dheeroobhaai Ambani

dheeroobhaai Ambani
janm 28 December 1932
mrutyu 6 July 2002(2002-07-06) (umr 69)
Mumbai, Bhaarat
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
vyavasaaya Reliance udyog ke sansthaapak
jeevanasaathi kokilaaben
santaan mukesh Ambani
anil Ambani
neeta kothaari
deepti saalonkar
puraskaar IND Padma Vibhushan BAR.png padm vibhooshan(2016)

dheerajalaal heeraalaal Ambani (28 December, 1933, - 6 July, 2002) jinhein dheerubhaai bhi kaha jaata hai) Bhaarat ke ek chithde se dhani vyaavasaayik taaikoon banane ki kahaani hai jinhonein Reliance udyog ki sthaapana mumbai mein apne chachere bhaai ke saath ki. kai log Ambani ke abhootapoorv/ullekhaneeya vikaas ke liye antarang poonjeevaad aur sattaaroodh raajaneetijnyaon tak unki pahuainch ko maanate hain kyonki ye upalabdhi ati damanakaari vyaavasaayik vaataavaran mein pasandeeda vartaav dvaara praapt ki gayi thi. (license raaj ne bhaarateeyon ko dabaaya. 1990 tak bhaarateeya vyavasaaya ka gala ghont diya aur unheen ko raajaneetijnyaon ne license pradatt kiya jo ki unke isht the, jisne pratiyogita ke koi aasaar nahi chhode). Ambani ne apni company Reliance ko 1977 mein saarvajaanik kshetr mein sammilit kiya aur 2007 tak parivaar (bete anil aur mukesh) ki sayunkt dhanaraashi 100 arab dollar thi, jisne ambaaniyon ko vishv ke dhani parivaaron mein se ek bana diya.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

dheerubhaai Ambani ka janm 28 December, 1933, ko joonaagadh (jo ki ab Bhaarat ke Gujarat raajya mein hai) choravaad mein hiraachand gordhanabhaai Ambani aur jamanaaben[1] ke bahut hi saamaanya modh parivaar mein hua tha. yadyapi ve Gujarat mein janme the, jo ki ek saamaajik-dhaarmik samooh hai sambandh rakhata hai aur pehle uttar pashchimi Bhaarat ka praant tha aur vibhaajan ke baad ab Pakistan ki sampatti hai/Pakistan ke adhikaar mein hai.[2] ve ek shikshak ke doosare bete the. kaha jaata hai ki dheerubhaai Ambani ne apna udyog vyavasaaya saptaahant[3] mein girnaar ki pahaadiyon par teerthayaatriyon ko pakaude bech kar kiya tha.

jab ve solah varsh ke the to edan, yaman chale gaye. unhonne a ke saath kaam kiya. bessi aur kan. (A. Besse & Co.) ke saath 300 roopaye ke vetan par kaam kiya. do saal uparaant, a.bessi aur kan. shel (Shell) utpaadan ke vitrak ban gaye aur edan (Aden) ke bandargaah par company ke ek filling station ke prabandhan ke liye dheerubhaai ko padonnati di gayi.

unka kokilaaben ke saath vivaah hua tha aur unako do bete the mukesh Ambani (Mukesh Ambani) aur anil Ambani (Anil Ambani) aur do betiyaaain neena kothaari (Nina Kothari) aur deepti salgaaokar (Deepti Salgaocar).

Reliance vaanijyik nigam

1958 mein, dheerubhaai Bhaarat vaapas aa gaye aur 15000.00 ki poonji ke saath Reliance vaanijyik nigam (Relianc Commercial Corporation) ki shuruaat ki. Reliance vaanijyik nigam ka praathamik vyavasaaya poliystar ke soot ka aayaat aur masaalon ka niryaat karna tha.

