gaaainv

madhya Bhaarat ka ek gaaainv
kaisal naala, viltashaayar, England ke gaanv ke mukhya sadak par.
Masouleh gaanv, Gilan praant, Iran.
chitr:Saifivillage.JPG
Saifi gaanv ke kendra Ville, beroot, Lebanon mein mukhya chauraahe
Löatschental ghaati, Switzerland mein ek alpaain gaanv.

gram ya gaaainv chhoti-chhoti maanav bastiyon ko kehte hain jinki janasankhya kuchh sau se lekar kuchh hajaar ke beech hoti hai. maaravaadi bhaasha meain gom kehte hai. praaya: gaaainvon ke log krushi ya koi anya paramparaagat kaam (jaise - machhali pakadna) karte hain. gaaainvon mein ghar praaya: bahut paas-paas va avyavasthit hote hain. paramparaagat roop se gaaainvon mein shaharon ki apeksha kam suvidhaaen (shiksha, rojagaar, svaasthya aadi ki) hoti hain.

ek gaanv mein ek clustered maanav niptaan ya samudaaya, ek gaanv se bhi bada hai, lekin ek kasbe ya shahar se chhota hai. haalaanki kai baar graameen kshetron mein sthit hai, shabd shahari gaanv bhi kuchh shahari pados ke liye laagoo kiya jaata hai aise beroot, Lebanon mein pashchim mainahattan, New York city aur Saifi gaanv mein gram ke roop mein S. gaanvon tay aavaas ke saath saamaanya roop se sthaayi roop se kar rahe hain, tathaapi, kshanik gaanvon[1] sakte ho. iske alaava, ek gaanv ke aavaas kaafi had tak ek doosare ke kareeb hote hain '(niptaan bikhre').

aitihaasik, gaanvon samudaaya ka samaaj ke liye saamaanya roop the ki abhyaas nirvaah krushi, aur kuchh gair krushi samaaj ke liye bhi. Britain mein ek gaanv ka adhikaar arjit ek gaanv phone kiya jab vah ek church banaaya jaaega.[krupaya uddharan jodein] kai sanskrutiyon mein, kasbon aur shaharon mein kuchh aur the janasankhya ka keval ek chhote se anupaat ko ghar the. audyogik kraanti ke kai gaanvon kasbon aur shaharon mein badhne ke kaaran, shahareekaran ki is pravrutti ko jaari rakha gaya hai, haalaanki hamesha naheen audyogikeekaran ke sambandh mein. gaanvon mein is tarah mahatva mein maanav samaaj aur niptaan ki ikaaiyon ke roop mein grahan kiya gaya hai.

anukram

paaramparik gaavon (Villages)

haalaanki gaanv ke jeevan ke kai paitarn hi astitv mein hai, theth gaanv ke chhote, shaayad 5-30 parivaaron ko shaamil kiya gaya. gharon ke saath susheelata aur raksha ke liye sthit hai aur the aaspaas rahane vaale quarter bhoomi farmed tha. paaramparik machhali pakadne gaanv S kaareegar machhali pakadne ke aaspaas aadhaarit hai aur machhali pakadne ke maidaan ke nikat sthit the.

dakshin Asia (South Asia)

Bhaarat is great

madhya Bhaarat ke ek gaanv.

"apne gaanvon mein Bhaarat ke jeevan ki aatma", ghoshit M.ke. Gandhi 20 veen sadi ki shuruaat mein. 2001 bhaarateeya janaganana, bhaarateeyon ke 74% ke anusaar 638,365 vibhinn gaanvon mein rahate hain.[2] in aakaar ke gaanvon mein kaafi antar hai. 236,004 bhaarateeya gaanvon mein ek kam se kam 500 ki aabaadi hai, jabki 3,976 gaanvon mein 10,000 ki aabaadi hai +. adhikaansh gaanvon mein sthaaneeya dhaarmik nimnalikhit par nirbhar hai apne swayam ke mandir, masjid ya church hai.
ek bhaarateeya gaanv ke dekhein

Pakistan ke ek gaaainv mein gruh

poorvi Asia

menalaind cheen (saraleekrut cheeni mein)

mukhya bhoomi cheen mein, gaanvon basti Zh:乡 ya shahar Zh:镇 ke tahat matabhed hain.

taaivaan S taaivaan mein, gaanv basti ke tahat matabhed hain ya County niyantrit shahar. gaanv ke ek tsuen ya cūaan (村) ek graameen basti (乡) ke tahat phone kiya aur ek li (里) hai ek shahari basti (镇) ya ek County shahar niyantran ke adheen.

