devanaagari

devanaagari mein likhi rigved ki paandulipi

devanaagari ek lipi hai jismein anek bhaarateeya bhaashaaeain tatha kuchh videshi bhaashaaen likheen jaati hain. devanaagari baayein se daayein likhi jaati hai, iski pehchaan ek kshaitij rekha se hai jise 'shirirekha' kehte hain. sanskrut, paali, hindi, maraathi, konkani, sindhi, Kashmiri, dogari, nepaali, Nepal bhaasha (tatha anya nepaali upabhaashaaeain), taamaaङ bhaasha, gadhvaali, bodo, angika, magahi, Bhojpuri, maithili, santhaali aadi bhaashaaeain devanaagari mein likhi jaati hain. iske atirikt kuchh sthitiyon mein gujaraati, punjabi, bishnupuriya manipuri, romaani aur urdoo bhaashaaen bhi devanaagari mein likhi jaati hain.

MarathiShilalekhYear1109Found AtParalMaharashtraIndia.jpg
Melbourne Australia ki ek traam par devanaagari lipi

anukram

parichay

adhiktar bhaashaaon ki tarah devanaagari bhi baayein se daayein likhi jaati hai. pratyek shabd ke oopar ek rekha khinchi hoti hai (kuchh varnon ke oopar rekha naheen hoti hai) ise shirorekha kehte hain. iska vikaas braahmi lipi se hua hai. yeh ek dhvanyaatmak lipi hai jo prachalit lipiyon (roman, arabi, cheeni aadi) mein sabse adhik vaigyaanik hai. isse vaigyaanik aur vyaapak lipi shaayad keval aaipeee lipi hai. Bhaarat ki kai lipiyaaain devanaagari se bahut adhik milti-julati hain, jaise- baangla, gujaraati, gurumukhi aadi. computer prograamon ki sahaayata se bhaarateeya lipiyon ko paraspar parivartan bahut aasaan ho gaya hai.

Varanasi mein devanaagari lipi mein likhe vigyaapan

bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke kisi bhi shabd ya dhvani ko devanaagari lipi mein jyon ka tyon likha ja sakta hai aur fir likhe paath ko lagbhag 'hoo-b-hoo' uchchaaran kiya ja sakta hai, jo ki roman lipi aur anya kai lipiyon mein sambhav naheen hai, jab tak ki unka vishesh maanakeekaran na kiya jaaye, jaise aaitraans ya aaieesati.

mumbai ke saarvajanik yaataayaat ke ticket par devanaagari

ismein kul 52 akshar hain, jismein 14 svar aur 38 vyanjan hain. aksharon ki kram vyavastha (vinyaas) bhi bahut hi vaigyaanik hai. svar-vyanjan, komal-kathor, alpapraan-mahaapraan, anunaasikya-antasth-ushm ityaadi vargeekaran bhi vaigyaanik hain. ek mat ke anusaar devanagar (kaashi) me prachalan ke kaaran iska naam devanaagari pada.

Bhaarat tatha Asia ki anek lipiyon ke sanket devanaagari se alag hain par uchchaaran va varn-kram aadi devanaagari ke hi samaan hain, kyonki ve sabhi braahmi lipi se utpann hui hain (urdoo ko chhodakar). isliye in lipiyon ko paraspar aasaani se lipyantarit kiya ja sakta hai. devanaagari lekhan ki drushti se saral, saundarya ki drushti se sundar aur vaachan ki drushti se supaathya hai.

bhaarateeya ankon ko unki vaijnyaaanikta ke kaaran vishv ne saharsh sveekaar kar liya hai.

'devanaagari' shabd ki vyutpatti

devanaagari ya naagari naam ka prayog "kyon" praarambh hua aur iska vyutpattiprak pravruttinimitt kya tha- yeh ab tak poornat: nishchit naheen hai.

(k) 'naagar' apabhransh ya gujaraati "naagar" braahmanon se usaka sambandh bataaya gaya hai. par drudh pramaan ke abhaav mein yeh mat sandigdh hai.

