ganesh chaturthi

ganesh chaturthi
aadhikaarik naam ganesh chaturthi
anuyaayi hindu, bhaarateeya, bhaarateeya pravaasi
ant anant chaturdashi
tithi bhaadrapad shukl chaturthi
utsav das din

ganesh chaturthi hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohaar hai. yeh tyohaar Maharashtra mein badee dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hain.

anukram

puraanaanusaar

shivpuraanamein bhaadrapad maas ke krushnapaksh ki chaturthi ko mangalamoortignesh ki avataran-tithi bataaya gaya hai jabki ganeshapuraanake mat se yeh ganeshaavataar bhaadrapad shukl chaturthi ko hua tha. gan + pati = ganapati. sanskrutakoshaanusaar 'gan' arthaat pavitrak. 'pati' arthaat svaami, 'ganapati' arthaat pavitrakonke svaami.

katha

shivpuraanake antargat rudrasanhitaake chaturth (Kumar) khand mein yeh varnan hai ki maata paarvati ne snaan karne se poorv apni mail se ek baalak ko utpann karke use apna dvaarapaalabana diya. shivji ne jab pravesh karna chaaha tab baalak ne unhein rok diya. is par shivganonne baalak se bhayankar yuddh kiya parantu sangraam mein use koi paraajit naheen kar saka. antatogatva Bhagwan shankar ne krodhit hokar apne trishool se us baalak ka sar kaat diya. isse bhagavati shiva kruddh ho utheen aur unhonne pralaya karne ki thaan li. bhayabheet devataaon ne devarshinaarad ki salaah par jagadamba ki stuti karke unhein shaant kiya. shivji ke nirdesh par vishnujeeuttar disha mein sabse pehle mile jeev (haathi) ka sir kaatkar le aae. mrutyunjaya rudr ne gaj ke us mastak ko baalak ke dhad par rakhakar use punarjeevit kar diya. maata paarvati ne harshaatirek se us gajamukhabaalak ko apne hrudaya se laga liya aur devataaon mein agrani hone ka aasheervaad diya. brahma, vishnu, mahesh ne us baalak ko sarvaadhyaksh ghoshit karke agrapoojyahone ka varadaan diya. Bhagwan shankar ne baalak se kaha-girijaanandan! vighn naash karne mein tera naam sarvopari hoga. too sabka poojya bankar mere samast ganon ka adhyaksh ho ja. ganeshvar!too bhaadrapad maas ke krushnapaksh ki chaturthi ko chandrama ke udit hone par utpann hua hai. is tithi mein vrat karne vaale ke sabhi vighnon ka naash ho jaaega aur use sab siddhiyaan praapt hongi. krushnapaksh ki chaturthi ki raatri mein chandrodaya ke samay ganesh tumhaari pooja karne ke pashchaat vrati chandrama ko a‌aarghyadekar braahman ko mishthaan khilaae. tadoparaant swayam bhi meetha bhojan kare. varshaparyantashreeganesh chaturthi ka vrat karne vaale ki manokaamana avashya poorn hoti hai.

anya katha

utsav mein ek ganesh pratima visrjan ke liye le jaate hue.

ek baar mahaadevaji paarvati sahit narmada ke tat par gaye. vahaaain ek sundar sthaan par paarvati ji ne mahaadevaji ke saath chaupad khelne ki ichha vyakt ki. tab shivji ne kaha- hamaari haar-jeet ka saakshi kaun hoga? paarvati ne tatkaal vahaaain ki ghaas ke tinke batorkar ek putala banaaya aur usamein praan-pratishtha karke usase kaha- beta! ham chaupad khelna chaahate hain, kintu yahaaain haar-jeet ka saakshi koi naheen hai. at: khel ke ant mein tum hamaari haar-jeet ke saakshi hokar bataana ki hamamein se kaun jeeta, kaun haara?

khel aarambh hua. daivayog se teenon baar paarvati ji hi jeeteen. jab ant mein baalak se haar-jeet ka nirnaya karaaya gaya to usane mahaadevaji ko vijayi bataaya. parinaamat: paarvati ji ne kruddh hokar use ek paaainv se langada hone aur vahaaain ke keechad mein pada rahakar du:kh bhogane ka shaap de diya.

baalak ne vinmrataapoorvak kaha- maaain! mujhse ajnyaaanavash aisa ho gaya hai. mainne kisi kutilta ya dvesh ke kaaran aisa naheen kiya. mujhe kshama karein tatha shaap se mukti ka upaaya bataaeain. tab mamataaroopi maaain ko us par daya aa gayi aur ve boleen- yahaaain naag-kanyaaeain ganesh-poojan karne aaeaingi. unke upadesh se tum ganesh vrat karke mujhe praapt karoge. itna kehkar ve Kailash parvat chali gain.

ek varsh baad vahaaain shraavan mein naag-kanyaaeain ganesh poojan ke liye aain. naag-kanyaaon ne ganesh vrat karke us baalak ko bhi vrat ki vidhi bataai. tatpashchaat baalak ne 12 din tak shreeganeshaji ka vrat kiya. tab ganeshaji ne use darshan dekar kaha- main tumhaare vrat se prasann hooain. manovaanchhit var maaaingo. baalak bola- bhagavan! mere paaainv mein itni shakti de do ki main Kailash parvat par apne maata-pita ke paas pahuainch sakoon aur ve mujh par prasann ho jaaeain.

