dominikn ganaraajya

Repúablica Dominicana
repubalika dominikaana

dominikn ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: kiskeyaanos vaaliyentes
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
saanto domingo
19°a00′aN 70°a40′aW / 19°aN 70.667°aW / 19; -70.667
raajabhaasha(eain) speni
kshetrafal
- kul 48,442 varg kilometer
18,704 varg meal
janasankhya
- 2015 janaganana 99,80,243

dominikn ganaraajya (Dominican Republic) uttar America mahaadveep mein keribiyn kshetr mein ek desh hai. raashtreeya rajdhani saanto domingo naamak shahar hai jo distrito naishanal mein sthit hai.

parichay

yeh jantantra Indies ke hissapainiyaala (Hispaniola) dweep ke do tihaai bhaag mein tatha beeaita (Beata), kaitaalina, sone (Saona), olto veelo (Alto velo), kaitaalinita (Catalinita) tatha anya kai dveepikaaon (Islets) par faila hua hai. is jantantra ki rajdhani saanto domingo (Santo Domingo) hai. yeh nagar dominikain ka sabse bada nagar hai.

yeh jantantra poorv mein maana paisej (Mona passage), pashchim mein haiti, uttar mein aitalaintik mahaasaagar tatha dakshin mein kairibeeain saagar se ghira hua hai. iski tatarekha 870 meal lambi hai. enggaanyo (Engano) antareep se lekar haiti ki seema tak yeh sarvaadhik lamba (240 meal) hai aur beeaita antareep se lekar isaavela (Isabela) antareep tak yeh sarvaadhik chauda (170) hai. is jantantra mein sudoor pashchim mein bruhad maroobhoomi hai. saadhaaranataya yeh jantantra pahaadi hai. yahaaain ki mukhya parvatamaala kauradiyera (Cordillera) central hai jo poorv se pashchim jaati hui, jantantra ko do bhaagon mein vibhkt karti hai. is parvatamaala mein cheed ke jungle hain. traheeyo (Trujillo) parvat vest Indies mein desh ki sarvochch ooainchaai (10,319 foot) tatha enrikyooilo (Enriquillo) jheel jo ki samudratal 144 se foot neechi hai, nyoonatam neechaai hai. yaaki Dale naurte (Yaque del Norte), yaaki Dale sar (Sur) aur yoona (Yuna) desh ki mukhya nadiyaaain hain.

Dominican Labelled Map.PNG

saintiyaago de los kaibaaleraus
maunte kristi
dajaabaun
saintiyaago raudreeguej
vailavarde
eliyaas pina
indipaindeinshiya
pedarnels
sain kristobaal
la eltaagreshiya
saona dweep
duraante
pyoorto plaata
espailaat
har. meera.
seinto domingo
maunte plaata
distrito naishanal
saanchej raameerej
maunsenor noel
la vega
ajuya
sain jos de okoaa
peraaviya
baaorooko
sain juaan
baaraahona
biyeta dweep
Maria Trinidad saanchej
samaana
haito mayor
sain paidro de maarkoris
la romaana
kaitaalina dweep
L seebo


jaade mein yahaaain ka ausat taap 18 degree se lekar 29 degree sein0 tak tatha garmi mein 23 degree se lekar 35 degree sein0 tak rahata hai. tateeya maidaan mein vaarshik ausat taap 25 degree sein0 rahata hai. jabki kauridiyera seintl mein ausat taap 20 degree sein0 rahata hai. varsha ka vaarshik ausat poorvi kshetr mein 53 inch, uttar-poorv mein 82 inch mein tatha pashchim 17.4 inch hai. varsha yahaaain May se November tak haati hai.

mahogani tatha anannaas dominikain ki vishesh vanaspatiyaaain hain. yahaaain jangali suar aur jootiya (kruntak) parvateeya kshetr mein paae jaate hai. kai prakaar ke kabootar, batakh tatha faakhta mausami pakshi hain. amareekan ghadiyaal tatha raajahans enrikyooilo jheel mein paae jaate hain.

