filisteeni raajyakshetr

filisteen ka dhvaj

filisteen (arabi: فaلaسaطaيaنa‎) duniya ka ek raajyakshetr hai. yeh is kshetr ka naam hai jo Lebanon aur misr ke beech tha ke adhikaansh hisse par isaraail ke raajya ki sthaapana ki gayi hai. 1948 se pehle sabhi kshetr filisteen kahalaata tha. jo khilaaft usmaaniya mein sthaapit raha lekin baad mein angrejon aur fraanseesiyon ne is par kabja kar liya. 1948 mein yahaaain ke adhikaansh kshetr par Israeli raajya ki sthaapana ki gayi. iska rajdhani baitul mukddas tha par 1967 mein isaraail ne kabja kar liya. baitul mukddas ko Israeli yerushalam kehte hain aur yeh shahar yahoodiyon, isaaiyon aur musalmaanon teenon ke paas pavitra hai. musalmaanon ka kibla pratham yahi hai.

anukram

naam aur kshetr

agar aaj ke filsteen-isaraayal sangharsh aur vivaad ko chhod dein to madhyapoorv mein bhoomadhyasaagar aur jaurdan nadi ke beech ki bhoomi ko faleesteen kaha jaata tha. baaibal mein fileesteen ko kainnan kaha gaya hai aur usase pehle greek ise falastiya kehte the. roman is kshetr ko judaya praant ke roop mein jaante the.

itihaas

teesari sahastaabdi mein yeh pradesh bebeelon aur misr ke beech vyaapaar ke lihaaj se ek mahatvapoorn kshetr bankar ubhara. fileesteen kshetr par doosari sahastraabdi mein misriyon tatha hiksoson ka raajyatha. lagbhag isa poorv 1200 mein hajarat moosa ne yahoodiyon ko apne netrutv mein lekar misr se fileesteen ki taraf kooch kiya. hibroo (yahoodi) logon par filisteeniyon ka raaj tha. par san 1000 mein ibraaniyon (hibroo, yahoodi) ne do raajyon ki sthaapana ki (adhik jaankaari ke liye dekhein - yahoodi itihaas) - isaraayal aur judaaya. isaapoorv 700 tak inapar bebeelon kshetr ke raajyon ka adhikaar ho gaya. is dauraan yahoodiyon ko yahaaain se baahar bheja gaya. isaapoorv 550 ke aaspaas jab yahaaain faaras ke hakhaamani shaasakon ka adhikaar ho gaya to unhonne yahoodiyon ko vaapas apne pradeshon mein lautane ki ijaajat de di. is dauraan yahoodi dharm par jaradosht ke dharm ka prabhaav pada.

sikndarake aakraman (332 isaapoorv) tak to sthiti shaantipoorn rahi par uske baad romanon ke shaasan mein yahaaain do vidroh hue - san 66 aur san 132 mein. donon vidrohon ko daba diya gaya. arabon ka shaasan san 636 mein aaya. iske baad yahaaain arabon ka prabhutv badhta gaya. is kshetr mein yahoodi, muslim aur isaai teenon aabaadi rahati thi. 1517 mein turkon ka shaasan

paarsi shaasan (538 E.poo.)

paarsi saamraajya ki sthaapna ke baad, yahudiyo (jayus) ko apani dhaarmik pustak ke anusaar apne desh israil jaane ki anumati mil gayi. is hi samay yahudiyo ne apna doosra mandir jerusalam me sthaapit kiya.

sandarbh