Japan, Japan ke gaanvon dekho

dakshinpoorvi Asia

brunei, Indonesia aur Malaysia

Pariangan, pashchim sumaatra ke kampong.
Johor ke maleshiyaai raajya mein ek kampung.

shabd kampung (kabhi kabhi kampong vartani) angreji bhaasha mein vishesh roop se hai "ke roop mein ek malaya malaya ek gaanv mein ya gaanv mein paribhaashit kiya gaya hai desh bol"[3] doosare shabdon mein, ek kampung aaj brunei, Indonesia ya ke ek gaanv ke roop mein paribhaashit kiya gaya hai Malaysia. Malaysia mein ek kampung 10,000 ya kam logon ke saath ek basti ke roop mein nirdhaarit kiya jaata hai. aitihaasik kaal se, har gaanv mein ek penghulu malaya (gaanv pramukh), jo apne gaanv mein naagrik maamalon sunane ki shakti hai ke netrutv mein aae (adhik jaankaari ke liye Malaysia ke nyaayaalayon dekhein). ek gaanv malaya aam taur par ek masjid "(masjid) ya hota hai" "" surau (chaipal muslim), dhaan ke kheton aur malaya gharon stilts par. malaya aur Indonesia ke graameenon abhyaas ek samudaaya hai, jo behtar hai "ke roop mein bojh ke sanyukt prabhaav ke roop mein jaana jaata hai ek doosare ki madad karne ki sanskruti" (royong gotong),[4] ke roop mein bhi kiya ja raha parivaar unmukh hai ek parivaar ke sammaan ki (visheshakar avadhaarana [ maata pita aur badon vishesh]), shishtaachaar aur Bhagwan mein vishvaas ("Tuhan") ke roop mein aur sab kuchh ke liye sarvopari hai. yeh masjid ke paas ek kabristaan dekh aam hai, malaya ya Indonesia gaanv ke sabhi musalmaan ke roop mein chaahate hain ke liye praarthana ki jaae aur praapt karne ke liye 'Allah afterlife mein aasheervaad S.

filippeens

fileepeens ke shahari kshetron mein, shabd "gaanv" sabse adhik niji up vibhaajanon ko sandarbhit karta hai, vishesh roop se samudaayon gated. in gaanvon ke madhya 20 veen shataabdi mein ubhari hai aur shuroo mein vishisht shaharon mein rahane vaale logon ke domen the. ab ve metro Manila aur anya desh ke pramukh shaharon aur unke nivaasiyon mein ab aam baat ho gayi aay ke star ki ek vistrut shrrunkhala hai. aise gaanvon anuroop ya prashaasanik ikaaiyon ko kar sakta hai (aamtaur par barangay S) aur naheen / ya niji dilaai hai. vaise, metro Manila mein gaanvon mein jaana jaata Forbes park aur Dasmariñaas gaanv shaamil hain.