ve apne dusare chachere bhaai chanpakalaal dimaani (Champaklal Damani), jo unke saath hi edan (Aden), yaman mein raha karte the, ke saath saajhedaari mein vyavasaaya shuroo ki.Reliance vaanijyik nigam ka pehla kaaryaalaya masjid bandar (Masjid Bunder) ke narsinaath sadak par sthaapit huyi. yeh ek telephone, ek mej aur teen kursiyon ke saath ek 350 varg foot ka kamara tha. aarambh mein, unke vyavasaaya mein madad ke liye do sahaayak the. 1955 mein, chanpakalaal dimaani aur dheerubhaai Ambani ki saajhedaari khatm ho gayi aur dheerubhaai ne swayam shuruaat ki. yeh maana jaata hai ki donon ke svabhaav (temperaments) alag the aur vyavasaaya kaise kiya jaae is par alag rai thi. jahaan par shri damaani ek satark vyaapaari the aur dhaage ke faiktriyon/bhandaaron ke nirmaan mein vishvaas nahi rakhe the, vaheen dheerubhaai ko jokhim lenevaale ke roop mein jaante the aur ve maanate the ki moolya vruddhi ki aasha rakhate hue bhandaaron ka nirmaan bhuleshvar, Mumbai[4] ke estate mein kiya jaana chaahiye, taaki laabh banaaya jaae/munaafa banaaya jaae. 1968 mein ve dakshin Mumbai (South Mumbai) ke altamaaunt sadak ko chale gaye/sthaantarit ho gaye. 1960 tak Ambani ki kul dhanaraashi 10 lakh roopaye aanki gayi.

rilyaans teksataails

vastr vyavasaaya mein achhe avsar ka bodh hone ke kaaran, dheerubhaai ne 1966 mein Ahmedabad, nairoda (Naroda) mein kapda mil ki shuruaat ki. poliystar ke reshon/suton ka istemaal kar ke vastr ka nirmaan kiya gaya.[5] dheerubhaai ne viml brand ki shuruaat ki jo ki unke bade bhaai ramaniklaal Ambani ke bete, viml Ambani ke naam par rakha gaya tha. "viml" ke vyaapak vipnan ne ise Bhaarat ke androoni ilaakon mein ek gharelu naam bana diya. mataadhikaar khudara vikreta kendra ki shuruaat huyi aur ve "keval viml" chhaap ke kapde bechne lage. 1975 mein vishv bank ke ek takaniki mandali ne 'Reliance teksataails' nirmaan ikaai ka daura kiya. ikaai ki durlabh khaasiyat yeh thi ki ise us samay mein "viksit deshon ke maanakon se bhi utkrusht" maana gaya.[6]

aaranbhik saarvajaanik prastaav

dheerubhaai Ambani ko ikviti kalt/saamaanya share (equit cult) ko Bhaarat mein praarambh karne ka shreya bhi diya jaata hai. Bhaarat ke vibhinn bhaagon se 58,000 se jyaada niveshakon ne 1977 mein Reliance ke aaipeeo (IPO) ki sadasyata grahan ki. dheerubhaai Gujarat ke graameen logon ko aashvast kar sake ki unke company ke sheyaradhaarak hone se unhein apne nivesh par keval laabh hi milega.

Reliance industries/Reliance udyog (Reliance Industries) yeh visheshata rakhata hain ki yahi ek aisa niji kshetr ki company (Private Sector Company) hai jiske kai vaarshik aam baithakein (Annual General Meetings) stadium/maidaanon (stadium) mein hui hai. 1986 mein, Reliance industries/Reliance udyog ki vaarshik aam baithak kraus maidaan (Cross Maidan) Mumbai mein ki gayi jisme 35,000 sheyaradhaarakon aur Reliance ke parivaar ne bhaag liya.

dheerubhaai badi sankhya mein pratham khudara niveshakon ko santusht kar sake ki ve Reliance ki kahaani ko jaahir/sthaapit karne ke liye bhaag lein aur mehnat se kamaae gaye paise ko Reliance teksataail aaipeeo mein lagaayein, yeh vaada karte hue ki unke vishvaas ke badle unke nivesh par unhein pukhta munaafa milega.

1980 tak Ambani ki kul raashi ko 1 billion rupayon tak aaainka gaya.

dheerubhaai ka share vinimay par niyantran

1982 mein, Reliance industries/Reliance udyog anshat: parivrtaneeya dibeinchar[7] ke adhikaar mudde ke khilaaf khada hua. yeh afavaah udaai gayi ki company (company) apne stock moolyon ko ek inch bhi na gine dene ke liye bharsak prayaas kar rahi hai. mauke ki samajh rakhate hue, ek beyar kaartel jo ki Calcutta ke stock brokeron ka samooh tha ne Reliance ke sheyaron ki khudara bikri (short sell) shuroo kar di. isko rokane ke liye, ek stock brokeron ka samooh jise haal tak mein "Reliance ke mitr" ke roop mein sandarbhit kiya jaata raha Reliance udyog ke chhote bikri kiye hue share Bombay stock exchange se khareedne lage.

