faneeshvar naath ' renu '

chitr:Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' (1921- 1977).jpg
faneeshvaranaath 'renu'

faneeshvar naath 'renu' (4 March 1921 auraahi hingana, faurabisganj - 11 April 1977) ek hindi bhaasha ke saahityakaar the. inke pehle upanyaas maila aanchal ko bahut khyaati mili thi jiske liye unhein padmashri puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya tha.

anukram

jeevani

faneeshvar naath ' renu ' ka janm 4 March 1921 ko Bihar ke arariya jile mein faurabisganj ke paas auraahi hingana gaaainv mein hua tha. us samay yeh poorniya jile mein tha. unki shiksha Bhaarat aur Nepal mein hui. praarambhik shiksha faurabisganj tatha arariya mein poori karne ke baad renu ne maitrik Nepal ke viraatanagar ke viraatanagar aadarsh vidyaalaya se koiraala parivaar mein rahakar ki. inhone intarameediyet kaashi hindu vishvavidyaalaya se 1942 mein ki jiske baad ve svatantrata sangraam mein kood paङae. baad mein 1950 mein unhone nepaali kraantikaari aandolan mein bhi hissa liya jiske parinaamasvarup Nepal mein jantantra ki sthaapana hui. 1952-53 ke samay ve bheeshan roop se rogagrast rahe the jiske baad lekhan ki or unka jhukaav hua. unke is kaal ki jhalak unki kahaani tabe ekala chalo re mein milti hai. unhone hindi mein aanchalik katha ki neenv rakhi. sachchidaanand heeraanand vaatsyaayan ajnyaeya, ek samakaaleen kavi, unke param mitr the. inki kai rachanaaon mein katihaar ke railway station ka ullekh milta hai.

lekhan-shaili

inki lekhan-shaili varnanaatmak thi jismein paatr ke pratyek manovaigyaanik soch ka vivran lubhaavane tareeke se kiya hota tha. paatron ka charitra-nirmaan kaafi teji se hota tha kyonki paatr ek saamaanya-saral maanav man (praay:) ke atirikt aur kuchh naheen hota tha. inki lagbhag har kahaani mein paatron ki soch ghatnaaon se pradhaan hoti thi. ek aadim raatri ki mahak iska ek sundar udaaharan hai.

renu ki kahaaniyon aur upanyaason mein unhonne aanchalik jeevan ke har dhun, har gandh, har laya, har taal, har sur, har sundarata aur har kuroopata ko shabdon mein baandhane ki safal koshish ki hai. unki bhaasha-shaili mein ek jaadui sa asar hai jo paathakon ko apne saath baandh kar rakhata hai. renu ek adbhut kissaago the aur unki rachanaaeain padhate hue lagta hai maanon koi kahaani suna raha ho. graamya jeevan ke lokageeton ka unhonne apne katha saahitya mein bada hi sarjanaatmak prayog kiya hai.

inka lekhan premachand ki saamaajik yathaarthavaadi parampara ko aage badhaata hai aur inhein aajaadi ke baad ka premachand ki sanjnyaa bhi di jaati hai. apni krutiyon mein unhonne aanchalik padon ka bahut prayog kiya hai.

saahityik krutiyaaain

upanyaas

renu ko jitni khyaati hindi saahitya mein apne upanyaas maila aaainchal se mili, usaki misaal milna durlabh hai. is upanyaas ke prakaashan ne unhein raato-raat hindi ke ek bade kathaakaar ke roop mein prasiddh kar diya. kuchh aalochakon ne ise godaan ke baad ise hindi ka doosra sarvashreshth upanyaas ghoshit karne mein bhi der naheen ki. haalaaainki vivaad bhi kam nahi khade kiye unki prasiddhi se jalanevaalon ne. ise sateenaath bhaaduri ke bangala upanyaas 'dhodhaai charit maanas' ki nakl bataane ki koshish ki gayi. par samay ke saath is tarah ke jhoothe aarop thande padte gaye.

renu ke upanyaas lekhan mein maila aaainchal aur parati pariktha tak lekhan ka graaf oopar ki aur jaata hai par iske baad ke upanyaason mein vo baat naheen dikhi.

  • maila aanchal
  • parati pariktha
  • jooloos
  • deerghatapa
  • kitne chauraahe
  • palatoo babu road

katha-sangrah

  • ek aadim raatri ki mahak
  • thumari
  • agnikhor
  • achhe aadmi

riportaaj

  • rinajal-dhanajal
  • nepaali kraantiktha
  • vanatulasi ki gandh
  • shrut ashrut poorve

prasiddh kahaaniyaaain

  • maare gaye gulafaam (teesari kasam)
  • ek aadim raatri ki mahak
  • laal paan ki begam
  • panchalaait
  • tabe ekala chalo re
  • thes
  • sanvadiya

teesari kasam par isi naam se raajakapoor aur vaheeda Rahman ki mukhya bhoomika mein prasiddh film bani jise baasu Bhattacharya ne nirdeshit kiya aur suprasiddh geetkaar shailendr iske nirmaata the. yeh film hindi cinema mein meal ka patthar jaati hai. heeraaman aur heeraabaai ki is prem katha ne prem ka ek adbhut mahaakaavyaatmak par dukhaant kasak se bhara aakhyaan sa racha jo aaj bhi paathakon aur darshakon ko lubhaata hai.

sammaan

  • apne pratham upanyaas 'maila aanchal' ke liye unhein padmashri se sammaanit kiya gaya.

pustak

  • faneeshvar naath renu ka katha shilp, vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ke graant se prakaashit (1990), lekhak : renu shaah

baahari kadiyaaain