deharaadoon

yeh lekh deharaadoon nagar par hai. vistaar hetu dekhein deharaadoon jila.


deharaadoon
nagar
samay mandal: aaiesati (yooteesi+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya uttaraakhand
jila deharaadoon
janasankhya 4,47,808 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 657 meter (2,156 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: dehradun.nic.in/

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 30°a20′aN 78°a04′aE / 30.33°aN 78.06°aE / 30.33; 78.06

deharaadoon (), deharaadoon jile ka mukhyaalaya hai jo Bhaarat ki rajdhani Delhi se 230 kilometer door doon ghaati mein basa hua hai. 9 November, 2000 ko uttar pradesh raajya ko vibhaajit kar jab uttaraakhand raajya ka gathan kiya gaya tha, us samay ise uttaraakhand (tab uttaraanchal) ki antarim rajdhani banaaya gaya. deharaadoon nagar paryatan, shiksha, sthaapatya, sanskruti aur praakrutik saundarya ke liye prasiddh hai. iska vistrut pauraanik itihaas hai.

anukram

itihaas

deharaadoon ka itihaas kai sau varsh puraana hai. deharaadoon se 56 kilometer door kaalasi ke paas sthit shilaalekh se is par teesari sadi isa poorv mein samraat ashok ka adhikaar hone ki soochana milti hai. deharaadoon ne sada se hi aakramanakaariyon ko aakarshit kiya hai. khaleelullaah Khan ke netvrutv mein 1654 mein is par mugal sena ne aakraman kiya tha. sirmor ke raaja subhaak prakaash ki sahaayata se Khan gadhva ke raaja pruthvi shaah ko haraane mein safal rahe. gaddi se apadast kiye gaye raaja ko is shart par gaddi par aaseen kiya gaya ki ve niyamit roop se mugal baadshah shaahajahaaain ko kar chukaaegein kareinge. ise 1772 mein gujjaron ne loota tha. tatkaaleen raaja lalat shaah jo pruthvi shaah ke vanshaj the, ki putri ki shaadi gulaab Singh naamak gujjar se ki gayi thi. gulaab Singh ke putr ka niyantran deharaadoon par tha aur unke vanshaj is samay bhi nagar mein mil sakte hain.

gadhvaal ke raaja lalat shaah ke putr praduman shaah ke shaasan kaal mein rohilla najeeb ke pote gulaam kaadir ke netrutv mein Afghaanon ka aakraman hua. jismein usane guroo Ram rai ke anuyaayiyon aur shishyon ko maut ke ghaat utaar diya. jin logon ne hindu dharm tyaagane ka nirnaya liya, unhein chhod diya gaya. lekin anya logon ke saath bahut nimrmataapoorvak vyavahaar kiya gaya. sahaaranapur ke raajyapaal aur Afghan pramukh najeebudaulla bhi deharaadoon ko apne adhikaar mein karne ke uddeshya mein safal raha uske baad deharaadoon par gujjaron, sikkhon, raajapooton aur gorakhaaon ke lagaataar aakraman hue aur yeh upajaaoo aur sundar bhoomi shighr hi banjar sthal mein badal gayi. 1783 mein ek sikkh pramukh bughel Singh ne deharaadoon par aakraman kiya aur bina kisi bade pratirodh ke sahajata se is kshetr ko jeet liya. 1786 mein deharaadoon par gulaam kaadir ka aakraman hua. usane pehle haridvaar ko loota aur fir deharaadoon par kahar barapaaya. usane nagar par aakraman kiya aur use jamkar loota tatha baad mein deharaadoon ko barbaad kar diya. 1801 tak amar Singh thaapa ke netvrutv mein gorakha ne doon ghaati par aakraman kiya aur us par adhikaar kar liya. 1814 mein naalaapaani ke liye amar Singh thaapa ke pote baalabhadr Singh thaapa ke netvrutv mein gorakha aur general jilespi ke netvrutv mein british ke beech yuddh hua. gorakhaaon ne is ladaai mein jamkar baraabari ki aur general samet kai british senaaon ko apne praanon se haath dhona pada. is beech gorakhaaon ko ek asaamaanya sthiti ka saamana karna pada aur unhein naalaapaani ke kile ko chhod kar jaana pada. 1815 tak gorakhaaon ko hara kar british shaasan ne is poore kshetr par apna adhikaar kar liya.