viytanaam

gaanv, ya "lang" hai, viytanaam samaaj ka aadhaar. hai viytanaam gaanv vishisht prateek[krupaya uddharan jodein] Asiaee krushi utpaadan[krupaya uddharan jodein] hai. hai viytanaam gaanv aamtaur par hota hai: ek gaaainv ke faatak, "lũaay tre" (baans hejej), "đaìanh lang (" saampradaayik ghar), jahaaain "thaan hoaang" (tutelary devata) ki upaasana hai ek achhi tarah se aam, "đaồang lúaa" (chaaval kshetr), "chùaaa" (mandir) aur gaanv ke sabhi parivaaron ke gharon mein. sab viytanaam gaanvon mein logon ko aam taur par ek khoon ka rishta hai. ve kisaanon, jo chaaval ki badhti hai aur ek hi paaramparik hastakala ho rahe hain. hai viytanaam gaanvon samaaj mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika (viytanaami kah rahi: "custom kaanoon ke niyam" hai - "Phéap vua thua le lang" [vastut:: raaja ke kaanoon paidaavaar gaanv ke seema shulk ko]). viytanaam mein pratyek vyakti ko apne gaanv mein dafan hain jab ve mar banana chaahata hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

central va poorvi Europe

slaav deshon

Selo (sirilik: сaaеaaлaaо; polish : wieś, siołaao hai ek slaav shabd ka arth "bosniya aur harjegovina, bulgaariya, kroeshiya, maisedoniya, roos, Serbia, aur Ukraine mein gaanv". udaaharan ke liye vahaaain hain sela (selo ka bahuvachan kai) bulgaariya, kroeshiya, montenegro aur Serbia mein anya logon mein Novo Selo bulaaya aur maisedoniya. sloveniya mein, shabd selo bahut chhote gaanvon ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai (ek hajaar logon se kam) aur boliyon mein; Slovene shabd Vas sabhi sloveniya par istemaal kiya jaata hai.

bulgaariya

chitr:Petrevene.jpg
Petrevene, uttari bulgaariya ke ek gaanv.

bulgaariya mein sela ke vibhinn prakaar 5-30 parivaaron ke ek chhote se selo se kai hajaar logon mein se ek ke liye alag alag. ek 2002 ki janaganana ke anusaar, ki varsh mein 2,385,000 bulgaariyaai gaanvon ke roop mein vargeekrut bastiyon[5] mein rahane vaale naagrikon[5] ek 2004 maanav niptaan bulgaariya par profaail[6] sanyukt aarthik aur saamaajik maamalon ke raashtra vibhaag dvaara aayojit ne kaha ki:

sabse gahan palaayan "shahar - shahar hai." lagbhag sabhi visthaapit logon ke 46% ek shahar se doosare mein unke nivaas badal gaya hai. sthaanaantaran prakriya ka hissa "gaaainv - shahar" kaafi kam hai - 23% aur "shahar - gaanv" - 20%. palaayan "gaanv - gaanv mein 2002 mein" 11% hai.[5]

yeh bhi kaha ki

chhote shaharon mein paryaavaran aur gaanvon ke raajya buniyaadi suvidhaaon ke nimn star ke alaava achha hai.[5]

bulgaariya mein yeh lokapriya ho raha hai vaataavaran, sanskruti ke liye gaanvon ka daura, shilp, logon ke aatithya aur chaaron or ki prakruti. is selski paryatan (bulgaariya: сaaеaaлaaсaaкaaи тaaуaaрaaиaaзaaъaaм) kaha jaata hai, jiska arth hai 'gaanv paryatan "hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

roos

chitr:Russia village.jpg
ek roosi gaanv derevnya (mein aam ghar)

roos mein graameen aabaadi ka thok gaanvon mein keindrit kar rahe hain. roosi mein, do shabd mukhya roop se in graameen ilaakon ko dekhein selo сaaеaaлaaо kar rahe hain) ya дaaеaaрaaеaaвaaнaaя derevnya., sthiti ke aupachaarik sanket aitihaasik dhaarmik: shahar (gorod) tha ek kaithedral, ek gaanv (selo) ek church tha tha, jabki ek gaanv (derevnya) na tha.

roosi saamraajya, volost, ya uske soviyt ya aadhunik roosi uttaraadhikaari selsoviet ke nyoonatam prashaasanik ikaai hai, aamtaur par ek selo mukhyaalaya mein kiya gaya aur kuchh padosi gaanvon ko gale laga liya.

