ek divseeya antarraashtreeya

Australia aur Bhaarat ke beech melaborn cricket ground ne odeeaai (ODI) match host kiya. peele kapadon mein ballebaaj hain jo Australiaee hai jabki neele kapadon mein bhaarateeya kshetrarakshan team hain.

ek divseeya antarraashtreeya (odeeaai (ODI)) cricket ki ek shaili hai, jismein do raashtreeya cricket teemon ke beech prati team 50 over khele jaate hain. cricket vishv cup isi praaroop ke anusaar khela jaata hai. ek divseeya antarraashtreeya maichon ko "limited over international (elaoaai (LOI))" bhi kaha jaata hai, kyonki raashtreeya teemon ke beech seemit over ke cricket match khele jaate hain aur yadi mausam ki vajah se vyavadhaan utpann hota hai to ve hamesha ek din mein samaapt naheen hote. mahatvapoorn ek divseeya antarraashtreeya aur ghareloo maichon mein aksar do din ka samay rakha jaata hai, jisme se doosra din "rijrv/aarakshit" din hota hai, taaki pehle din koi parinaam na nikalne ki sthiti mein (udaaharan ke liye varsha ki vajah se match na hone ya baadhit hone ki sthiti mein) khel ko samaapt karne ke adhik avsar milein.

antarraashtreeya ek divseeya khel ka vikaas beesaveen sadi ke ant mein hua. pehla ek divseeya match melaborn cricket ground par 5 January 1971 ko Australia aur England ke beech khela gaya tha. jab teesare test match ke ke pehle teen din baarish ki vajah se dhul gaye to adhikaariyon ne match samaapt karne ka faisala kiya aur iske sthaan par chhah geind prati over ke saath prati team 40 over ka ek divseeya match khelne ka nirnaya liya gaya. Australia ne yeh match 5 wicket se jeeta.

1970 ke dashak ke ant mein, kairi paikar ne pratidvandvi world series cricket (dablyooesasi (WSC)) pratiyogita ki shuruaat ki aur ismein aadhunik ek divseeya antarraashtreeya cricket ki kai suvidhaaen shuroo ki gayeen, jinme rangeen vardiyaan, doodhiya roshani mein safed geind tatha kaali site screen ke saath match aur telivijn prasaaran ke liye kaimaron ke ekaadhik kon, pitch par khelne vaale khilaadiyon ki aavaaj sunane ke liye maaikrofon tatha on screen graafiks shaamil the. rangeen vardi ke saath khela jaane wala pehla match sunahare rang ki vardi mein dablyooesasi Australia dvaara koral gulaabi rang ki vardi mein dablyooesasi (WSC) vest Indians ke khilaaf 17 January 1979 ko melaborn ke veeऍfel (VFL) park par khela gaya tha. ise cricket ko aur adhik peshevar khel banaane ka shreya jaata hai.

fladalaaits mein emaseeji (MCG) par odeeaai (ODI) par match.

anukram

niyam

mukhya praaroop mein cricket ke niyam laagoo hote hain. lekin, ek divseeya antarraashtreeya match mein pratyek team keval seemit sankhya ke overon ke liye ballebaaji karti hai. ekadivseeya cricket ke shuruaati dinon mein aam taur par prati team over sankhya 60 thi, lekin ab ise samaan roop se 50 over tak seemit kar diya gaya hai.

saadhaaran bhaasha mein khel is prakaar hai:

  • ek divseeya match 11 khilaadi prati team waali 2 teemon ke madhya khela jaata hai.
  • toss jeetne wala kaptaan ballebaaji ya geindabaaji (kshetrarakshan) ka vikalp chunata hai.
  • pehle ballebaaji karne waali team pehli paari mein lakshit ranasankhya nirdhaarit karti hai. ballebaaji paksh ke "sabhi khilaadiyon ke out hone" (arthaat, jab 11 mein se 10 ballebaaj out ho jaate hain) ya pehli team ke aabantit sabhi pachaas over poore hone tak paari chalti rahati hai.
  • pratyek geindabaaj adhiktam 10 over tak geindabaaji kar sakta hai (varsha baadhit maichon mein isse kam aur aam taur par kisi bhi maamale mein prati paari ke kul overon ka paanchavaan bhaag ya 20%).
  • doosari paari mein ballebaaji karne waali team match jeetne ke liye nirdhaarit run sankhya se jyaada run banaane ka prayaas karti hai. isi tarah, doosari paari mein geindabaaji karne waali team match jeetne ke liye vipakshi team ko nirdhaarit ranasankhya se kam par out karne ka prayaas karti hai.
  • yadi doosari paari mein ballebaaji karne waali team ke sabhi wicket gir jaaen ya iske sabhi over samaapt ho jaaen tatha donon teemon dvaara banaae gaye ranon ki sankhya baraabar ho, to game ko taai (kisi bhi team dvaara khoi gayi wicketon ki sankhya par dhyaan diye bina) ghoshit kiya jaata hai.