(kh) dakshin mein iska praacheen naam "nandinaagari" tha. ho sakta hai "nandinaagar" koi sthaanasoochak ho aur is lipi ka usase kuchh sambandh raha ho.

(g) yeh bhi ho sakta hai ki "naagar" jan ismein likha karte the, at: "naagari" abhidhaan pada aur jab sanskrut ke granth bhi ismein likhe jaane lage tab "devanaagari" bhi kaha gaya.

(gh) saanketik chihnon ya devataaon ki upaasana mein prayukt trikon, chakr aadi sanketachihnon ko "devanaagar" kehte the. kaalaantar mein naam ke prathamaaksharon ka unase bodh hone laga aur jis lipi mein unako sthaan mila- vah "devanaagari" ya naagari kahi gayi. in sab pakshon ke mool mein kalpana ka praadhaanya hai, nishchayaatmak pramaan anupalabdh hain.

itihaas

Bhaarat devanaagari lipi ki kshamata se shataabdiyon se parichit raha hai.

Dr. dvaarika prasaad Saxena ke anusaar sarvapratham devanaagari lipi ka prayog Gujarat ke naresh jayabhatt (700-800 E.) ke shilaalekh mein milta hai. aathaveen shataabdi mein chitrakoot, naveen mein Baroda ke dhruvaraaj bhi apne raajyaadeshon mein is lipi ka upayog kiya karte the.

758 E ka raashtrakoot raaja dantidurg ka saamagadh taamrapat milta hai jis par devanaagari ankit hai. shilaahaaravansh ke ganndaraaditya ke utkeern lekh ki lipi devanaagari hai. iska samay gyaarahaveen shataabdi hain isi samay ke cholaraaja Rajendra ke sikke mile hain jin par devanaagari lipi ankit hai. raashtrakoot raaja indraraaj (dasveen shati) ke lekh mein bhi devanaagari ka vyavahaar kiya hai. prateehaar raaja maheindrapaal (891-907) ka daanapatr bhi devanaagari lipi mein hai.

kaningham ki pustak mein sabse praacheen musalmaanon sikke ke roop mein Mehmood gajanabi dvaara chalaaye gaye chaandi ke sikke ka varnan hai jis par devanaagari lipi mein sanskrut ankit hai. muhammad vinsaam (1192-1205) ke sikkon par lakshmi ki moorti ke saath devanaagari lipi ka vyavahaar hua hai. shamashuddeen iltutamish (1210-1235) ke sikkon par bhi devanaagari ankit hai. saanuddeen Ferozshah pratham, jalaaluddeen rajiya, baharaam shaah, alaaluddeen maroodashaah, naseeruddeen Mehmood, muijuddeen, gayaasuddeen balavan, muijuddeen kaikoobaad, jalaaluddeen hero saani, alaauddeen mahamad shaah aadi ne apne sikkon par devanaagari akshar ankit kiye hain. Akbar ke sikkon par devanaagari mein 'Ram' siya ka naam ankit hai. gayaasuddeen tugalak, sherashaah soori, islaam shaah, muhammad aadilshaah, gayaasuddeen ibj, gyaasuddeen saani aadi ne bhi isi parampara ka paalan kiya.

