edamand Hillary

sar' edamand Hillary ne pehli baar evarest fatah karke vahaaain jaane vaalon ke sapanon ko udaan aur hausala diya unke baad evarest par jaane vaale bhi usi sammaan ke paatr hain jiske hakdaar edamand Hillary rahe. 'sar' endamand Hillary aur Nepal ke parvataarohi sherapa tenajing naurge ne 29 May 1953 mein maanut evarest par vijay praapt ki thi.

anukram

jeevan

'sar' edamand sharmeele svabhaav ke the. itne ki September 1953 mein apni hone waali patni lusi meri ros ke samaksh vivaah ka prastaav unhonne apni saas ke jariye rakha. ve apne seleebriti star ko lekar bhi sharmeele the. varsh 2003 mein apni safalta ki 50 veen varshagaanth par unhonne Britain ki mahaaraani ke nimantran ko thukara kar apni safalta ka jashn gareeb nepaali sherapaaon ke saath manaaya. 1975 mein kaathamaandoo mein ek vimaan durghatana mein apni patni luis aur 16 saal ki beti ka nidhan ho jaane ke baad unhonne unka antim sanskaar Nepal ki baagamati nadi mein nepaali vidhi se hi kiya tha. is durghatana ke baad ve poori tarah toot gaye lekin apna du:kh bhulaane ke liye ve Nepal ke praakrutik saundarya aur vahaaain ke seedhe saade logon ke beech pahuainch gaye. 1989 mein unhonne doosari shaadi ki apne ek divangat parvataarohi Peter mulagryoo ki vidhva jen se. unke do bete hai Peter aur saaraah.

bhraman

edamand Hillary ne jeevan mein kai aayaamon ko chhuaa aur nishchit hi hi ve ek birle, dussaahasi aur prakruti ki chunautiyon ko chunauti dene vaale shakhs the. 'sar' edamand Hillary ve 88 varsh ke the. divangat Hillary varsh 1985-89 tak Bhaarat mein New Zealand ke raajadoot rahe the. 19 July 1919 ko janme Hillary dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan pilot bhi rahe lekin baad mein unki pehchaan parvataarohi ke rup mein bani. Hillary 1958 mein raashtrakul ke ek dal ke saath dakshini dhruv bhi gaye the aur 1985 mein uttari dhruv par pahuainche the. oottari dhruv par ve Amreeki antariksh yaatri neel Armstrong ke saath ek chhote ski vimaan mein pahuainche the. ve pichhle kuchh samay se beemaar the. nyoojeelaind ke sarvaadhik lokapriya 'sar' Hillary ka chitr nyoojeelaind ke 5 dollar ke not par bhi ankit kiya jaata hai. New Zealand aur videshon mein kai schoolon aur sangathanon ke naam unapar rakhe gaye. shaayad bahut kam logon ko pata hai ki Bhaarat mein Darjiling ke seint paals school mein ek praathamik khand Hillary ke naam par hai. unhonne 1977 mein Bhaarat mein ganga nadi ke ek abhiyaan ka bhi netrutv kiya. Hillary ne apna saara jeevan kunbhoo gleshiyr ke paas rahane vaale nepaali sherapaaon ki seva mein samarpit kar diya tha. unke is yogadaan ko dekhte hue varsh 2003 mein unhein Nepal ki maanad naagarikta pradaan ki gayi thi.

parvataarohan ka aarambh

Hillary jab 1935 mein school ke ek parvataarohan dal mein shaamil hue tab koi naheen kah sakta tha ki kamjor-sa dikhne wala ek chhaatr jbardast ichhaashakti ka dhani hai aur madhumakkhi paalan se jeevikaapaarjan mein laga yeh baalak jindagi mein kuchh aur hi karna chaahata hai. Hillary ne apne parvataarohan ke shauk ki shuruaat New Zealand ki chotiyaan chadhne se ki aur iske baad unhonne himaalaya ko chunauti dene ki thaani. himaalaya parvat shrrunkhala ki 20,000 foot se adhik oonchaai ki 11 vibhinn chotiyaaain fatah karne ke baad unamein gajab ka aatmavishvaas paida hua. Hillary 1951 mein evarest fatah karne evarest riknesens eksapeedeeshan ke sadasya ke roop mein shaamil the, tab abhiyaan us dal ke neta 'sar' jaan hant ki najar Hillary par padi. May mein jab abhiyaan south peek tak pahuaincha to keval do sadasyon ko chhodkar shesh sadasya thakaan ke kaaran vaapas lautane ko majaboor ho gaye the. ye do the Hillary aur nepaali parvataarohi teinjig norve. aur iske baad 29 May 1953 ko samudra ki satah se 29,028 foot oonchi choti ko choomakar ve parvataarohan ke kshetr ke kaalapurush ho gaye.

