eke47

A.ke.-47[1]
ए के ४७ का द्वितीय प्रतिरूप। यह प्रथम मशीनीकृत रिसीवर अंतरण है।
A ke 47 ka dviteeya pratiroop, pratham masheeneekrut riseevar antaran
prakaar aakraman rifle
utpatti ka mool sthaan Flag of Russia.svg roos
seva itihaas
seva mein 1949–vartamaan
dvaara prayog kiya (Used by) dekhein prayogakarta
utpaadan itihaas
dijaainar (Designer) mikhaail kalaashneekov
dijaain kiya (Designed) 1944–1946
nirmaata ijmaash
sanskaran See antaran
nirdishteekaran
vajan 4.3 kg (9.5 lb) rikt maigajeen sahit
lanbaai 870 mm (34.3 in) lakdi ke putthe sahit
875 mimi (34.4 inch) folding stock extended
645 mimi (25.4 inch) stock folded
Barrel length 415 mimi (16.3 inch)

Cartridge 7.62x39mm M43
kaarravaai gas chaalit, ghoomta bolt
aag ki dar 600 rounds/min
thoothan veg 715 mi/sek (2,346 fut/sek)
doori jahaaain tak astr maar kar sake 100–800 sight adjustments m
feed karne ke liye pranaali 30-round detachable box maigajeen, also compatible with 40-round box or 75-round drum magazines from the RPK
Sights Adjustable iron sights, 378 mimi (14.9 inch) sight radius

AK 47 duniya ki sabse pehli aur shaayad sabse achhi assault rifle maani jaati hai. iska vikaas soviyt sangh ke mikhaail kalaashanikov ne kiya tha, isi kaaran ise kabhi kabhi kalaashanikov rifle bhi kaha jaata hai.

anukram

dijaaining ka itihaas

dviteeya vishvayuddh ke samay jarman sena ne asaalt rifle ki sankalpana viksit ki unhonne dekha ki jyaadaatar muthabhede 300 meter ke daayare ke bheetar hi hoti thi, jabki us jamaane mein jo raaifale aur kaaratoos milte the unki shakti itni kam doori ki ladaai ke hisaab se jyaada hoti thi. is liye sena ne is prakaar ki rifle aur kaaratoos ki maang ki jisme sabamasheen ke gun[badi maigajeen aur kai mod pe goli chalaane ki suvidha ho ] bhi ho aur yeh 300 meter ke daayare mein kaam karti ho. iske parinaam savroop jarman sena ki S ti ji 44 rifle saamane aayi haalaanki ye is prakaar ki pehli rifle nahi thi Italy ki sena bhi sei-rigoti aur soviyt sena ki fedaarov evtaamot rifle bhi isi shreni ki thi. lekin jarman sena ne ye raaifale bade paimaane pe prayog ki thi jis se unhein inka moolyaankan karne ka mauka mil gaya. soviyt sena bhi jarman sena ke siddhaanto aur darshan se prabhaavit hui aur dviteeya vishv yuddh ke baad inka paalan shuroo kar diya. mikhaail klaashinikov ne apna hathiyaar designer ka kairiyr haaspitl mein jakhmi mareej ke roop me bharti hone ke baad shuroo kiya tha. unke dvaara viksit kiye gaye pehle kaarbaain design ko asveekaar kar diya gaya lekin unhonne 1945 mein hue asaalt rifle design pratiyogita mein bhaag liya. unka maadal 30 goliyo wala gas base design tha. ise AK 1 aur AK 2 ka code naam diya gaya tha. 1946 mein unke ek sahaayak alekjeindar jaaystev ne isame kai sudhar sujhaae jo unhonne aanaakaani ke baad maan liye. ant mein unke 1947 maadal mein saadagi, bharosemandi aur har haal mein kaam karne ki visheshata thi, 1949 mein unke is maadal ko soviyt sena ne 7.62 kalaashnikov rifle ke roop mein sveekaar kar liya.

design sankalpana

naya pratiroop

kalaashnikov rifle ki khaasiyte ye rahi hai saral design, kaafi chhota saaij tatha bade paimaane pe
utpaadan karne mein aasaani, mikhaail kalaashnikov ne is baat se hamesha inkaar kiya hai ki unki rifle jarman S.ti.ji 44
ki nakl hai, haalaanki saare saboot unke khilaaf hai, ham is rifle ko pehle ki samast rifle takaneeko ka mishran
maan sakte hai, iske loking design ko M 1 grand rifle se liya gaya hai, iska trigr aur sefti lok remingatan rifle maadal 8 se liya gaya hai, jabki gas system aur baahari design S.ti.ji.44 se liya gaya hai, kalaashnikov ki team ki pahuainch in sabhi hathiyaaron tak thi aur is prakaar use pahiye ka pun aavishkaar karne ki jaroorat nahi thi, khud unhone maana tha ki kisi cheej ka aavishkaar karne se pehle us kshetr mein maujood har cheej ka adhyan kar lena chaahiye aur mainne khud is cheej ko anubhav kiya hai |

