foneeshiyaai varnamaala

raaja kilaamuva dvaara jaari kiya gaya foneeshiyaai mein ek framaan
eshmun dhaarmik sthal par raaja bodashataart dvaara likhit panktiyaaain
toonishiya se mili foneeshiyaai mein likhi baal hammon aur tanit naamak devataaon ko praarthana

foneeshiyaai varnamaala foneeshiya ki sabhyata dvaara avishkrut varnamaala thi jismein har varn ek vyanjan ki dhvani banta tha. kyonki foneeshiyaai log samudri saudaagar the isliye unhonne is aksharamaala ko door-door tak faila diya aur unki dekha-dekhi aur sabhyataaeain bhi apni bhaashaaoain ke liye ismein fer-badal karke iska prayog karne lageen. maana jaata hai ke aadhunik yug ki sabhi mukhya aksharamaalaaeain isi foneeshiyaai varnamaala ki santaane hain. devanaagari sahit, Bhaarat ki sabhi varnamaalaaeain bhi foneeshiyaai varnamaala ki vanshaj hain.[1] iska vikaas kreeb 1050 isa-poorv mein aarambh hua tha aur praacheen yoonaani sabhyata ke udaya ke saath-saath ant ho gaya.

varnamaala

foneeshiyaai varnamaala ke har akshar ka naam foneeshiyaai bhaasha mein kisi vastu ke naam par rakha gaya hai. angreji mein varnamaala ko "ailfaabait" bolte hain jo naam foneeshiyaai varnamaala ke pehle do aksharon ("alf" yaani "bail" aur "bait" yaani "ghar") se aaya hai.

akshar naam arth braahmi devanaagari baraabari ke akshar
ibraani siriyaik arabi-faarasi yoonaani laatini roosi
Aleph alf bail Brahmi_a a א ܐ α a а
Beth bait ghar Brahmi_b b ב ܒ Β, β B, b Б, б
Gimel gaml ooaint Brahmi_g g ג ܓ گ Γ, γ G, g Г, г aur Ґ, ґ
Daleth dailt dwaar Brahmi_d the ד ܕ د, ذ Δ, δ D, d Д, д
He he khidki Brahmi_h h ה ܗ هaaـ Ε, ε E, e Е, е, Є, є, Э, э
Waw vaau kaaainta / khooainta Brahmi_v va ו ܘ و Ϝ, ϝ, Υ, υ F, f, U, u, V, v, Y, y, W, w Ѵ, ѵ, У, у, Ў, ў
Zayin ji hathiyaar Brahmi_j za ז ܙ Ζ, ζ Z, z Ж, ж, З, з
Heth khait deevaar kh ח ܚ خ, ح Η, η H, h И, и, Й, й
Teth taith pahiya Brahmi_th th ט ܛ ظ, ط Θ, θ Ѳ, ѳ
Yodh yod haath Brahmi_y ya י ܝ ي Ι, ι I, i, J, j І, і, Ї, ї, Ј, ј
Kaph kaaf hatheli Brahmi_k k כaaך ܟ Κ, κ K, k К, к
Lamedh lamd (pashuon ka) ankush Brahmi_l l ל ܠ Λ, λ L, l Л, л
Mem mem paani Brahmi_m m מaaם ܡ Μ, μ M, m М, м
Nun nun sarp Brahmi_n na נaaן ܢ Ν, ν N, n Н, н
Samekh saimk machhali Brahmi_s s ס ܣ / ܤ س Ξ, ξ aur shaayad Χ, χ shaayad X, x Ѯ, ѯ aur shaayad Х, х
Ayin ain aaainkh 'a ע ܥ ع, غ Ο, ο, Ω, ω O, o О, о
Pe pe muainh Brahmi_p p פaaף ܦ ف Π, π P, p П, п
Sadek tsaade shikaar Brahmi_sha sh צaaץ ܨ ص, ض Ϻ, ϻ C, c Ц, ц, Ч, ч, Џ, џ
Qoph kof bandar k ק ܩ Ϙ, ϙ, shaayad Φ, φ, Ψ, ψ Q, q Ҁ, ҁ, shaayad Ф, ф, Ѱ, ѱ
Res rosh sir Brahmi_r r ר ܪ Ρ, ρ R, r Р, р
Sin shin daant Brahmi_shb sh ש ܫ ش Σ, σ, ς S, s С, с, Ш, ш, Щ, щ
Taw taoo chinh Brahmi_t t ת ܬ ت Τ, τ T, t Т, т

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Richard Salomon, "Brahmi and Kharoshthi", in The World's Writing Systems