biyr kaartel is vishvaas par kaarya kar rahe the ki buls (Bulls) lenaden ko pura karne ke liye nakadi se kam honge. aur ''badla (Badla)'' vyaapaar pranaali jo ki us samay Bombay stock exchange mein jaari tha ke tahat samjhaute ke liye taiyaar honge. buls pratisheyar ko 152 roopaye mein khareedne ko us din tak banaaye rakha jab tak samjhauta nahi ho gaya. samjhaute ke din, biyr kaartel ko peechhe le liya gaya/vaapas le liya, jab buls ne sheyaron ki bhautik supurdagi ki maang ki. lenaden ko pura karne ke liye, ati aavashyak nakadi ko stock brokeron ko diya gaya, jinhonein kisi aur se nahi balki dheerubhaai Ambani Reliance ke shares khreede the. samjhauta naheen hone ke maamale mein, buls ne 35 roopaye (Rs.) prati share ke ''anabadale''(jurmaana raashi) ki maang ki. iske saath Reliance ke share ki maang badh gayi aur minton mein 180 roopaye tak oopar pahuainch gayi. is samjhaute ne baajaar mein khaafi halla macha diya aur dheerubhaai Ambani stock baajaar ke nirvivaadit samraat ban gaye. unhonne apne aalochakon ko saabit kar diya ki Reliance ke saath khelna kitna khatarnaak tha.

sthiti niyantran se baahar ho rahi thi. is sthiti ka samaadhaan khojane ke liye, Bombay stock exchange ko teen vyaavasaayik dinon tak band kar diya gaya. Bombay stock exchange ke adhikaariyon ne is maamale mein hastakshep kiya aur 'anbadala' ko 2 roopaye tak neeche le aae yeh tay karte hue ki biyr kaartel ko aane vaale kuchh dinon mein share pradaan karne padeinge. biyr kaartel ne Reliance ke share ooainche daamon mein baajaar se khreede aur yeh bhi jaanane mein aaya ki dheerubhaai Ambani ne swayam in sheyaron ko biyr kaartel ko muhaiya karaaya aur biyr kaartel ke jokhim se achha munaafa/svasth laabh kamaaya.[8]

is haadase ke baad kai savaal unke aalochakon aur press dvaara uthaaye gaye. bahut saare log yeh samajh nahi paae ki sankat ke samay mein ek dhaage ka vyaapaari kuchh saalon pehle itni badi nakad raashi kaise bana sakta hai/pa sakta hai. iska javaab sansad mein taatkaalik vitt mantri Pranab mukhrji (Pranab Mukherjee) ne diya. unhonne sabha ko soochit kiya ki ek apravaasi bhaarateeya ne roopaye (Rs.) 22 karod tak nivesh 1982-83 tak Reliance mein 22 karod.aise nivesh kai companyon jaise krokodaail, lota aur fiaasko ke madhyam se ki gaye. ye companiyaan shuruaati taur par state of Man mein panjeekrut ki gayi theen. dilchasp baat yeh thi ki in companyon ke parvartakon ya maalikon ke ek samaan kulanaam the shaah (Shah).is ghatna par ki gayi ek jaanch mein bhaarateeya reserve bank kuchh bhi anaitik aur gairkaanooni kaarya ya lenaden naheen khoj pai jo ki Reliance aur uske sahaayakon dvaara kiya gayi thi.[9]

vaividhyakaran

apne kaaryakaal mein, dheerubhaai ne vyavasaaya ko pramukh visheshajnyaata ke roop mein petrorasaayan (petrochemicals) aur atirikt ruchiyon/hiton mein doorasanchaar, suchana prodyogiki, urja, bijli (power), futakar (retail), kapda/teksataail (textile), moolabhoot suvidhaaon ki seva (infrastructure), poonji baajaar (capital market) aur prachaalan-tantr (logistics) ko vividhta pradaan ki. company ko poorn roop mein BBC[10] dvaara ek vyaavasaayik saamraajya jiska saalaana kaarobaar $ 12 billion hai aur 85,000 majaboot kaaryabal$ hai ke roop mein varnit kiya gaya.

