gaaya

abhaarateeya gaaya
jarseegaaya

gaaya ek mahattvapoorn paalatoo jaanavar hai jo sansaar mein praaya: sarvatr pai jaati hai. isse uttam kism ka doodh praapt hota hai. hindu, gaaya ko 'maata' (gaumaata) kehte hain. iske bachhade bade hokar gaadi kheenchate hain evam kheton ki jootaai karte hain.

Bhaarat mein vaidik kaal se hi gaaya ka mahatva maana jaata hai. aarambh mein aadaan pradaan evam vinimay aadi ke maadhyam ke roop mein gaaya upayog hota tha aur manushya ki samruddhi ki ganana usaki gosankhya se ki jaati thi. hindu dhaarmik drushti se bhi gaaya pavitra maani jaati rahi hai tatha usaki hatya mahaapaatak paapon mein ki jaati hai.

gaaya va bhains mein garbh se sanbandhit jaankaari
  • sambhog kaal - varsh bhar, tatha garmion mein adhik
  • varsh mein garmi ke aane ka samay - har 18 se 21 din (garbh na thaharane par) ; 30 se 60 din mein (vyaane ke baad)
  • garmi ki avadhi - 20 se 36 ghante tak
  • krutrim garbhadhaan va veerya daalne ka samay - madakaal aarambh hone ke 12 se 18 ghante baad
  • garbh jaanch karavaane ka samay - krutrim garbhadhaan ka teeka karaane ke 60 se 90 dinon mein
  • garbhakaal - gaaya 275 se 280 din ; bhains 308 din

anukram

bhaarateeya gaaya

Bhaarat mein gaaya ki 30 naslein pai jaati hain.[1] red sindhi, saahivaal, gir, devani, thaarapaarakar aadi naslein Bhaarat mein dudhaaroo gaayon ki pramukh naslein hain.

lokopayogi drushti mein bhaarateeya gaaya ko teen vargon mein vibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai. pehle varg mein ve gaaeain aati hain jo doodh to khoob deti hain, lekin unki punsantaan akarmanya at: krushi mein anupayogi hoti hai. is prakaar ki gaaeain dugdhapradhaan ekaangi nasl ki hain. doosari gaaeain ve hain jo doodh kam deti hain kintu unke bachhade krushi aur gaadi kheenchne ke kaam aate hain. inhein vatsapradhaan ekaangi nasl kehte hain. kuchh gaaeain doodh bhi prachur deti hain aur unke bachhade bhi karmath hote hain. aisi gaayon ko sarvaangi nasl ki gaaya kehte hain. Bhaarat ki gojaatiyaaain nimnalikhit hain:

saayavaal jaati

saayavaal gaayon mein afagaanistaani tatha geer jaati ka rakt paaya jaata hai. in gaayon ka sir chauda, seeng chhoti aur moti, tatha maatha majhola hota hai. ye Punjab mein maantagumari jila aur raavi nadi ke aaspaas laayalapur, lodharaan, ganjeevaar aadi sthaanon mein pai jaati hai. ye Bhaarat mein kaheen bhi rah sakti hain. ek baar byaane par ye 10 maheene tak doodh deti rahati hain. doodh ka parimaan prati din 10-16 liter hota hai. inke doodh mein makkhan ka ansh paryaapt hota hai.

sindhi

inka mukhya sthaan sindh ka kohistaan kshetr hai. bilochistaan ka kelasabela ilaaka bhi inke liye prasiddh hai. in gaayon ka varn baadaami ya gehuainaa, shareer lamba aur chamada mota hota hai. ye doosari jalavaayu mein bhi rah sakti hain tatha inmein rogon se ladne ki adbhut shakti hoti hai. santaanotpatti ke baad ye 300 din ke bheetar kam se kam 2000 liter doodh deti hain.

kaaainkarej

kachh ki chhoti khaadi se dakshin-poorv ka bhoobhaag, arthaat sindh ke dakshin-pashchim se Ahmedabad aur radhanapura tak ka pradesh, kaaainkarej gaayon ka moolasthaan hai. vaise ye kaathiyaavaad, badoda aur soorat mein bhi milti hain. ye sarvaangi jaati ki gaae hain aur inki maaaing videshon mein bhi hai. inka rang rupahala bhoora, lohiya bhoora ya kaala hota hai. taaaingon mein kaale chinh tatha khuron ke oopari bhaag kaale hote hain. ye sir uthaakar lambe aur sam kadam rakhati hain. chalte samay taaaingon ko chhodkar shesh shareer nishkriya prateet hota hai jisse inki chaal atapati maaloom padti hai.

