gaall

gaall ke samudra ke kinaare kilebandi jis par ghaas ug aayi hai.

gaall (sinhal: ගaaාaaලaa්aaල; tamil: கaaாaaலaaி; angreji: Galle) Sri Lanka ke dakshin-pashchimi samudratat par avasthit ek nagar tatha pattan hai. apni utkrusht sthiti ke kaaran yeh unnatisheel nagar hai.

Sri Lanka ke nagaron mein iska paaainchavaaain sthaan hai. iske sameep bagaani krushikshetr hai, at: yahaaain ke pattan se naariyl ka tel, jataaeain, reshe aur usase bani rassiyaaain, rabar, tatha chai ka niryaat hota hai. yadyapi yeh nagar praacheen prateet hota hai, tathaapi 1267 E. se pehle iska koi aitihaasik ullekh naheen milta. 14veen sadi ke madhya mein arab yaatri ibnabatoota ne iska ullekh 'kaali' (Kali) naam se kiya hai. vastut: iska samunnitkaal purtagaaliyon ke aagaman ke pashchaat praarambh hota hai. yeh dachon dvaara sthaapit bandargaah hai. potaashraya (harbour) ke kinaare praakrutik hain kintu praveshadvaar khula tatha khatarnaak chattaanon se yukt hai. yahaaain dachon ne ek kila bhi banavaaya tha. yeh 19veen sadi ke poorvaardh tak Sri Lanka ka sarvaadhik mahatvapoorn pattan raha. svej nahar (1869 E.) banane tatha kolanbon ke vishaal krutrim bandargaah ke nirmaan ke baad iska mahatva ghat gaya. yeh uttar mein kolanbon se tatha dakshin-dakshin-poorv mein mataara se rel tatha raajamaarg dvaara juda hua hai. yeh gaall janapad ka pradhaan prashaasanik nagar bhi hai. ise 'pvaant di gaal' (Point de Gall) bhi kehte hain.