dhyaanachand Singh

dhyaanachand

major dhyaanachand Singh (29 August, 1905 -3 December, 1979) bhaarateeya field hockey ke bhootapoorv khilaadi evam kaptaan the. unhein Bhaarat evam vishv hockey ke kshetr mein sabse behatareen khilaadiyon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. ve teen baar olympic ke svarn padak jeetne waali bhaarateeya hockey team ke sadasya rahe hain jinmein 1928 ka emsatardam olompik, 1932 ka loss enjels olompik evam 1936 ka barlin olympic shaamil hai. unki janm tithi ko Bhaarat mein "raashtreeya khel diwas" ke taur par manaaya jaata hai |[1]

anukram

jeevan parichay

major dhyaanachand ka janm 29 August san‌ 1905 E. ko Allahabad mein hua tha. unke baalya-jeevan mein khilaadeepan ke koi vishesh lakshan dikhaai naheen dete the. isliye kaha ja sakta hai ki hockey ke khel ki pratibha janmajaat naheen thi, balki unhonne satat saadhana, abhyaas, lagan, sangharsh aur sankalp ke sahaare yeh pratishtha arjit ki thi. saadhaaran shiksha praapt karne ke baad 16 varsh ki avastha mein 1922 E. mein Delhi mein pratham braahman regiment mein sena mein ek saadhaaran sipaahi ki haisiyat se bharati ho gaye. jab 'first braahman regiment' mein bharati hue us samay tak unke man mein hockey ke prati koi vishesh dilchaspi ya roochi naheen thi. dhyaanachand ko hockey khelne ke liye prerit karne ka shreya regiment ke ek soobedaar major tivaari ko hai. major tivaari svanya bhi premi aur khilaadi the. unki dekh-rekh mein dhyaanachand hockey khelne lage dekhte hi dekhte vah duniya ke ek mahaan khilaadi ban gaye.[2] san‌ 1927 E. mein Lance naayak bana diye gaye. san‌ 1932 E. mein loss ainjals jaane par naayak niyukt hue. san‌ 1937 E. mein jab bhaarateeya hockey dal ke kaptaan the to unhein soobedaar bana diya gaya. jab dviteeya mahaayuddh praarambh hua to san‌ 1943 E. mein 'lieutenant' niyukt hue aur Bhaarat ke svatantr hone par san‌ 1948 E. mein kaptaan bana diye gaye. keval hockey ke khel ke kaaran hi sena mein unki padonnati hoti gayi. 1938 mein unhein 'vaayasaraaya ka commission' mila aur ve soobedaar ban gaye. uske baad ek ke baad ek doosare soobedaar, lefteeneint aur captain bante chale gaye. baad mein unhein major bana diya gaya.

dhyaanachand ki pratima

khilaadi jeevan

dhyaanachand ko football mein pele aur cricket mein Bradman ke samatulya maana jaata hai. geind is kadar unki stick se chipki rahati ki pratidvandvi khilaadi ko aksar aashanka hoti ki vah jaadui stick se khel rahe hain. yahaaain tak haulaind mein unki hockey stick mein chunbak hone ki aashanka mein unki stick tod kar dekhi gayi. Japan mein dhyaanachand ki hockey stick se jis tarah geind chipki rahati thi use dekh kar unki hockey stick mein gond lage hone ki baat kahi gayi. dhyaanachand ki hockey ki kalaakaari ke jitne kisse hain utane shaayad hi duniya ke kisi anya khilaadi ke baabat sune gaye hon. unki hockey ki kalaakaari dekhkar hockey ke mureed to vaah-vaah kah hi uthate the balki pratidvandvi team ke khilaadi bhi apni sudhabudh khokar unki kalaakaari ko dekhne mein mashagool ho jaate the. unki kalaakaari se mohit hokar hi Germany ke rudolf hitlar sareekhe jiddi samraat ne unhein Germany ke liye khelne ki peshakash kar di thi. lekin dhyaanachand ne hamesha Bhaarat ke liye khelna hi sabse bada gaurav samjha. viyna mein dhyaanachand ki chaar haath mein chaar hockey stick liye ek moorti lagaai aur dikhaaya ki dhyaanachand kitne jabardast khilaadi the.[3]

