endrauid (prachaalan tantr)

endraaid ek mobile operating system hai jo links par aadhaarit hai. iska vikaas Google dvaara kiya gaya hai. endraaid ka vikaas mukhya roop se touch screen mobile ke laye kiya gaya hai jise ham aajkal smaartafon bhi kehte hain. iska istemaal tebalet computer mein bhi kiya jaata hai. aajkal endraaid par aadhaarit car, TV kalaai ghadiya bhi aa rahi hai. is operating system mein sab kuchh touch aadhaarit hai jaise varchual ke board, sveeping, taiping, pinching ityaadi. is operating system mein game, camera aadi suvidhaaye bhi bakhoobi upalabdh hai. endraaid is samay sabse adhik insataald operating system hai.

ऍndrauid
Android robot.svg
Android 6.0-en.png
vikaasak Google, open haindaset elaayans
kaaryakaari sthiti vartamaan
srot pratiroop mukt srot software
praarambhik release sitmbar 23, 2008 (2008-09-23)
naveenatam sthir sanskaran ऍndrauid 6.0(maarshamailo) / 5 October 2015; 8 maheene pehle (2015-10-05)
platform eaaraem, emaaaipeees, power aarkitekchar, eksa86
karnel ka prakaar monolithik (links)
license apaache license 2.0 tatha jeeenayoo pablik laaiseinsavee2[1]
aadhikaarik jaalasthal android.com

anukram

vivran

antaraafalak

endrauyad ka yoojr intarafes sparsh par aadhaarit hai aur svaaiping, taiping, pinching jaisi kriyaaon ki madad se upayogakarta screen par vastuon ka niyantran kar sakta hai. upayogakarta ke har karm par use turant pratikriya milti hai, jo ki uske anubhav aur sahaj banaati hai. endrauyad upakaran shurooaati taur par ek homaskreen mein boot hote hain, jo ki upakaran ka praathamik nausanchaalan aur soochana kendra hota hai. endrauyad ke homaskreen aamtaur par anuprayog chinhon aur vidjet se bhare hote hain.

anuprayog

endrauyad par chalne vaale anuprayog din par din badhte ja rahe hain. inhein Google play ya amejn ऍppastor ke maadhyam se, ya kisi teesari site se aipeeke (APK) file daaunalod karke praapt kiya ja sakta hai. epleekeshan endraayad software vikaas kit (esadeeke) ki madad se jaava prograaming bhaasha mein viksit kiye jaate hain.

vikaas

shubhankar

endrauyad ki pehchaan ban chooka hare rang ka ऍndrauid logo ki rachana graafik dijaainar ireena blok dvaara 2007 mein Google ke kiya gaya tha. kyoonki endrauyad aur usaka logo mukt srot license ke antargat aata hai, uske mool hare logo ki anginat vibhinn roopon mein punarvyaakhya ki ja chuki hai.

adyatan samay-saarani

Google har chhah se nau maheeno mein endrauyad ke liye mahatvapoorn adyatan (ya update) pradaan karta hai, jo ki vruddhisheel hote hain aur jise jyaadaatar upakaran over-the-air praapt karne mein saksham hote hain.[2]endrauyad ka sabse naveenatam pramukh adyatan endrauyad 6.0.1 maarshamailo hai. ise drauidafleyar ke dvaara bhi apne puraane ऍndrauid ko nae sanskaran me badla ja sakta hai. apne mukhya pratidvandvi mobile prachaalan tantr, arthaat aaioes ki tulana mein ऍndrauid ke update aamtaur par vaastavik upakaranon tak dheemi gati se pahuainchate hain.

