durgaapooja

durgaapooja hinduo ka mahatvapurn tyohaar hai. durgaapooja ma durga ki puja hai. yeh aashveen mahine ke dusare pakhbaare mein hota hai. aashveen mahine ke dusare pakhbaare ke pehle din yeh puja praarambh hoti hai aur navamein din {navaraatra}yeh puja samapann hoti hai.

durga pooja ka saanskrutik vishleshan

durga pooja ka parv bhaarateeya saanskrutik parvon mein sabse zyaada lokapriya hai. lagbhag dashahara, deevaali aur holi ki tarah ismein utsav dhaarmikta ka put aaj sabse zyaada hai. Bengal ke baare mein kaha jaata hai ki Bengal jo aaj sochata hai, kal poora desh use sveekaar karta hai. Bengal ke navajaagaran ko isi pariprekshya mein itihaasakaar dekhte hain. yaani unneesaveen shataabdi ki bhaarateeya aadhunikta ke baare mein bhi yahi baat kahi jaati hai ki Bengal se hi aadhunikta ki pehli lahar ka unmesh hua. svatantrata ka moolya Bengal se hi viksit hua. saamaajik sudhaar, svaraajya aandolan, bhaarateeya samaaj aur saahitya mein aadhunikta aur pragatisheel moolya Bengal se hi viksit hue aur kaalaantar mein poore desh mein iska prachaar-prasaar hua.

navajaagaran ka prayog durga pooja

sanyog se durga pooja parv ki aitihaasikta Bengal se hi judi hai. aaj poora desh ise dhoomadhaam se manaata hai. durga pooja ki parampara ka sootrapaat yadi Bengal se hua hai to iska Bengal ke navajaagaran se kya rishta hai? kyonki navajaagaran to aadhunik aandolan ki chetna hai, jabki durga pooja theek ulat parampara ka hissa hai. par gaur karne ki baat hai ki Bengal durga pooja ko parampara ki cheej maankar use pichhda ya aadhunikta ka nishedh naheen maanata hai. balki durga pooja ki lokapriyta ko dekhkar aaj lagta hai, yeh bhi Bengal ke navajaagaran ka ek bahumoolya hissa hai. Bengal ke aadhunik jeevan mein durga pooja ki parampara ka chalan daraasal aadhunikta mein parampara ka ek behtar prayog hai. sookshm drushti se dekha jaae ko parampara mein prayog ki aadhunikta hai.

yeh paakhand naheen

Bengal mein aaj jo durga pooja hai vah apne aitihaasik pariprekshya mein 'shakti pooja' naam se prachalit hai, jaise Maharashtra ke navajaagaran mein lokamaanya tilk dvaara pratishthit ganeshotsav ka parv aur beesaveen shataabdi mein prasiddh samaajavaadi chintak dau॰ raamamanohar lohiya dvaara chitrakoot mein raamaayan mela ki sthaapana. dekha jaae to tilk aur lohiya bhaarateeya svaraajya aur samaaj ke prakhar prahari the. bhaarateeya aadhunikta ke vikaas ke ye donon prakhar pravakta the, lekin saanskrutik star par ye donon kaheen gahre star par paaranpaarik bhi the. tilk dvaara pratishthaapit 'ganeshotsav' aur uttar Bhaarat mein lohiya dvaara 'raamaayan mela' ka shubhaaranbh parampara mein aadhunikta ki khoj ke durlabh udaaharan hain. durga pooja Bengal mein aaj bhi shakti pooja ke roop mein prachalit hai. agar uske saanskrutik aur aitihaasik pariprekshya par vichaar karein to aapko kai dilchasp parinaam dikhaai padeinge. pehla parinaam to yeh niklata hai ki Bengal ki saanskrutik jadein atyant gahari aur apni aasthaaon ke prati behad sachet bhi hain. Bengal ek chhor par behad aadhunik hai to doosare chhor par atyant paaranpaarik apni saanskrutik chetna ki viraasat ke prati sachet hai. Bengal mein shakti pooja ka prachalan aadikaal se chala aa raha hai. shakti pooja ki prateek devi apne chamachamaate khadgashastr se mahishaasur ka sanhaar kar mahishaasuramardini kahalaai. trimang devi durga shakti ki adhishthaati hai. unke saath padmahasta lakshmi, vaani paani sarasvati, mooshak vaahan ganesh aur mayoor vaahak kaartikeya viraajamaan hain.