deharaadoon ke do smaarak prasiddh hain. (kalanga smaarak) ka nirmaan british general gilespi aur uske adhikaariyon ki smruti mein karaaya gaya hai. doosra smaarak gilespi se loha lenevaale captain balabhadr Singh thaapa aur unke gorakha sipaahiyon ki smruti mein banavaaya gaya hai. kaalanga gadhi sahastradhaara sadak par sthit hai. ghanta ghar se iski doori 4.5 kilometer hai. isi varsh deharaadoon tahaseel ke vartamaan kshetr ko sahaaranapur jile se jod diya gaya. iske baad 1825 mein ise kumaaooain mandal ko hastaantarit kar diya gaya. 1828 mein alag-alag upaayukt ke prabhaar ke antargat deharaadoon aur jaunasaar bavaar hastaantarit kar diya gaya aur 1829 mein deharaadoon jile ko Meerut khand ko hastaantarit kar diya gaya. 1842 mein deharaadoon ko sahaaranapur jile se jod diya gaya aur ise jilaadheesh ke adhinsth ek adhikaari ke adhikaar kshetr mein rakha gaya. 1871 se yeh ek alag jila hai. 1968 mein is jile ko Meerut khand se alag karke gadhva khand se jod diya gaya. deharaadoon ke itihaas ke baare mein vistrut jaankaari chandar road par sthit state aarkaaivs mein hai. yeh sanstha dalaanavaala mein sthit hai.

sthaapana

deharaadoon ki sthaapana 1699 mein hui thi. kehte hain ki sikkhon ke guru raamaraaya kirtapur Punjab se aakar yahaaain bas gaye the. mugl samraat aurangajeb ne unhein kuchh gram tihri naresh se daan mein dilva diye the. yahaaain unhonne 1699 E. mein mugl makbaron se milta-julata mandir bhi banavaaya jo aaj tak prasiddh hai. shaayad guru ka dera is ghaati mein hone ke kaaran hi is sthaan ka naam deharaadoon pad gaya hoga. iske atirikt ek atyant praacheen kinvadanti ke anusaar deharaadoon ka naam pehle dronanagar tha aur yeh kaha jaata tha ki paandav-kauravon ke guru dronaachaarya ne is sthaan par apni tapobhoomi banaai thi aur unheen ke naam par is nagar ka naamakaran hua tha. ek anya kinvadanti ke anusaar jis dronapart ki aushadhiyaaain hanumaan ji Lakshman ke shakti lagne par lanka le gaye the, vah deharaadoon mein sthit tha, kintu vaalmeeki raamaayan mein is parvat ko mahodaya kaha gaya hai.

jalavaayu

deharaadoon ki jalavaayu samasheetoshn hai. yahaan ka taapamaan 16 se 36 degree celcius ke beech rahata hai jahaan sheet ka taapamaan 2 se 24 degree celcius ke beech rahata hai. deharaadoon mein ausatan 2073.3 milimeetar varsha hoti hai. adhikaansh varsha June aur September ke beech hoti hai. August mein sabse adhik varsha hoti hai.