1926 aur 1989 ke beech, roos ke graameen aabaadi 76 lakh logon tak 39 lakh sikud gaya, shahareekaran, saamooheekaran, dekulakisation aur dviteeya vishv yuddh ke ghaate ke kaaran, lekin kareeb se sthir hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] 1930-1937 ke dauraan roos aur anya soviyt sangh netrutv ke (Holodomor mein 5-7 million sahit kam se kam 14.5 million kisaanon ki maut ke bhaagon mein, bade paimaane par bhukhamari). [7]

sabse roosi gaanvon se kam 200 logon ki aabaadi hai aur chhote gaanvon depopulation ka khaamiyaaja le: udaaharan ke liye, 1959 mein, roos ki graameen aabaadi ka lagbhag ek aadhe se kam 500 logon ke gaanvon mein rahate the, jabki ab kam se kam ek tihaai hai. 1960-1970, chhote gaanvon ke depopulation mein keindreeya 'yojanaakaaron drive se sanchaalit karne ke liye baahar chhote khet majadoor ho, bastiyon "-sambhaavana kam' mein tha aur saamoohik ya raajya khet 'mukhya gaanv S aur adhik suvidhaaon ke saath .sandarbh truti: <ref> taig ke liye samaapti </ref> taig naheen mila hai[8] vels vipreet Scotland samudaaya kaunsil koi vaidhaanik adhikaar hai.[9]

  • vahaaain ek spasht harit patti ya khule apni palli seemaaon aaspaas ke kshetron hona chaahiye. haalaanki is shahari gaanvon mein laagoo naheen hoga: yadyapi in gaanvon ko maana naheen ho bhi sakta hain, ve aksar vyaapak roop se nirdisht kar rahe hain ke roop mein ja raha hai to, is ka ek udaaharan leeds mein Horsforth hai.

fraans

England mein bhi saamaanya paribhaasha hai, udaaharan ke liye, dekho, Saint-Benoîat-du-Sault.

Netherland

baadh mein Netherland ke pravan jilon, gaanvon mein paaramparik roop se kam aadmi par bana rahe the ki pahaadiyon kshetreeya baandh ki shurooaat se pehle terps bulaaya-pranaaliyon.

Ireland

Ireland ke gaanvon aksar bahut vichitr hai aur aamtaur par chauraahe par sthit hai, ya kar rahe hain ek aur pratichhedan. ve ek aise kshetr mein aavaaseeya makaanon ke chhote samoohon, kisi bhi bade bastiyon (jaise shaharon, nagaron, mahaanagaron) se alag kar rahe hain. ek gaanv bhi kuchh vyavasaayon se milkar kar sakte hain ya sthaaneeya roop se sanchaalit freinchaaiji aise pab ya chhote baajaar ke roop mein. kuchh gaanvon mein church sevaaon mein shaamil hain aur saath hi ek chhota sa naashta bufe operation gyaat kiya gaya hai.

madhya poorv

Syria

chitr:General view to Al annaze1.jpg
general Tartous, Syria ke pashchim mein al annaze gaanv se dekhein

Syria gaanvon hai ki aakaar aur mahatva mein bhinnata ke bhaari sankhya mein shaamil hain. yeh aisi Ma'loula, Sednaya aur samay (March hai Maroun braad ke roop mein, praacheen aitihaasik aur dhaarmik gaanvon ke ek bahut kuchh shaamil hai). Syria ke vaataavaran ki vividhta Syria ke gaanvon ke beech aarthik gatividhiyon ke sandarbh mein mahatvapoorn hai aur matabhedon ko god lene ki vidhi banaata hai. Syria ke dakshin (Huran, Jabal al arab) mein gaanvon poorvottar (Syria dweep) aur Orontes nadi besin krushi mukhya roop se anaaj, sabjiyon aur falon par jyaadaatar nirbhar karte hain. damishk ke kshetr mein gaanvon aur hailaab vyaapaar par nirbhar hain. aise Marmarita ke roop mein kuchh anya gaanvon paryatan gatividhi par bhaari nirbhar karte hain.