bhaashaavijnyaaan ki drushti se devanaagari

bhaashaavaijnyaaanik drushti se devanaagari lipi aksharaatmak (silebik) lipi maani jaati hai. lipi ke vikaasasopaanon ki drushti se "chitraatmak", "bhaavaatmak" aur "bhaavachitraatmak" lipiyon ke anantar "aksharaatmak" star ki lipiyon ka vikaas maana jaata hai. paashchaatya aur anek bhaarateeya bhaashaavijnyaaanavijnyaon ke mat se lipi ki aksharaatmak avastha ke baad alfaabetik (varnaatmak) avastha ka vikaas hua. sabse viksit avastha maani gayi hai dhvanyaatmak (fonetik) lipi ki. "devanaagari" ko aksharaatmak isliye kaha jaata hai ki iske varn- akshar (silebil) hain- svar bhi aur vyanjan bhi. "k", "kh" aadi vyanjan sasvar hain- akaarayukt hain. ve keval dhvaniyaaain naheen hain apitu sasvar akshar hain. at: greek, roman aadi varnamaalaaeain hain. parantu yahaaain yeh dhyaan rakhane ki baat hai ki Bhaarat ki "braahmi" ya "bhaarati" varnamaala ki dhvaniyon mein vyanjanon ka "paanini" ne varnasamaamnaaya ke 14 sootron mein jo svaroop parichay diya hai- uske vishay mein "patanjali" (dviteeya shati E.poo.) ne yeh spasht bata diya hai ki vyanjanon mein sanniyojit "akaar" svar ka upayog keval uchchaaran ke uddeshya se hai. vah tatvat: varn ka ang naheen hai. is drushti se vichaar karte hue kaha ja sakta hai ki is lipi ki varnamaala tatvat: dhvanyaatmak hai, aksharaatmak naheen.

devanaagari varnamaala

devanaagari ki varnamaala mein 12 svar aur 34 vyanjan hain. shoonya ya ek ya adhik vyanjanon aur ek svar ke mel se ek akshar banta hai.

svar

nimnalikhit svar aadhunik hindi (khadi boli) ke liye diye gaye hain. sanskrut mein inke uchchaaran thode alag hote hain.

varnaakshar “apa” ke saath maatra IPA uchchaaran "p" ke saath uchchaaran IAST samatulya hindi mein varnan
a p / ə / / pə / a beech ka madhya prasrut svar
aa pa / α: / / pα: / ā deergh vivrut pashv prasrut svar
i pi / i / / pi / i hrasv sanvrut agr prasrut svar
E pi / i: / / pi: / ī deergh sanvrut agr prasrut svar
u pu / u / / pu / u hrasv sanvrut pashv vartul svar
oo poo / u: / / pu: / ū deergh sanvrut pashv vartul svar
A pe / e: / / pe: / e deergh ardhasanvrut agr prasrut svar
ai pai / æ: / / pæ: / ai deergh lagbhag-vivrut agr prasrut svar
O po / ο: / / pο: / o deergh ardhasanvrut pashv vartul svar
au pau / ɔ: / / pɔ: / au deergh ardhavivrut pashv vartul svar
<kuchh bhi nahi> <kuchh bhi nahi> / ɛ / / pɛ / <kuchh bhi naheen> hrasv ardhavivrut agr prasrut svar

sanskrut mein ai do svaron ka yugm hota hai aur "a-i" ya "aa-i" ki tarah bola jaata hai. isi tarah au "a-u" ya "aa-u" ki tarah bola jaata hai.

iske alaava hindi aur sanskrut mein ye varnaakshar bhi svar maane jaate hain :

  • ri -- aadhunik hindi mein "ri" ki tarah
  • ri -- keval sanskrut mein
  • -- keval sanskrut mein
  • -- keval sanskrut mein
  • an -- aadhe n, m, ङ, nya, n ke liye ya svar ka naasikeekaran karne ke liye
  • aain -- svar ka naasikeekaran karne ke liye
  • a: -- aghosh "h" (ni:shvaas) ke liye
  • -- ardhachandr iska upayog angreji shabdonka hindeeme paripoorn uchchaaran tatha lekhan karne ke liye kiya jaata hai.

vyanjan

jab kisi svar prayog naheen ho, to vahaaain par 'a' (arthaat shva ka svar) maana jaata hai. svar ke na hone ko halant‌ athva viraam se darshaaya jaata hai. jaise ki k‌ kh‌ g‌ gh‌.

