fatehapur jila

fatehapur
jila
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttar pradesh
mandal Allahabad
jila fatehapur
janasankhya
ghanatv
2,632,733 (2011 tak )
• 634 /kimi2 (1,642 /varg meal)
lingaanupaat 901 /
saaksharata 58.6%%
aadhikaarik bhaasha(eain) hindi
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
4,152 km² (1,603 sq mi)
• 114.66 meter (376 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: fatehpur.nic.in/

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a10′aN 81°a12′aE / 26.16°aN 81.20°aE / 26.16; 81.20 fatehapur jila uttar pradesh raajya ka ek jila hai jo ki pavitra ganga evam yamuna nadi ke beech basa hua hai. fatehapur jile mein sthit kai sthaanon ka ullekh puraanon me bhi milta hai jinmein bhitaura aur asani ke ghaat pramukh hain. bhitaura, bhrugu rishi ki taposthali ke roop mein maani jaati hai. fatehapur jila Allahabad mandal ka ek hissa hai aur iska mukhyaalaya fatehapur shahar hai.

anukram

ullekhaneeya sthal

baajaar

fatehapur ka mukhya baajaar chauk hai. doosra bada baajaar asothar kasbe mein hai.

baavani imali

yeh smaarak svatantrata senaaniyon dvaara kiye gaye balidaanon ka prateek hai. 28 April 1858 ko british sena dvaara baavan svatantrata senaaniyon ko ek imali ke ped par faaainsi di gayi thi. ye imali ka ped abhi bhi maujood hai. logo ka vishvaas hai ke us ped ka vikaas us narasanhaar ke baad band ho gaya hai. yeh jagah bindaki upakhand mein khajuaa kasbe ke nikat hai. bindaki tahaseel mukhyaalaya se teen kilometer pashchim mugal road sthit shaheed smaarak baavani imali svatantrata ki jang mein apna vishesh mahatva rakhati hai. shaheed sthal mein boodhe imali ke ped mein 28 April 1858 ko rasoolapur gaanv ke nivaasi jodha Singh ataiya ko unke ikyaavan kraantikaariyon ke saath faansi par lataka diya gaya tha inheen baavan shaheedon ki smruti mein is vruksh ko baavani imali kaha jaane laga.

chaar February 1858 ko jodha Singh ataiya par Brigadier karathyoo ne asafal aakraman kiya. saahasi jodha Singh ataiya ko sarkaari kaaryaalaya lootane evam jalaaye jaane ke kaaran angrejon ne unhein dakait ghoshit kar diya. jodha Singh ne 27aktoobar 1857 ko mahamoodapur gaanv mein ek daroga va ek angrej sipaahi ko gherakaramaar daala tha. saat December 1857 ko gangaapaar raaneepur police chauki par hamla karaek angrej parast ko bhi maar daala. isi kraantikaari gut ne 9 December ko jahaanaabaad mein gadar kaati aur chhaapa maarkar dhang se tahaseeladaar ko bandi bana liya.jodha Singh ne dariyaav Singh aur shivdayaal Singh ke saath gorilla yuddh ki shuruaat ki thi. jodha Singh ko 28 April 1858 ko apne ikyaavan saathiyon ke saath laut rahe the tabhi mukhabir ki soochana par Colonel kristaail ki sena ne unhein sabhi saathiyon sahit bandi bana liya aur sabko faansi de di gayi. barbarata ki charam seema yeh rahi ki shavon ko ped se utaara bhi naheen gaya aur kai dinon tak ye shav isi ped par jhoolate rahe. chaar June ki raat apne sashastr saathiyon ke saath maharaaj Singh baavani imali aaye aur shavon ko utaarakar shivraajapur mein inki antyeshti ki.

bhitaura

pavitra ganga nadi ke kinaare par sthit hai. maana jaata hai ki yahaaain suprasiddh sant maharshi bhrugu lambe samay tak pooja ka sthaan raha hai. yaha par ganga nadi pravaah uttar disha ki or hai. shahar mukhyaalaya se uttar disha mein baarah kilometer door uttaravaahini bhaageerathi ke bhitaura tat par maharshi bhrugu muni ne tapasya ki thi. pauraanik granthon ke anusaar bhrugu muni ki taposthali mein devata bhi parikrama karne aae the. pavitra dhaam ganga maharshi bhrugu krodh mein ek baar Bhagwan vishnu ki chhaati par laat bhi maari thi. yahaaain par anya aadha darjan mandir bane hue hain.