aalochna

[[Image:Ployesterprince coverpage.jpgpoliyestar Rajkumar ka patraavaranabaddh prushth.|thumb|150px|right|dheerubhaai Ambani ka udaya.lekhak: hameesh maikadonaald, prakaashak elan aur anavin peeteevaai., limited (Australia), aaiesabeeऍn 1-86448-468-3] apne jaadui sparsh ke vaavajood, Ambani ko apne lacheele moolyon aur anaitik pravruti jo ki usame daud rahe the, use lekar jaana jaata tha. unke jeevani lekhak khud is baat ko sveekaarate hain ki anaitik vyavahaar aur avaidh kaaryon ki kuchh ek aisi ghatanaaeain hain jiska unhonne khud anubhav kiya jaise ki saarvajaanik mudra ka vikruteekaran karna jabki ve dubai mein petrol pamp par ek maamooli karmachaari the. unapar yeh aarop lagaaya gaya ki unhonne sarkaari neetiyon ko apni aavashyakataaon ke anukool chaalaaki se badla aur unhein sarkaari chunaavon mein raaja banaanevaala maana jaata hai.[11] haalaaainki jyaadaatar media sroton mein vyaapaar-raajaneeti ki saanth-gaaainth ke baare mein bolne ki pravruti thi, Ambani ke kheme ne midiya se hamesha jyaada suraksha aur sharan ka laabh/aanand uthaaya jo ki saare desh ko ek toofaan ki tarah lapeti huyi thi.

nasali vaadiya ke saath sangharsh

Bombay daaing (Bombay Dyeing) ke nasali vaadiya (Nusli Wadia) ek samay mein dheerubhaai aur Reliance udyog ke sabse bade pratispardhi the. nasali vaadiya aur dheerubhaai donon apni raajanitik kshetr/ghere mein apni pahuch ke liye jaane jaate the aur unamein yogyata thi ki ve mushkil se mushkil license ko bhi udaareekaran-poorv arthavyavastha mein anumodit kara lete the.

1977-1979 mein, janta party (Janata Party) ke shaasan ke dauraan, nasali vaadiya ne 60,000 saalaana tan di-mithaail tereefatahelet (Di-methyl terephthalate)(deeemati) sanyantr lagaane ki anumati praapt kar li. jab tak aashay ka patra license mein tabdeel hua, kai baadhaaen raah mein aayeen. antat:, 1981 mein, nasali vaadiya ko sanyantr ka license pradaan kiya gaya. is ghatna ne do dalon ke beech utprerak ke roop mein kaam kiya aur pratispardha ne badasoorat mod le liya.

Indian express ke lekh

ek samay mein raamanaath goenka (Ramnath Goenka) dheerubhaai ambaani ke dost the. maana jaata hain ki raamanaath goyanaka nasali vaadiya ke kareeb the. kai maukon par, raamanaath goenka donon ladne vaale guton ke beech hastakshep karne ki koshish karte the taaki dushmani ka ant kiya jaae. goenka aur Ambani, Ambani ke bhrasht vyaavasaayik aadaton se pratidvaani ban gaye aur unke avaidh/gairkaanooni kaaryon ke kaaran goyanka ko uchit hissa nahi mil pa raha tha. baad mein, raamanaath goyanka ne nasali vaadiya ko samarthan ke liye chuna. ek samay mein, maana jaata hai ki raamanaath goyanka ne 'nasali ek aaingarej aadmi hai kaha. ve Ambani ko sanbhaal nahi sake. main ek baniya hooain main jaata hooain ki kaise khtm karna hai"....

Indian express samooh ka pradhaan, [[chitr:RNG.jpg|thumb|200px|raamanaath goenka (Ramnath Goenka) yeh file chitr shri goenka ke ekpres taavars/manjil, Nariman point (Nariman Point) ke saayabaan, Bombay mein liya gaya tha.]] jaise-jaise din bitte gaye, Indian express, ek bada chittha (broadsheet), jiska dainik prakaashan unke dvaara kiya jaata tha mein Reliance udyog (Reliance Industries) aur dheerubhaai ke khilaaf lekhon ki shrrunkhala hua karti thi jo ye daava karti theen ki dheerubhaai anaitik vyavasaayik paddhatiyon ka prayog adhikaadhik munaafe ko badhne ke liye kar rahe hain. ramaanaath goenka Indian express mein apne karmachaariyon ko maamale ki tahakikaat ke liye istemaal nahi karte the balki apne kareebi vishvast salaahakaar aur adhikrut lekhaapaal S. gurumoorti ko yeh kam saunpate the. is kaarya ke liye gurumoorti (S. Gurumurthy). S ke alaava. gurumoorti aur ek aur patrakaar maanek daavar jo ki Indian express ke naamaavali par nahi the ne, kahaaniyo ka yogadaan karna praarambh kar diya. jamanaadaas moorjaani, ek vyaavasaayik jo ki anbaaniyon ke khilaaf tha, vah bhi is muheem ka hissa tha.