nagar ke vishay mein

raajapur maarg par ya daalanavaala ke puraane aavaaseeya kshetr mein poorvi yamuna nahar sadak se deharaadoon shuru ho jaata hai. sadak ke donon kinaare sthit chaude baraamade aur sundar dhaaladaar chhaton vaale chhote bangale is shahar ki pehchaan hain. in bangalon ke falon se lade hue pedon vaale bageeche barabas dhyaan aakarshit karte hain. ghantaaghar se aage tak failaahuaa rangeen palatan baajaar yahaaain ka sarvaadhik puraana aur vyast baajaar hai. yeh baajaar tab astitv mein aaya jab 1820 mein british sena ki tukadi ko aane ki aavashyakta padi. aaj is baajaar mein fal, sabjiyaan, sabhi prakaar ke kapde, taiyaar vastr (redeemed gaarameints) joote aur ghar mein pratidin kaam aane waali vastuyein milti hain. iske store maal, raajapur sadak tak hai jiske donon or vishv ke lokapriya utpaadon ke sho room hain. anek prasiddh restaurant bhi raajapur sadak par hai. kuchh chhoti aavaaseeya bastiyaaain jaise raajapur, klemeint taaun, premanagar aur Raipur is shahar ke paaramparik gaurav hain.

deharaadoon ke raajapur maarg par Bhaarat sarkaar ki drushtibaadhiton ke liye sthaapit pehli aur ekamaatr raashtreeya star ki sanstha raashtreeya drushtibaadhit sansthaan (N.aai.vi.H.) sthit hai. iski sthaapani 19veen sadi ke nabbe ke dashak mein viklaangon ke liye sthaapit chaar sansthaaon ki shrankhala mein hua jismein raashtreeya drushtibaadhit sanstha ke liye deharaadoon ka chayan kiya gaya. yahaaain drushtibaadhit bachchon ke liye school, college, chhaatraavaas, brel pustaastalaya evam dhvanyaankit pustakon ka pustakaalaya bhi sthaapit kiya gaya hai. iske karmachaari iske andar rahate hain iske atirikt (tej yaadagaar) sharp memoriyl naamak niji sanstha raajapur mein hain yein drushti apangata tatha kaanon sambandhi Bajaj sansthaan tatha raajapur sadak par doosari anya sansthaaye bahut achha kaarya kar rahi hai. uttaraakhand sarkaar ka ek aur naya kendra hai. karoona vihaar, basant vihaar mein kuchh kaarya shuroo kiye hai. tatha gahanata se bachchon ke liye kaarya kar rahein hai tatha kuchh nagar ke chaaron or kendra hai. deharaadoon raafeel redaracheshaayar arntaraashtreeya kend hai. ‍arispana brij shaayar gruh daalanavaala mein hain. jo maanasik chunautiyon ke liye kaarya karte hai. maanasik chunautiyon ke liye kaam karne ke atirikt raafeel redaracheshaayar arntaraashtreeya kendra ne ti.bi va adharang ke ilaaj ke liye bhi aspataal banaaya. adhikaaainsh sansthaayein Bhaarat aur videsh se svechha se aane vaalo ko aakarshit tatha protsaahit karti hai. aavashyakta viheen ka kehna hai ki svechha se kaam karne vaale in sansthaaon ko theek prakaar se chalaate hai. tatha ayogya, maanasik chunautiyo aur kam yogya vaale logo ko vyaktigat roop se chetna dete hai.

