feeji hindi

jin deshon mein fiji hindi boli jaati hai

fiji hindi fiji mein boli jaane waali pramukh bhaasha hai. ise fijiyn hindi ya fijiyn hindustaani[1] bhi kehte hain. yeh fiji ki aadhikaarik bhaashaaon me se ek hai. yeh adhikaanshat: bhaarateeya mool ke fiji logon dvaara boli jaati hai. fiji hindi devanaagari lipi aur roman lipi donon mein likhi jaati hai.

yeh mukhya roop se avadhi, Bhojpuri bhaasha aur hindi ki anya boliyon se vyutpann hai, jismein anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ka bhi samaavesh hai. ismein fiji aur angreji se badi sankhya mein shabd udhaar liye gaye hain. fiji hindi mein badi sankhya mein aise anoothe shabd bhi hain, jo fiji mein rah rahe bhaarateeyon ke nae maahaul mein dhalane ke liye jaroori the. fiji bhaarateeyon ki pehli peedhee, jisne is bhaasha ko bolachaal ke roop mein apnaaya ise 'fiji baat' kehte the. bhaashaavidon ke haal ke adhyayan mein is baat ki pushti hui hai ki fiji hindi Bhaarat mein boli jaane waali hindi bhaasha par aadhaarit ek vishisht bhaasha hai, jismein fiji ke anukool vishesh vyaakaran aur shabdaavali hain.

kuchh pramukh desh jahaaain fiji hindi bolne vaale log hain-

desh sankhya
fiji 313,798[2]
new jeelaind 27,882[3]
Australia 29,750[4]
sanyukt raashtra America 24,345[5]
Canada 22,770[6]
United kinghadam 2,000
tonga 310[7]
kul yog 420,855

anukram

fiji hindi ka vikaas

aarambh mein angrejon dvaara Bhaarat ke uttar pradesh ke poorvi jilon tatha Bihar se shramik fiji mein laaye gaye the. ve log apne mool nivaas sthaan ki hindi ki boli bolte the. ise neeche ki saarani mein darshaaya gaya hai:

shramikon dvaara boli jaane waali boliyaaain
bhaasha/boli sankhya anupaat%
bihaari 17,868 39.3%
poorvi hindi 16,871 37.1%
pashchimi hindi 6,903 15.2%
raajasthaani 1,111 2.4%
anya bhaashaaen 1,546 3.4%
anya upaniveshon ke log 640 1.4%
agyaat 500 1.1%
kul yog 45,439 100%

dhyaan rakhane yogya hai ki Bhojpuri, jise lagbhag 35.4% uttar bhaarateeya pravaasi bolte the, ko bihaari kaha gaya hai; isi tarah avadhi, jise lagbhag 32.9% log bolte the, ko poorvi hindi kaha gaya hai. sheegra hi fiji mein ek aisi bhaasha ka janm hua jo in sabhi boliyon ki mel thi.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

granthasoochi

  • J. Siegel, Plantation Languages in Fiji, Australian National University, 1985
  • R. F. Moag, Fiji Hindi: A basic course and reference grammar, Australian National University, 1977