Ambani aur goenka donon ki aalochna aur saraahana saamaan roop se samaaj ke vargon dvaara ki jaati thi. logon ne goenka ki aalochna ki ki vah ek raashtreeya samaachaar patra ka istemaal apne vyaktik shatruta ke kaaran kar raha hai. aalochak maanate the ki kai aise dusare vyaavasaayik is desh main hain jo ki anaitik aur avaidh tareekon ka adhik istemaal kar rahe hain par goenka ne keval Ambani ko hi apne nishaane keliye chuna na ki doosaro ko. aalochak goenka ki bina apne niyamit karchaariyon ki madad se in lekhon ko chalaane ki yogyata ki bhi saraahana karte the. dheerubhaai Ambani ko bhi isi beech kaafi pehchaan aur saraahana mil rahi thi. janta ka ek vaarg dheerubhaai ke vyavasaayik samajh aur apni ichhaanusaar tantr/vyavastha ko vash mein rakhane ki yogyata ki prashansa karne laga tha

is sangharsh ka ant tabhi hua jab dheerubhaai Ambani ko sadama laga. jab dheerubhaai Ambani sain Diego (San Diego) mein achhe ho rahe the, unke bete mukesh Ambani (Mukesh Ambani) aur anil Ambani (Anil Ambani) kaamkaaj dekh rahe the/kaarya ka prabandhan kar rahe the. Indian express ne Reliance ki taraf bandookein mod leen aur sarkaar par seedha-seedha aarop lagaane lage ki ve Reliance udyog ko dandit karne ke liye kuchh jyaada nahi kar rahi hai. vaadiya-goenka aur anbaaniyon ke beech ladaai ne ab nai disha le li thi aur raashtreeya sankat ban gayi thi. gurumoorti aur dusare patrakaar mulgaaokar raashtrapati gyaani jail Singh ke saath rahe aur unki taraf se pradhaanamantri ko ek pratikool farji patra likha. Indian express ne raashtrapati patra ke ek masaude ko chhaap diya, bina ye ehsaas kiye/soche ki jail Singh ne Rajiv gaaaindhi ko patra bhejane se pehle hi patra mein parivartan kar diye theanbaani is bindu par ladaai jeet chuke the. ab jab ki sangharsh seedhe-seedhe pradhaanamantri Rajiv gaaaindhi aur raamanaath goenka (Ramnath Goenka) ke beech tha, Ambani chupachaap baahar nikalte bane. sarkaar ne tab Delhi ke sundar nagar mein express atithi gahar par chhaapa maara aur paaya ki mool masauda sudhaar ke saath mulgaaokar ki likhaavat mein hai. 1988-89 tak, Rajiv ki sarkaar ne abhiyog ki ek shrrunkhala Indian express ke khilaaf laga Dean. fir bhi, goenka apni mahima banaaye hue the, kyonki bahut se logon ke liye unhonne aapaatakaal ke dauraan apni bahaadur chhavi ko banaaye rakha.

dheerubhaai aur bi.pi Singh

yeh vyaapak roop se maana jaata tha ki dheeroobhaai ke vishvanaath prataap Singh (Vishwanath Pratap Singh) jo Rajiv gaaaindhi ke baad Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri ke roop mein utaraadhikaari hue ke saath sauhaardapoorn sambandh nahi the. May 1985, mein, vi.pi. Singh ne achaanak shuddh Terephthalic aml (Purified Terephthalic Acid) ka khule jenaral license ki shreni se aayaat band karva diya. poliystar ke dhaage ke nirmaan ke liye ek kachche maal ke roop mein yeh vastu mahatvapoorn tha. isne Reliance ki kaaryapranaali ko sanchaalit karne mein bahut mushkil kar di. bahut saare vitteeya sansthaaon se, Reliance bharose/rin ka patra praapt karne mein kaamayaab ho gaya tha jo ki use peeteeai ke pure saal ki jarurat ko aayaat karne ki aajnyaa dega jise sarkaar ki adhisoochana ki shreni mein badlaav kiya jiske antargat peeteeai aayaat kiya ja sakta hai. 1990, mein sarkaar-adhikrut vitteeya sansathaan jaise bhaarateeya jeevan beema nigam (Life Insurance Corporation of India) aur saadhaaran beema nigam ne Reliance samooh ke laarsen aur turbo (Larsen & Toubro) ke prabandhan niyantran ko paane ki koshish ko avaruddh kar diya/asafal kar diya/dharaashaayi kar diya. paraajaya ki bhanak lagne par, anbaaniyon ne company ke board se isteefa de diya. apraila1989 mein dheeroobhaai jo ki L&ti ke adhyaksh the, ko pad ko di. ke liye raasta banaane ke liye chhodna pada. ऍn. state bank of India ke poorv adhyaksh