svaami vijnyaaanaanand ji ne maharshi bhrugu ki taposthali mein Bhagwan shankar ki vishaal moorti sthaapit karaai hai aur naya pakka ghaat bhi taiyaar karaaya hai. Bhagwan shankar ki moorti par Om nam: shivaaya ka baarah varshon se anvarat paath chal raha hai. uttar vaahini ganga poore Bhaarat mein maatr teen jagah hai jisme haridvaar, kaashi va bhrugu dhaam bhitaura hai.

hathagaam

yeh mahaan svatantrata senaani ganesh shankar vidyaarthi aivam urdoo ke shaayar Iqbal varma ka janm sthaan hai. is sthaan par raaja jayachand ki hathashaala thi. ise sikhon ke paaainchave guru arjun Dave ji ki taposthali hone ka gaurav praapt hai.

renh

yeh mahaabhaarat kaaleen gaaainv hai aur yamuna nadi ke kinaare par basa hua hai. do dashakon pehle ek bahut puraani Bhagwan vishnu ki keemati mishr dhaatu ki moorti ko is is gaanv mein paaya gaya tha. ab ye moorti keertikheda gaanv mein ek mandir me sthit hai aur ye gaanv bindaki-lalauli sadak par hai. kaha jaata hai ki yahaan par Krishna ke bade bhaai balaraam ki sasuraal hai.

shivraajapur

yeh gaanv bindaki ke nikat ganga nadi ke kinaare par sthit hai. is gaanv mein Bhagwan Krishna ka ek bahut puraana mandir hai. jo meera baai ka mandir ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. kaha jaata hai ki ye Bhagwan Krishna ki moorti ko meera baai, jo ki Bhagwan Krishna ki ek prakhyaat bhakt aur mevaad ke shaahi parivaar ke ek sadasya theen, ke dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha.

tenduli

yeh gaanv chaudgara-bindaki sadak par hai. aisa maanana hai ki yahaaain saanp ke shikaar/kutta kaate beemaro ka ilaaj Baba jhaamadaas ke mandir me hota hai.

bindki

yeh bahut hi puraana shahar hai jo ki mukhyaalaya se lagbhag 15 meal door hai. bindaki ka naam yaha ke raaja venuki ke naam par pada. yeh bahut hi dharmanirpeksh shahar hai. yaha ki bhoomi ganga aur yamuna nadi ke beech me hone ke kaaran bahut hi upajaaoo hai. yah uttar pradesh ke raajya mein ek ek sabse puraana tahaseel hai. shaheed jodha Singh ataiya aur kai anya svatantrata senaaniyon aur prasiddh hindi kavi raashtra-kavi sohan laal Dwivedi ki maatrabhoomi hai.

khajuha

puraane samay mein khajuha ko khajuaa gadh ke naam se jaana jaata tha. is sthaan ka mugal kaal me bahut hi mahattv tha. aurangajeb ke samay par yeh Allahabad mandal ki mukhya chhaavani thi. khajuha ko Bhagwan Shiv ki nagari ke taur par bhi jaana jaata hai. khajuha mugal road par sthit hai. yeh sthaan kaafi praacheen hai. iska varnan praacheen hindu dharmagranth brahma puraan mein bhi hua hai, jo ki 5000 varsh puraana tha. 5 January 1659 E. mein mugal shaasak auraganjeb ka apne bhaai shaahashuja ke saath bheeshan yuddh hua tha. aurangajeb ne shaahashuja ko is jagah ke sameep hi maara tha. apni jeet ki khushi mein unhonne yahaan ek vishaal aur khoobsoorat udyaan aur saraaya ka nirmaan karavaaya tha. is udyaan ko baadashaahi baag ke naam se jaana jaata hai. iske atirikt is saraaya mein 130 kamarein hai. aaj ki sthiti mein yeh atyant jeern-sheern avastha mein hai.