ganeshaji 'tathaastu' kehkar antardhaan ho gaye. baalak Bhagwan Shiv ke charanon mein pahuainch gaya. shivji ne usase vahaaain tak pahuainchane ke saadhan ke baare mein poochha.

tab baalak ne saari katha shivji ko suna di. udhar usi din se aprasann hokar paarvati shivji se bhi vimukh ho gayi theen. taduparaant Bhagwan shankar ne bhi baalak ki tarah 21 din paryant shreeganesh ka vrat kiya, jiske prabhaav se paarvati ke man mein swayam mahaadevaji se milne ki ichha jaagrat hui.

ve sheegra hi Kailash parvat par aa pahuainchi. vahaaain pahuainchakar paarvateeji ne shivji se poochha- bhagavan! aapne aisa kaun-sa upaaya kiya jiske falasvaroop main aapke paas bhaagi-bhaagi aa gayi hooain. shivji ne 'ganesh vrat' ka itihaas unase kah diya.

tab paarvateeji ne apne putr kaartikeya se milne ki ichha se 21 din paryant 21-21 ki sankhya mein doorva, pushp tatha ladduon se ganeshaji ka poojan kiya. 21vein din kaartikeya swayam hi paarvateeji se aa mile. unhonne bhi maaain ke mukh se is vrat ka maahaatmya sunakar vrat kiya.

kaartikeya ne yahi vrat vishvaamitraji ko bataaya. vishvaamitraji ne vrat karke ganeshaji se janm se mukt hokar 'brahm-rishi' hone ka var maaainga. ganeshaji ne unki manokaamana poorn ki. aise hain shri ganeshaji, jo sabki kaamanaaeain poorn karte hain.

teesari katha

Clay Ganesh Murti, Ganesh Chaturthi.JPG

ek baar mahaadevaji snaan karne ke liye bhogaavati gaye. unke jaane ke pashchaat paarvati ne apne tan ke mail se ek putala banaaya aur usaka naam 'ganesh' rakha. paarvati ne usase kaha- he putr! tum ek mugadal lekar dwaar par baith jaao. main bheetar jaakar snaan kar rahi hooain. jab tak main snaan na kar loon, tab tak tum kisi bhi purush ko bheetar mat aane dena.

bhogaavati mein snaan karne ke baad jab Bhagwan shivji aae to ganeshaji ne unhein dwaar par rok liya. ise shivji ne apna apamaan samjha aur krodhit hokar unka sir dhad se alag karke bheetar chale gaye. paarvati ne unhein naaraaj dekhkar samjha ki bhojan mein vilamb hone ke kaaran mahaadevaji naaraaj hain. isliye unhonne tatkaal do thaaliyon mein bhojan parosakar shivji ko bulaaya.

tab doosra thaal dekhkar tanik aashcharyachakit hokar shivji ne poochha- yeh doosra thaal kiske liye hai? paarvati ji boleen- putr ganesh ke liye hai, jo baahar dwaar par pahara de raha hai.

yeh sunakar shivji aur adhik aashcharyachakit hue. tumhaara putr pahara de raha hai? haaain naath! kya aapne use dekha naheen? dekha to tha, kintu mainne to apne roke jaane par use koi uddand baalak samajhakar usaka sir kaat diya. yeh sunakar paarvati ji bahut du:khi huin. ve vilaap karne lageen. tab paarvati ji ko prasann karne ke liye Bhagwan Shiv ne ek haathi ke bachche ka sir kaatkar baalak ke dhad se jod diya. paarvati ji is prakaar putr ganesh ko paakar bahut prasann hui. unhonne pati tatha putr ko preetipoorvak bhojan karaakar baad mein swayam bhojan kiya.

yeh ghatna bhaadrapad shukl chaturthi ko hui thi. iseeliye yeh tithi punya parv ke roop mein manaai jaati hai.

vrat

Thailand mein ganesh pratima

bhaadrapad-Krishna-chaturthi se praarambh karke pratyek maas ke krushnapaksh ki chandrodayavyaapineechaturthi ke din vrat karne par vighneshvaraganesh prasann hokar samast vighn aur sankat door kar dete hain.


chandra darshan dosh se bachaav

pratyek shukl paksh chaturthi ko chandradarshan ke pashchaat‌ vrati ko aahaar lene ka nirdesh hai, iske poorv naheen. kintu bhaadrapad shukl paksh ki chaturthi ko raatri mein chandr-darshan (chandrama dekhne ko) nishiddh kiya gaya hai.

jo vyakti is raatri ko chandrama ko dekhte hain unhein jhootha-kalank praapt hota hai. aisa shaastron ka nirdesh hai. yeh anubhoot bhi hai. is ganesh chaturthi ko chandr-darshan karne vaale vyaktiyon ko ukt parinaam anubhoot hue, ismein sanshaya naheen hai. yadi jaane-anajaane mein chandrama dikh bhi jaae to nimn mantra ka paath avashya kar lena chaahiye-

'sih: prasenam‌ avadheet‌, sinho jaambavata hat:. sukumaarak ma rodeestav hyesh svamantak:.'

inhein bhi dekhein

ganeshotsav
karva chauth
chauth maata