overon ki sankhya mein kami ke sthiti mein, udaaharan ke liye kharaab mausam ke kaaran, overon ki sankhya kam ho sakti hai. yadi kisi kaaran se doosari paari mein ballebaaji karne waali waali team dvaara khele jaane vaale overon ki sankhya pehli paari mein ballebaaji karne waali team se alag ho to Duckworth-luis vidhi dvaara parinaam nirdhaarit kiya ja sakta hai.

doodhiya roshani is tarah se lagaai jaati hain ki yeh kshetrarakshan karne waali team ko baadha na pahunchaae tatha geind ke bheegane ki sthiti mein kaptaanon ko maidaan par kapda rakhane ki anumati di gayi hai.

powerplay

pauvaraples ke dauraan ek seemit sankhya ke kshetrarakshakon ko aautafeeld mein aane ki anumati hai.

geindabaaji karne waali team kshetrarakshan pratibandh ki sharton se bandhi hoti hai, jiske anusaar, nirdhaarit sankhya ke overon ke liye catch lapakane ki sthiti mein do khilaadiyon sahit nau khilaadiyon ka kshetrarakshan daayare mein maujood hona aavashyak hai. paramparaagat roop se, kshetrarakshan pratibandh pratyek paari ke pehle 15 overon ke liye laagoo hota tha.

30 July 2005 se shuroo hone waali 10 maah ki pareekshan avadhi mein ICC ne ekadivseeya shrrunkhalaaon ke nae niyamon ke roop mein powerplay niyam ki shuruaat ki. powerplay niyam ke tahat, kshetrarakshan pratibandh pehle 10 overon ke liye tatha paanch-paanch overon ke do hisson (jinhein powerplay faaivs kaha jaata hai) mein laagoo hota hai. October 2008 se ballebaaji karne waali team yeh faisala karti hai ki shesh bache hue do hisson mein koi ek powerplay kab shuroo ho, tatha kshetrarakshan karne waali team yeh nirdhaarit karti hai ki doosra powerplay kab shuroo ho. pehle powerplay ke dauraan, 30 gaj ke daayare ke baahar do se adhik khilaadi khade naheen kiye ja sakte (doosare tatha teesare powerplay ke dauraan yeh sankhya badhkar teen ho jaati hai). pehle 10 overon mein yeh bhi aavashyak hai ki kam se kam do kshetrarakshak catch lapakane ki najadeeki sthitiyon mein hon.

powerplay ke sambandh mein ICC ne yeh ghoshana ki hai ki 1 October 2007 se kshetrarakshan karne waali team ka kaptaan paanch-paanch overon ke do powerplay ke dauraan 3 khilaadiyon ko 30 gaj ke daayare ke baahar rakhane ka vikalp chun sakta hai. yeh niyam 1 October 2007 ko daanbula stadium mein Sri Lanka va England ke beech khele gaye match mein laagoo kiya gaya tha. Sri Lanka 119 ranon se yeh match jeeta. vartamaan mein doosare tatha teesare, donon powerplay ke dauraan 3 khilaadi 30 gaj ke daayare ke baahar khade hote hain tatha ek powerplay ballebaaji karne waali team dvaara chuna jaata hai.

pareekshan niyam

pareekshan niyamon mein ek pratisthaapan niyam bhi tha, jiske anusaar match ki kisi bhi sthiti mein ek sthaanaapann khilaadi ko shaamil karne ki anumati thi. toss se pehle teemein apne sthaanaapann khilaadi ko naamit karti thi, jise suparasab kaha jaata tha. suparasab ballebaaji, geindabaajeem kshetrarakshan ya wicket keeping kar sakta tha; pratisthaapit khilaadi khel mein aage bhaag naheen le sakta tha. ise laagoo karne ke chhah maheenon mein kaafi had tak yeh spasht ho gaya ki toss jeetne waali team ke liye suparasab adhik laabhakaari tha, jisse khel mein asantulan paida hota tha. 2005 mein is niyam ko khtm karne ke liye kai antarraashtreeya kaptaanon ne "jeintalamain samjhauta" kiya. ve aavashyakta ke anusaar suparasab naamit karte rahe, kintu unhein maidaan mein naheen utaara gaya. 15 fravari 2006 ko ICC ne 21 March 2006 se suparasab niyam ko samaapt karne ke aashay ki ghoshana ki.

ek divseeya darja praapt teemein

antarraashtreeya cricket parishad (ICC (ICC)) teemon ka ek divseeya darja nirdhaarit karti hai (arthaat aisi do teemon ke beech maanak ek divseeya niyamon ke antargat khele gaye match ko ekadivseeya antarraashtreeya match ka darja diya jaata hai).

test khelne vaale das deshon (jo ICC (ICC) ke poorn das sadasya bhi hain) ko sthaayi ek divseeya darja haasil hai. koshthak mein pratyek desh ki ek divseeya darja praapt karne ki tithi ke saath in deshon ki soochi neeche di gayi hai:

  1. Australia (5 January 1971)
  2. inglaind (5 January 1971)
  3. nyoojeelaind (11 fravari 1973)
  4. Pakistan (11 fravari 1973)
  5. vest indeej (5 September 1973)
  6. Bhaarat (13 July 1974)
  7. Sri Lanka (7 June 1975)
  8. jimbaabve (9 June 1983)
  9. Bangladesh (31 March 1986)
  10. dakshin afreeka (10 November 1991)

ICC asthaayi roop se anya teemon ko ek divseeya darja deti hai, vartamaan mein ye teemein hain:

  • kenya (18 fravari 1996 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)
  • Canada (1 January 2006 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)
  • Ireland (1 January 2006 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)
  • Netherland (1 January 2006 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)
  • skautalaind (1 January 2006 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)
  • afgaanistaan (19 April 2009 se 2013 ICC (ICC) vishv cup ki paatrata tak)

2005 ki ICC (ICC) trophy mein apne pradarshan ki badaulat Canada, Ireland, Netherland tatha Scotland ne yeh darja haasil kiya. ICC ne 2009 mein is maanak ka paalan kiya tatha in parinaamon ka prayog 2009 ke ICC vishwacup qualifier (ICC (ICC) trophy ka naya naam) ke baad ke chaar saalon ke liye teemon ko ek divseeya darja dene ke liye kiya. tournament ke dauraan Afghanistan ne 5vein sthaan par pahunch kar aur ek divseeya maichon ke liye paatrata haasil kar us varsh ullekhaneeya safalta praapt ki.

kabhi-kabhi ICC ne sahayogi sadasyon ko poorn sadasyata aur test darja diye bina sthaayi ek divseeya darja diya hai. mool roop se aisa sabse achhe sahayogi sadasya ko poorn sadasyata dene se pehle antarraashtreeya maichon mein niyamit anubhav dilaane ke liye kiya gaya tha. pehle Bangladesh aur fir kenya ne yeh darja praapt kiya. Bangladesh ne iske baad test darja aur poorn sadasyata praapt kar li hai; kintu kenya ke kharaab pradarshan ke kaaran ICC ne unka sthaai ek divsayeeya antarraashtreeya darja samaapt karne ka nirnaya kiya hai.

iske alaava, ICC ke paas kuchh uchch star ke tournamenton ke liye vishesh ek divsayeeya darja dene ka adhikaar hai, jiske parinaamasvaroop nimn deshon ne bhi poorn ek divseeya maichon mein hissa liya hai:

  • East Africa (7 June 1975 se 14 June 1975 tak)
  • sanyukt arab ameeraat (13 April 1994 se 17 April 1994;, 16 fravari 1996 se 1 March 1996, 16 July 2004 se 17 July 2004 tak tatha 24 June 2008 se 26 tak June 2008 tak)
  • saaaincha:desh aaainkade Namibia(10 fravari 2003 se 3 March 2003 tak)
  • saaaincha:desh aaainkade Hong Kong (16 July 2004 se, 18 July 2004 tak aur 24 June 2008 se 25 June 2008 tak)
  • sanyukt raajya (10 September 2004 se 13 September 2004 tak)
  • baramooda (1 January 2006 se 8 April 2009 tak)

2005 mein ICC ne pehli baar vivaadaaspad dhang se kai aise maichon ko ekadivseeya darja de diya tha, jinme bhaag lene waali teemein ek se adhik deshon ke khilaadiyon se bani theen. ye match the: 2004 mein hind mahaasaagar mein I sunaami peediton ki sahaayata ke liye vishv cricket sunaami appeal ke roop mein January 2005 ko khela gaya Asia ekaadash banaam ICC vishv ekaadash match tatha October 2005 ko melaborn mein aayojit ICC (ICC) super series mein vaanijyik roop se praayojit "Australia banaam ICC vishv ekaadash" ke teen match. baad ke maichon mein darshak bahut kam the, ye bahut had tak ek tarafa mukaabale the aur inhonein cricket jagat ka adhik dhyaan aakarshit naheen kiya. yeh ek aisa prayog tha, jo kai logon ke anusaar dobaara naheen doharaaya jaana chaahiye tatha kai cricket saankhyikeevidon (jaise bill frindaal) ka maanana hai ki aise maichon ko aadhikaarik ekadivseeya maichon mein shaamil naheen kiya jaana chaahiye.[1][2]

