gaaja patti

قaaطaaاaaع غaaزaaة Qiṭaāaʿ Ġaaazza
רaaצaaוaaעaaת עaaזaaה Retzu'at 'Azza

gaja patti
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
gaja
31°a25′aN 34°a20′aE / 31.417°aN 34.333°aE / 31.417; 34.333
raajabhaasha(eain) arabi
sarkaar islaamik samaajavaadi raajya
sattaadhaari party hamaas
- pradhaanamantri ismaail haniyaah
- raashtrapati Mehmood Abbas
sangathit 13 September 1993 oslo sandhi
- hastaakshar peee May 1994 mein aashink roop se kaabij hua; September 2005 mein poori tarah se pakad banaai; hamaas 2007 se satta mein hai (ijaraail vaayuseema, jameeni seema aur samudri seema par niyantran rakhata hai.)
kshetrafal
- kul 360 varg kilometer (201 vaan)
139 varg meal
janasankhya
- July 2007 janaganana 1,481,080 (149 vaan1)
- janaganana 9, 520
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) - praakkalan
- kul $770 million (160 vaan1)
- prati vyakti $600 (167 vaan1)
mudra misri pound (vaastavik)
ijaraaili nai shikl (ILS)
samay mandal (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+3)
doorabhaash koot 970

gja patti israayal ke dakshin-pashchim mein sthit ek 6-10 kinmi. chaudi aur koi 45 kimi lamba kshetr hai. iske teen or isaraayal ka niyantran hai aur dakshin mein misr hai. hainlaanki jameen ke sirf do taraf isaraayal hai par pashchim ki disha mein bhoomadhyasaagar mein iski jaleeya seema isaraayal dvaara niyantrit hoti hai.


iska naam iske pramukh shahar gja (uchchaaran gaajja bhi hota hai) par pada hai. iska doosra pramukh shahar iske dakshin mein sthit raafa hai jo misr ki seema se laga hai. gajaapatti mein koi 15 lakh log rahate hain jismein koi 4 lakh log akele gaja shahar mein rahate hain.

itihaas

gajaapatti ka itihaas to 1948 mein Israel ke nirmaan ke saath shuru hota hai par is kshetr ke sampoorn itihaas ke liye isaraayal ka itihaas dekha ja sakta hai. 1948 mein isaraayal ke nirmaan ke baad yahaaain base arabon ke liye armistaais rekha banaai jiske tahat gaja patti mein arab, jo sunni muslim hain, raheinge tatha yahoodi isaraayal me raheinge. 1948 se lekar 1967 tak ispar misr ka adhikaar tha par 1967 ke chh:dini ladaai mein, jismein isaraayal ne arab deshon ko nirnaayak roop se hara diya, isaraayal ne misr se yeh patti bhi chheen li jiske baad se ispar isaraayal ka niyantran bana hua hai.

2005 mein isaraayal ne fileesteeni svatantrata sanstha ke saath hue samjhaute ke tahat gja aur pashchimi tat se baahar hat jaane ka fesala kiya. saath hi isaraayal ne gja tatha pashchimi tat par sthit yahoodi bastiyon ko bhi hataane ka kaam shuru kiya. 2007 mein hue chunaav mein hamaas ne iski satta hathiya li jo isaraayal aur sanyukt raashtra sahit kai deshon ke anusaar ek aatankvaadi sangathan hai. hamaas ne pashchimi tat par sthit arabon se bhi sampark tod liya jo 1948 mein isaraayal ke nirmaan ka hi parinaam hain aur is kaaran gajaavaasiyon se ab tak jude hue the.

2009 ka isaraali hamla

2008 mein hue sangharsh viraam ke baad gja se hamaas ne kai rocket hamle dakshini isaraayal mein hue. isaraayal ne bhi kai hamle gja mein kiye. 2008 ke December ke aakhir mein isaraayal ne gja patti mein apne naagrikon ki hamaas tyakt rauketon ki hatya ke badle mein hamla kiya. isaraayal ke 13 log maare gaye jismein 3 naagrik tatha 10 sainik the jabki badle mein gja ke koi 1300 log maare gaye. January mein 22 din ke baad isaraayal ne ekatarafa sangharshaviraam ki ghoshana ki. iske baad bhi gja se raaket daage gaye. iske baad isaraayal ne dobaara sainik kaaryavaahi ki dhamaki di hai.

bhoogol

Principal geographical features of Israel and south-eastern Mediterranean region

The Gaza Strip is located in the Middle East (at 31°a25′aN 34°a20′aE / 31.417°aN 34.333°aE / 31.417; 34.333Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 31°a25′aN 34°a20′aE / 31.417°aN 34.333°aE / 31.417; 34.333). It has a 51 kilometer (32 meal) border with Israel, and an 11 km border with Egypt, near the city of Rafah. Khan Yunis is located 7 kilometer (4 meal) northeast of Rafah, and several towns around Deir el-Balah are located along the coast between it and Gaza City. Beit Lahia and Beit Hanoun are located to the north and northeast of Gaza City, respectively. The Gush Katif bloc of Israeli localities used to exist on the sand dunes adjacent to Rafah and Khan Yunis, along the southwestern edge of the 40 kilometer (25 meal) Mediterranean coastline.

Gaza strip has a temperate climate, with mild winters, and dry, hot summers subject to drought. The terrain is flat or rolling, with dunes near the coast. The highest point is Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda), at 105 meter (344 fee॰) above sea level. Natural resources include arable land (about a third of the strip is irrigated), and recently discovered natural gas. Environmental issues include desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne disease; soil degradation; and depletion and contamination of underground water resources.

The Strip currently holds the oldest known remains of a man-made bonfire, and some of the world's oldest dated human skeletons. It occupies territory similar to that of ancient Philistia, and is occasionally known by that name.