ye jitni moortiyaaain hain, sab hamaare jeevan mein saamaajik nyaaya ki prateek hain. mahishaasur yadi anyaaya, atyaachaar auऱ paapaachaar ka prateek hai to durga shakti, nyaaya aur har anyaaya ke viruddh pratikaar ki prateek hai. usaki aaainkhon mein sirf karuna aur daya ke aaainsoo hi naheen bahate, balki krodh ke sfuling bhi chhitkate hain. yeh aakasmik naheen hai ki san 1971 mein Bhaarat-Pak yuddh ke dauraan tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri indira Gandhi ki achook raajaneetik buddhimtta ko dekhkar atal bihaari vaayapeyi ne unhein doosari durga kaha tha. yeh 'durga' koi saanskrutik mith naheen, balki har aurat ke bheetar anyaaya ke viruddh pratikaar ka ek dhadhakata laava hai. bhaarateeya stri ki chhavi mein ek or devadaasi ka asahaaya chehara kaundhata hai to doosari taraf usaki aaainkhon mein durga ka shaktishaali tevar bhi chamakata hai. durga jaisi mahaastri jise hamaare lok jeevan aur saanskrutik jeevan mein 'devi' kaha jaata hai, daraasal anyaaya ke viruddh ek saarthak hastakshep ka prateek hai. durga ke saannidhya mein aasan grahan karti hui deviyaaain lakshmi, sarasvati, dhan aur vidya ki prateek hain. ganesh hamesha se vighn ka vinaash karanevaale ek shubh devata hain, jabki kaartikeya jeevan mein vinaya aur srujan ke prateek hain. inki upasthiti se hi saamaajik srujan sambhav hai.

stri ke svaabhimaan ki pooja

durga pooja sirf mith ki pooja naheen, balki stri ki taakt, saamarthya aur uske svaabhimaan ki ek saarvajanik 'pooja' hai. kya vidanbana hai ki aaj durga pooja, durgaashaptashati, durga strot ka paath un dharmabheeroo gharon mein zyaada kiya jaata hai, jin gharon mein aaj striyaaain zyaada dari aur asurakshit hain. vahaaain purushon ke roop mein mahishaasur roj unka mardan karta hai. un par atyaachaar, taadna aur yaatana ke kode barasaata hai. is kaaran hamaare samaaj mein aaj durga ke chehare kam dikhte hain. Dave-daasiyon ke hi asankhya kaatar chehare zyaada dikhte hain. aise gharon mein roj durga pooja naheen, balki purush pooja ka anushthaan sampann hota hai. samaaj aur hamaare paarivaarik jeevan mein badhti yeh pravrutti durga pooja ka upahaas naheen to aur kya hai? aaj durga pooja ke nihitaarth ko samajhne ki aavashyakta hai.

moorti nirmaan ka parampara

durga pooja ke itihaas par gaur karein. Bengal mein durga pooja kab se shuroo hui, is par itihaas ke vidvaanon ke anek mat hain, fir bhi is tathya se lokamaanas aur vidvaan ek mat hain ki san 1790 mein pehli baar Calcutta ke paas hugali ke baarah braahmanon ne durga pooja ke saamoohik anushthaan ki shuruaat ki. itihaasakaaron ka maanana hai ki Bengal mein durgotsav par moorti nirmaan ki parampara ki shuruaat gyaarahaveen shataabdi mein shuroo hui thi. aaj Bengal sahit poore desh mein saanskrutik vaibhav ke is parv ko janajeevan mein pratishthaan karne ka shreya san 1583 E. mein taahirpur (Bengal) ke mahaaraaja kans Narayan ko diya jaata hai. kaha jaata hai ki vah durga pooja ke itihaas ki pehli vishaal pooja thi.

