dhanvantari

dhanvantari
आयुर्वेद के देव
aayurved ke Dave
aayurved chikitsa
tamil தaaவaaனaa்aaதaaரaaீ
sahabaddhata hindu devata, vishnu ke avataar
mantra

Om namo bhagavate mahaasudarshanaaya vaasudevaaya dhanvantaraaye:
amrutakalash hastaaya sarvabhaya vinaashaaya sarvaroganivaaranaaya
trilokapathaaya trilokanaathaaya shri mahaavishnusvaroop
shri dhanvantari svaroop shri shri shri ashtachakr naaraayanaaya nam:.

[1][2][3]
shastr shankh, chakr,
amrut-kalash aur aushadhi
vaahan kamal

dhanvantari ko hindu dharm mein devataaon ke vaidya maana jaata hai. ye ek mahaan chikitsak the jinhein Dave pad praapt hua. hindu dhaarmik maanyataaon ke anusaar ye Bhagwan vishnu ke avataar samajhe jaate hain. inka pruthvi lok mein avataran samudra manthan ke samay hua tha. sharad poornima ko chandrama, kaartik dvaadashi ko kaamadhenu gaaya, trayodashi ko dhanvantari[4], chaturdashi ko kaali maata aur amaavasya ko bhagavati lakshmi ji ka saagar se praadurbhaav hua tha. iseeliye deepaavali ke do din poorv dhanateras ko Bhagwan dhanvantari ka janm dhanateras ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai. isi din inhonne aayurved ka bhi praadurbhaav kiya tha.[5] in‍aahein Bhagwan vishnu ka roop kehte hain jinki chaar bhujaayein hain. upar ki donnon bhujaaon mein shankh aur chakr dhaaran kiye huye hain. jabki do anya bhujaaon me se ek mein jalooka aur aushadh tatha doosare me amrut kalash liye huye hain. inka priya dhaatu peetal maana jaata hai. iseeliye dhanateras ko peetal aadi ke bartan khareedne ki parampara bhi hai.[6] in‍aahe aayurved ki chikitsa karanein vaale vaidya aarogya ka devata kehte hain. inhonne hi amrutamaya aushadhiyon ki khoj ki thi. inke vansh mein divodaas hue jinhonne 'shalya chikitsa' ka vishv ka pehla vidyaalaya kaashi mein sthaapit kiya jiske pradhaanaachaarya sushrut banaaye gaye the.[7] sushrut divodaas ke hi shishya aur riashi vishvaamitr ke putr the. unhonne hi sushrut sanhita likhi thi. sushrut vishv ke pehle surgeon (shalya chikitsak) the. deepaavali ke avsar par kaartik trayodashi-dhanateras ko Bhagwan dhanvantari ki pooja karte hain. kehte hain ki shankar ne vishpaan kiya, dhanvantari ne amrut pradaan kiya aur is prakaar kaashi kaalajayi nagari ban gayi.

anukram

aayurved ke sambandh mein sushrut ka mat hai ki brahmaaji ne pehli baar ek lakh shlok ke, aayurved ka prakaashan kiya tha jismein ek sahasr adhyaaya the. unase prajaapati ne padha taduparaant unase ashvini kumaaron ne padha aur un se indr ne padha. indradev se dhanvantari ne padha aur unhein sun kar sushrut muni ne aayurved ki rachana ki.[7] bhaavaprakaash ke anusaar aatreya pramukh muniyon ne indr se aayurved ka gyaan praapt kar use agnivesh tatha anya shishyon ko diya.

vidhyaataatharv sarvasvamaayurvedan prakaashayan.
svanaamna sanhitaan chakre laksh shlokamayeemrujum..[8]

