dogari bhaasha

dogari Bhaarat ke Jammu aur Kashmir praant mein boli jaane waali ek bhaasha hai. varsh 2004 mein ise bhaarateeya samvidhaan ki aathaveen anusoochi mein shaamil kiya gaya hai. pashchimi pahaadi boliyon ke parivaar mein, madhyavarti pahaadi patti ki janabhaashaaon mein, dogari, chanbayaali, madavaali, mandayaali, bilaasapuri, baagadi aadi ullekhaneeya hain.

dogari is vishaal parivaar mein kai kaaranon se vishisht janabhaasha hai. iski pehli visheshata yeh hai ki doosari boliyon ki apeksha iske bolanevaalon ki sankhya vishesh roop se adhik hai. doosari yeh ki is parivaar me keval dogari hi saahityik roop se gatisheel aur sampann hai. dogari ki teesari vishishtata yeh bhi hai ki ek samay yeh bhaasha Kashmir riyaasat tatha chanba raajya mein raajakeeya prashaasan ke androoni vyavahaar ka maadhyam rah chuki hai. isi bhaasha ke sambandh se iske bolne vaale dogare kahalaate hain tatha dogari ke bhaashaai kshetr ko saamaanyat: "duggar" kaha jaata hai.

anukram

dogari ka kendra

riyaasat Jammu Kashmir ki sharatakaaleen rajdhani Jammu naam ka aitihaasik nagar, dogari ki saahityik saadhana ka pramukh kendra hai, jahaaain dogari ke saahityikon ka pratinidhi sangathan "dogari sanstha" ke naam se, is bhaasha ke saahityik yogakshem ke liye gat lagbhag 60 varsho se prayatnasheel hai.

dogari punjabi ki upaboli hai - yeh bhraant dhaarana dau॰ griyrsan ke bhaashaai sarvekshan ke prashansaneeya kaarya mein dogari ke punjabi ki upaboli ke roop mein ullekh se faili. ismein unka dosh naheen. us samay unke in sarvekshan mein pratyek bhaasha, boli ka svatantr gambhir adhyayan sambhav naheen tha.

John beemj ne bhaarateeya bhaasha vigyaan ki rooparekha sambandhi apni pustak (prakaashit 1866 i॰) mein spasht roop se ullekh kiya hai ki dogari na to Kashmiri ki angabhoot boli hai, na punjabi ki. unhonne ise bhaarateeya-jarman parivaar ki aarya shaakha ki pramukh 11 bhaashaaon mein gina hai.

dau॰ siddheshvar varma ne bhi dogari ki ganana Bhaarat ki pramukh saat seemaant bhaashaaon mein ki hai.

dogari ki lipi

dogari ki apni ek lipi hai jise taakari ya takkari lipi kehte hain. yeh lipi kaafi puraani hai. guramukhi lipi ka praadurbhaav isi se maana jaata hai. kulloo tatha chanba ke kuchh praacheen taamrapatton se gyaat hota hai ki is lipi ka praarambhik roop mein vikaas 10 veen- 11veen shataabdi mein ho gaya tha. vaise taakari varg ke antargat aane waali kai lipiyaaain is vistrut pradesh mein prachalit hain jaise, lande, kishtavaadi, chanbayaali, mandayaali, sirmauri aur kullooi aadi. dau॰ griyrsan shaarada ko aur taakari ko sahodara maanate hain. shri vhoolar ka mat hai ki taakari shaarada ki aatmaja hai.

taakari lipi aaj bhi duggar ke dehaati samaaj mein baheekhaaton mein prayukt hoti hai. iska ek viksit roop bhi hai jismein kai granthon ka prakaashan hua hai. Kashmir naresh mahaaraaj ranaveer Singh ne, aaj se lagbhag ek sau varsh poorv, apne raajyakaal mein, dogari lipi mein, naagari ke anuroop, sudhaar karne ka prayatn kiya tha. maatra, chihnon ke prayog ko apnaaya gaya tatha pehli baar nai taakari lipi mein dogari bhaasha ke granthon ke mudran ki samuchit vyavastha ke liye Jammu mein shaasan ki or se ranaveer press ki sthaapana ki gayi.