tournament

aam taur par ekadivseeya shrrunkhala 2 teemon ke beech ya trikoneeya shrrunkhala ke roop mein kheli jaati hai. sabse lokapriya ekadivseeya tournament hain:

ek divseeya antarraashtreeya record

inhein bhi dekhein: List of One Day International cricket records

ek divseeya maichon mein sarvaadhik shatak va ardhashatak banaane ka record Bhaarat ke sachin Tendulkar ke naam hai. unhonein ek divseeya maichon mein sarvaadhik run bhi banaae hain tatha ek divseeya match mein dohara shatak banaane vaale pratham purush khilaadi hain, yeh upalabdhi unhonein 24 fravari 2010 mein haasil ki.

seemit over ke match mein ek paari mein sarvaadhik ranasankhya ka record nau wicket par 443 run hai, jo 4 July 2006 ko emastalaveen mein 50 overon ke antarraashtreeya ek divseeya match mein Sri Lanka ne Netherland ke viruddh banaaya. 35 ranon ke saath sabse kam ranasankhya ka record jimbaabve ke naam hai jo 2004 mein haraare mein Sri Lanka ke viruddh bana.

kisi seemit over ke match mein donon teemon dvaara banaai gayi sarvaadhik ranasankhya 872 hai: 2006 mein johaansabarg mein apne ek divseeya antarraashtreeya match ke dauraan pehle ballebaaji karte hue Australia ne 50 overon mein chaar wicket par 434 run banaae, lekin iske baavajood ve dakshin Africa se maat kha gaye, jisne ek geind shesh rahate nau wicketon ke nuksaan par 438 run bana liye.

19 run par 8 wicketon ke saath sarvashreshth geindabaaji ka record Sri Lanka ke chaminda vaas ke naam hai jo 2001-02 ko Colombo mein Zimbabwe ke viruddh bana-ek divseeya antarraashtreeya maichon mein aath wicket lene vaale vah ekamaatr khilaadi hain.

ek se adhik teemon ke liye khelne vaale khilaadi

choonki antarraashtreeya star par ek team ka pratinidhitv karne ke liye nivaas tatha/ya raashtreeyata se sambandhit shartein hain, at: aam taur par ek khilaadi apne career ke dauraan ek divseeya maichon mein keval ek team ka pratinidhitv karega. tathaapi, kai khilaadiyon ne ek se adhik teemon ke liye khela hai. inmein shaamil hain:[1]

  • kepalar vesels (Australia aur dakshin Africa) test aur ek divseeya antarraashtreeya match
  • kletan laimbart (West Indies aur sanyukt raajya America)
  • dagi brown (England aur Scotland)
  • Anderson kamins (West Indies aur Canada)
  • ovan morgan (Ireland aur England)
  • dark nains (Netherland aur Australia)
  • Ed jaues (Ireland aur England)

iske atirikt, John traaikaus ne dakshin Africa aur Zimbabwe ke liye test match khele hain, lekin ekadivseeya match keval jimbaabve ke liye khele hain tatha gevin hemiltan ne Scotland ke liye keval ekadivseeya match khele hain tatha ek test match mein England ka pratinidhitv kiya hai. England mein aayojit 2009 ICC vishv twenty-20 shrrunkhala mein dark nains ne tee20 (T20s) maichon mein Netherland ka pratinidhitv kiya hai, lekin Scotland ke viruddh hue ek divseeya antarraashtreeya match mein ve Australia ki or se khele. uske baad se unhonein Australia ke liye adhikaansh T20 match khele hain. Imran taahir ek anya khilaadi hain jo Pakistan mein Lahore ki ghareloo teemon Pakistan A, redko Pakistan limited, sui gas kaurporeshan of Pakistan ke liye khelte hain tatha vishv cup mein dakshin Africa ki team ki or se kheleinge.

inhein bhi dekhein

luaa truti package.lua mein pankti 80 par: module 'Module:Portal/images/c' not found.

  • ICC (ICC) test championship
  • seemit overon ka cricket
  • ek divseeya intaranaishanal record
  • ek divseeya intaranaishanal tournament
  • ek divseeya intaranaishanal hait-triks
  • ek divseeya intaranaishanal cricket mein 10000 se zyaada run banaane vaale ballebaajon ki soochi

sandarbh

  1. Martin Williamson (18 October 2005), Few outside Australia will mourn the end of this Sorry Series, http://www.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/222426.html
  2. Bill Frindall (20 August 2008), Ask Bearders #176, http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/tms/2008/08/ask_bearders_176.shtml

saaaincha:Forms of cricket