maalavi

ye gaaeain dudhaaroo naheen hoteen. inka rang khaaki hota hai tatha gardan kuchh kaali hoti hai. avastha badhne par rang safed ho jaata hai. ye gvaaliyr ke aaspaas pai jaati hain.

naagauri

inka praaptisthaan Jodhpur ke aaspaas ka pradesh hai. ye gaaeain bhi vishesh dudhaaroo naheen hoteen, kintu byaane ke baad bahut dinon tak thoda thoda doodh deti rahati hain.

tharapaarakar

ye gaaeain dudhaaroo hoti hain. inka rang khaaki, bhoora, ya safed hota hai. kachh, jaisalamer, Jodhpur aur sindh ka dakshinpashchimi registaan inka praaptisthaan hai. inki khuraak kam hoti hai.

pavaaainr

peeleebheet, pooranapur tahaseel aur kheeri inka praaptisthaan hai. inka muainh sainkara aur seeng seedhi tatha lambi hoti hai. seengon ki labaai 12-18 inch hoti hai. inki pooainchh lambi hoti hai. ye svabhaav se krodhi hoti hai aur doodh kam deti hain.

bhaganaadi

naadi nadi ka tatavarti pradesh inka praaptisthaan hai. jvaar inka priya bhojan hai. naadi ghaas aur usaki roti banaakar bhi inhein khilaai jaati hai. ye gaaeain doodh khoob deti hain.

dajjal

Punjab ke deraagaajeekhaaain jile mein pai jaati hain. ye doodh kam deti hain.

gaavalaav

doodh saadhaaran maatra mein deti hai. praaptisthaan satapuda ki taraai, vardha, chhindavaada, Nagpur, sivni tatha bahiyr hai. inka rang safed aur kad majhola hota hai. ye kaan uthaakar chalti hain.

hariyaana

ye 8-12 liter doodh pratidin deti hain. gaayon ka rang safed, motiya ya halka bhoora hota hain. ye ooainche kad aur gatheele badan ki hoti hain tatha sir uthaakar chalti hain. inka praaptisthaan Rohtak, hisaar, sirsa, karanaal, gudagaaainv aur jind hai. hisaar me pehla gau abhayaaranya

angol ya neelor

ye gaaeain dudhaaroo, sundar aur mantharagaamini hoti hain. praaptisthaan Tamil Nadu, Andhra pradesh, guntoor, neelor, bapatatala tatha sadanapalli hai. ye chaara kam khaati hain.

anya

raath alavar ki gaaeain hain. khaati kam aur doodh khoob deti hain.

geer- ye pratidin 5-8 liter doodh deti hain. inka moolasthaan kaathiyaavaad ka geer jungle hai.

devani - dakshin Andhra pradesh aur hinsol mein pai jaati hain. ye doodh khoob deti hai.

neemaadi - narmada nadi ki ghaati inka praaptisthaan hai. ye gaaeain dudhaaroo hoti hain.

amrutamahal, halleekar, baragoor, baalamabaadi naslein Mysore ki vatsapradhaan, ekaangi gaaeain hain. kangaayam aur krushnavalli doodh denevaali hain.

pramukh deshon mein gaayon ki sankhya

vishv mein gaayon ki kul sankhya 13 kharab (1.3 billion) hone ka anumaan hai.[2] neeche di gayi saarani mein vibhinn deshon mein san 2009 mein gaayon ki sankhya di gayi hai.[3]

gaayon ki sankhya
kshetr/desh gaayon ki sankhya
Bhaarat 281,700,000
Brazil 187,087,000
cheen 139,721,000
yooesae 96,669,000
Europeeya sangh 87,650,000
arjenteena 51,062,000
Australia 29,202,000
maiksiko 26,489,000
roos 18,370,000
dakshin Africa 14,187,000
Canada 13,945,000
anya 49,756,000

sandarbh

  1. http://pib.nic.in/feature/feyr2000/fmay2000/f040520001.html
  2. Muruvimi, F. and J. Ellis-Jones. 1999. A farming systems approach to improving draft animal power in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Starkey, P. and P. Kaumbutho. 1999. Meeting the challenges of animal traction. Intermediate Technology Publications, London. pp. 10-19.
  3. [1][mrut kadiyaaain]

inhein bhi dekhein

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