is chhote se shahar mein 118 adbhut Shiv mandir hain. khajuha kasba aitihaasik ghatnaaon aur sthaanon ko samete hue hain. kasbe ke mugal road mein vishaalakaaya faatak aur saraanya sthit hai. jo kasbe ki pehchaan bana hua hai. vaheen kasbe ke svarnim ateet ke vaibhav ki daastaan bayaan kar raha hai. mugal road ke uttar mein raamajaanaki mandir, teen vishaalakaaya taalaab, banaaras ki nagari ke samaan pratyek gali aur kuaine apni bhavyata ki kahaani kah rahi hai. yahaaain dashahara mele mein hone waali raamaleela ke aayojan mein raavan pooja bhi alaukik aur anokhi maani jaati hai. yahaan ki raamaleela ko dekhne ke liye pradesh ke kone-kone se shrruddhaalu ekatrit hote hain. khajuha kasbe ki raamaleela jile mein hi naheen poore pradesh mein khyaati praapt hai. yahaan par dashahara mele par anya sthaanon ki tarah raavan ko jalaaya naheen jaata, balki raavan ko poojaneeya maankar hajaaron deepon ki roshani ke saath pooja archana ki jaati hai. kasbe ke mahilaaen aur bachche bhi is saamoohik aarti aur poojan kaarya mein hissa lete hain. is ajeeb utsav ko dekhne ke liye dooradaraaj se logon jamaavada lagta hai. vaheen raavan ke saath anya putalon ko nagar ke mukhya maargon mein bhraman karaaya jaata hai. is aitihaasik mele ka shubhaarambh bhaado maas ke shukl paksh ki truteeya (teeja) ke din taalaab se laai gayi mitti evam kaans se Kumbh nirmaan kar ganesh ki pratima nirmaan kar dashahara ke din pooja archana ki jaati hai. khajuha mele mein nirmit hone vaale sabhi svaroop narai, puaal aadi samaan se banaae jaate hain. in svaroopon ke cheharon ki rangaai ka kaarya khajuha ke kushal peintaron dvaara kiya jaata hai. jabki raavan ka sheesh taanbe se banaaya jaata hai. dashami ke din se ganesh poojan se shuroo hone waali raamaleela pareva dviteeya ke din Ram raavan yuddh ke baad is aitihaasik raamaleela ki samaapt ho jaati hai.

khajuha ki raamaleela ka vishesh mahatva hai. jahaaain raavan ko jalaane ke sthaan par is ki pooja ki jaane ki parampara hai. taanbe ke sheesh vaale raavan ke putale ko hajaaron deepon ki roshani prajvalit karke sajaaya jaata hai. iske baad thaakur ji ke pujaari dvaara shreeraam ke pehle raavan ki pooja ki jaati hai. jahaan meghanaath ka 25 fit ooncha lakdi ke putale ki savaari kasbe ke mukhya maargon mein nikaali jaati hai. vaheen 40 foot lamba kunbhakaran va anya ke putale taiyaar kiye jaate hain.

hajaari laal ka faatak

1857 se shuroo hui aajaadi ki jang ke antim mukaam 1942 mein angrejon Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ka kendra bindu shahar ke chauk sthit hajaari laal ka faatak tha. baliya ke Colonel Bhagwan Singh ne jile ke aath sau se adhik deshabhakton ki fauj ki kamaan sambhaali thi. jhanda geet ke rachayita shyaam laal gupt paarshad ne aajaadi ki is chingaari ko tej karne ka prayaas kiya. shivraajapur ka jungle kraantikaariyon ki sharan sthali tha. bataate hain ki yaheen par gupt rananeeti tay hoti thi aur fir angrejon ke chhakke chhudaane ke liye kraantikaariyon ke dal nikal padte the.

9 August 1942 ko Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ki shuruaat hui thi. pratham svatantrata sangraam mein jile ki mahati bhoomika hone par 1942 ki ladaai mein poorvaachal ke janapadon sahit baanda va hameerapur ke kraantikaariyon ne jile ko hi ranabhoomi ke roop mein sveekaara tabhi to baliya ke Colonel Bhagwan Singh, cheetoo paandeya jaise kraantikaari yahaan ke deshabhakton ka saath dekar angrejon ke khilaaf ladaai ko tej kiya. jile ke kraantikaari guruprasaad paandeya, banshagopaal, shivdayaal upaadhyaaya, daada deep Narayan, shivraaj bali, deveedayaal, raghunandan paandeya, yadunandan prasaad, vaasudev Dixit Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ka netrutv kar jile mein ek maahaul paida kar diya tabhi to ek-ek karke lagbhag aath sau se adhik ki fauj kraantikaariyon ke saath angrejon ki satta ko hila diya. chauk sthit hajaareelaal ka faatak kraantikaariyon ke liye guptagoo ka mukhya kendra tha. bataate hain ki yaheen par Kanpur va poorvaachal ke kraantikaari neta aakar angrejon ko desh se bhagaane ke liye kya karna hai iski rananeeti bataate the.