pehle ki durga pooja mein sirf moorti ke roop mein durga mahishaasur ka vadh karti naheen deekhati thi, balki pooja ki aakhiri peshakash pashu vadh ke roop mein prakat hoti thi. aksar bhaison ka vadh karke mahishaasur ke prateek ka sanhaar kiya jaata tha lekin vaahya raayavansh mein paida hue shivaayan ke praneta kavi raamakrushn rai ne is hinsak pratha ko pratibandhit kar diya. falat: aaj durga pooja moorti pooja ka ek prateek hai, par durga pooja ab dheere-dheere dhan kuberon ke shakti varchasv ka prateek bhi ban gaya hai. yeh is saanskrutik parv ke mith ke saundarya bodh aur jeevan drushti ko todnevaala saabit ho raha hai. aaj hamaare lok jeevan mein durga ki pooja karne mein logon ka yakeen utana naheen rah gaya hai, jitna usaki jhaaainki dekhne mein hai. durga ki pratimaaeain kalaatmak pratimaan hain, stri saundarya ka pradarshan naheen hai. yadi husain jaise chitrakaar durga ki pratima ke bahaane stri angon ki vakaalat karte hain to yeh unki kala ka charam vyaavasaayikta aur stri ki chhavi ke viruddh ek saarvajanik upahaas hai. durga ek sundar stri bhi hai, jinke paas pusht unnat uroj, vishaal janghaaeain aur ek jodi tejasvi aaainkhein bhi hain. inmein kaajal naheen atyaachaar ke viruddh khinchi bhaunhein hain. unke paas asaadhaaran paurushavaale chaar shaktishaali haath bhi hain.

shoshan rahit samaaj ke liye

durga pooja manaane ka sahi matlab to yahi hai ki samaaj mein stri ko lekar kisi tarah ke dikhaave, chhalaave aur shoshan ke liye lok maanas mein sthaan naheen hona chaahiye.

durbhaagya hai ki Bengal se shuroo hui durga pooja aaj beesaveen shataabdi ke Bhaarat mein dhaarmik punarutthaan ka ek amogh astr ban gayi hai. jabki Bengal ke aaranbhik sanskruti karmiyon ka uddeshya yeh katai naheen tha. aaj durga pooja-jaise parvon ko dhaarmik lokaachaar, karmakaand aur kisi bhi tarah ke dhaarmik chhalaave se bachaane ki zaroorat hai. tabhi is parv ki saanskrutik garima ki viraasat ko ham samaaj aur janamaanas mein surakshit rakh sakte hain.

aaj hamaare raajaneetik aur saamaajik jeevan mein mahishaasuri shaktiyaaain din-pratidin hinsak aur khooainkhvaar pravruttiyon ka roop dhaaran kar chuki hain. samaaj mein durgaaon ka dahan roj ho raha hai. yeh sirf isliye ho raha hai ki hamaare samaaj mein durga ka aadar naheen hai. usaki vaastavik shakti ka hamein aabhaas naheen hai. hamaare mith mein durga ki is mahaashakti ka aabhaas Ram ko tha.

unhonne raavan se yuddh karne ke pehle durga ki pooja ki thi. aaj ke raamon mein shakti pooja ki us shakti aur sangharsh ki kshamata ka abhaav hai. isliye aaj ka manushya baar-baar jeevan kshetr mein paraajit ho raha hai. is paraajaya se bachane ka ek hi raasta hai, vah hai Ram ki tarah asaadhaaran shakti ka bhandaar apne andar paida karna. tab hi bheetar ki durga prasann ho sakti hain. jis din aastha paida hogi, us din jaya hogi. 'durga pooja' parv hamaare saamane har saal ek nai chunauti ke roop mein aata hai. prashn usase prerana lene ka hai. maatr pooja ki jhaaainki dekhne ka naheen.