dikchaalan

bhoogol, jalavijnyaaan aur dikchaalan ki saarani, san 1728 se saayklopeediya.

dikchaalan kisi vaahan ki ek sthaan se doosare sthaan par gati ki yojana, adhyayan evam us par niyantran ko kehte hain.[1] iska angreji shabd navigate apne laitin mool navis arthaat nauka se nikla hai. isi prakaar iska hindi mein mool shabd hai nauvahan ya nausanchaalan jiska arth bhi vahi hai. sabhi dikchaalan takaneekon mein dikchaalak ki sthiti ko kinheen poorv gyaat sandarbhon ki apeksha se nikaali jaati hai.

anukram

mool siddhaant

World map longlat.svg
pruthvi ka naksha
rekhaansh (λ)
rekhaansh ki rekhaaen is prakshep mein vakreeya prateet hoti hain, parantu dhruvavrutton ki aadhi hoti hain.
akshaansh (φ)
akshaansh ki rekhaaen is prakshep mein kshaitij evam seedhi prateet hoti hain, parantu ve bhinn ardhavyaason sahit vrutteeya hoti hain. ek akshaansh par di gain sabhi sthaan ekasaath judkar akshaansh ka vrutt banaate hain.
bhoomadhya rekha pruthvi ko uttari golaardh aur dakshini golaardh mein baantati hai, aur iska akshaansh shoonya ansh yaani 0° hota hai. World map with equator.svg
is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

akshaansh rekha

rekhaansh rekha

aadhunik takaneek

dekhein

  • Air navigation
  • American Practical Navigator
  • Astrogation
  • Austronesian navigation
  • Automotive navigation system
  • Cammenga
  • Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, a scientific editor and astronomer, who first located many places geographically.
  • Galileo positioning system
  • Geodetic system
  • Great-circle distance explains how to find that quantity if two latitudes and longitudes are known.
  • History of navigation
  • Intermodal Journey Planner
  • Karl Ramsayer, German inventor of auto guided navigation
  • Ma Jun (invention of the South Pointing Chariot)
  • Map database management
  • Marshall Islands stick chart
  • Polynesian navigation
  • Port Revel Shiphandling Training Centre
  • Robotic mapping
  • Shen Kuo
  • SIGI
  • South Pointing Chariot
  • Spherical trig
  • Surgical navigation in medicine
  • Wind triangle

tippani

  1. Bowditch, 2003:799.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaan