dodo

dodo
डोडो का पुनर्निर्माण  ऑक्सफोर्ड विश्वविद्यालय के प्राकृतिक इतिहास संग्रहालय में नये शोध को दर्शाते हुये
dodo ka punarnirmaan Oxford vishvavidyaalaya ke praakrutik itihaas sangrahaalaya mein naye shodh ko darshaate huye
sanrakshan sthiti
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: jantu
sangh: kasheruki
varg: pakshi
gan: kolambeeformes
kul: kolambidi
upakul: †arafaaini
prajaati: raifas
brisn, 1760
jaati: aar.kukyulaitas
dvipd naam
raifas kukyulaitas
(leeniys, 1758)
पूर्व रेंज (लाल में)
poorv range (laal mein)
paryaaya
  • Struthio cucullatus leeniys, 1758
  • Didus ineptus leeniys, 1766

dodo (raifas kukulaitas) hind mahaasaagar ke dweep maureeshas ka ek sthaaneeya pakshi tha. yeh pakshi varg mein hote hue bhi thalachar tha, kyonki isame udne ki kshamata naheen thi. 17veen sadi ke ant tak yeh pakshi maanav dvaara atyaadhik shikaar kiye jaane ke kaaran vilupt ho gaya.[1] yeh pakshi kabootar aur faakhta ke parivaar se sambandhit tha. yeh murge ke aakaar ka lagbhag ek meter uaincha aur 20 kilogram vajan ka hota tha. iske kai dum hoti theen. yeh apna ghonsala jameen par banaata tha, tatha iski khuraak mein sthaaneeya fal shaamil the. dodo murgi se bade aakaar ka bhaari-bharakam, golamatol pakshi tha. iski taangein chhoti va kamjor theen, jo usaka vajan sanbhaal naheen paati theen. iske pankh bhi bahut hi chhote the, jo dodo ke udne ke liye paryaapt naheen the. is kaaran yeh na tej daud sakta tha, na ud sakta tha.[2] rang-birange dodo jhund mein ludhkate-girte chalte the, to sthaaneeya logon ka manoranjan hota tha. dodo shabd ki utpatti purtagaali shabd doudo se hui hai, jiska arth moorkh ya baavala hota hai. kaha jaata hai ki unhonne dodo pakshi ko mugal darbaar mein bhi pesh kiya tha, jahaaain ke darabaari chitrakaar ne is vichitr aur bedhange pakshi ka chitr bhi banaaya tha. kuchh praanishaastriyon ke anusaar pehle ateet mein udaanaksham dodo, paristhitijnya kaaranon se dheere-dheere udne ki kshamata kho baithe. ab dodo maureeshas ke raashtreeya chinh mein dikhta hai.[3]

iske alaava dodo ki vilupti ko maanav gatividhiyon ke kaaran hui na badalne waali ghatnaaon ke ek udaaharan ke taur par dekha jaata hai. maanavon ke maureeshas dweep par aane se poorv dodo ka koi bhi praakrutik shikaari is dweep par naheen tha. yahi kaaran hai ki yeh pakshi udaan bharne me saksham naheen tha. iska vyavahaar maanavon ke prati poori tarah se nirbheek tha aur apni na ud paane ki kshamata ke kaaran yeh aasaani se shikaar ban gaya.

anukram

dodo kaise lupt hua

17veen shataabdi ke aarambh mein dach log jab pehli baar maureeshas pahuainche tab vahaan pehle maanav aabaadi naheen thi. unhonne dodo ko volgavogel kaha, arthaat ek veebhats pakshi. iska mukhya kaaran yahi tha ki iske maaains ko bahut pakaane par bhi, vah naram aur svaadisht naheen banta tha. kintu fir bhi dach log iska shikaar karte rahe aur antat: 1681 tak dodo is dweep se lupt ho gaya. yahaan manushyon ke aane se pehle dodo ko maarane wala koi naheen tha, ataev dodo ne apni raksha kshamata ekdam bhula di thi. ye itne asahaaya siddh hue, ki choohe tak inke ande va choojon ko kha jaate the. vaigyaaniko ne dodo ki haddiyon ko dobaara se jod kar ise aakaar dene ka prayaas kiya hai aur ab is praaroop ko maureeshas Institute mein dekha ja sakta hai.[4] unhonne shodh kar ke yeh bhi kaha hai, ki di N A dvaara iski punarpraapti ho sakti hai.[3] puraane dastaavejo me haalaaainki iske maans ko besvaad aur kathor bataaya gaya hai jabki anya sthaaneeya prajaatiyon jaise laal rel ke maans ke svaad ki saraahana ki gayi hai.[5] saamaanyat: yeh maana jaata hai ki malaya naavik ise ek pavitra pakshi maanate the aur ve dodo ka shikaar iske paron se dhaarmik anushthaanon me prayukt hone vaale apne topon ko banaane me kiya karte the.[6]