bhoomadhya Syria mein aise Tartus aur Lattakia ke roop mein shahar ke gaanvon ke samaan prakaar ke hain. mukhya roop se, gaanvon bahut achha saaiton jo paani ki tarah graameen jeevan ki buniyaadi baaton mein hai mein banaae gaye the. Tartus mein ek saamaanya bhoomadhya Syria gaanv ke ek udaaharan ke al annaze jo ek chhote se gaaainv ki al sauda ke kshetr se sambandhit hai, ho sakta hai. al sauda ke kshetr ALNAHIA jo gaanvon ke bahut saare shaamil hai ke roop mein kaha jaata hai. ALNAHIA jile ka ek hissa hai aur shahar ke kai jilon mein shaamil hai. udaaharan ke liye, Tartus ke jila Tartus Governorate ka hissa hai. al sauda (jo kaha ALNAHIA) Tartus jile se sambandhit hai. al annaze gaanv al sauda ka ek hissa hai.

Lebanon

France ki tarah, Lebanon mein gaanvon mein aamtaur par dooradaraaj ke pahaadi kshetron mein sthit hain. Lebanon mein gaanvon ke bahumat unke araami naam banaae rakhane ya araami naam vyutpann aur is vajah se araami mount Lebanon mein upayog 18 veen shataabdi tak mein ab bhi hai.[10]

Lebanon ke gaanvon ke kai jilon ka ek hissa hain, in jilon "kadaa 'ke roop mein jaana jaata hai jo Baabda ke jilon (Baabda), Aley Aley (shaamil), Matn Jdeideh (), Keserwan Jounieh (), Chouf Beiteddine (), Jbeil (Byblos), tripoli (tripoli), Zgharta (Zgharta / Ehden), Bsharri (Bsharri), Batroun (Batroun), Koura (Amioun), Miniyeh-Danniyeh (Minyeh / sar Ed-Danniyeh), Zahle (Zahle), Rashaya (Rashaya), pashchimi Beqaa (Jebjennine / Saghbine), saida (saida), Jezzine (Jezzine), sor (sor), Nabatiyeh (Nabatiyeh), Marjeyoun (Marjeyoun), Hasbaya (Hasbaya), Bint Jbeil (Bint Jbeil), Baalbek (Baalbek) aur Hermel (Hermel).

chhattees chhote gaanvon mein, jo Almrah, Kfirchlan, Kfirhbab, Hakel al Azimah, Siir, Bakhoun, Miryata, Assoun, Sfiiri, Kharnoub, Katteen, Kfirhabou, Zghartegrein, iaaiऍn Qibil shaamil Danniyeh conists ka jila.

Danniyeh (Addinniyeh, al Dinniyeh, al Danniyeh, arabi: سaaيaaر اaaلaaضaaنaaيaaة ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai) Miniyeh mein sthit kshetr-Danniyeh Lebanon ke uttar Governorate mein rahate hai. kshetr tripoli ke poorv mein hai, uttar vistaar ke roop mein Akkar jila ke roop mein, dakshin tak Bsharri jila aur Zgharta jila aur ke roop mein Baalbek aur Hermel ke roop mein sudoor poorv ke liye. Dinniyeh ek utkrusht paaristhitiki vudalainds, bageechon aur pedon se bhara maahaul hai. kai gaanvon mein is pahaadi ilaake mein sthit hai, ke sabse bade shahar ja raha saahab al Dinniyeh hain.

Dannieh mein ek theth pahaadi Lebanon ke gaanv ke ek udaaharan Hakel al Azimah jo ek chhote se gaaainv ki Danniyeh ke jila, Bakhoun aur Assoun seemaaon ke beech sthit hai hai hoga. yeh ghaatiyon ke kendra mein hai ki Arbeen pahaad aur Khanzouh ke beech jhooth bolte hain.

up sahaara Africa

Australia aur oshiniya

prashaanteeya dweep prashaant dweep par samudaaya aitihaasik angreji bolne vaale kooch aur kshetr mein base gaanvon kaha jaata tha. aise guaam ke kai gaanvon ke roop mein kuchh samudaayon kar badi aabaadi hai ki 40,000 se adhik ho sakti nivaasiyon ke baavajood gaanvon mein kaha jaata rahega.

New Zealand

paaramparik maaori gaanv dehaat, ek drudh pahaadi top niptaan kiya gaya. vruksh-frn laug karta hai aur san mukhya bhavan nirmaan saamagri S the

(Australia) gaanv aksar chhoti avadhi ki yojana banaai samudaayon ke sandarbh mein aise sevaanivrutti samudaayon ya khareedaari ke jilon ke roop mein istemaal kiya hai aur hai aise ski sthal S ke roop mein paryatan kshetron chhote graameen samudaayon ke aam taur par basti ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. bada bastiyon shaharon ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.

dakshin America:

Argentina aam taur par dooradaraaj ke pahaadi kshetron mein nirdhaarit karte hain, kuchh bhi sheetakaaleen khel aur / ya paryatan ko poora karne, dekhein: Uspallata, la Cumbrecita, Villa Traful aur La Cumbre

uttari America

sanyukt raajya

shaamil gaanvon

inhein bhi dekhein: Administrative divisions of New York#Village evam Village (Oregon)

bees mein[11] America raajya S, shabd "gaanv" shaamil nagarapaalika sarkaar ke ek shahar mein isi tarah ke ek vishisht roop se sandarbhit karta hai, lekin kam adhikaar aur bhaugolik vistaar ke saath. baharahaal, yeh ek vyaapakata hai, kai raajyon mein, vahaaain ke gaanvon ki raajya mein chhote shaharon se bhi bada aakaar ke ek aadesh hain. bhed janasankhya ke aadhaar par yeh jaroori naheen hai, lekin rishtedaar aur tadanusaar nagar paalikaaon, alag daayitvon ke vibhinn prakaar ke liye pradaan ke nivaasiyon ko vishisht sevaaen pradaan shaktiyon par.

aise mein new yaark, viskaunsin, Michigan ke roop mein ya kuchh raajyon, ek gaanv mein ek nagar paalika shaamil hai, aamtaur par naheen hai, lekin hamesha ki tarah, ek hi shahar ya naagrik basti ke bheetar. nivaasiyon ne gaanv aur shahar ya shahar ke liye karon ka bhugataan aur donon ke roop mein achhi tarah ke liye chunaav mein matadaan kar sakte hain. kuchh maamalon mein, gaanv shahar ya shahar ke saath coterminous ja sakta hai. vahaaain bhi kai gaanvon mein, jo ek se adhik kasbe ya shahar ki seemaaon avadhi aur kuchh gaanvon mein bhi County seemaaon pair failaakar baithna pad sakta hai.

vahaaain New York ke ek gaanv ki aabaadi ke liye koi seema naheen hai, raajya ke sabse bade gaanv Hempstead, 55,000 nivaasiyon hai, yeh raajya ke shaharon mein se kuchh se adhik aabaadi vaale kar. baharahaal, raajya mein paanch gaanvon varg meal (13 kimi ² kshetr mein) se adhik naheen ho sakta hai.

Wisconsin ke raajya mein ek gaaainv basti (s) hai ki yeh se shaamil kiya gaya hai se kaanooni taur par alag alag hota hai. sabse bada gaanv Menomonee Falls, jo 32,000 nivaasiyon se adhik hai hai.