Hillary aur uऩaake saath evarest par pahuainche nepaali sherapa tenajhing ne choti par 15 minute bitaae. Hillary ne teinjig ki photo li. unhonne choti par apna cross utaarakar chadhaaya. baad mein unhonne kaha tha, ham naheen jaante the ki choti par maanav ka pahuainchana sambhav hai. 1986 mein sherapa tenajhing ki maut ke baad 'sar' edamand Hillary ne khulaasa kiya ki vah antim samay mein ve tenajhing se 10 feet aage the.

fatah ka jashn

evarest fatah ki khabar Britain mein mahaaraani ke Abhishek ke din pahuainchi thi. choonki Hillary New Zealand ke the aur is tarah ve raashtramandal ke naagrik hue, lihaaja Britain mein bhi unki upalabdhi par jashn manaaya gaya. Hillary ko unki safalta ke liye night ki upaadhi di gayi. apni safalta ke agale do dashakon mein Hillary ne himaalaya mein das anya chotiyaaain bhi fatah ki.

ek mahaanaayak hote hue bhi ve jeevanabhar bahehad saadagi se rahe. apne jeevan ko nepaali sherapaaon ko samarpit karne vaale Hillary ne Nepal mein 63 vidyaalayon ke atirikt anek aspataalon, pulon va havaai patti ka bhi nirmaan kiya. unke himaalaya trast ne Nepal ke liye prati varsh dhaai lakh amareekan dollar jutaae aur Hillary ne niji taur par Nepal abhiyaan mein madad di.

'sar' Hillary paryaavaran ko pahuainch rahe nuksaan ke prati behad chintit rahate the. unhein kuchh parvataarohiyon ke is disha mein udaaseen ravaiye se bhi takaleef pahuainchati thi. unhonne New Zealand ke mark ingalis aur vibhinn samoohon ke 40 sadasyon ki isliye aalochna ki unhonne May 2006 mein Britain ke parvataarohi David shaaf ko marne ke liye chhod diya tha.

evarest par jaane vaale sabse bujurg

70 varsh ke ek Japani duniya ke sabse oonche parvat shikhar mount evarest par chadhne vaale sabse bujurg parvataarohi hain. peshevar parvataarohi yooichiro myoora ne 8,850 meter oonchi is choti par pahuainchane mein safalta praapt ki. lekin khaas baat yeh hai ki myoora bhi usi raaste se is choti par pahuainche, jis raaste se lagbhag 50 saal pehle 'sar' edamand Hillary ne pehli baar is choti par fatah haasil ki thi.

myoora ke pehle Japan ke hi tomeeyaasu isikaava is choti par pahuainchane vaale 65 varsheeya sabse bujurg parvataarohi bane the. myoora ne unke record ko umr ke maamale mein tod diya hai. myoora ke saath unke putr aur sherapa gaaidon ki ek team thi. aaj tak lagbhag 1200 log is choti par pahuainch chuke hain. is choti par chadhne ke kram mein 175 logon ki maut bhi ho chuki hai.

aappa sherpa ek nepaali sherpa hain jo ab tak evarest par sabse adhik baar chadh chuke hain. ve kul 16 baar evarest par ja chuke hain - April 2007 mein unhone 17veen baar chadhaai aarambh ki. sherpa Nepal ke himaali kshetron tatha uske aaspaas ke ilaakon mein rahane vaale logon ko kehte hain. tibbati bhaasha mein shar ka arth hota hai poorab tatha pa pratyaya log ke arth ko vyakt karta hai; at: sherpa ka shaabdik arth hota hai poorab ke log. ye log pichhle 500 varshon mein poorvi Tibet se aakar Nepal ke in ilaakon mein bas gaye. sherapa striyon ko sherpaani kehte hain. parvataarohan mein siddhahast hone ki inki pratibha ke kaaran Nepal mein parvataarohiyon ke gaaid tatha saamaan dhone ke kaaryon mein in sherpaaon ki seva li jaati hai. is kaaran, aajkal nepaali parvataarohi gaaid ko saamaanya roop se sherapa kaha jaata hai bhale hi vo sherapa samudaaya ke hon ya na hon. in logon ki bhaasha sherpa bhaasha hai tatha ye log bauddh dharm maanate hain.

vivaadon ke ghere mein

Britain ke parvataarohan ke ek visheshagya ne daava kiya hai ki mount evarest ki choti par sabse pehle 'sar' edamand Hillary naheen pahuainche the. balki unase teen dashak pehle hi ek british parvataarohi George maalauri ne yeh upalabdhi haasil kar li thi.