graahak vikaas itihaas

utpaadan ke praarambhik charan mein is rifle ko kaafi samasyaao ka saamana karna pada,
pehle pahal iske jo maadal saamane aae the uname staampad dhaatu sheet ke reeseevar lage hue the,
iske guide aur ijekatar trel ko veld karne mein bhi dikkat aati thi jiske chalte ise bade paimaane pe asveekaar karna hota tha
lekin utpaadan rokane ke sthaan par isame ek bhaari makinikl reeseevar laga diya gaya
yeh ek manhaga upaaya tha lekin isko karne ke baad utpaadan ki gati badh gayi thi fir koi nae
makenikl reesevar nahi lagaae ja rahe the pehle ki mosin nagaat rifle ke reeseevar hi prayog kiye ja rahe the, is samasya ke chalte hi
1956 tak soviyt sena mein ye raaifalein bade paimaane par vitrit nahi ki ja saki, tatha is dauraan S ke S raaifale hi sena ko di jaati rahi
, ek baar utpaadan se judi dikkate sulajhate hi ke naya maadal ekeem [em ka arth maadarn ]sena mein diya jaana shuroo kiya gaya
is nae maadal mein staamapd sheet metal reeseevar laga tha iske barrel ke ant mein ke majaal break laga tha jisse reekoil ke samay majal oopar nahi uthe,
iske alaava isame haimar reetardar bhi laga hua tha taaki aatometik goli chalaane ke samay seemit
sakhya mein hi raaoond chale aur hathiyaar ko koi nuksaan nahi ho,
yeh raaoond reedyosarabhi kahalaata hai ye naya maadal puraane maadal se 1/3 kam bhaari tha
yahi maadal aaj sabse jyaada prachalan mein hai tatha iska hi utpaadan aaj tak sabse jyaada hua hai
yadhapi aam taur par ye bhed kissi ko gyaat nahi hai sabhi raaifalon ko AK 47 kehna theek nahi hai iname
se kuchh ekeem bhi hai inka antar aap saath diye chitr mein kar sakte hai
AK 47 ke kul chaar bhed is prakaar hai
type 1 a/b AK 47 ka mool maadal, 1 b ko folding hetu badla gaya tha, inke donon taraf ek bada chhed rahata tha
type 2A/B isame steel forjing ki gayi thi
type 3A/B doosare maadal ka antim roop
type 4A/B sabse jyaada prayog aane wala maadal isame unnat kiya gaya reeseevar lagaaya gaya tha

feature

is raaifl ki khaasayit hai iska saral design, chhota aakaar aur bahut kam laagat mein badi sankhya mein nirmaan karne ki suvidha, iski kathorata aur bharosemandi mithk ban chuki hai, ise aarkatik jaisi sardi padne vaale ilaake ko dhyaan mein rakhakar banaaya gaya tha isame bahut jyaada kachara fasane ke baad bhi ye kaam kar sakti hai, lekin iske chalte iske nishaane utane achhe nahi rah jaate hai, soviyt laal sena ise samooh mein prayog karne wala hathiyaar maanati thi, is ka saamaanya jeevan kaal 20 se 40 saal maana jaata hai jo iske rakharakhaav pe nirbhar karta hai, kuchh AK 47 ke saath sangeen bhi laaga ke di jaati hai

is rifle mein nishaane lene mein aasaani hetu ek lohe ka gej peechhe ki taraf laga hota hai, rifle ke agale sire pe bhi nishhana lagaane mein saholiyt dene ke liye gej laga hota hai, inko samaayojit karne ke uparaant prayogakarta 250 meter tak nishaana aasaani se laga sakta hai iske androoni bhaago jaise gas chembar, bor aadi par kromiym ki pleting ki jaati hai jis se is rifle ki jindagi badh jaati hai aur isame jang nahi lagti hai, aadhunik kaal ke jyaadaatar kaartooson ke praaimar mein paare ke ansh rahate hain jo kisi hathiyaar ko jang laagaane aur galane mein sahayog dete hai

aapareting chakr

is rifle ko sem aatometik aur aatometik donon tareeko se chalaaya ja sakta hai is gas aapretaad
rifle mein reekoil takaneek se puraane kaartos girte jaate ahi aur iske jhatke se nae kaaratoos aa jaate hai

vightit karna

is rifle ko badi saralata se vightit kiya ja sakta hai iske sanchaalan aur vightan karne ki takani aap sandharb mein diye gaye mainyual mein dekh sakte hai

kaaratoos

is rifle mein 7.62*39 mileemeetar ke kaaratoos aate hai jo 710 meter prati skaind ki gati se jaate hai ye adhiktam 400 meter ki doori par jaate hai

tippaniyaan

  1. Table data are for AK-47 with Type 2/3 receiver.

References and further reading

  • Cutshaw, Charlie; Shilin, Valery. Legends and Reality of the AK: A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the History, Design, and Impact of the Kalashnikov Family of Weapons. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2000 (paperback, ISBN 1-58160-069-0).
  • Ezell, Edward Clinton (1986). The AK-47 Story: Evolution of the Kalashnikov Weapons. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0916-7. (Before his death, Ezell was the curator of military history at the Smithsonian Museum.)
  • Ezell, Edward Clinton; R. Blake Stevens (2001). Kalashnikov: The Arms and the Man. Cobourg, ON: Collector Grade Publications. ISBN 0-88935-267-4.
  • Guinness World Records 2005. ISBN 1-892051-22-2.
  • Hodges, Michael. AK47: the Story of the People's Gun. London: Sceptre, 2007 (hardcover, ISBN 0-340-92104-8).
  • Kahaner, Larry. AK-47: The Weapon that Changed the Face of War. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2006 (hardcover, ISBN 0-471-72641-9).
  • Kalashnikov, Mikhail. The Gun that Changed the World. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006 (hardcover, ISBN 0-7456-3691-8; paperback, ISBN 0-7456-3692-6).
  • Poyer, Joe (2004). The AK-47 and AK-74 Kalashnikov Rifles and Their Variations (Paperback). Tustin, CA: North Cape Publications. ISBN 1-882391-33-0.
  • Small Arms of the World. ISBN 0-88029-601-1.
  • Walter, John. Kalashnikov (Greenhill Military Manuals). London: Greenhill Books, 1999 (Hardcover, ISBN 1-85367-364-1).

baahari kadiyaan