mrutyu

chitr:Dhirubhai-Final Journey.jpg
aakhiri safar :/ antim yaatra : dheerubhaai Ambani ke antim sanskaar par hajaaron log bhaag lete hue dekhe gaye. mukesh ambaani (Mukesh Ambani) aur anil ambaani (Anil Ambani) ko apne pita ke shareer ko hindu reeti-rivaajon ke hisaab se le jaate hue dekha ja sakta hai.

ek bade sadme ke baad dheerubhaai Ambani ko Mumbai ke brech candy aspataal mein 24 June, 2002 ko bharti kiya gaya. yeh doosra sadama tha, pehla unhein February 1986 nayoob ve ek hafte ke liye coma ki sthiti mein the. doctoron ki ek samooh unki jaan bachaane mein kaamayaab na ho sake.unhonne 6 July (July 6), 2002, raat ke11:50 ke aaspaas apni antim saansein leen. (bhaarateeya maanak samay)

unke antim sanskaar na keval vyaapaariyon, raajaneetijnyaon aur mashahoor hastiyon ne shirkat ki varan hajaaron aam logon ne bhi bhaag liya. unke bade bete mukesh Ambani (Mukesh Ambani) ne hindu parampara ke anusaar antim sanskaaron ko poora kiya. unka antim sanskaar, 7 July (July 7), 2002. ko Mumbai ke chandanavaadi shavadaahagruh mein kareeb shaam ke 4:30 baje (bhaarateeya maanak samay) kiya gaya.

unke uttarajeevi ke roop mein unki patni kokilaaben aur do bete mukesh Ambani (Mukesh Ambani) aur anil Ambani (Anil Ambani) aur do putriyaaain neena kothaari (Nina Kothari) aur deepti salgaaonkar (Deepti Salgaonkar) bache hain.

dheerubhaai Ambani ne apni lambi yaatra Bombay ke moolaji-jetha kapde ke baajaar se ek chhote vyaapaari ke roop mein shuroo ki. is mahaan vyavasaayi ke aadar ke soochak/chinh ke roop mein, Mumbai teksataail marcheints' ne 8 July (July 8) 2002 ko baajaar band rakhane ka faisala kiya/nirnaya liya. dheerubhaai ke marne ke samay, rilyaans samooh ki saalaana raashi roopaye (Rs.) 75,000 karod ya USD $ 15 billion. 1976-77, rilyaans samooh ki saalaana raashi 70 karod roopaye the aur ye yaad rakha jaana chaahiye ki dheerubhaai ne ye vyavasaaya keval 15, 000(US$350) roopaye (Rs.) se shuroo ki thi.


dheerubhaai Ambani ke baad Reliance

November 2004, ko mukesh ambaani ek saakshaatkaar mein apne bhaai se 'prabhutv ke muddon' ko lekar matabhed sveekaarate hain. unhonne yeh bhi kaha ki matabhed "niji kaaryakshetr mein aate hain" . unki rai yeh thi ki iska koi prabhaav company ke kaaryapranaali par naheen padega, yeh kehte hue ki Reliance peshevaron dvaara prabandhit majaboot companiyon mein se ek hai. Reliance udyog ki bhaarateeya arthavyavastha mein mahatta ko maanate hue, is mudde ko media mein vistrut vigyaapan mila.[12]

kundaapur vaaman kaamath (Kundapur Vaman Kamath), ICICI bank (ICICI Bank)[13] ke prabandh nideshak jo Ambani parivaar ke kareebi dost hain, ko is mudde ko niptaate hue media mein dekha gaya. bhaaiyon ne apni maaain kokilaaben Ambani ko is mudde ka hal nikalne ka kaam saunpa. 18 June 2005, ko kokilaaben Ambani ne kaha ki ek vigyapti ke dvaara maamale ka niptaan hoga.