puraani dogari varnamaala ka yeh sanshodhit roop janavyavahaar mein lokapriya na ho saka.

dogari ke liye naagari lipi

dogari ki nav saahityik chetna ke saath hi saath taakari ka sthaan naagari ne le le liya.

dogari ki kuchh svar vishyak visheshataaeain:

  • (1) dogari mein shabdon ke aadi mein ya tatha dhvaniyaaain naheen aateen, inke sthaan par j tatha va dhvaniyaaain uchcharit hoti hai.
(punjabi) vehada (aagan) - veda (dogari)
yajamaan (hindi) - jajamaan (dogari)
yash (hindi) - jas (dogari)
  • (2) dogari mein shabdon ke aadi mein h ka uchchaaran hindi punjabi se sarvatha bhinn hota hai.
  • (3) dogari mein vargon ke chaturth varno ke uchchaaran mein tadvargeeya pratham akshar ke saath halki chadhti sur jodi jaati hai.
  • (4) h jab shabdon ke madhya mein aata hai tab iske dogari uchchaaran mein chadhte sur ke sthaan par utarate sur ka prayog hota hai, jaise:
hindi - dogari
pahaad phaad - pa/d
mohar mhor - mo/r
  • (5) dogari ke kuchh shabdon ke aadi mein tatha nya ka jaise anunaasikon ka vishuddh uchchaaran milta hai, jaise-
hindi - dogari
angaar - ङaaar
angoor - ङaoor
anyaaana (punjabi) - nyayaana
gyaarah - aaraan
  • (6) sanskrut ka r jo hindi mein lupt ho jaata hai, dogari mein praaya: surakshit hai.
sanskrut - hindi - dogari
gram - gaaainv - graaain
kshetr - khet - khetar
patra - paat - pattar
stri - tiya, teemi (pan0) - treemt
mitr - meet - mittar

isi pravruti ke kaaran kai roopon mein r ka atirikt aagam bhi hua hai, jaise-

sanskrut - hindi - dogari
teekshn - teekha - trikkhana
daud - draud
paseena - paraseena, parasa
kop - kop - karopi
dhik - dhikkaar - ghrig
  • (7) dogari sanshleshanaatmak bhaasha hai. isi ke prabhaav se ismein sankshepeekaran ki asaadhaaran pravruti pai jaati hai. sanshleshanaatmakata jaise -
sanskrut - hindi - dogari
aham - maine - mein
maam - mujhako - mein
maam - mujhako - migi (oo mi)
asmaabhi: - humne - asein (hamaare dvaara)
mahmam - mujhe mere - tai (gitai) (mere lei pan0)
mat - mujhse mere - sha (mere kolo-pan0)
mayi - mujh mein - mere ch (mere nich-pan0)

sankshepeekaran- jaise

hindi - punjabi - dogari
mujhse naheen aaya jaata -mere theen nai aaya jaanda - meresha ni nonda (aun hunda)
khaaya jaata - Khan hunda - khanonda
  • (8) dogari mein karmavaachya (tatha bhaavavaachya) ke kriyaarupon ki pravruti pai jaati hai:
khanonda - khaaya jaata nog taan - aun hog (pan0) ta
panonda- piya jaata pajog - pujjan hog u pahuainch saka to sanonda - soya jaata
  • (9) dogari mein varnavishryaya ki pravruti bhi asaadhaaran rup se pai jaati hai:
udhaar - duaar
ujaad - juaad
taamr - taraamaan
keechad - chikkad aadi
  • (10) dogari mein shabdon ke praarambh ke laghu svar ka praaya: lop ho jaata hai-
anaaj - naaj
akhbaar - khabar
ijaajat - jaajat
etaraaj - taraaj

dogari saahitya

vistrut lekh dogari saahitya ke antargat dekhein.

inhein bhi dekhein