folik aml

folik aml
Folic acid
aaiyoopeeesi naam (2S)-2-[(4-{[(2-amino-4-hydroxypteridin-6-yl)
methyl]amino}phenyl)formamido]pentanedioic acid
anya naam N-​(4-​a{[(2-​aamino-​a4-​aoxo-​a1,​a4-​adihydropteridin-​a6-​ayl)​amethyl]
​aamino}​abenzoyl)-​L-​aglutamic acid; pteroyl-L-glutamic acid; Vitamin B9; Vitamin M; Folacin
pehchaan aaidentifaayars
si.A.S sankhya [59-30-3][CAS]
pabakaim 6037
RTECS number LP5425000
en:ATC code B03BB01
SMILES
gun
raasaayanik sootr C19H19N7O6
molar dravyamaan 441.4 g mol−1
dikhaavat peela-naarangi kristalaain choorn
galanaank

250 °aC (523 K), sanghatan

jal mein ghulanasheelata 0.0016 mg/ml (25 °aC)
amlata (pKa) 1st: 2.3, 2nd: 8.3
jahaan diya hai vahaan ke alaava,
ye aankade padaarth ki maanak sthiti (25 °ase, 100 ki.pa ke anusaar hain.
jnyaaanasandook ke sandarbh

folik aml ko vitaamin bi-9 ya folaaseen aur folet ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. ye vitaamin bi-9 ke jal-ghulya roop hain. folik eseed shareer ke vibhinn kaaryon ke sanpaadan ke liye aavashyak hain. ye nyuklitaaid ke sanshleshan se lekar himosaaitin ke rimithaaileshan ke liye jaroori hai. yeh koshika nirmaan aur koshika vruddhi ke dauraan kaafi upayogi maana jaata hai. svasth rakt koshika ke nirmaan ke liye bachchon aur vyaskon mein folik eseed samaan roop se jaroori hai. ye raktaheenata ko rokata hai.

kaarban ke raasaayanik yaugikon ko kaarbanik yaugik kehte hain. prakruti mein inki sankhya 10 lakh se bhi adhik hai. jeevan paddhati mein kaarbanik yaugikon ki bahut hi mahatvapoorn bhoomika hai. inmein kaarban ke saath-saath haaidrojan bhi rahata hai. aitihaasik tatha parampara gat kaaranon se kuchh kaarban ke yaugakon ko kaarbanik yaugikon ki shreni mein naheen rakha jaata hai. inmein kaarbanadaaioksaaid, kaarban monooksaaid pramukh hain. sabhi jaiv anu jaise carbohydrate, ameeno aml, proteen, aaraenae tatha DNA kaarbanik yaugik hi hain. kaarban aur haaidrojan ke yaugiko ko hydrocarbon kehte hain. methen (CH4) sabse chhote anusootr ka hydrocarbon hai. ithen (C2H6), propen (C3H8) aadi iske baad aate hain, jinmein kramash: ek ek kaarban judta jaata hai. hydrocarbon teen shreniyon mein vibhaajit kiye ja sakte hain: ithen shreni, ethileen shreni aur aiseetileen shreni. ithen shreni ke hydrocarbon santrupt hain, arthaat‌ inmein haaidrojan ki maatra aur badhaai naheen ja sakti. ethileen mein do kaarbanon ke beech mein ek dvibandh (=) hai, aiseetileen mein trigun bandh (º) vaale yaugik asthaayi hain. ye aasaani se okseekrut evam hailojaneekrut ho sakte hain. haaidrokaarbanon ke bahut se vyutpann taiyaar kiye ja sakte hain, jinke vividh upayog hain. aise vyutpann kloraaid, bromaaid, aayodaaid, ailkohaal, sodiym ailkauksaaid, aimin, marakaiptan, naaitret, naaitraait, naaitraait, haaidrojan faasfet tatha haaidrojan salfet hain. asatrupt hydrocarbon adhik sakriya hota hai aur anek abhikaarakon se sanyukt ha saralata se vyutpann banaata hai. aise anek vyutpann audyogik drushti se bade mahatva ke siddh hue hain. inse anek bahumoolya vilaayak, plastic, kruminaashak oshadhiyaaain aadi praapt hui hain. haaidrokaarbanon ke okseekaran se ailkohaul ithar, keeton, aildeehaaid, vasa aml, estar aadi praapt hote hain. ailkohaul praathamik, dviteeyak aur truteeyak ho sakte hain. inke estar drav sugandhit hote hain. anek sugandhit dravya inse taiyaar kiye ja sakte hain. isi prakaar folik esid ko bhi vibhinn prayogon mein liya ja sakta hai.