gajaanan maadhav 'muktibodh'

gajaanan maadhav
Gajanan madhav muktibodh.jpg
gajaanan maadhav muktibodh
upanaam: muktibodh
janm: 13 November 1927
Bhaarat
mrutyu: 11 September 1964
Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: kavi, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kavita, kahaani, sameeksha
saahityik
aandolan
:
pragatisheel aandolan,
pramukh kruti(yaaain): chaaaind ka muainh tedha hai
taar saptak ke pramukh kavi

gajaanan maadhav 'muktibodh' (13 November 1917 - 11 September 1964) hindi saahitya ki svaatantryottar pragatisheel kaavyadhaara ke sheersh vyaktitv the. hindi saahitya mein sarvaadhik charcha ke kendra mein rahane vaale muktibodh kahaaneekaar bhi the aur sameekshak bhi. unhein pragatisheel kavita aur nayi kavita ke beech ka ek setu bhi maana jaata hai. inke pita police vibhaag ke inspector the aur unka tabaadala praay: hota rahata tha. iseeliye muktibodh ji ki padhaai mein baadha padti rahati thi. san 1930 mein muktibodh ne middle ki pareeksha, ujjain se di aur fail ho gaye. kavi ne is asafalata ko apne jeevan ki mahattvapoorn ghatna ke roop mein sveekaar kiya hai. unhonne 1953 mein saahitya rachana ka kaarya praarambh kiya aur san 1939 mein inhone shaanta ji se prem vivaah kiya. 1942 ke aas-paas ve vaamapanthi vichaaradhaara ki or jhuke tatha shujaalapur mein rahate hue unki vaamapanthi chetna majaboot hui.

muktibodh taarasaptak ke pehle kavi the. manushya ki asmita, aatmasangharsh aur prakhar raajanaitik chetna se samruddh unki kavita pehli baar 'taar saptak' ke maadhyam se saamane I, lekin unka koi svatantr kaavya-sangrah unke jeevanakaal mein prakaashit naheen ho paaya. mrutyu ke pehle shreekaant varma ne unki keval 'ek saahityik ki daayari' prakaashi‍at ki thi, jiska doosra sanskaran bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth se unki mrutyu ke do maheene baad prakaashi‍at hua. jnyaaanapeeth ne hi 'chaaaind ka muainh tedha hai' prakaashi‍at kiya tha. isi varsh November 1964 mein Nagpur ke vish‍aavabhaarati prakaashan ne muktibodh dvaara 1963 mein hi taiyaar kar diye gaye nibandhon ke sankalan nayi kavita ka aatmasangharsh tatha anya nibandh' ko prakaashi‍at kiya tha. paravarti varsho mein bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth se muktibodh ke anya sankalan 'kaath ka sapana', tatha 'vipaatr' (laghu upanyaas) prakaashi‍at hue. pehle kavita sankalan ke 15 varsh baad, 1980 mein unki kavitaaon ka doosra sankalan 'bhoori bhoor khaak dhool' prakaashi‍at hua aur 1985 mein 'Rajkamal' se peparabaik mein chh: khandon mein 'muktibodh rachanaavali' prakaashi‍at hui, vah hindi ke idhar ke lekhakon ki sabse teji se bikne waali rachanaavali maani jaati hai.

iske baad muktibodh par shodh aur kitaabon ki bhi jhadi lag gayi. 1975 mein prakaashit ashok chakradhar ka shodh granth 'muktibodh ki kaavyaprakriya' in pustakon mein pramukh tha.[1] kavita ke saath-saath, kavita vishyak chintan aur aalochna paddhati ko viksit aur samruddh karne mein bhi muktibodh ka yogadaan anyatam hai. unke chintan parak granth hain- ek saahityik ki daayari, nayi kavita ka aatmasangharsh aur naye saahitya ka saundarya shaastr. Bhaarat ka itihaas aur sanskruti itihaas likhi gayi unki pustak hai. kaath ka sapana tatha satah se uthata aadmi unke kahaani sangrah hain tatha vipaatra upanyaas hai. unhonne 'vasudha', 'naya khoon' aadi patron mein sanpaadan-sahayog bhi kiya.

sandarbh

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