durga pooja

durga pooja
दुर्गा पूजा
durga pooja
aadhikaarik naam durga pooja
anya naam akaal bodhan
manaane vaale hindu
prakaar hindu
shuru Ashwin shukl paksh ki chhati tithi ko[1]
ant Ashwin shukl paksh ki dashami tithi ko[1]
2015 tithi 19 October - 23 October[2]
sanbandhit mahaalaya, navaraatri, dashahara
is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

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itihaas · devata
sampradaaya · aagam
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shabdakosh · hindu parv
vigrah
praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

HinduSwastika.svg

hindu maapan pranaali

doorga pooja (baangla: দaaুaaরaa্aaগaaাaaপaaূaaজaaা athva asamiya: দaaুaaৰaa্aaগaaা পaaূaaজaaা athva udiya: ଦaaୁaaରaa୍aaଗaaା ପaaୂaaଜaaା , sunein: , "maaain doorga ki pooja"), jise durgotsav (baangla: দaaুaaরaa্aaগaaোaaৎaaসaaব athva udiya: ଦaaୁaaରaa୍aaଗaaୋaaତaa୍aaସaaବ , sunein: , "durga ka utsav" ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai) athva sharadotsav dakshin Asia mein manaaya jaane wala ek vaarshik hindu parv hai jismein hindu devi durga ki pooja ki jaati hai. ismein chh: dinon ko mahaalaya, shashthi, maha saptami, maha ashtami, maha navami aur vijyadashami ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. durga pooja ko manaaye jaane ki tithiyaaain paaramparik hindu panchaang ke anusaar aata hai tatha is parv se sambandhit pakhavaade ko devi paksh, devi pakhavaada ke naam se jaana jaata hai.

durga pooja ka parv hindu devi durga ki buraai ke prateek raakshas mahishaasur par vijay ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. at: durga pooja ka parv buraai par bhalaai ki vijay ke roop mein bhi maana jaata hai.

durga pooja bhaarateeya raajyon asam, Bihar, jhaarakhand, manipur, Orissa, tripura aur pashchim Bengal mein vyaapak roop se manaaya jaata hai jahaaain is samay paanch-din ki vaarshik chhutti rahati hai.[3] bangaali hindu aur aasaami hinduon ka baahulya vaale kshetron pashchim Bengal, asam, tripura mein yeh varsh ka sabse bada utsav maana jaata hai. yeh na keval sabse bada hindu utsav hai balki yeh bangaali hindu samaaj mein saamaajik-saanskrutik roop se sabse mahattvapoorn utsav bhi hai. pashchimi Bhaarat ke atirikt durga pooja ka utsav Delhi, uttar pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Kashmir, aandhr pradesh, Karnataka aur Kerala mein bhi manaaya jaata hai. durga pooja ka utsav 91% hindu aabaadi vaale Nepal aur 8% hindu aabaadi vaale Bangladesh mein bhi bade tyaunhaar ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. vartamaan mein vibhinn pravaasi aasaami aur bangaali saanskrutik sangathan, sanyukt raajya amereeka, Canada, United kingadam, Australia, Germany, France, needaralaind, Singapore aur Kuwait sahit vibhinn deshon mein aayojit karavaate hain. varsh 2006 mein british sangrahaalaya mein vishvaal durgaapooja ka utsav aayojit kiya gaya.[4]

durga pooja ki khyaati british raaj mein Bengal aur bhootapoorv asam mein dheere-dheere badhi.[5] hindu sudhaarakon ne durga ko Bhaarat mein pehchaan dilaai aur ise bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolanon ka prateek bhi banaaya.


naam

durgaapooja ki saptami ki subah mein nabapatrika snaan

Bengal, asam, Orissa mein durga pooja ko akaalabodhan ("durga ka asaamayik jaagaran"), sharadiyo pujo ("sharatkaaleen pooja"), sharodotsab (baangla: শaaাaaরaaদaaোaaৎaaসaaব ("patajhad ka utsav"), maha poojo ("maha pooja"), maayer pujo ("maaain ki pooja") ya keval pooja athva pujo bhi kaha jaata hai. poorvi Bengal (Bangladesh) mein, durga pooja ko bhagavati pooja ke roop mein bhi manaaya jaata hai. ise pashchim Bengal, Bihar, asam, Orissa, Delhi aur madhya pradesh mein durga pooja bhi kaha jaata hai.[6]

pooja ko Gujarat, uttar pradesh, Punjab, Kerala aur Maharashtra mein navaraatri ke roop mein[7] kulloo ghaati, Himachal pradesh mein kulloo dashahara,[8] Mysore, Karnataka mein Mysore dashahara,[9] Tamil Nadu mein bomaai goloo aur aandhr pradesh mein bomaala koluvoo ke roop mein bhi manaaya jaata hai.[10]

pashchim Bengal mein durga pooja

paandaal mein durga moorti

patajhad (sheetakaal) ke samay durga ki pooja Bengal mein sabse bada hindu parv hai. durga pooja Nepal aur bhootaan mein bhi sthaaneeya paramparaaon aur vividhtaaon ke anusaar manaaya jaata hai. pooja ka arth "aaraadhana" hai aur durga pooja bangaali panchaang ke chhate maah Ashwin mein badhte chandrama ki chhati tithi se manaaya jaata hai. tathaapi kabhi-kabhi, saur maah mein chandr chakr ke aapekshik parivartan ke kaaran iske baad vale maah kaartik mein bhi manaaya jaata hai. gregori kailendar mein isse sambandhit tithiyaaain sitmbar aur October maah mein aati hain.

krittibs raamaayan mein Ram, raavan se yuddh ke dauraan devi durga ko aahvaan karte hain. yadyapi unhein paaramparik roop se vasant ke samay pooja jaata tha. yuddh ki aakasmikta ke kaaran, Ram ne devi durga ka sheetakaal mein akaal bodhan aahvaan kiya.[11]

sandarbh

  1. a aa "Durga Puja Tithi and Timing [durga pooja tithi aur samay]" (angreji mein). http://www.durgapuja.net/durga-puja-timing/. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  2. "Durga Puja Dates [durga pooja ki tithiyaaain]" (angreji mein). http://www.drikpanchang.com/navratri/durga-puja/durga-puja-calendar.html?l=10436/. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  3. paramita bora (2 October 2011). "Durga Puja – a Celebration of Female Supremacy [durga pooja – mahila prabhutv ka utsav]" (angreji mein). ief news international. http://www.efi-news.com/2011/10/durga-puja-celebration-of-female.html. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  4. siba matti (12 sitmbar 2006). "Durga: Creating An Image Of The Goddess At The British Museum [durga: british sangraahalaya mein devi ki tasveer banaate huye]" (angreji mein). kalchar 24. http://www.culture24.org.uk/art/art40138?ixsid=. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  5. "Article on Durga Puja [durga pooja par lekh]" (angreji mein). asam online portal. http://online.assam.gov.in/web/durga-puja. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  6. "Regional Names of Durga Puja: Durga Puja / Durga Pujo [durga pooja ke kshetriya naam: durga pooja / durga pujo]" (angreji mein). durga-puja.org. 2012-10-06. http://www.durga-puja.org/durga-puja.html. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.
  7. Navratri Puja, Durga-puja.org
  8. Kullu Dussehra, Durga-puja.org
  9. Mysore Dussehra, Durga-puja.org
  10. "Bommai-kolu", Durga-puja.org
  11. "What the epics say - 'Akalbodhan'" (angreji mein). Durga-puja.org. 2012-10-06. http://www.durga-puja.org/what-the-epics-say-akalbodhan.html. abhigman tithi: 30 August 2015.