kuchh praanishaastriyon ke anusaar pehle kabhi udna jaante dodo, kuchh paristhitijnya kaaranon se udna bhool gaye the. unki ye aadat va aalasi svabhaav hi unke vinaash ka kaaran ban gaya, kyonki ve aasaani se kutte billiyon ke haath lag jaate the. is prakaar 1640 tak dodo poori tarah se vilupt ho gaye. ise antim baar London mein 1638 mein jeevit dekha gaya tha.[7] ek tathya yeh bhi hai ki, jab manushya pehle pahal maureeshas pahuainche, to ve apne saath un jaanavaro ko bhi laaye jo pehle is dweep par naheen paaye jaate the, jaise kutte, sooar, billiyaaain, choohe aur kekada khaane vaale makauk bandar. in pashuon ne dodo ke ghonsalon ko nasht kar diya, jabki manushyo ne yahaaain ke jangalon ka naash kiya jahaaain pakshi rahate the. aajkal yeh maana jaata hai ki dodo ki vilupti ke liye shikaar se bhi adhik sooar aur makauk jaise jaanavar uttaradaayi hain.[8]

chitr deergha

sandarbh

  1. bird life international (2006). raifas kyukyuletas. 2006 viluptapraaya prajaatiyon ki IUCN soochi. IUCN 2006. abhigman tithi: 2006-12-07. daataabes pravishti mein is prajaati ke vilupt darshaane ka kaaran nihit hai.
  2. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; .E0.A4.AC.E0.A5.80.E0.A4.AC.E0.A5.80.E0.A4.B8.E0.A5.80.E0.A5.A8 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  3. a aa "dodo ko punarjeevit karne ka prayaas". BBC hindi samaachaar. 2002-09-14. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/news/020914_dodo_at.shtml.
  4. maureeshas mein dodo ki haddiyaaain mili indradhanush India par
  5. resar par A trve report of the gainefull, prosperous, and speedy voiage to Iava in the East Indies, performed by a fleete of eight ships of Amsterdam: which set forth from Texell in Holland, the first of Maie 1598. Stilo Novo. Whereof foure returned againe the 19. of Iuly Anno 1599. in lesse thaen 15 moneths: the other foure went forward from Iava for the Moluccas
  6. James braidali, 1998. the history of Mauritius. lovel house: Boston. 34-35
  7. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; .E0.A4.B8.E0.A4.BF.E0.A4.9F.E0.A4.BF.E0.A4.95.E0.A4.BF.E0.A4.82.E0.A4.97 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  8. jonaathan fraayar (14 September, 2002). "bringiong the dodo back too life". BBC samaachaar. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/2255991.stm. abhigman tithi: 2006-09-07.

baahari kadiyaaain

  • vyaas, shreekaant. jaadoo nagari. shiksha bhaarati. pp. 78. 5001. http://pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=5001. "chooha tairata hua usase door nikal gaya. Alice ne kisi tarah khushaamad karke use manaaya. lekin ab aansuon ke taalaab mein bheed badhti ja rahi thi. tarah-tarah ke pashu-pakshi bhi usamein aa gire the aur kisi tarah tairakar kinaare lagne ki koshish kar rahe the. usamein batakh thi; tota aur ulloo the; badi bhaari chonch wala dodo aur garun pakshi the. ab sab log Alice ke peechhe kataar baandhakar tairane lage. kisi tarah sab kinaare lage."
  • oksford dodo abhigman tithi: 2009-02-08
  • viluptapraaya jeev jaalasthal: prajaati info - raifas kyukyulaitas. abhigman tithi: 2006-12-07
  • rajat dissaanaayake: vhaut did the dodo luk like? (angreji) abhigman tithi: 2008-05-04