagaan, jharanein, sunahale tatha hare chaaraagaah aadi shaamil hain.

nandanavan tapovan

gangotri se 25 kilometer door gangotri gleshiyr ke oopar ek kathin trek mein nandanavan le jaati hai jo bhaageerathi choti ke aadhaar (bas) shivir gangotri se 25 kilometer door hai. yahaan se shivling choti ka manoram drushya dikhta hai. gangotri nadi ke muhaane ke paar tapovan hai jo apne sundar yahaan chaaragaah ke liye mashahoor hai tatha shivling choti ke aadhaar ke chaaron taraf faili hai.

gangotri chirbaasa

(dooree: 9 kilometer, samay: 3-4 ghante) gaumukh ke raaste par 3,600 feet oonche sthaan par sthit chirbaasa ek atyuttam shivir sthal (kemp spot) hai jo vishaal gaumukh gleshiyr ka aashcharyajanak darshan karaata hai. chirbaasa ka arth hai chir ka ped. yahaan se aap 6,511 meter ooncha maanda choti, 5,366 meter par hanumaan tibba, 6,000 meter ooncha bhrugu parvat tatha bhaageerathi i, ii, evam iii dekh sakte hain. chirbaasa ki pahaadiyon ke oopar ghoomate bhedon ko dekha ja sakta hai.

gangotri-bhojabaasa

(dooree: 14 kilometer, samay:6-7 ghante) bhojapatr pedon ki adhikta ke kaaran bhojabaasa gangotri se 14 kilometer door hai. yeh jaat ganga tatha bhaageerathi nadi ke sangam par hai. gaumukh jaate hue iska upayog padaav ki tarah hota hai. mool roop se laal Baba dvaara nirmit ek aashram mein muft bhojan ka langar chalaata hai tatha gadhvaal mandal vikaas nigam ka vishraam gruh, aavaas pradaan karta hai. raaste mein aap kinvadant dhaarmik fool brahmakamal dekh sakte hai jo brahma ka aasan hai.

kedaarataal

gangotri se 14 kilometer door is manoram jheel tak ki chadhaai mein anubhavi aarohiyon (trekars) ki bhi pareeksha hoti hai. bahut oobad-khaabad pahaadon par chadhne ke liye ek maargadarshak ki nitaant aavashyakta hoti hai. raaste mein kisi prakaar ki suvidha naheen hai isaliye sab kuchh pehle prabandh karna hota hai. jheel poorn saaf hai, jahaan vishaal thalayasaagar choti hai. yeh sthaan samudra tal se 15,000 feet ooncha hai tatha thalayasaagar jogin, bhrugupanth tatha anya chotiyon par chadhne ke liye yeh aadhaar shivir hai. June-aktubar ke beech aana sarvottam samay hai. kedaar gleshiyr ke pighlate barf se bani yeh jheel bhaageerathi ki sahaayak kedaar ganga ka udgam sthal hai, jise Bhagwan Shiv dvaara bhaageedaari ko daan maanate hain. chadhaai thodi kathin jaroor hai par is sthaan ka saudarya aapki thakaavat door karne ke liye kaafi hai.

utsav

jab sardi praarambh hoti hai, devi ganga apne nivaas sthaan mukhaba gaanv chali jaati hai. vah Akshay dviteeya ke din vaapas aati hai. uske doosare din Akshay truteeya, jo praay: April maheene ke doosare pakhavaade mein padta hai, hindu kailendar ka ati pavitra din hota hai. is samay barf evam gleshiyr ka pighlana shuroo ho jaata hai tatha gangotri mandir pooja ke liye khul jaate hain. devi ganga ke gangotri vaapas lautane ki yaatra ko paaramparik reeti-rivaajon, sangeet, nrutya, julus tatha pooja-paath ke utsav ke saath manaaya jaata hai.

