gadha

;"|gadha
Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
sanrakshan sthiti
Domesticated
;" | vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: enimeliya
sangh: kaurdeta
varg: stanadhaari
gan: perisodaiktil
kul: ikveedei
prajaati: ikvas
upavansh: aisins
jaati: i. afreekainus
upajaati: i. afreekainus aiseenas
tripd naam
ikvas afreekainus aiseenas
leeniys, 1758

gadha (Equus africanus asinus) ashv parivaar ka pashu hai. kai deshon mein ise bojha dhone ke kaam laaya jaata hai. gadhe ko adhiktar dhobi aur kumhaar varg ke logon dvaara paala jaata hai.

parichay

gadha ghode ki prajaati ki ek upajaati 'esins varg' ka pashu hai. is varg ke anek pashu hain par 'gadhe' se abhipraaya is varg ke us pashu se samjha jaata hai jise log paalate hain aur saamaan dhone ka kaam lete hai. yeh aakaar mein ghode se chhota hota hai, kaan lambe hote hain, pooainchh ka aakaar aur rang ghode se sarvatha bhinn hota hai. yeh pashu apni mand buddhi aur hatheelepan ke liye prakhyaat hai. bhaaratavarsh mein iska praacheenatam ullekh vaidik saahitya mein milta hai (rigved 3.53.23; aitareya braahman 4.9; taittireeya sanhita 5.1.2.1). aajkal iska prayog mukhyat: dhobiyon dvaara kapadon ko ghaat se laane aur le jaane ke liye hota hai.

naam ka upayog

kuchh sanskrutiyon mein kisi moorkh vyakti ko bhi gadha kaha jaata hai. gadhe ke baare mein bahut kahaavatein bhi prachalit hain, jaise : "dhobi ka gadha, na ghar ka, na ghaat ka", "gadhe ke sir se seeng ki tarah gaayab hona". gadhe ki dulatti prasiddh hai.