edvin laindasiyr lootyans

sar edvins laindaseeyar lootyans, OM, KCIE,PRA,FRIBA,LLD (29 March 18691 January 1944) beesaveen shataabdi ke ek prasiddh british vaastukaar the, jinhein apne yug ki aavashyakataaon ke anusaar paramparaagat shaili ko kalpanaapoorvak apnaane ke liye yaad kiya jaata hai. inhonne kai english bhavan banaaye, va mukhyat: inhein Bhaarat ki tatkaaleen rajdhani nai Delhi ki abhiklpana ke liye jaana jaata hai. inka janm va mrutyu London mein hi hui. inka naam inke pita ke ek mitr, ek shilpkaar, edvin laindasiyr ke naam par rakha gaya tha. inhein mahaanatam british vaastukaar kaha jaata hai.[1]

anukram

jeevani

inhonne royal kaalij of Arts, London se 1885 se 1887 tak vaastu kala (aarkitekchar) ki shiksha li. yaheen inka parichr pratham baar sar harbart bekar se hua tha.

niji abhyaas

1888 mein inhonne niji abhyaas aarambh kiya. fir inhonne udyaan abhiklpak jartryood jaikil ke saath kaarya shuru kiya.

inke kaarya

Thumb

aarambh mein inki shaili kalaatmak rahi, parantu 1900 ke aarambh tak, inhonne paramparaagat shaili apna li. inke dvaara London mein haimsteed garden sabarb, tatha kaisal drogo, dryoostingntan banaaye gaye hain. iske saath hi, inhonne Bhaarat ki nayi rajdhani Delhi ki yojana mein pradhaan vaastukaar ki bhoomika nibhaayi. inke saath harbart bekar va anya bhi rahe. yahaan, inhonne sthaaneeya sthaapatya ke ghatak bhi apni shaili mein jode. inhonne hi raashtrapati bhavan ke mugal udyaan mein, nayi yojana daali. fir inhonne Hyderabad ke nijaam ke liye Delhi mein mahal roop mein, Hyderabad house bhi banavaaya.

marsh court, haimpshaayar mein inhonne ek chaukapatthar ki imaarat bhi abhiklpit ki.

The Cenotaph, Whitehall

dviteeya vishv yuddh ke ant tak, inhein impeeriyl vaar grevs aayog ke teen mein se ek pradhaan vaastukaar ka pad mila raha. tab inhonne yuddh mein kaam aaye sainikon hetu, kai smaarak banavaaye. in smaarakon mein se mukhya hain: seenotaif, veministar, theepvaal yuddh smaarak. inhein 1918 mein night banaaya gaya[2] and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy in 1921[3]. In 1924, he was appointed a member of the newly created Royal Fine Art Commission,[4] jis par par ye, mrutyu paryant rahe. nai dili mein apne kaarya ke saath hi, inhein London ki kai vaanijyik imaaratein, va vaashingtan di.si. mein british dootaavaas ki imaarat ka kaarya bhi mila. 1929 mein, livrapool mein inhein roman Catholic girijaaghar (kaithedral) ka kaarya mila. inhonne 510 feet ke gumbad ke saath ek vishaal imaarat ki abhiklpana ki, va kaarya aarambh bhi ho gaya, parantu dviteeya vishv yuddh ke kaaran ruk gaya. yuddh ke baad, poonji ke abhaav mein, yeh imaarat keval ek tahakhaana maatr bani.[5][6].

1945 mein, naki mrutyoparaant, "A plain for the siti end County of kingstan upon hil" prakaashit hui. lootyans iske sah-sampaadak rahe the.

nai Delhi

lootyans dvaara lagbhag bees varshon mein bani, nai Delhi ko Calcutta ke sthaan par nayi rajdhani chunana 1912 mein tay hua. yeh pariyojana aadhikaartik roop se 1929 mein poorn hui, va 1931 mein udghaatit hui.


Many of the garden-ringed villas in the Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ) that were part of Lutyens' original scheme for New Delhi are under threat due to the constant pressure for development in Delhi. The LBZ was placed on the 2002 World Monuments Fund Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites.

Ireland mein kaarya

vivaah evam aage ka jeevan

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  1. Edith Mary Lutyens (1908-1999); a stockbroker Anthony Rupert Herbert Franklin Sewell. They had issue, one daughter. She married 2ndly 1945 the art historian and royal furrier J.G. Links (d. 1997).[7] -->

mrutyu

jeevan ke antim dinon mein, unhein nimoniya ka aaghaat hua. aarambhik 1940 ke dashak mein, unhein Cancer pata chala. 1 January,1944 ko unhonne ne antim saansein li. unka smaarak unke mitr va sah-vaastukaar William kartis green ne banavaaya, jo London ke seint paaul girijaaghar ke kript mein sthit hai.

lootyans ke kaarya ki deergha

inhein bhi dekhein

tippani

  1. "The Memorial to the Missing of the Somme" 2006. Gavin Stamp
  2. London Gazette: no. 30607, p. 4026, 1918-04-02. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
  3. Having previously been an Associate of the Academy
  4. London Gazette: no. 32942, p. 4429, 1924-06-03. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
  5. The Very Greatest Building that was never Built (sourced from Findarticles.com)
  6. Transcript of audio download of 'Lutyen's Cathedral' talk by Paul O'Keeffe
  7. This gives Links' death date.

prakaashan

  • Edwin Lutyens & Charles Bressey, The Highway Development Survey, Ministry of Transport, 1937
  • Edwin Lutyens & Patrick Abercrombie, A Plan for the City & County of Kingston upon Hull, Brown (London & Hull), 1945.

Further reading

  • Lutyens Abroad: The Work of Sir Edwin Lutyens Outside the British Isles, edited by Andrew Hopkins and Gavin Stamp. London: British School at Rome, 2002 (paperback, ISBN 0-904152-37-5).
  • Petter, Hugh. Lutyens in Italy: The Building of the British School at Rome. London: British School at Rome, 1992 (paperback, ISBN 0-904152-21-9).

baahari kadiyaaain

Honorary titles
poorvaadhikaari
sar William levalin
preseedeint of royal akedami
1938–1944
uttaraadhikaari
sar elfred minnings

british vaastukaar|lootyans, edvin bhavan