Reliance saamraajya Ambani bhaaiyon mein bant gaya, mukesh Ambani (Mukesh Ambani) ko RIL aur IPCL aur chhote sahodar anil Ambani (Anil Ambani) ko rilyaans poonji, Reliance urja aur rilyaans infokaum ka saranaama mila. mukesh Ambani dvaara chalaayi ja rahi sanstha ko riyaayans udyog limited ke naam se abhihit kiya gaya jabki anil samooh ka naam pun: anil dheerubhaai Ambani samooh (ADAG) mein badal diya gaya.

film

ek film jis par aarop lagaaya gaya ki yeh dheerubhaai Ambani ke jeevan par aadhaarit hai ko 12 January 2007 ko vimochit kiya gaya. mani ratnam dvaara nirdeshit hindi film guru aur Rajiv Menon (Rajiv Menon) dvaara chhaayaankan aur A.aar Rahman ke sangeet se saji ek aadmi ke bhaarateeya vyaapaar jagat mein pehchaan banaane ke sangharsh ko ek kaalpanik shakti group of industries dvaara dikhaaya gaya hai. filmi sitaare Abhishek Bachchan, mithun chakravarti (Mithun Chakraborty), Aishwarya rai, maadhavan (Madhavan) aur vidya Balan film mein Abhishek Bachchan ne guroo kaant desi ka kirdaar nibhaaya hai jo ki dheerubhaai ambaani ke charitra se mel khaata hai mithun chakravarti maanik da ka abhinay kar rahe hain jo raamanaath goenka (Ramanath Goenka) ke vaastavik jeevan se rahasmayi dhang se milta hai aur maadhavan S ka kirdaar gurumoorti (S. Gurumurthy), jinhein Bhaarat ke sabse bhayaanak saamoohik yuddh mein Reliance samooh ke khilaaf apne jahareele aakramanon ko saraanjaam dene ke liye jaana jaata hai, ve bees saal pehle hi prasiddh ho gaye the. film guroo kaant Desai ke charitra ki madad se dheerubhaai Ambani ke aatmabal ko bhi darshaati hai. gurubhaai jo naam Abhishek ko diya gaya hai, vah bhi "dheerubhaai" ke vaastavik naam se mel khaata hai.

== puraskaar aur pehchaan ==

  • November 2000- mein Bhaarat mein unke rasaayan udyog ke vikaas mein ullekhaneeya yogadaan ki pehchaan ke liye kematek sanstha aur vishv rasaayan abhiyaantriki dvaara unhein 'sadi ke maanav' ke puraskaar se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • 2002,1998 aura1996 mein unhein eshiyaaveek (Asiaweek) patrika dvaara Asia ke shaktishaali 50 - sabse shaktishaali log ke roop mein prastut kiya gaya.
  • June 1998 - vhaartan school, pensilveniya vishvavidyaalaya (The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania) dvaara ullekhaneeya netrutv kshamata ke udaaharan ke roop mein deen padak diya gaya. dheerubhaai ambaani ki vishisht visheshata/upalabdhi yeh thi ki ve vhaartan school se deen padak paane vaale pehle bhaarateeya bane.[14]
  • August 2001 - di ikaunaumik times (The Economic Times) dvaara saamoohik utkrushthata ke liye lifetime achievement se navaaja gaya.
  • dheerubhaai Ambani ko beesaveen sadi ke maanav ke naam se bhaarateeya vaanijya aur udyog sadan mahaasangh (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) navaaja gaya (FICCI).
  • 2000 mein taaims of India dvaara aayojit ek janamat sarvekshan mein unhein shataabdiyon mein sampatti ke mahaan nirmaata ke paksh mein mat diya gayaavah Bhaarat ka sachcha putr hai'

prasiddh kathan/uddharan

praarambh se hi dheerubhaai ko ooainche sammaan ke saath dekha jaata tha/ ijjat ke saath dekha jaata tha. petro-rasaayan vyavasaaya mein unki safalta aur chithde se dhani banane ki kahaani ne unhein bhaarateeya logon ke dimaag mein ek panth bana diya tha/aadarsh bana diya tha. ek guni vyaavasaayik neta ke alaava ve ek prerakakartta bhi the. unhonne bahut kam saarvajaanik bhaashan diye, lekin unke dvaara kahi gayi baatein aaj bhi apne moolyon ke liye yaad rakhi jaati hain.

  • 30 million niveshakon ke saath RIL ko "vishv ki sabse badi company ka khitaab mil jaaega

*"main na sunane ka aadi nahi"/ main na shabd ke liye bahara hooain.

  • "Reliance ke vikaas ki koi seema nahi.

main apna drushtikon badalta rahata hooain. ye aap tabhi kar sakte hain jab aap sapana dekheinge.

  • "bada socho, jaldi socho, aage ki socho. vichaar kisi ki bapauti naheen./vichaar par kisi ka ekaadhikaar naheen''
  • 'hamaare sapane hamesha vishaal hone chaahiye. hamaari khvaahishein hamesha oonchi/hamaari aakaankshaaen hamesha oonchi hamaari pratibaddhata hamesha gahari.

aur hamaare prayaas mahaan hone chaahiye.

 yeh mera sapana hai Reliance aur Bhaarat ke liye.' 

''munaafa/laabh banaane ke liye aapko aamantran ki aavashyakta naheen.

'agar aap drudhta aur poornata ke saath kaam karein, to kaamayaabi khud aapke kadam choomegi/safalta aapka anusaran karegi.'

  • 'mushkilon mein bhi apne lakshyon ko dhooaindhiye aur aapadaaon ko avsaron/maukon mein tabdeel keejiye/badaliye.
  • 'yuvaaon ko uchit maahaul deejiye.unhein prerit keejiye. unhein jo jarurat hain usaki madad keejiye. pratyek mein anant urja ka srot hai. ve fal deinge/ve deinge.
  • ''mere bhoot, vartamaan aur bhavishya mein ek samaan pahaloo hai: samabandh aur aastha. ye hamaare vikaas ki neenv hai.
  • 'ham logon par daanv lagte hain'
  • '' samay seema ko chhoo lena hi theek nahi hai, samay seema ko hara dena meri aasha hai/chaah hai.
  • 'haarein na, himmat hi mera vishvaas hai.
  • 'ham apne shaashakon ko nahi badal sakte, par ham unke shaashan ke niyam ko badal sakte hain.
  • 'dheerubhaai ek din chala jaaega. par Reliance ke karmachaari aur sheyaradhaarak ise chalaate raheinge/ bachaae rakheinge. Reliance ab ek aisi avadhaaran hai jahaaain par ab Ambani apraasangik ho gaye hain.

anadhikrut jeevani

hameesh maikadonaald, jo ki kai saalon tak door poorvi aarthik sameeksha ke Delhi bureau ke pramukh rahe, uhonnein ek 1998 mein ek anaadhikrut jeevani ko chhaapa jismein unki upalabdhiyon aur khaamiyon donon ki report thi, par Bhaarat mein pustak ke chhapane par anbaaniyon ne kaanooni karavaai ki dhamaki di.[15]

sandarbh

  1. ardh-devata/anshaavataar ke nishaan, dheerubhaai Ambani, beena udeshi dvaara, free press patrika, 24 July 2002
  2. poliyestar ka baahashaah: hameesh maikadonaald, elan aur anavin party dvaara dheerubhaai ambaani ka udaya, limited (Australia) (sitmbar 1999) aaiesabeeऍn- 13: 978-1864484687
  3. http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/dhirubhai-ambani.htmldheerubhaai ambaani ki jeevani
  4. paraanjoya guha thaakurata dvaara dheerubhaai ambaani ke do chehare
  5. bhaarateeya mahaan, dheerubhaai anbaanee28, October ko praapt kiya gaya. 2006
  6. Reliance sanchaar limited par dheerubhaai Ambani ki ek laghu jeevani peedeeef file)
  7. paranjauya guha thaakurata dwaar dheerubhaai Ambani ke do chehare
  8. Bhaarat ka mahaan ghotaala, kahaani khoye hue roopaye ki. 4000 karod rupayon ki, S.ke dvaara baruaa aur J.S varma (aaiesabeeऍn 81-70941288) pi 16 aur 17
  9. is yoddha ke liye, jeevan ek vishaal yuddh hai, maanas chakravarti Rediff.comhttp://in.rediff.com/money/2002/jul/08amb4.htm par. yeh baad mein kaha gaya ki is tarah ke aacharan/chalan ke kaaran hi dheerubhaai ne Bhaarat ko gareebi mein bech diya, gareebon ko unki hi sthiti mein rakha taaki unki jeb bhari rahe, yeh unka siddhaant tha.
  10. BBC samaachaar/vishv/dakshin Asia/ek sheersh bhaarateeya vyaapaari ki mrutyu
  11. poliyestar Rajkumar ko yaad karte hue echateeemael
  12. mukesh Ambani anil se matabhed hone ki baat ko sveekaarate hain-
  13. Reliance ke naatak mein aham khilaadi : ke.vi. kaamath
  14. dheerubhaai Ambani vhaartan school ke deen padak ko paane vaale pehle bhaarateeya bane [www.rediff.com Rediff net par][1] 21 January 2007
  15. Ambani: sabhi mausamo ka tycoon

baahya link/ baahya sambandh.