dhaatu (sanskrut ke kriya shabd)

sanskrut vyaakaran mein kriyaaon (verbs) ke mool roop ko dhaatu kehte hain. dhaatu hi sanskrut shabdon ke nirmaan ke liye mool tattv (kachcha maal) hai. inki sankhya lagbhag 2012 hai. dhaatuon ke saath upasarg, pratyaya milkar tatha saamaasik kriyaaon ke dvaara sabhi shabd (sanjnyaa, sarvanaam, kriya aadi) bante hain. doosare shabd mein kahein to sanskrut ka lagbhag har shabd antat: dhaatuon ke roop mein toda ja sakta hai. kru, bhoo, stha, an, jnyaa, yuj, gam, man, jan, drush aadi kuchh pramukh dhaatueain hain.

'dhaatu' shabd swayam 'dha' mein 'tin' pratyaya jodne se bana hai.

vyaakaranashaastr mein paaainch angon ki parampara dikhti hai. iseeliye 'panyachaaङag vyaakaran' bhi prasiddh hai. paaainch ang ye hain- sootrapaath, dhaatupaath, ganapaath, unaadipaath tatha liङagaanushaasan . in paaainch angon mein se dhaatupaath atimhatvapoorn hai. praay: sabhi shabdon ki vyutpatti dhaatuon se ki jaati hai. kaha gaya hai - sarvan ch naam dhaatujamaah .

anekon vaiyaakaranon ne dhaatupaathon ka pravachan kiya hai. shreemaan yudhishthir meemaansak ne vyaakarashaastr ke itihaas mein 26 vaiyaakaranon ka ullekh kiya hai. unke vyaakaran aajkal praapt naheen hain at: kehna kathin hai ki kin kin ne dhaatuon ka pravachan kiya.

sanskrutavaaङa‌aamaya mein paanini ka 'shabdaanushaasan' panyach avayavon se yukt hai.

dhaatuon se vyutpann kuchh shabdon ke udaaharan

(1) kru (karna)

sanjnyaa : kaarya, upakaran, karman, prakriya,
visheshan : karmath, sakriya, upakaari,
kriya : karoti, namaskuru, pratikromi, kurm:

(2) bhoo (hona)

sanjnyaa : bhavan, prabhaav, vaibhav, bhoot, udbhav, bhavishya,
visheshan : bhaavi, bhaavuk, bhaavaatmak, bhaugolik
kriya : bhavishyati, abhavan, abhav, sanbhavet, sanbhavaami

(3) gam (jaana)

sanjnyaa : gati, aagantuk, jagat, sangam, pragati, antargaamitv,
visheshan : gamanasheel, sarvagat, nirgaami, sugam,
kriya : sangachh, nirgachhati, upagamishyaami,

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain