engine

chaar-stroke wala aantarik dahan engine aajkal adhikaansh kaamon mein istemaal hota hai

engine ya motor us yantr ya machine (ya uske bhaag) ko kehte hain jiski sahaayata se kisi bhi prakaar ki oorja ka yaantrik oorja mein roopaantaran hota hai. engine ki is yaantrik oorja ka upayog, kaarya karne ke liye kiya jaata hai. arthaat engine raasaayanik oorja, vidyut oorja, gatij oorja ya ooshmeeya oorja ko yaantrik oorja mein badalne ka kaarya karta hai. vartamaan yug mein antardahan engine tatha vidyut motaron ka atyant mahatva hai.

anukram

vividh prakaar ke engine

ooshma engine (heat engines)

baahya dahan engine

ismein engine ko chalaanevaala padaarth engine ke baahar alag paatr mein tapt kiya jaata hai. jaise bhaap engine mein engine se alag baayalar mein paani se bhaap banti hai jo silindar mein jaakar pistan ko chalaati hai. baahya dahan engine ka sarvottam udaaharan "bhaap engine" hai.

* bhaap engine
* bhaap tarbaain
* starling engine

aantarik dahan engine

ismein ooshma engine ke bheetar hi dahan dvaara kisi tel ya petrol ya kisi gas ko jalaakar utpann karte hain. motarakaar, havaai jahaaj ityaadi mein aantarik dahan engine ka hi upayog hota hai. bhaap engine ki tarah inmein indhan jalaane ke liye alag baayalar naheen hota, isi kaaran in injanon ko aantarik dahan engine kehte hain.

pratyaagaami gati vaale engine
* igneeshan engine
* diesel engine
* rediyl engine
ghoorni gati vaale engine
* vaankel engine
* ardhatarbaain
* torauyadal motor

vidyut motarein

  1. deesi motor
  2. preran motor (Induction motor)
  3. tulyakaalik motor (sinkronas motor)
  4. stepar motor (Stepper motor)
  5. rilktains motor (Reluctance motor)
  6. sarvomotar (Servomotor)
  7. yunivrsal motor
  8. liniyr motor
  9. 3-feji liniyr motor

anya

pavanachakki
  • dravachaalit motarein (haaidraalik motor)
  • vaayuchaalit motarein (nyumaitik motor)
  • jalachaalit masheene
  • pavan chakki
  • naino motor
  • jet engine
  • rocket engine
  • oyan engine
  • plaajma engine
  • spring motor
  • aanavik motor

engine ki vishishtataaeain

itihaas

  1. 200 isaapoorv - panachakki
  2. 107 isa poorv - pavanachakki
  3. 1782 - bhaap ka engine (James vaat)
  4. 1788 - seintrifyugal speed reguletar
  5. 1834 - deesi vidyut motor (harman jaikobi)
  6. 1876 - 4 stroke petrol engine (nikolas auto)
  7. 1888 - preran motor - nikola tesala
  8. 1892 - diesel engine (rudaalf diesel)
  9. 1910 - jetayaan engine
  10. 1960 - vaankel engine (Wankel engine)