is yaatra ka rikaard itihaas kam se kam 700 varsh puraana hai aur is baat ki koi jaankaari naheen ki isse pehle kitni sadiyon se yeh yaatra manaayi jaati hai. mukhaba, matang rishi ke tapasya sthaan ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. is yaatra ke teen ya chaar dinon pehle mukhaba gaanv ke log taiyaariyaan shuroo kar dete hain. ganga ki moortti ko le jaane waali paalaki ko hare aur laal rang ke rangeen kapado se sajaaya jaata hai. jevaraaton se susajjit kar ganga ki moortti ko paalaki ke sinhaasan par viraajamaan karte hain. poora gaanv gangaatri tak ki 25 kilometer ki yaatra mein shaamil hote hain. bhaktagan ganga se agale varsh pun: vaapas aane ki praarthana kar hi julus se vida lete hain. julus ke shuroo hone se pehle barsha hona – jo praay: hoti hai – mangalakaari hone ka shubh sanket hain.

julus mein paas ke gaanv se bhi devi ganga ke saath anya devi – devataaon ki doli shaamil hoti hain. unamein se kuchh apne kshetr ki seema tak saath rahate hain. someshvar devata bhi paalaki mein susajjit hokar shaamil hote hain. ganga auऱ someshvar devata ka milan adhikaadhik utsav ka sanket hain. log done devataaon ki pratima ko saath mein lekar sthaaneeya sangeet ke dhun mein naachate evam thirkate chalte hain.

jab donon paalaki ki yaatra shuroo hoti hai to is julus mein someshvar devata ki aguaani. netrutv mein gadhvaal skaaut (army bend) paaramparik reeti-rivaajon mein bhaag lete hain tatha paaramparik sangeet bajaate hain. raaste mein log devi-devataao ki pooja karte hain tatha bhaktaganon ko jalapaan muhaiya kar unhein madad karte hain. dharaali gaanv ki seema par, someshvar devata ki yaatra samaapt hoti hai tatha ganga apni yaatra jaari rakhati hain. yaatra ke doosare din yeh julus gangaatri pahunchata hain tatha bhaktagan devi ganga ke aagaman evam svaagat ki pratiksha kar rahe hota hain.

vistrut reeti-rivaajon tatha pooja-paath ke baad mandir ke darabaaje khole jaate hain aur ganga ki pratima ko mandir mein sthaapit kiya jaata hain. iske saath hi gangaatri mandir ke darabaaje pun: logon ke pooja-paath ke liye khol diye jaate hain. isi prakaar jab barf jamana shuroo hone aur yaatra season samaapt hone par paaramparik reeti-rivaajon tatha utsav ke saath devi ganga vaapas mukhaba gaanv vaapas chali jaati hain.

pahunchane ka maarg

  • vaayumaarg- deharaadoon sthit jauleegraant niktatam havaai adda hai. doori 226 kimi hai.
  • sadak maarg- gangotri rishikesh se bas, car athva taxi dvaara pahuncha ja sakta hai. yeh maarg 259 kimi hai. gangotri se yamunotri mein foolachatti tak ki doori 8 kimi hai tatha bas, car athva taxi dvaara gangotri tak ki doori 229 kimi hai.
  • dooriyaaain-

bulet maarg sankhya 1 bi- yamunotri se gangotri (237 kimi) yamunotri (5 kimi paidal), jaanakeechatti (3 kimi paidal), foolachatti (2 kimi paidal) banaas (3 kimi) hanumaanachatti (3 kimi), raanaachatti (5 kimi), sayaanaachatti (12 kimi) kuthanoor (15 kimi), ganganaani (9 kimi), badakot (58 kimi), dharaasoo, 3(16 kimi), nakuri (12 kimi), uttarakaashi (5 kimi), gangori (3 kimi), netaala (6 kimi), maneri (14 kimi), bhatavaadi (13 kimi), ganganaani (19 kimi) sookhi dhaar (12 kimi), harasil (11 kimi), lanka (2 kimi), bhairoghaati (9 kimi), gangotri. bullet maarg sankhya 2 bi- haridvaar/rishikesh se gangotri (283 kimi)/rishikesh se gangotri (259 kimi) haridvaar (24 kimi), rishikesh (16 kimi), nareindranagar (45 kimi), chanba (tihainri gadhavaal) (31 kimi), dobaata (nai tihainri hokar) (40 kimi), dharaasoo (19 kimi), nakuri (12 kimi), uttarakaashi, uttarakaashi se gangotri (96 kimi), maarg

  1. Gangotri The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 12, p. 139.