jab ye braahman regiment mein the us samay major bale tivaari se, jo hockey ke shaukeen the, hockey ka pratham paath seekha. san‌ 1922 E. se san‌ 1926 E. tak sena ki hi pratiyogitaaon mein hockey khela karte the. Delhi mein hui vaarshik pratiyogita mein jab inhein saraaha gaya to inka hausala badha. 13 May san‌ 1926 E. ko New Zealand mein pehla match khela tha. New Zealand mein 21 match khele jinmein 3 test match bhi the. in 21 maichon mein se 18 jeete, 2 match anirneet rahe aur aur ek mein haare. poore maichon mein inhonne 192 gol banaae. unapar kul 24 gol hi hue. 27 May san‌ 1932 E. ko Sri Lanka mein do match khele. A match mein 21-0 tatha doosare mein 10-0 se vijayi rahe. san‌ 1935 E. mein bhaarateeya hockey dal ke New Zealand ke daure par inke dal ne 49 match khele. jismein 48 match jeete aur ek varsha hone ke kaaran sthagit ho gaya. antarraashtreeya maichon mein unhonne 400 se adhik gol kiye. April, 1949 E. ko pratham koti ki hockey se sannyaas le liya.

olanpik khel

emsatardam (1928)

1928 mein emsatardam olympic khelon mein pehli baar bhaarateeya team ne bhaag liya. emstardam mein khelne se pehle bhaarateeya team ne ingalaind mein 11 match khele aur vahaaain dhyaanachand ko vishesh safalta praapt hui. emstardam mein bhaarateeya team pehle sabhi mukaabale jeet gayi. 17 May san‌ 1928 E. ko aastriya ko 6-0, 18 May ko Belgium ko 9-0, 20 May ko Denmark ko 5-0, 22 May ko Switzerland ko 6-0 tatha 26 May ko final match mein Holland ko 3-0 se haraakar vishv bhar mein hockey ke champion ghoshit kiye gaye aur 29 May ko unhein padak pradaan kiya gaya. final mein do gol dhyaanachand ne kiye.[4]

loss enjils (1932)

1932 mein loss enjils mein hui olympic pratiyogitaaon mein bhi dhyaanachand ko team mein shaamil kar liya gaya. us samay center forward ke roop mein kaafi safalta aur shoharat praapt kar chuke the. tab sena mein vah 'lains-naayak' ke baad naayak ho gaye the. is daure ke dauraan Bhaarat ne kaafi match khele. is saari yaatra mein dhyaanachand ne 262 mein se 101 gol swayam kiye. nirnaayak match mein Bhaarat ne America ko 24-1 se haraaya tha. tab ek America samaachaar patra ne likha tha ki bhaarateeya hockey team to poorv se aaya toofaan thi. usane apne veg se ameriki team ke gyaarah khilaadiyon ko kuchal diya.[5]

barlin (1936)

1936 ke barlin olympic ke samay dhyaanachand
chitr:Dhyan Chand 1936 final.jpg
1936 ke barlin olympic ke hockey ke nirnaayak match mein Germany ke viruddh gol daagate hue dhyaanachand

1936 ke barlin olapik khelon mein dhyaanachand ko bhaarateeya team ka kaptaan chuna gaya. is par unhonne aashcharya prakat karte hue kaha- "mujhe jra bhi aasha naheen thi ki main kaptaan chuna jaaooainga" khair, unhonne apne is daayitv ko badi imaandaari ke saath nibhaaya. apne jeevan ka avismaraniya sansmaran sunaate hue vah kehte hain ki 17 July ke din jarman team ke saath hamaare abhyaas ke liye ek pradarshani match ka aayojan hua. yeh match barlin mein khela gaya. ham ismein chaar ke badle ek gol se haar gaye. is haar se mujhe jo dhakka laga use main apne jeete-ji naheen bhula sakta. Germany ki team ki pragati dekhkar ham sab aashcharyachakit rah gaye aur hamaare kuchh saathiyon ko to bhojan bhi achha naheen laga. bahut-se saathiyon ko to raat neend naheen I. 5 August ke din Bhaarat ka Hungary ke saath olympic ka pehla mukaabala hua, jismein bhaarateeya team ne Hungary ko chaar goalon se hara diya. doosare match mein, jo ki 7 August ko khela gaya, bhaarateeya team ne Japan ko 9-0 se haraaya aur uske baad 12 August ko France ko 10 goalon se haraaya. 15 August ke din Bhaarat aur jarman ki teemon ke beech final mukaabala tha. yadyapi yeh mukaabala 14 August ko khela jaane wala tha par us din itni baarish hui ki maidaan mein paani bhar gaya aur khel ko ek din ke liye sthagit kar diya gaya. abhyaas ke dauraan Germany ki team ne Bhaarat ko haraaya tha, yeh baat sabhi ke man mein buri tarah ghar kar gayi thi. fir geele maidaan aur pratikool paristhitiyon ke kaaran hamaare khilaadi aur bhi niraash ho gaye the. tabhi bhaarateeya team ke manager pankaj gupta ko ek yukti soojhi. vah khilaadiyon ko dresing room mein le gaye aur sahasa unhonne tiranga jhanda hamaare saamane rakha aur kaha ki iski laaj ab tumhaare haath hai. sabhi khilaadiyon ne shraddhaapoorvak tirange ko salaam kiya aur veer sainik ki tarah maidaan mein utar pade. bhaarateeya khilaadi jamkar khele aur jarman ki team ko 8-1 se hara diya. us din sachmuch tirange ki laaj rah gayi. us samay kaun jaanta tha ki 15 August ko hi Bhaarat ka svatantrata diwas banega.[6]

