faiji

shekh abu al-faij
faiji
Akbar, Todarmal, Tansen and Abul Fazal, Faizi and Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana in a court scene (16th Century A.D.).jpg
Akbar, todaramal, taanasen, abul fajal, faiji aur abdul raheem Khan-ai-khaana darbaar mein (16veen shataabdi ka tail chitr]])
janm 24 September 1547
Agra
mrutyu 5 October 1595
Lahore
mrutyu ka kaaran jvar
smaarak samaadhi sikandara
anya naam faiji
vyavasaaya raajakavi
padavi malik-ush-shu'aara (vishesh kavi)
prasiddhi kaaran faarasi kavita
dhaarmik maanyata muslim

shekh abu al-faij, prachalit naam:faiji (24 September 1547, Agra–5 October 1595, Lahore[1]) madhyakaaleen Bhaarat ka faarasi kavi tha. 1588 mein vah Akbar ka malik-ush-shu'aara (vishesh kavi) ban gaya tha.[2] faiji abul fajal ka bada bhaai tha. samraat Akbar ne use apne bete ke ganit shikshak ke pad par niyukt kiya tha. baad mein Akbar ne use apne navaratnon mein se ek chuna tha. faiji ke pita ka naam shekh mubaarak naagauri tha. ye sindh ke sivistaan, sahavaan ke nikat rel naamak sthaan ke ek sindhi shekh, shekh moosa ki paanchaveen peedhi se the.[2] inka janm Agra mein 954 hi. (1547 E.) mein hua. poori shiksha apne pita se praapt ki. shekh mubaarak sunni, shiya, mahadavi sabse sahaanubhooti rakhate the. faiji tatha abul fjl isi drushtikon ke kaaran Akbar ke raajyakaal mein sulah kul (dhaarmik sahishnuta) ki neeti ko spasht roop de sake. humaayooain ke pun: Hindustan ka raajya praapt kar lene par Iran ke anek vidvaan Bhaarat pahuainche. ve shekh mubaarak ke madarase, Agra mein bhi aae. faiji ko unke vichaaron se avagat hone ka avsar mila.

974 hi. (1567 E.) mein faiji shaahi darbaar ke kavi bane, kintu abhi tak dhaarmik vishyon par Akbar ne svatantr roop se nirnaya lena praarambh naheen kiya tha, at: darbaar ke aalimon ke atyaachaar ke kaaran shekh mubaarak, faiji tatha abul fjl ko kuchh samay tak bade kasht bhogane pade. 1574 E. mein abul fjl bhi darbaar mein pahuainche. us samay se faiji ki bhi unnati hone lagi. 1578 E. mein Akbar ne apne putr shaahajaade saleem va muraad ki shiksha ka bhaar unako diya. 1579 E. mein Akbar ne ftahapur ki jaama masjid mein jo khutaba padha usaki rachana faiji ne ki thi. hi. 990 (1581) mein inhein Akbar dvaara Agra, kaalapi evam kalinjar ka sadar niyukt kiya gaya. 11 fravari 1589 E. ko unhein 'malikushshu ara' (kavismraat) ki upaadhi pradaan ki gayi. hi. 999 (August, 1591 E.) mein unhein khaanadesh ke raaja Ali Khan ev ahamadanagar ke burahaanulamulk ke paas raajadoot banaakar bheja gaya. 1 varsh 8 maah 14 din ke baad vah darbaar mein vaapas pahuainche. 10 safr, 1003 hi. (15 October 1595 E.) ko dakkhin se vaapas lautane ke kuchh varshoparaant faiji ko kshaya rog atyadhik badh jaane se Lahore mein unki mrutyu ho gayi. pehle unhein Agra mein raamabaag mein dafnaaya gaya, kintu baad mein sikandara ke nikat unke makabare mein dafnaaya gaya.[1]

kaarya

dakshin se jo patra unhonne Akbar ke paas bheje unhein uske bhaanaje nooruddeen muhammad abdullaah ne lataayafe faiji ke naam se sankalit kar diya hai. in patron se us samay ki saamaajik evam sanskrutik dasha ka bada achha gyaan praapt hota hai tatha Iran aur tooraan ke vidvaanon evam Akbar dvaara vidvaanon ke protsaahan par prakaash padta hai. 1594 E. mein usane nijaami ganjabi ke khamse (paaainch masanaviyon ka sangrah) ke samaan paaainch masanaviyon ki rachana ki yojana banaai jismein nijaami ke makhajne asaraar ke samaan marakaje adavaar ki aur laila majanoo ke samaan nal daman (raaja nal tatha damayanti ki premakatha) ki rachana samaapt kar li. naladaman ko usane swayam usi varsh Akbar ko samarpit kiya. sikandaranaama ke samaan, akabaranaama ki rachana ki yojana banaai kintu keval Gujarat vijay par kuchh sher likh saka. ameer khusaro aur sheereen ke samaan sulemaan aur vilkees tatha haft paikar ke samaan haft kishvar ki rachana ki bhi usane yojana banaai thi kintu unhein poora na kar saka. 1002 hi. (1593 E.) mein usane Quraan ki arabi mein ek teeka likhi jismein keval aise shabdon ka prayog kiya hai jinke aksharon par nukte naheen hai. faiji ki gajlon ka sangrah (deevaan) bhi bada mahatvapoorn hai. uske sheron ka loha iraanavaale bhi maanate hain. utsaah evam svatantr daarshanik vichaar, uske sheron ki mukhya visheshata hain. use dhaarmik sankeernata se bahut ghruna thi aur vah daraveshon, fakeeron tatha santon se aadarapoorvak vyavahaar karta tha. usaka pustakaalaya bada vishaal tha. faiji ne bhaaskaraachaarya ke ganit par prasiddh sanskrut granth, leelaavati ka faarasi mein anuvaad kiya. usamein nihit prastaavana ke anusaar yeh kaarya hi. 995 (1587) mein poora hua tha.[3]

sandarbh

  1. a aa orsini, fraannseska (sanpa.) (2006). love in south Asia: a kalcharal hinstri. Cambridge: Cambridge vishvavidyaalaya press. pp. 112-114. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0521856787. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=kWG6wH4lDqUC&pg=PT127&dq=Love+in+South+Asia:+a+cultural+history+By+Francesca+Orsini+Notes+on+Faizi&lr=&ei=-MRBS4iqFojokASYi7moAQ&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
  2. a aa blaukmain, H. (tr.) (1927, punarmudran 1993). the aain-A-akabari bye abul-fjl allaami, khand-1, Calcutta:the eshiyaatik society, pru. 548-50
  3. Ali, M. athar (2006). mugal indiya, nai Delhi:oksford vishvavidyaalaya press, ISBN 0-19-569661-1, pru. 178