endraaid jaise open pletfaarm keerachana open haind elaains naamak sangathan dvaara ki gayi Google yadyapi iska sarvesarva hai, fir bhi kul 84 sangathan iske sadasya hain aur in sabne endraaid pletfaarm ko viksit karne mein apna vishesh yogadaan kiya hai. inmein se 34 sadasya vibhinn mobile aaparetar kampaniyaaain, semi kandaktar kampaniyaaain-jaise N veediya kuaalakam aadi, kuchh haindset nirmaata kampaniyaaain-

jaise saimsang, H 0 tee0 see0, soni, ela0 jee0, motorola aadi aur kai saaftveyar kampaniyaaain aadi. adhikaanshat: ilektraanik, tatha door-sanchaar ke kshetr se judi companyon ke sanyukt prayaas se endraaid pletfaarm din par din nikhr kar saamane aa raha hai. iske teevr vikaas mein in companyon ke beech hue karaar ka bhi vishesh yogadaan hai --

ki ve hamesha is samudaaya ka sahayog kareingi aur endraaid pletfaarm se saamanjasya rakhane vaale upakaranon ka utpaadan hi kareingi. isne na keval is pletfaarm ke vikaas ko bal mila balki is pletfaarm se sanbadhit jo bhi khoj ki gayi uske pramukh ghatkon /tatvon ko mukhya dhaara ko prayog hetu upalabdh karaaya jaata raha.

endraaid inakaarporeshan ki sthaapana

October 2003 mein sanyukt raajya America ke kailiforniya raajya ke paalo Alto naamak nagar mein Andy roobeen (sansthaapak denjar), rich maainar (sansthaapak wild fire kamyunikesan), nick siyrs tatha kris hvaait (dijaan tatha intarafes bikaas pramukh) endraaid inakaarporeshan ki sthaapana ki. endi roobeen ke shabdon mein unka uddeshya tha --

aisa chatur mobile upakaran jo apne prayogakarta ki praathmiktaaon ko tatha uske thikaanon ko pahachaane.

baad me, 17agast 2005 ko Google dvaara is ka adhigrahan kar ise Google ke adheen company ke roop mein rakha gaya aur mool company ”endraaid inakaarporeshan" ke Andy roobeen, rich maainar, tatha kris hvaait yahaaain company ke karmchaariyon ke roop mein kaam karte rahe.

Google dvaara baajaar mein aane ke baare mein sochane ke baad roobeen ke netrutv mein laainaks karnel par aadhaarit mobile upakaran platform ko viksit kiya gaya Google ne is platform ki maarketig is vaade ke saath ki, ki haind set nirmaataao tatha sanchaar companiyon ke beech is plate faarm ko lacheela (fleksibl) rakhega aur apagred karne ki suvidha upalabdh karta rahega |

varsh 2008 mein iska pratham sanskaran nikaala gaya. tab se abatak kai baar in sanskaranon ko unnat (apagred) kiya gaya aur har baar inka naamakaran kisi na kisi khaadya cake pestri ke naam par kiya gaya - kapakek, donat ekleyar, jinjarabred, ice-cream saindavich, haneekaam, jeli bin aadi naamo se kiya gaya.

2008 ke cup cake sanskaran ki visheshata thi screen ko ghumaane ki suvidha, screen par kunjeepatal tatha tekst ka anuainmaan lagaane ki suvidha |iske baad donat, froyo ekleyar aadi sanskaranon mein aur adhik suvidhaae pradaan ki gayi iname se sabse mahatvapoorn visheshata thi lekh (tekst) ko aavaaj mein badalne ke suvidha .klaaud se mobile ya tablet mein daaoonalod ki suvidha bahi memori card par anuprayogon ko daaoonalod kar istemaal ki suvidha (froyo) |

iske baad haneekaam tebalet par prayog ke liye viksit kiya gaya aur isame pai gayi kamiyon ko agale sanskaran ice-cream saindavich mein door kiya gaya. naveenatam sanskaran jeli been ke dvaara you .S .bi .aadiyo out put ki suvidha pradaan ki gayi.

sanrachana

endrauid saaftaveyar ke paanch bhaag ya avayav hai jiske aadhaar par poora endraayid plate firm kaarya karta hai. ye kisi anya computer aapareting system ke anuroop hi kai dheeli dhaali saaftaveyar parto ya ke bandal hai jo aavashyakataanusaar anya parto ke saath jud kar prakriya mein bhaag lete hain. vastut: mobaail jaise seemit memori (smruti kshamata) vaale upakaranon sarvopayukt upayog karne ke liye ise viksit kiya gaya hai.