hitlar va Bradman

dhyaanachand ne apni karishmaai hockey se jarman taanaashaah hitlar hi naheen balki mahaan cricketer Don Bradman ko bhi apna kaayal bana diya tha. yeh bhi sanyog hai ki khel jagat ki in donon mahaan hastiyon ka janm do din ke andar par padta hai. duniya ne 27 August ko Bradman ki janmashati manaai to 29 August ko vah dhyaanachand ko naman karne ke liye taiyaar hai, jise Bhaarat mein khel diwas ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. Bradman hockey ke jaadoogar se umr mein teen saal chhote the. apne-apne fan mein maahir ye donon khel hastiyaaain keval ek baar ek-doosare se mile the. vah 1935 ki baat hai jab bhaarateeya team Australia aur New Zealand ke daure par gayi thi. tab bhaarateeya team ek match ke liye Adelaide mein tha aur Bradman bhi vahaaain match khelne ke liye aae the. Bradman aur dhyaanachand donon tab ek-doosare se mile the. Bradman ne tab hockey ke jaadoogar ka khel dekhne ke baad kaha tha ki ve is tarah se gol karte hain, jaise cricket mein run bante hain. yahi naheen Bradman ko baad mein jab pata chala ki dhyaanachand ne is daure mein 48 match mein kul 201 gol daage to unki tippani thi, yeh kisi hockey khilaadi ne banaae ya ballebaaj ne. dhyaanachand ne iske ek saal baad barlin olympic mein hitlar ko bhi apni hockey ka kaayal bana diya tha. us samay sirf hitlar hi naheen, Germany ke hockey premiyon ke dilodimaag par bhi ek hi naam chhaaya tha aur vah tha dhyaanachand.[7]

sammaan

unhein 1956 mein Bhaarat ke pratishthit naagrik sammaan padmabhooshan se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. dhyaan chand ko khel ke kshetr mein 1956 mein padm bhooshan se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. unka janm 29 August 1905 Allahabad, sanyukt praant, british Bhaarat mein hua tha. unke janmadin ko Bhaarat ka raashtreeya khel diwas ghoshit kiya gaya hai. isi din khel mein utkrusht pradarshan ke liye raashtreeya puraskaar arjun aur dronaachaarya puraskaar pradaan kiye jaate hain. bhaarateeya olympic sangh ne dhyaanachand ko shataabdi ka khilaadi ghoshit kiya tha. filhaal dhyaanachand ko Bhaarat ratn dene ki maang bhi ki ja rahi hai |[8] Bhaarat ratn ko lekar dhyaanachand ke naam par ab bhi vivaad jaari hai.[9]

sandarbh

  1. children.co.in/india/festivals/national-sports-day.htm
  2. saagam.com/info/alltimegreat/sports/dhyan-chand.php
  3. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sportacademy/hi/sa/hockey/features/newsid_3490000/3490504.stm
  4. www.bharatiyahockey.org/olympics/golden/1928.htm
  5. www.bharatiyahockey.org/olympics/golden/1932.htm
  6. www.bharatiyahockey.org/olympics/golden/1936.htm
  7. http://hindi.webdunia.com/sports/others/news/0808/28/1080828040_1.htm
  8. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/sachin-tendulkar-dhyan-chand-bharat-ratna/1/170462.html
  9. "Bhaarat ratn ke liye bheja gaya tha major dhyaanachand ka naam". patrika samaachaar samooh. 30 July 2014. http://www.patrika.com/news/upa-government-made-last-minute-change-to-ignore-dhyan-chand-for-bharat-ratna/1020773. abhigman tithi: 30 July 2014.

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