Michigan aur ilinois bhi naheen gaanvon ki aabaadi ke liye seema nirdhaarit kar diya hai aur vahaaain kai gaanvon bada hai ki un raajyon mein shahar se hain.

ohiyo mein gaanvon mein lagbhag hamesha kisi bhi shahar ki parikalpana pesh ho sakta hai ki ve se shaamil kiya gaya hai se kaanooni taur par alag hain (vahaaain aisi chidh Falls, jahaan basti gaanv ke poori tarah shaamil hai ke roop mein apavaad hain). ve koi kshetr seemaaen hain, lekin shahar ke roop mein reincorporate agar ve janasankhya mein se 5000 tak viksit hoga. gaanvon mein ek hi ghar kam jimmedaariyon ke saath shahar ke roop mein shaasan adhikaar hai. shahar ke vipreet, ve ya to "saanvidhik gaanv hone ka vikalp hai" aur unke chal rahe raajya sarkaaron ko kaanoon ke anusaar (ek chhah sadasyeeya parishad ke saath chaar saal ki shartein aur mahaapaur jo vote hi sambandhon ko todne ke liye sevaarat) ya ek chaartar "ja raha hai gaanv "aur ek chaartar ko apni sarkaar chalaane ke roop mein ve fit dekh lekhan.
[krupaya uddharan jodein]maireelaind mein, ek ilaake naamit "ke gram ..." ya to ek sammilit shahar ya ek vishesh kar jile mein ho sakta hai[12] baad ke ek udaaharan maitri Heights ka gaanv hai.

raajyon mein jo new England shahar hai S, ek "gaanv" janasankhya ya vyaapaar ke taaun center sahit ek kendra, hai, ek to kam viksit shahar ya shahar mein - udaaharan ke liye, ke taaun ke shahar mein Hyannis ke gaanv Barnstable.

Unincorporated gaanvon

kai raajyon mein, shabd "gaanv" ke liye ek apekshaakrut chhote unincorporated samudaaya, New York raajya mein ek gaanv ke samaan ka ullekh kiya jaata hai. is anaupachaarik upayog bhi kaha gaya hai ki ek nagar paalika ke roop mein shaamil gaanvon mein paaya ja sakta hai, haalaanki aisa prayog galat aur bhramit karne par vichaar kiya ja sakta hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • vaishvik gaanv
  • raikhik gaanv
  • gaanv hare
  • gaanv lauk ap
niptaan prakaar
  • dongi
  • gaanv matsya paalan
  • haimalet
  • Microtown
deshon aur ilaakon
  • ol
  • dhaani aur gaanvon
  • Dogon gaanvon
  • hakka vaastukala
  • Ksar
  • Europe mein gaanvon ke desh ki soochi
  • dehaat
  • roos mein basi bastiyon ke prakaar
  • Bihar mein gaanvon
  • cheen mein gaanvon
  • Ville
  • Sołaectwo Poland mein (kisi na kisi samatulya)
viksit vaataavaran

sandarbh

  1. khojein http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&safe=off&q = 22transient% + gaanvon% 22 & btnG = & meta =
  2. bhaarateeya janaganana
  3. Meriam-Webster online
  4. Geertz, klifrd. "sthaaneeya gyaan: tathya aur tulanaatmak pariprekshya mein kaanoon", peepi. Geertz sthaaneeya gyaan mein 167-234: vyaakhyaatmak nruvijnyaaan, NY mein iske alaava nibandh: besik kitaabein. 1983.
  5. a aa i E "Human Settlement Country Profile, Bulgaria (2004)" (PDF). [[United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs]]. http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/bulgaria/Bulgariahumansettlement2003.PDF. abhigman tithi: 2008-11-30.
  6. http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/bulgaria/Bulgariahumansettlement2003.PDF
  7. Robert vijay 1986 () dukh ka haarvest: soviyt saamooheekaran aur aatank-akaal. Oxford vishvavidyaalaya presaISBN 0-19-505180-7.
  8. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; .E0.A4.B0.E0.A4.BE.E0.A4.B7.E0.A5.8D.E0.A4.9F.E0.A5.8D.E0.A4.B0.E0.A5.80.E0.A4.AF_.E0.A4.B8.E0.A4.BE.E0.A4.82.E0.A4.96.E0.A5.8D.E0.A4.AF.E0.A4.BF.E0.A4.95.E0.A5.80 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  9. Portobello samudaaya parishad
  10. ek pariyojana ka prastaav
  11. gram
  12. 2002 sarkaaron ki janaganana, vyaktigat raajya varnan peedeeef ()

baahari link