deharaadoon apni pahaadeeyon aur dhalaano ke saath-saath saaikiling ka bhi ek mahatvapoorn sthaan hai. chaaron or parvato aur hariyaali se ghira hone ke kaaran yahaaain saaikiling karna bahut sukhad hai. leechi deharaadoon ka paryaayavaachi hai kyonki yeh svaadisht fal chuniainda jalavaayu mein hi ugata hai. deharaadoon desh ke un jagahon mein se ek hai jahaaain leechi ugati hai. leechi ke atirikt deharaadoon ke chaaron or ber, naashapatti, amarooddh aur aam ke ped hai. jo nagar ki banaavat ko ghere huye hai. ye saari cheeje ghaati ke aakarshan mein vruddhi karti hai. yadi tum May maah ya June ke shuroo ki garmiyon mein bhraman ke liye jaao to tum in falon ko keval dekhogein hi nahi balki khareedonge bhi. baasamati chaaval ki lokapriyta deharaadoon ya Bhaarat mein hi nahi balki videsho mein bhi hai. ek samay angrej bhi deharaadoon mein rahate the aur ve nagar par apna prabhaav chhod gayein. udaaharan ke roop mein deharaadoon ki baikareej (biskut aadi) aaj bhi yahaaain prasiddh hai. us samay ke angrejo ne yahaaain ke sthaaneeya staaf ko seinkana (banaana) seekhaaya. yeh nipunata bahut achhi siddh hui tatha yeh nipunata agali santati santaan mein bhi aayi. fir bhi deharaadoon ke rahane vaalo ke liye yahaaain ke sthaaneeya rask, cake, hot kros bans, pestij aur kukeej mitron ke liye saamaanya upahaar hai, koi bhi aisi nahi banaata jaise deharaadoon mein banti hai.

doosra upahaar jo paryatak yahaaain se le jaate hai vikhyaat kvaaliti ki taufi joki kvaaliti restorent (gunavatta waali dukaanon) se milti hain. yadyapi aaj badi sankhya mein doosari dukaanon (store) se bhi ye taufi milti hai parantu asli taufi aaj bhi sarvotam hai. deharaadoon mein aannad ke aur bahut se paryaapt vikalp hai. praryaapt maatra mein deharaadoon mein darshaneeya cheeje hai jo unke liye prakruti ke upahaar hai vishesh roop se deharaadoon se masoori ka maarg jo ki paidal chalne vaalon ke liye bahut lokapriya hai. un logo ke liye jo saadhaaran se oopar kuchh karna chaahate hai sarvotam yog sansthaanon mein se kisi ek se judna chaahiye athva salasa seekhana chaahiye.

aavaagaman

sadak maarg: deharaadoon desh ke vibhinn hisson se sadak maarg se juda hua hai aur yahaan par kisi bhi jagah se bas ya teksi se aasaani se pahuncha ja sakta hai. sabhi tarah ki basein, (saadhaaran aur lakjari) Gandhi bas steind jo Delhi bas steind ke naam se jaana jaata hai, yahaan se khulati hain. yahaan par do bas stand hain. deharaadoon aur Delhi, Shimla aur masoori ke beech dilks/ semi dilks bas seva upalabdh hai. ye basein klemeint taaun ke najadeek sthit antararaajyeeya bas tarmins se chalti hain. Delhi ke Gandhi road bas stand se AC dilks basein (volvo) bhi chalti hain. yeh seva haal mein hi yooeesaaarateesi dvaara shuroo ki gayi hai. aaiesabeeti, deharaadoon se masoori ke liye har 15 se 70 minute ke antaraal par basein chalti hain. is seva ka sanchaalan yooeesaaarateesi dvaara kiya jaata hai. deharaadoon aur uske padosi keindron ke beech bhi niyamit roop se bas seva upalabdh hai. iske aaspaas ke gaanvon se bhi basein chalti hain. ye sabhi basein parade ground sthit sthaaneeya bas staid se chalti hain.

deharaadoon aur kuchh mahatvapoorn sthaanon ke beech ki doori neeche di gayi hai:

rel: deharaadoon uttari railway ka ek pramukh railway station hai. yeh Bhaarat ke lagbhag sabhi bade shaharon se seedhi trainon se juda hua hai. aisi kuchh pramukh trainein hain- haavada-deharaadoon express, chennai- deharaadoon express, Delhi- deharaadoon express, Bandra- deharaadoon express, Indore- deharaadoon express aadi. vaayu maarg: jolly graant airport deharaadoon se 25 se kilometer hai. yeh Delhi airport se achhi tarah se jude hue hain. air Deccan donon eyaraporton ke beech pratidin vaayu seva sanchaalit karti hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

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