Graham hoyalaind ne bachapan mein suni kahaani par teen dashak tak shodh kiya. kahaani ke anusaar maalauri ne sabse pehle evarest ke liye teen parvataarohan abhiyaanon mein bhaag liya. maana jaata tha ki vah shikhar tak pahuainchane se chook gaye the. jabki vaastavikta yeh hai ki ve evarest par pahuainchane mein safal ho gaye the aur unka nidhan choti se vaapas lautate samay hua tha. maalauri aur unke sah parvataarohi Andrew irvin 1924 mein duniya ki sabse oonchi choti par pahuainchane ke apne prayaas ke antim charan mein uttar-poorv ki pahaadiyon mein kaheen laapata ho gaye the. aakhiri baar donon parvataarohiyon ko shikhar se aath sau foot neeche dekha gaya tha. maalauri ka shav 75 saal tak khoja naheen ja saka tha. 12 saal ki umr mein hoyalaind ko unke chachere bhaai hovaard samaravel ne yeh kahaani sunaai thi. daraasal, ek parvataarohi aur mishnari daaktar hovaard un aakhiri logon mein ek the jinhonne donon parvataarohiyon ke dekha tha. evarest ki aath baar chadhaai kar chuke hoyalaind ne dashakon ke shodh ke baad kaha hai ki 1953 mein evarest par pahuainchane vaale New Zealand ke 'sar' edamand Hillary vahaan pahuainchane vaale pehle vyakti naheen the

jeevan samaapan

New Zealand, January 13, 2008: 'sar' Hillary ka antim sanskaar poore raajakeeya sammaan ke saath okalaind ke seint mairis church mein mangalvaar, 15 January ko sampann hoga. 'sar' Hillary ka paarthiv shareer janta ke antim darshan hetu holi treeniti kaithadral mein rakha gaya hai. 'sar' Hillary ke ghar par shok sandeshon va foolon ka anbaar laga hua hai. iske atirikt jahaaain kaheen bhi log 'sar' Hillary ki moorti dekhte hain vaheen par shradhda suman arpit kar apni shraddhaanjali de rahe hain.

pradhaanamantri helan klaurk ne aaj sar Hillary ki vidhva ledi Hillary ke saath unke nivaas par do ghante bitaae. baad mein pradhaanamantri ne media ko sambodhit kiya, “amere vichaar se Hillary parivaar sar Hillary ke prati janta ke sneh se poornataya abhibhoot hai. unhein hamesha yeh aabhaas tha ki sar Hillary mahaan hasti hain kintu jab aap media mein unki asaadhaaran coverage dekhte hain to pata chalta hai ki vah ati-vishesh kivi the.

ledi Hillary se hui do ghante ki bheint mein pradhaanamantri ne parivaar ko saantvana dene ke atirikt unki raajakeeya antyeshti ke praaroop par bhi charcha ki. “ahamein ledi Hillary aur Hillary parivaar ki bhaavanaaon ka sammaan karte hue vishesh raajakeeya antyeshti ke praaroop par kaam karna hai.“ pradhaanamantri klaurk ne bataaya.

nyoojeelaind mein pichhle bees saalon mein yeh keval teesari raajakeeya antyeshti (state fyoonal) hogi, isse poorv bhootapoorv Governor general 'sar' David betti ki 2001 mein raajakeeya antyeshti hui thi. raajakeeya antyeshti ka sammaan keval un Governor general aur pradhaanamantriyon jinki mrutyu unke kaaryakaal ke dauraan ho jaae ko milta hai anyatha aisa raajakeeya sammaan anya logon ke liye asaamaanya hai. 'sar' Hillary ka raajakeeya sammaan niymaavali ka ulanghan na hokar unke vilkshan vyaktitv ko mukhar karta hai.

jeevan-ek nazar mein

janm : 19 July 1919 mrutyu : 11 January 2008 1980 : Bhaarat mein New Zealand ke raajadoot rahe. 1958 : raashtrakul ke ek dal ke saath dakshini dhruv gaye. 1985 : uttari dhruv par pahuainche the. 29 May 1953 : mount evarest par chadhne vaale vishv ke pehle parvataarohi bane 1977 : 'gangaasaagar se gomukh' jet nauka abhiyaan