frainj kaafka

frainj kaafka
Kafka portrait.jpg
frainj kaafka
janm: 3 July, 1883
praag, ostriya-Hungary
mrutyu: 3 June 1924(1924-06-03) (umr 40)
klosatarnoburg, kiarlig viyena ke sameep, ostiya ganaraajya
kaaryakshetr: beema adhikaari, upanyaasakaar, laghu kahaani lekhak
raashtreeyata: ostriya-Hungary
bhaasha: jarman
vidha: kaalpanik katha, laghu katha
saahityik
aandolan
:
aadhuniktaavaad, jaadui yathaarthavaad, astitvavaad
pramukh kruti(yaaain): jaanch, mahal, kaayaapalat
inse prabhaavit: jose saaraamaago (José Saramago )[1]
hastaakshar: Franz Kafka's signature.gif


frainj kaafka (German pronunciation: [fʁaaants ˈaakafka], 3 July 1883 - 3 June 1924) beesaveen sadi ke ek saanskrutik roop se prabhaavashaali, laghu kahaaniyaan aur upanyaas ke jarman lekhak the. unki rachanaaऍn aadhunik samaaj ke vyagr alagaav ko chitrit karateen hain. samakaaleen aalochakon aur shikshaavidon, vlaadimir nabokov sahit,[2] ka maanana hai ki kaafka 20 veen sadi ke sarvashreshth lekhakon mein se ek hai. "Kafkaesque" angreji bhaasha ka hissa ban gaya hai jiska upayog 'bahakaanevaala','khatarnaak jatilta' aadi ke sandarbh mein kiya jaata hai. nai yaurkar ke liye ek lekh mein, John apadaaik ne samajhaaya: "jab kaafka ka janm hua tab us sadi me aadhunikta ke vichaaron ka panapana aarambh hua - jaise ki sadiyon ke beech mein ek nai aatm-chetna, naepan ki chetna ka janm hua ho.[3]

apni mrutyu ke itne saal baad bhi, kaafka aadhunik vichaaradhaara ke ek pahaloo ke prateek hai - chinta aur sharm ki us anubhooti ke jise sthit naheen kiya ja sakta hai isliye shaant naheen kiya ja sakta hai; cheejon ke bheetar ek anant kathinaai ki bhaavana ke, jo har kadam baadha daalati hai; upayogita se pare teevr sanvedanasheelata ke, jaise ki saamaajik upayog aur dhaarmik vishvaas ki apni puraani tvacha ke chhin jaane par us shareer ke samaan jise har sparsh se peeda ho. kaafka ke is ajeeb aur uchch mool maamale ko dekhein to unka yeh bhayaanak gun vishaal komalata, vichitr va achha haasya, kuchh gambhir aur aashvast aupachaarikta se bharpoor tha. yeh sanyojan unhe ek kalaakaar banaata hai, par unhone apni kala ki keemat ke roop mein adhik se adhik bheetar pratirodh aur adhik gambhir sanshaya ke khilaaf sangharsh kiya hai.

kaafka ki bahu-prachalit rachanaaon mein se kuchh hain - (kaayaapalat), jaanch, ek bhookh-kalaakaar, (mahal) aadi.

jeevan parichay

kaafka ka janm praag, bohemiya mein, ek madhyam varg ke, jarman bhaashi yahoodi parivaar mein hua. kaafka ke pita, haramann kaafka yahoodi basti mein ek sookhi maal ki dukaan chalaate the aur kaafka ki maan, jooli unka (haramann) haath bataati thi. unke pita ko vishaal, svaarthi, dabang vyaapaari kaha jaata tha. kaafka khud kaha tha ki unke pita "shakti, svaasthya, bhookh, aavaaj ki oonchaai, vaagmita, aatm - santushti, saansaarik prabhutv, dheeraj, man ki upasthiti aur maanav prakruti ke gyaan mein ek sachche kaafka the". unki maata, jooli (1956-1934) check ganaraajya ke ek chhote shahar podabraadi ke ek dhani khudra-vyaapaari ki putri thi.

sandarbh

  1. FT.com "Small Talk: José Saramago". "Everything I've read has influenced me in some way. Having said that, Kafka, Borges, Gogol, Montaigne, Cervantes are constant companions."
  2. Strong opinions, Vladimir Nabokov, Vintage Books, 1990
  3. "Franz Kafka", Biography Resource Center, Document No: K1603000559

inhein bhi dekhein