sparsh (Plosives)
alpapraan
aghosh
mahaapraan
aghosh
alpapraan
ghosh
mahaapraan
ghosh
naasikya
kanthya k / kə /
kh / khə /
g / gə /
gh / gɦə /
/ ŋaaə /
taalavya ch / cə / ya / tʃaaə /
chh / chə / ya /tʃhə/
j / ɟaaə / ya / dʒaaə /
jh / ɟɦə / ya / dʒɦə /
nya / ɲaaə /
moordhanya t / ʈaaə /
th / ʈhə /
d / ɖaaə /
dh / ɖɦə /
n / ɳaaə /
dantya t / t̪aaə /
th / t̪hə /
the / d̪aaə /
dh / d̪ɦə /
na / nə /
oshthya p / pə /
f / phə /
b / bə /
bh / bɦə /
m / mə /
sparsharahit (Non-Plosives)
taalavya moordhanya dantya/
vartsya
kanthoshthya/
kaakalya
antasth ya / jə /
r / rə /
l / lə /
va / ʋaaə /
ooshm/
sangharshi
sh / ʃaaə /
sh / ʂaaə /
s / sə /
h / ɦaaə / ya / hə /
not karein -
  • inmein se l (moordhanya paarvik antasth) ek atirikt vyanjan hai jiska prayog hindi mein naheen hota hai. maraathi aur vaidik sanskrut mein sabhi ka prayog kiya jaata hai.
  • sanskrut mein sh ka uchchaaran aise hota tha : jeebh ki nok ko moordha (muainh ki chhat) ki or uthaakar sh jaisi aavaaj karna. shukl yajurved ki maadhyandini shaakha mein kuchh vaakyaat mein sh ka uchchaaran kh ki tarah karna maanya tha. aadhunik hindi mein sh ka uchchaaran poori tarah sh ki tarah hota hai.
  • hindi mein n ka uchchaaran jyaadaatar dain ki tarah hota hai, yaani ki jeebh muainh ki chhat ko ek joradaar thokar maarati hai. hindi mein kshanik aur kshadink mein koi frk naheen. par sanskrut mein n ka uchchaaran na ki tarah bina thokar maare hota tha, antar keval itna ki jeebh n ke samay muainh ki chhat ko chhooti hai.

nukta vaale vyanjan

hindi bhaasha mein mukhyat: arabi aur faarasi bhaashaaon se aaye shabdon ko devanaagari mein likhne ke liye kuchh varnon ke neeche nukta (bindu) lage varnon ka prayog kiya jaata hai (jaise k, za aadi). kintu hindi mein bhi adhikaansh log nukton ka prayog naheen karte. iske alaava sanskrut, maraathi, nepaali evam anya bhaashaaon ko devanaagari mein likhne mein bhi nukton ka prayog naheen kiya jaata hai.

varnaakshar (IPA uchchaaran) udaaharan varnan angreji mein varnan glat uchchaaran
k (/ q /) ktl aghosh alijihveeya sparsh Voiceless uvular stop k (/ k /)
kh (/ x or χ /) khaas aghosh alijihveeya ya kanthya sangharshi Voiceless uvular or velar fricative kh (/ kh /)
g (/ ɣ or ʁ /) gair ghosh alijihveeya ya kanthya sangharshi Voiced uvular or velar fricative g (/ g /)
f (/ f /) frk aghosh dantyaushthya sangharshi Voiceless labio-dental fricative f (/ ph /)
za (/ z /) jaalim ghosh vartsya sangharshi Voiced alveolar fricative j (/ dʒ /)
jh (/ ʒ /) televeejhn ghosh taalavya sangharshi Voiced palatal fricative j (/ dʒ /)
th (/ θ /) athroo aghosh dantya sangharshi Voiceless dental fricative th (/ t̪h /)
d (/ ɽ /) ped alpapraan moordhanya utkshipt Unaspirated retroflex flap -
dh (/ ɽh /) padhna mahaapraan moordhanya utkshipt Aspirated retroflex flap -

th ka prayog mukhyat: pahaadi bhaashaaoain mein hota hai jaise ki dogari (ki uttari upabhaashaaon) mein "aansoo" ke liye shabd hai "athroo". hindi mein d aur dh vyanjan faarasi ya arabi se naheen liye gaye hain, na hi ye sanskrut mein paaye jaaye hain. asal mein ye sanskrut ke saadhaaran d aur dh ke badle hue roop hain.

