dharmashaastr

dharmashaastr sanskrut granthon ka ek varg hai, jo ki shaastr ka hi ek prakaar hai. ismein sabhi smrutiyaaain sammilit hain. yeh vah shaastr hai jo hinduon ke dharm ka gyaan sammilit kiye hue hai, dharm shabd mein yahaaain paaramparik arth mein dharm tatha saath hi kaanooni kartavya bhi sammilit hain. dharmashaastron ka bruhad paath Bhaarat ki braahman parampara ka ang hai, tatha yeh vidvatparanpara ki den evam ek vishd tantr hai.[1] iske gahan nyaayashaastreeya vivechan ke kaaran praarambhik british aupaniveshik prashaasakon dvaara yeh hinduon ke liye kaanoon ke roop mein maana gaya tha[2] tab se lekar aaj bhi dharmashaastr ko hindu vidhisanhita ke roop mein dekha jaata hai. dharmashaastr mein upasthit rileejan va kaanoon ke beech jo antar kiya jaata hai, daraasal vah krutrim hai aur baar-baar usapar prashn uthaaye gaye hain.[3] jabki kuchh log, dharmashaastr mein dhaarmik va dharmanirpeksh kaanoonon ke beech antar rakha gaya hai aisa paksh lete hain.[4] dharmashaastr hindu parampara mein mahattvapoorn hai, kyonki- ek, yeh ek aadarsh gruhasth ke liye dhaarmik niyamon ka srot hai, tatha doosare, yeh dharm, vidhi, aachaarashaastr aadi se sambandhit hindu gyaan ka susanhat roop hai.

"paandurang vaaman kaane, saamaajik sudhaar ko samarpit ek mahaan vidvaan, ne is puraani parampara ko jaari rakha hai. unka dharmashaastr ka itihaas, paaainch bhaagon mein prakaashit hai, praacheen Bhaarat ke saamaajik vidhiyon tatha prathaaon ka vishvakosh hai. isse hamein praacheen Bhaarat mein saamaajik prakriya ko samajhne mein madad milti hai."[5]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Patrick Olivelle, Manu's Code of Law: A Critical Edition and Translation of the Māanava-Dharmaśaāastra (New York: Oxford UP, 2005), 64.
  2. For a good overview of the British attitudes toward and administration of Hindu law, see J. Duncan M. Derrett, "The Administration of Hindu Law by the British," Comparative Studies in Society and History 4:1 (1961), pp.10-52.
  3. See, for example, Ludo Rocher, "Hindu Law and Religion: Where to draw the line?" in Malik Ram Felicitation Volume, ed. S.A.J. Zaidi. (New Delhi, 1972), pp.167-194 and Richard W. Lariviere, "Law and Religion in India" in Law, Morality, and Religion: Global Perspectives, ed. Alan Watson (Berkeley: University of California Press), pp.75-94.
  4. On this distinction in relation to punishment, see Timothy Lubin, "Punishment and Expiation: Overlapping Domains in Brahmanical Law," Indologica Taurinensia 33 (2007): 93-122.
  5. Sharma, R.S. (2005). India's Ancient Past. Oxford University Press. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0195687859.