iske uparaant agnivesh tatha anya shishyon ke tantron ko sankalit tatha pratisanskrut kar charak dvara 'charak sanhita' ke nirmaan ka bhi aakhyaan hai. ved ke sanhita tatha braahman bhaag mein dhanvantari ka kaheen naamollekh bhi naheen hai. mahaabhaarat tatha puraanon mein vishnu ke ansh ke rup mein unka ullekh praapt hota hai. unka praadurbhaav samudramanthan ke baad nirgat kalash se and ke rup me hua. samudra ke nikalne ke baad unhonne Bhagwan vishnu se kaha ki lok mein mera sthaan aur bhaag nishchit kar dein. is par vishnu ne kaha ki yagya ka vibhaag to devataaon mein pehle hi ho chuka hai at: yeh ab sambhav naheen hai. devon ke baad aane ke kaaran tum (Dave) ishvar naheen ho. at: tumhein agale janm mein siddhiyaaain praapt hongi aur tum lok mein prasiddh hoge. tumhein usi shareer se devatv praapt hoga aur dvijaatign tumhaari sabhi tarah se pooja kareinge. tum aayurved ka ashtaang vibhaajan bhi karoge. dviteeya dvaapar yug mein tum pun: janm loge ismein koi sandeh naheen hai.[7] is var ke anusaar putrakaam kaashiraaj dhanv ki tapasya se prasann ho kar abj Bhagwan ne uske putr ke rup mein janm liya aur dhanvantari naam dhaaran kiya. dhanv kaashi nagari ke sansthaapak kaash ke putr the.

ve sabhi rogon ke nivraan mein nishnaat the. unhonne bharadvaaj se aayurved grahan kar use ashtaang mein vibhkt kar apne shishyon mein baaaint diya. dhanvantari ki parampara is prakaar hai -

kaash-deerghatapa-dhanv-dhanvantari-ketumaan-bheemarath (bheemasen)-divodaas-pratardan-vats-alark.

yeh vansh-parampara harivansh puraan ke aakhyaan ke anusaar hai.[9] vishnupuraan mein yeh thodi bhinn hai-

kaash-kaasheya-raashtra-deerghatapa-dhanvantari-ketumaan-bheerath-divodaas.

mahima

vaidik kaal mein jo mahatva aur sthaan ashvini ko praapt tha vahi pauraanik kaal mein dhanvantari ko praapt hua. jahaaain ashvini ke haath mein madhukalash tha vahaaain dhanvantari ko amrut kalash mila, kyonki vishnu sansaar ki raksha karte hain at: rogon se raksha karne vaale dhanvantari ko vishnu ka ansh maana gaya.[7] vishvidya ke sambandh mein kashyap aur takshak ka jo samvaad mahaabhaarat mein aaya hai, vaisa hi dhanvantari aur naagadevi manasa ka brahmavaivart puraan[10] mein aaya hai. unhein garud ka shishya kaha gaya hai -

sarvavedeshu nishnaato mantratantr vishaarad:.
shishyo hi vainateyasya shankarosyopashishyak:..[11]

mantra

takshakeshvar mandir mein dhanvantari ki moorti

bhagavaan dhanvantari ki saadhana ke liye ek saadhaaran mantra hai:

Om dhanvantaraye nam:.[1]

iske alaava unka ek aur mantra bhi hai:

Om namo bhagavate mahaasudarshanaaya vaasudevaaya dhanvantaraaye:
amrutakalash hastaaya sarvabhaya vinaashaaya sarvaroganivaaranaaya
trilokapathaaya trilokanaathaaya shri mahaavishnusvaroop
shri dhanvantari svaroop shri shri shri aushadhachakr naaraayanaaya nam:.[1][2][3]
arthaat
param bhagavan ko, jinhein sudarshan vaasudev dhanvantari kehte hain, jo amrut kalash liye hain, sarvabhaya naashak hain, sararog naash karte hain, teenon lokon ke svaami hain aur unka nirvaah karne vaale hain; un vishnu svaroop dhanvantari ko naman hai.

dhanvantari stotram

prachali dhanvantari stotr is prakaar se hai.

Om shankhan chakran jalaukaan dadhadamrutaghatan chaarudorbhishchaturmi:.
sookshmasvachhaatihrudyaanshuk parivilsanmaulimanbhojanetram.
kaalaambhodojjvalaangan katittavilsachchaaroopeetaanbaraadhyam.
vande dhanvantarin tan nikhilgadavanapraudhadaavaagnileelam.[1]

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E Om dhanvantaraye nam:
  2. a aa dhanvantari mantra, I love India
  3. a aa mantraaj of Lord dhanvantari, the selestiyl heelar end fijeeshiyn
  4. vishnu puraan-4. 26 March 2010. bhaargav
  5. deepaavali – poojan ka shaastrokt vidhaan. aashram.org. 28 October 2008
  6. dhanateras par sona naheen peetal khareedein. web duniya
  7. a aa i E kaashi ki vibhootiyaaain. Varanasi vaibhav
  8. bhaavaprakaash
  9. harivansh puraan (parv 1 a 29)
  10. brahmavaivart puraan (3.51)
  11. brahmavaivart puraana3.51

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