viraam-chinh, vaidik chinh aadi

prateek naam kaarya
. danda / khadi pai / poorn viraam vaakya ka ant bataane ke liye
. dohara danda
sankshipteekaran ke liye, jaise ma॰ ka॰ gaaaindhi
Om pranav , om hindu dharm ka shubh shabd
p॑ udaatt uchchaaran bataane ke liye vaidik sanskrut ke kuchh granthon mein prayukt
p॒ anudaatt uchchaaran bataane ke liye vaidik sanskrut ke kuchh granthon mein prayukt

devanaagari ank

devanaagari ank nimn roop mein likhe jaate hain :

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


devanaagari lipi ke gun

devanaagari ke varnon ke vargeekaran ki taalika
  • bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke liye varnon ki poornata evam sampannata (52 varn, na bahut adhik na bahut kam).
  • ek dhvani ke liye ek saanketik chinh -- jaisa bolein vaisa likhein.
  • ek saanketik chinh dvaara keval ek dhvani ka niroopan -- jaisa likhein vaisa padhein.
uparokt donon gunon ke kaaran braahmi lipi ka upayog karne waali sabhi bhaarateeya bhaashaaeain 'speling ki samasya' se mukt hain.
  • svar aur vyanjan mein tarkasangat evam vaigyaanik kram-vinyaas - devanaagari ke varnon ka kramavinyaas unke uchchaaran ke sthaan (oshthya, dantya, taalavya, moordhanya aadi) ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue banaaya gaya hai. iske atirikt varn-kram ke nirdhaaran mein bhaasha-vigyaan ke kai anya pahaluo ka bhi dhyaan rakha gaya hai. devanaagari ki varnamaala (vaastav mein, braahmi se utpann sabhi lipiyon ki varnamaalaaeain) ek atyant tarkapoorn dhvanyaatmak kram (phonetic order) mein vyavasthit hai. yeh kram itna tarkapoorn hai ki antararaashtreeya dhvanyaatmak sangh (IPA) ne antarraashtreeya dhvanyaatmak varnamaala ke nirmaan ke liye maamooli parivrtanon ke saath isi kram ko angeekaar kar liya.
  • varnon ka pratyaahaar roop mein upayog : maaheshvar sootr mein devanaagari varnon ko ek vishisht kram mein sajaaya gaya hai. ismein se kisi varn se aarambh karke kisi doosare varn tak ke varnasamooh ko do akshar ka ek chhota naam de diya jaata hai jise 'pratyaahaar' kehte hain. pratyaahaar ka prayog karte hue sandhi aadi ke niyam atyant saral aur sankshipt dhang se diye gaye hain (jaise, aad gun:)
  • maatraaon ki sankhya ke aadhaar par chhandon ka vargeekaran : yeh bhaarateeya lipiyon ki adbhut visheshata hai ki kisi padya ke likhit roop se maatraaon aur unke kram ko ginkar bataaya ja sakta hai ki kaun sa chhand hai. roman, arabi evam anya mein yeh gun apraapya hai.
  • lipi chihnon ke naam aur dhvani me koi antar naheen (jaise roman mein akshar ka naam “abee” hai aur dhvani “aba” hai)
  • lekhan aur mudran me ekaroopata (roman, arabi aur faarasi me hastalikhit aur mudrit roop alag-alag hain)
  • devanaagari, 'smaal letar" aur 'kaipitl letar' ki avaijnyaaanik vyavastha se mukt hai.
  • maatraaon ka prayog
k ke upar vibhinn maatraaen lagaane ke baad ka svaroop
  • ardh-akshar ke roop ki sugamata : khadi pai ko hataakar - daayein se baayein kram mein likhkar tatha arddh akshar ko oopar tatha uske neeche poorn akshar ko likhkar - oopar neeche kram mein sanyuktaakshar banaane ki do prakaar ki reeti prachalit hai.
  • anya - baayein se daayein, shirorekha, sanyuktaaksharon ka prayog, adhikaansh varnon mein ek urdhv-rekha ki pradhaanata, anek dhvaniyon ko niroopit karne ki kshamata aadi.[1]
  • bhaaratavarsh ke saahitya mein kuchh aise roop viksit hue hain jo daayein-se-baayein athva baaye-se-daayein padhne par samaan rahate hain. udaaharanasvaroop keshavadaas ka ek savaiya leejiye :
maan sas moh sajai ban been, naveen bajai sah mos sama.
maar lataani banaavati saari, risaati vanaabani taal rama .
maanav hi rahi morad mod, damodar mohi rahi vanama.
maal bani bal kesabadaas, sada basakel bani balama .
is savaiya ki kisi bhi pankti ko kisi or se bhi padhiye, koi antar nahi padega.
sada seal tum sarad ke daras har tarah khaas.
sakha har tarah sarad ke sar sam tulaseedaas.

devanaagari par mahaapurushon ke vichaar

aachaarya vinoba bhaave sansaar ki anek lipiyon ke jaankaar the. unki spasht dhaarana thi ki devanaagari lipi Bhaarat hi naheen, sansaar ki sarvaadhik vaigyaanik lipi hai. agar Bhaarat ki sab bhaashaaon ke liye iska vyavahaar chal pade to saare bhaarateeya ek doosare ke bilkul najadeek aa jaaenge. Hindustan ki ekta mein devanaagari lipi hindi se hi adhik upayogi ho sakti hai. anant shayanam ayangaar to dakshin bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke liye bhi devanaagari ki sambhaavana sveekaar karte the. seth govindadaas ise raashtreeya lipi ghoshit karne ke paksh mein the.

  • (1) Hindustan ki ekta ke liye hindi bhaasha jitna kaam degi, usase bahut adhik kaam devanaagari lipi de sakti hai.
aachaarya vinoba bhaave
  • (2) devanaagari kisi bhi lipi ki tulana mein adhik vaigyaanik evam vyavasthit lipi hai.
sar William jons
  • (3) maanav mastishk se nikli hui varnamaalaaon mein naagari sabse adhik poorn varnamaala hai.
jaan kraaist
  • (4) urdoo likhne ke liye devanaagari lipi apnaane se urdoo utkarsh ko praapt hogi.
khushavant Singh
  • (5) The Devanagri alphabet is a splendid monument of phonological accuracy, in the sciences of language.
mohan laal vidyaarthi - Indian Culture Through the Ages, p. 61
  • (6) ek sarvamaanya lipi sveekaar karne se Bhaarat ki vibhinn bhaashaaon mein jo gyaan ka bhandaar bhara hai use praapt karne ka ek saadhaaran vyakti ko sahaj hi avsar praapt hoga. hamaare liye yadi koi sarv-maanya lipi sveekaar karna sambhav hai to vah devanaagari hai.
M.si.chhaagala
  • (7) praacheen Bhaarat ke mahattam upalabdhiyon mein se ek usaki vilkshan varnamaala hai jismein pratham svar aate hain aur fir vyanjan jo sabhi utpatti kram ke anusaar atyant vaigyaanik dhang se vargeekrut kiye gaye hain. is varnamaala ka avichaarit roop se vargeekrut tatha aparyaapt roman varnamaala se, jo teen hajaar varshon se kramash: viksit ho rahi thi, paryaapt antar hai.
A L baasham, "the vandar dait vaaj India" ke lekhak aur itihaasavid

Bhaarat ke liye devanaagari ka mahatva


vishvalipi ke roop mein devanaagari

Unbalanced scales.svg
is lekh ki nishpakshata vivaadit hai.
krupaya iske vaarta prushth par charcha dekhein.