lagbhag 9,900 varg meal bhoomi kheti yogya hai. krushi yahaaain ki janta ka mukhya udyam hai. seebaao (Cibao) ki ghaati yahaaain ka pramukh krushi kendra hai. uttari tatha dakshini tateeya kshetron mein ganna bade parimaan mein ugaaya jaata hai. ganne ke atirikt kaufi, koko, tanbaakoo aur kela anya krushi padaarth hain, nika niryaat hota hai. dhaan, matar, aaloo, naariyl, sam, santara, anannaas, kela, makka aur yooka ki kheti hoti hai. pashupaalan bahut seemit hai, parantu sarkaar iski vruddhi ke liye prayatnasheel hai. matsya udyog aviksit hai, yadyapi jantantra ko ghere hue jal mein paryaapt matsya hain. loha, nikal, chaaaindi, sona, Uranium, sees, jasta aur teen yahain ke vishesh khanij hain. sangamaramar, jipsam, taaainba tatha taivarataain ka bhi latkhanan haata hai. baaraaona (Barahona) ke sameep das meal lamba thos namak ka saalt kaaunten hai aur yeh vishv ka sabse bada gyaat namak nikshep hai. sharaab banaana, cheeni banaana, namak ka utkhanan, sameint, chaakalet banaana, sooti vastr, aata peesana, ailyoominiym ke furniture banaana yahaaain ke mukhya udyog hain.

itihaas

samudrayaatri kristaufar kolanbas ne 1892 mein hispaaniola dweep ki khoj ki. is prakaar is par Spain ka adhikaar hua. 24 varsho ke antargat kolanbas ki nai duniya mein Europeeya log adhik sankhya mein bas gaye. speniyon ne lagbhag saare kairiyviyn kshetr ko jeet liya. 1917 tak un logon ne pashupaalan aur krushi udyog - mukhyat: ganne ka -aarambh kar diya. janasankhya bhi 60 hajaar ke lagbhag pahuainch gayi jismein adhikaansh neegro (das) the. 1564 tak anek beemaariyon evam anya kaaranon se janasankhya lagbhag aadhi rah gayi aur spaainiola ka speni shaktikeindr ke roop mein amareeka par prabhaav ksheen ho gaya. 1697 mein rijvik ki sandhi hui jiske anusaar dweep haaiti ka pashchimi ek tihaai kshetr France ke adhikr mein maanya hua. 1991 mein gulaam neegro logon ne vidraah kar diya. 1995 mein besil ki sandhi (Treaty of Basle) ke parinaamasvaroop Spain ko hispainiola ka shesh bhaag (saanto daamingo) bhi France ke haath mein dena pada. haaiti 1804 mein svatantr ho gaya. peris ki sandhi (1814) ke anusaar Spain ne pun: dweep ke poorvi bhaag par apna adhikaar jama liya, kintu 1821 mein mein daaminkanon ne apne ko svatantr ghoshit kar diya. ek varsh tak yeh raajya graan Columbia (Gran Columbia) ganaraajya ka ang bana raha.

1922 mein haaiteevaasiyon ne saanto daamingo par aakraman kiya aur 22 varsh tak uske adhikaari rahe. la trinitaariya (La Trinitaria) naamak ek gupt sangathan se vidroh dvaara 1844 mein haaitiyon ko pun: svatantrata mili. 1861 se 1865 tak yeh pradesh pun: chaar varsh tak Spain ka upanivesh raha. aantarik vidrohon ke falasvaroop 1865 mein speni senaaeain vahaaain se hat gain.

19veen shataabdi ke ant tak gruhasthiti atyant sankatapoorn rahi. videshi rinon ke bhaari bojh se bhi desh dab gaya. 1916 mein yahaaain Amreeki sainik shaasan sthaapit hua jiska ant 12 July 1924 ko hua. keval vyaapaar par amareeka ka niyantran 1941 tak chala.

1960 mein jokvin vaalaaguer (Joaquin Balaguer) raashtrapati nirvaachit hue. inke netrutv mein daaminnikn ganaraajya ne aarthik unnati, prashaasanik sthirta, vitteeya aatmanirbharata ke saath videshi rinon se mukti praapt ki. usane janta ke prajaataantrik adhikaaron ka hanan kiya aur pun: daaminikn Republican mein upadrav hue. July, 1961 mein vaalaaguer ke mantrimandal ne padatyaag kiya kintu September mein virodhiyon ne baalaaguer ke hi netrutv mein mili juli sarkaar banaane ka prastaav rakha.

1 January 1961 ko saat sadasyeeya antarim parishd ki sthaapana hui. janavaari ke madhya mein kraanti ka sootrapaat hua kintu kraanti asafal hui. raafel bonali (Rafael Bounelly) ke raashtrapati mein pun: parishd gathit hui. December 1962 ke nirvaachan mein juaan bosh (Juan Bosch) raashtrapati nirvaachit hue.

sandarbh