angreji shaasakon ko hajaari laal faatak ki jaankaari ho gayi thi. kai baar yahaan chhaapa maarkar kraantikaariyon ko dabochane ke prayaas kiye gaye. aakhir kraantikaariyon ko gupt sthaan khojana hi pada. shivraajapur ke jungle mein kraantikaariyon ka majama lagta tha. bataate hain ki assi hekteyar se adhik kshetr mein vistaarit jungle ko hi kraantikaariyon ne apna thikaana banaaya. Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ki shuruaat gopaalaganj ke fasihaabaad sthal se ki gayi. iske alaava khaaga jeeti road ko bhi kendra bindu banaaya gaya. jahaanaabaad, hathagaam, khaaga sahit do darjan se adhik sthaanon par kraantikaariyon ne dharana-pradarshan kar angrejon ko Bhaarat chhodne ke liye lalkaara. is daramyaan lagbhag chaar sau logon ko giraftaar kar jail bhej diya gaya. netrutv karne vaale aadhe se adhik neta jab jail chale gaye to anganoo paandeya, badri jaise kraantikaariyon ne morcha sambhaala.

parivhan

fatehapur jila bhali prakaar se sadak aur rel maarg se juda hua hai.

bhaarateeya rel

bhaarateeya rel ki haavada amrutasar mukhya maarg par fatehapur ka padaav sthal hai. yaha par nai Delhi, Jammu, haavada, Jodhpur, frrukhaabaad, Kanpur, Allahabad aur Varanasi aadi ke liye mel gaadiyaan milti hain. yaha se milne waali kuchh gaadiyaan neeche di gayi hain:


Kanpur ki or jaane waali gaadiyaaain

gaadi sakhya naam kahaaain se kahaaain tak aagaman samay prasthaan samay sanchaalit diwas
2403 Allahabad Mathura express Allahabad Mathura -- 00:53 pratidin
2417 prayaagaraaj express Allahabad nayi Delhi -- 22:50 pratidin
4163 sangam express Allahabad Meerut shahar -- 20:30 pratidin
2307 haavada Jodhpur express haavada Jodhpur -- 13:30 pratidin
2311 haavada Delhi kaalaka mel haavada kaalaka -- 10:45 pratidin
2505 North East express Guwahati Delhi -- 11:00 pratidin
2815 puri nayi Delhi eksapres puri nayi Delhi -- 08:40 ma॰, gu॰, shu॰, ravi॰
4083 mahaananda express -- 07:45 pratidin
8101 tata jammootavi express tata Jammu -- 10:30 pratidin

Allahabad ki or jaane waali gaadiyaaain :

gaadi sakhya naam kahaaain se kahaaain tak aagaman samay prasthaan samay sanchaalit diwas
2404 Allahabad Mathura express Mathura Allahabad -- 03:13 pratidin
2418 prayaagaraaj express nayi Delhi Allahabad -- 04:37 pratidin
4164 sangam express Meerut shahar Allahabad -- 05:15 pratidin
2308 haavada Jodhpur express Jodhpur haavada -- 12:30 pratidin
2312 haavada Delhi kaalaka mel kaalaka haavada -- 15:40 pratidin
2506 North East express Delhi Guwahati -- 14:05 pratidin
4084 mahaananda express -- 16:10 pratidin

sadak maarg

fatehapur jila bhali prakaar se sadak maarg se anya shaharo se juda hua hai. graant truck road par sthit fatehapur jila lagbhag sabhi shaharo se seedhe sampark me hai. uttar pradesh raajya sadak parivhan nigam ka bas thaharaav sthal bhi yahaaain hai. yaha se niyamit taur par Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Allahabad, baaainda, chitrakoot, jhaaainsi, tatha bareli aadi shaharo ke liye bas sevaayein upalabdh hain.

baahari kadiyaaain