bauddh sanskruti se prabhaavit kshetr naagari ke liye naya naheen hai. cheen aur Japan chitralipi ka vyavahaar karte hain. in chitron ki sankhya bahut adhik hone ke kaaran bhaasha seekhane mein bahut kathinaai hoti hai. devavaani ki vaahika hone ke naate devanaagari Bhaarat ki seemaaon se baahar nikalkar cheen aur Japan ke liye bhi samuchit vikalp de sakti hai. bhaarateeya mool ke log sansaar mein jahaan-jahaan bhi rahate hain, ve devanaagari se parichay rakhate hain, visheshakar maareeshas, sooreenaam, fiji, gaayana, Trinidad, tubaigo aadi ke log. is tarah devanaagari lipi na keval Bhaarat ke andar saare praantavaasiyon ko prem-bandhan mein baandhakar seemollanghan kar dakshin-poorv Asia ke puraane vruhattar bhaarateeya parivaar ko bhi 'bahujan hitaaya, bahujan sukhaaya' anupraanit kar sakti hai tatha vibhinn deshon ko ek adhik suchaaroo aur vaigyaanik vikalp pradaan kar 'vishv naagari' ki padavi ka daava ikkeesaveen sadi mein kar sakti hai. us par prasaar lipigt saamraajyavaad aur shoshan ka maadhyam na hokar satya, ahinsa, tyaag, sanyam jaise udaatt maanavamoolyon ka sanvaahak hoga, asat‌ se sat‌, tamas‌ se jyoti tatha mrutyu se amarata ki disha mein.

lipi-viheen bhaashaaon ke liye devanaagari

Unbalanced scales.svg
is lekh ki nishpakshata vivaadit hai.
krupaya iske vaarta prushth par charcha dekhein.

duniya ki kai bhaashaaon ke liye devanaagari sabse achha vikalp ho sakti hai kyonki yeh yeh bolne ki poori aajaadi deta hai. duniya ki aur kisi bhi lipi me yeh nahi ho sakta hai. indoneshiya, viyetanaam, Africa aadi ke liye to yahi sabse sahi rahega. ashtaadhyaayi ko dekhkar koi bhi samajh sakta hai ki duniya me isse achhi koi bhi lipi naheen hai. aga‍aar duniya pakshapaatarahit ho to devanaagari hi duniya ki sarvamaanya lipi hogi kyonki yeh poornat: vaigyaanik hai. angreji bhaasha mein vartani (speling) ki vikraal samasya ke kaaragar samaadhaan ke liye devanaagari par aadhaarit devagreek lipi prastaavit ki gayi hai.

devanaagari ki vaijnyaaanikta

vistrut lekh devanaagari ki vaijnyaaanikta dekhein.

jis prakaar bhaarateeya ankon ko unki vaijnyaaanikta ke kaaran vishv ne saharsh sveekaar kar liya vaise hi devanaagari bhi apni vaijnyaaanikta ke kaaran hi ek din vishvanaagari banegi.

devanaagari ke sampaaditr va anya software

devanaagari se anya lipiyon mein roopaantaran

  • aajkal anek computer program upalabdh hain jinki sahaayata se devanaagari mein likhe paath ko kisi bhi bhaarateeya lipi mein badla ja sakta hai.
  • kuchh aise bhi computer program hain jinki sahaayata se devanaagari mein likhe paath ko laitin, arabi, cheeni, krilik, aaipeee (IPA) aadi mein badla ja sakta hai. (ICU Transform Demo)
  • yoonikod ke padaarpan ke baad devanaagari ka romaneekaran (romanization) ab anaavashyak hota ja raha hai. kyonki dheere-dheere computer par devanaagari ko (aur anya lipiyon ko bhi) poorn samarthan milne laga hai.

devanaagari yoonikod

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+090x ain n : a aa i E u oo ri A
U+091x ai o O au k kh g gh ch chh j jh nya t
U+092x th d dh n t th the dh na p f b bh m ya
U+093x r l l l va sh sh s h a i
U+094x i u oo ru ai e ai au o au
U+095x Om q kh g z d dh f y
U+096x ri . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
U+097x ॿ

computer kunjeepatal par devanaagari

इंस्क्रिप्ट कुंजीपटल पर देवनागरी वर्ण (Windows, Solaris, Java)

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sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain