floreen


floreen / Fluorine
raasaayanik tatv
F,9.jpg
namoona
raasaayanik chinh: F
parmaanu sankhya: 9
raasaayanik shrunkhala: dvipramaanuk adhaatu
F-TableImage.png

aavart saarani mein sthiti
Electron shell 009 Fluorine.svg
electronic dhaancha
anya bhaashaaon mein naam: Fluorine (angreji)

floreen ek raasaayanik tatv hai. yeh aavart saarani (periodic table) ke saptasamooh ka pratham tatv hai, jismein sarvaadhik adhaatu gun vartamaan hain. iska ek sthir samasthaanik (bhaarasankhya 19) praapt hai aur teen rediyodharmita samasthaanik (bhaarasankhya 17,18 aur 20) krutrim saadhanon se banaae gaye hain. is tatv ko 1886 E. mein mauyasaaain ne pruthak‌ kiya. atyant kriyaasheel tatv hone ke kaaran isko mukt avastha mein banaana atyant kathin kaarya tha. mauyasaaain ne vishuddh haaidroklorik aml tatha dahaatu tarasvinik ke mishran ke vaidyut‌ apaghatan dvaara yeh tatv praapt kiya tha.

tarasvini mukt avastha mein naheen paaya jaata. iske yaugik choornaatu tarasvinik (fluoraaid), (choor.ta2) (CaF2) aur kraayolaaid, (kshaa3sf.ta6) (Na3AlF6) anek sthaanon par milte hain.

tarasvini ka nirmaan mauyasaaain vidhi dvaara kiya jaata hai. mahaatu ghanaatu mishradhaatu ka bana you (U) ke aakaar ka vidyut‌ apaghatani koshika liya jaata hai, jiske vidyudagr bhi isi mishradhaatu ke bane rahate hain. haaidroflorik aml mein dahaatu tarasvinik (fluoraaid) vilyit kar - 23° sein. par sel mein apaghatan karne se dhanaagr par tarasvini mukt hogi. mukt tarasvini ko vishuddh karne ke hetu plaitinm ke thande baratan tatha kshaaraatu tarasvinik (fluoraaid) ki nalikaaon dvaara pravaahit kiya jaata hai.

gun

tarasvini ke kuchh bhautik gun nimnaankit hain :

sanket--- t (F)

parmaanu sankhya --- 9

parmaanu bhaar--- 19

galanaank --- -223roo sein.

kvathanaank --- -188roo sein.

aapekshik ghanatv --- -1.265

parmaanu vyaas --- 1.36 aingastraum

tarasvini samast tatvon mein apekshaakrut sarvaadhik kriyaasheel padaarth hai. haaidrojan ke saath yeh nyoon taap par bhi visfot ke saath sanyukt ho jaata hai.

haaidrofluorik aml athva udajan tarasvinik (haaidrojan fluoraaid) (u.t)(HF) athva (u2ta2) (H2F2) atyant vishaila padaarth hai iska vishuddh yaugik vidyut‌ ka kuchaalak hai. iska jaleeya vilyan teevr aamlik gun yukt hota hai. yeh kaach par kriya kar saikata tarasvinik (silikn fluoraaid) banaata hai. is gun ke kaaran iska upayog kaach par nishaan banaane mein hota hai. haaidrofluorik aml ke lavan tarasvinik (fluoraaid) kahalaate hain. kuchh tarasvinik jal mein vileya hote hain.

upayog

tarasvini ka upayog keetamaarak ke roop mein hota hai. iske kuchh yaugik, jaise kirnaat tarasvinik (Uranium fluoraaid), parmaanu oorja prayogon mein prayukt hote hain. tarasvini ke anek kaarbanik yaugik prasheetan udyog tatha plastic udyog mein kaam aate hain.