karnel

laainaks karnel ke upayog ke kaaran yeh aur adhik taakatavar ban kar ubhara hai aur praay: kisi bhi anya upakaran par chalaaya ja sakta hai jaava varchual machine ke anuroop is pranaali mein dailvik varchual machine ki parat ke kaaran bina kisi chinta ya kathinaai ke kisi bhi mobile ya tebalet par koi bhi 'ep" arthaat anuprayog (epleekeshan) chalaaya ja sakta hai isi kaaran se koi bhi upakaran jase ghadi refrijretar ya kar mein chalaaya ja sakta hai.

endraaid laaineks karnel par aadhaarit pranaali hai jo mobile haardveyar se seedhe judakar driver ko niyamit roop se memori power, network tatha vibhinn anya anuprayogon se judkar vibhinn prakaar ki prakriyaaon ko anjaam deta hain. vah part ya satah hai jis par dailavik varchual machine tatha kor laaibreriyaaain chalti hain aur sampoorn pletfaarm ko niyamit aur niyntrit karne mein sahaayata karti hai. karnel open sors hone ke kaaran haikaron tatha computer prograamon mein roochi rakhane vaalon ko apne program banaane mein badhaava deta hai. isi kaaran kai baar is tarah ke udaaharan saamane aate hainki jin moobaail upakaranon me vaidh endraaid bandal naheen hain, un par bhi inhe chalaaya ja raha hai.

karnel (computer)

kampyootr parichaalan tantr (aapareting system) ka mukhya bhaag hai karnel iske dvaara haardveyar ke star par ki jaane waali vaastavik data processing tatha anuprayog arthaat apleekeshan ke beech setu ka kaarya karta hai iska mukhya kaarya saaftveyar tatha haardaveyar ke beech sanchaar sthaapit kar system ke sabhi sroton ka aavashyakataanusaar prayog karna jisse aavashyak prakriya ka paalan kar kaarya suchaaru roop se kiya ja sake.karnel ke dvaara anuprayog saaftaveyar dvaara kiye jaane vaale kaaryon ko aavaran pradaan kiya jaata hai, (vishesh roop se input aautput upakaran ko).

vibhinn aapareting sistamonme design (abhiklp) tatha aavashyakaataanusaar kaarya sampaadan vibhinn prakaar ke karnel dvaara kiya jaata hai. kintu monolith karnel (endraaid mein prayukt hiye wala) me aapareting system code ek hi sthaan par (edres space) parakaarya karte hain jisse kam sthaan hone par bhi adhik kaarya kiya ja paata hai.

dailvik

ऍndrauid anuprayog ko chalaane ke liye sabse mahatvapoorn avayav ya ang dailavik hai. jo log computer prograaming ki bhaasha jaava ke varchual machine se parichit hain ve samajh sakte hain ki yeh bhi jaava varchual machine ka laghu roop hai. isko is prakaar samjha ja sakta hai ki pehle jaava code mein likhe program ko baait code mein badla jaata hai aur fir use dailavik ekskyootebal (deks) se arthaat dॆks tool dvaara dailavik roop me badal kar prayog kiya jaata hai.

laaibreriyaaain

ye upakarnon ko ki praathmik gati vidhiyon ko niyntrit karne ke liye nichle star ke saaftveyar bandal hain jo satah par hone waali gatividhiyon, three -di hardveyar gati tatha disple sab system tatha saaftveyar anuprayogon ke prabandhon ko niyntrit karte hain soochanaaon ko chhaaaintane meines.kyoo .L daataabes ka prayog mahatvapoorn ghatak ke roop mein kiya jaata hai.

hindi samarthan

vartamaan mein ऍndrauid mobile phone tatha tablet hetu ek lokapriya prachaalan tantr ke rup mein ubhar raha hai. ऍndrauid mein abhi tak (sanskaran 4.0) hindi samarthan upalabdh hai.

sandarbh

  1. "Licenses". Android Open Source Project. Open Handset Alliance. http://source.android.com/license. abhigman tithi: 2008-10-22.
  2. Isacc, Mike (2011-10-21). "A deep-dive tour of Ice Cream Sandwich with Android's chief engineer". Ars Technica. http://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2011/10/a-deep-dive-tour-of-ice-cream-sandwich-with-androids-chief-engineer/. abhigman tithi: 2012-09-15.

baahari kadiyaaain