gaiteesbarg sambodhan

gaiteesbarg ke maidaan mein uttari sangheeya fauj ke mrut sainikon ki laashein - July 1863 mein kheenchi gayi tasveer
20 November 1863 ke new york taaimj akhbaar ki prati mein gaiteesbarg sambodhan ki khabar jismein yeh bhi likha hai ke Lincoln ko paaainch dafa taaliyaaain bajne ki vajah se rukana pada aur bhaashan ke ant mein der tak taaliyon ki gadgadaahat goonjati rahi

gaiteesbarg sambodhan (angreji: Gettysburg Address) ameriki raashtrapati Abraham Lincoln dvaara diya gaya ek bhaashan hai jo America ke itihaas ke sabse yaadagaar bhaashanon mein gina jaata hai. ise Lincoln ne bruhaspativaar, 19 November 1863 ko painsilveniya raajya ke gaiteejbarg shahar mein raashtriya sainik kbristaan ke samarpan diwas ke mauke par padha jab ameriki gruhayuddh ko khtm hue saadhe-chaar maheene hue the aur America do hisson mein khandit hote-hote bacha tha. poora bhaashan keval lagbhag do minute ka tha, lekin usamein maanavon ke saamaan adhikaaron aur ameriki svatantrata ki ghoshana mein uthaae gaye asoolon ko unhonne nae shabdon mein doharaaya.

bhaashan

angreji mein Lincoln ne kaha -

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—aathat from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—aathat we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—aathat this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—aaand that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


iska hindi anuvaad yeh hai -

sataassi varsh pehle1 hamaare poorvajon ne is mahaadveep par ek naya raashtra janma, jiski kalpana svatantrata ke aadarsh mein dhaali gayi thi aur jo is prastaav ko samarpit tha ke saare maanav baraabar banaae gaye hain.

aaj ham ek bhayankar guhayuddh lad rahein hain, yeh aajmaane ke liye ki kya yeh raashtra, ya koi bhi raashtra, jo aise kalpit aur aise samarpit ho, kaayam rah sakta hai. ham us jang ke ek mahaan yuddhasthal2 par khade hain. ham us bhoomi ka ek ansh unki antim nidra ke liye arpit karne aaye hain jinhonein yahaaain apna jeevan tyaaga taaki raashtra jeevit rahe. yahi theek hai aur yahi sahi hai ke aaj ham aisa karein.

lekin, bade maaenon mein, is jameen ko ham samarpit naheen kar sakte, ham pavitra naheen bana sakte, ham punya naheen thahara sakte. ve veer purush, jeevit aur mrut, jo yahaaain joojhe, isko itna pavitra bana chuke hain ki ham mein isko kam ya zyaada karne ki kshamata hai hi naheen. ham aaj yahaaain kya kehte hain, iski duniya ko na zyaada paravaah hogi aur na hi zyaada der use yaad rakhegi, lekin vah jo kar gaye use kabhi naheen bhula sakti. balki ham jindon par laajim hai ke swayam us adhoore kaarya par samarpit hon jise yahaaain ladne vaalon ne itni shaan se aage badhaaya - ke un sammaanit mruton se us dhyeya ke liye arpan ki bhaavana lein jis ke liye ve apna sarvasv arpit kar gaye - ke aaj yahaaain thaan lein ke yeh marne vaale vyarth naheen mare - ke yeh raashtra, ishvar ke adheen, svatantrata ka ek naya janm lega - aur vah sarkaar jo janta ki ho, janta se ho, janta ke liye ho,3 is duniya se khtm naheen hogi.


tippani

1.^ "sataassi varsh pehle" se Lincoln ka arth tha san 1776, jab America svatantr hua aur aadhunik vishv ka pehla lokatantr bana.
2.^ gaiteesbarg mein ameriki gruhayuddh ke dauraan teen din (July 1 se July 3, 1863 tak) bhayankar ladaai hui theen, jismein lagbhag 8,000 log maare gaye aur 42,000 jkhmi hue. is muthabhed ke baad uttari sangheeya sena ki daksheeni parisangheeya sena ke oopar jeet nishchit ho ga​aai thi.
3.^ "vah sarkaar jo janta ki ho, janta se ho, janta ke liye ho" ab lokataantrik shaasan ki ek anaupachaarik paribhaasha ban ga​aai hai. "janta ki sarkaar" ka arth hua ke shaasak saadhaaran janta ke hi sadasya hain, kisi vishesh shaahi varg ke naheen. "janta se sarkaar" yaani vah sarkaar jo janta se apne liye niyukt ki gayi ho (chunaavon ke dvaara) aur kisi raaja-mahaaraaja ne janta par thopi na ho. "janta ke liye sarkaar" ka matlab hai ke shaasak janta ke naukar hain, janta shaasakon ki naukar naheen. angreji mein ise "of the peepal, baae the peepal, faur the peepal" kehte hain.

inhein bhi dekhein