deenadayaal upaadhyaaya

pandit deenadayaal upaadhyaaya


janm 25 sitmbar 1916
nagala chandrabhaan (Mathura), uttar pradesh, british Bhaarat
mrutyu 11 fravari 1968
svatantr Bhaarat mein mugalasaraaya ke aaspaas rel mein hatya
raajaneetik dal bhaarateeya janasangh
dharm hindu

pandit deenadayaal upaadhyaaya (angreji: Deendayal Upadhyaya, janm:25 sitmbar 1916, mrutyu: 11 fravari 1968) mahaan chintak aur sangathanakarta the. ve bhaarateeya janasangh ke adhyaksh bhi rahe. unhonne Bhaarat ki sanaatan vichaaradhaara ko yugaanukool roop mein prastut karte hue desh ko ekaatm maanavavaad jaisi pragatisheel vichaaradhaara di.

upaadhyaayaji nitaant saral aur saumya svabhaav ke vyakti the. raajaneeti ke atirikt saahitya mein bhi unki gahari abhiruchi thi. unke hindi aur angreji ke lekh vibhinn patra-patrikaaon mein prakaashit hote rahate the. keval ek baithak mein hi unhonne chandragupt naatak likh daala tha.

anukram

sankshipt jeevani

deenadayaal upaadhyaaya ka janm 25 sitmbar 1916 ko Mathura jile ke chhote se gaaainv nagala chandrabhaan mein hua tha. inke pita ka naam bhagavati prasaad upaadhyaaya tha. maata raamapyaari dhaarmik vrutti ki theen.

rel ki naukri hone ke kaaran unke pita ka adhik samay baahar hi beetata tha. kabhi-kabhi chhutti milne par hi ghar aate the. thode samay baad hi deenadayaal ke bhaai ne janm liya jiska naam shivdayaal rakha gaya. pita bhagavati prasaad ne bachchon ko nanihaal bhej diya. us samay unke naana chunneelaal shukl dhanakiya mein station master the. maama ka parivaar bahut bada tha. deenadayaal apne mamere bhaaiyon ke saath khaate khelte bade hue.

3 varsh ki maasoom umr mein deenadayaal pita ke pyaar se vanchit ho gaye. pati ki mrutyu se maaain raamapyaari ko apna jeevan andhakaaramaya lagne laga. ve atyadhik beemaar rahane lageen. unhein kshaya rog lag gaya. 8 August 1924 ko raamapyaari bachchon ko akela chhod ishvar ko pyaari ho gayeen. 7 varsh ki komal avastha mein deenadayaal maata-pita ke pyaar se vanchit ho gaye.

upaadhyaaya ji ne Pilani, Agra tatha prayaag mein shiksha praapt ki. bee0.esasee0 bee0tee0 karne ke baad bhi unhonne naukri naheen ki. chhaatr jeevan se hi ve raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke sakriya kaaryakarta ho gaye the. at: kaalej chhodne ke turant baad ve ukt sanstha ke prachaarak ban gaye aur ekanishth bhaav se sangh ka sangathan kaarya karne lage. upaadhyaayaji nitaant saral aur saumya svabhaav ke vyakti the.

san 1951 i0 mein akhil bhaarateeya janasangh ka nirmaan hone par ve uske sangathan mantri banaaye gaye. do varsh baad san 1953 i0 mein upaadhyaayaji akhil bhaarateeya janasangh ke mahaamantri nirvaachit hue aur lagabhaga15 varsh tak is pad par rahakar unhonne apne dal ki amoolya seva ki. kaaleekat adhiveshan (December 1967) mein ve akhil bhaarateeya janasangh ke adhyaksh nirvaachit hue. 11 faravaree1968 ki raat mein relayaatra ke dauraan mugalasaraaya ke aaspaas unki hatya kar di gayi.[1]

vilkshan buddhi, saral vyaktitv evam netrutv ke anginat gunon ke svaami bhaarateeya raajaneetik kshitij ke is prakaashamaan soorya ne bhaaratavarsh mein samataamoolak raajaneetik vichaaradhaara ka prachaar evam protsaahan karte hue sirf 52 saal k umr mein apne praan raashtra ko samarpit kar diye. anaakarshak vyaktitv ke svaami deenadayaalaji uchch-koti ke daarshanik the kisi prakaar ka bhautik maaya-moh unhein chhoo tak naheen saka.

ek drushti mein

upaadhyaayaji ki krutiyaaain

janasangh ke raashtrajeevan darshan ke nirmaata deenadayaalaji ka uddeshya svatantrata ki purnarachana ke prayaason ke liye vishuddh bhaarateeya tatv-drushti pradaan karna tha . unhonne Bhaarat ki sanaatan vichaaradhaara ko yugaanukool roop mein prastut karte hue desh ko ekaatm maanavavaad jaisi pragatisheel vichaaradhaara di.deenadayaalaji ko janasangh ke aarthik neeti ke rachanaakaar bataaya jaata hai . aarthik vikaas ka mukhya uddeshya samaanya maanav ka sukh hai ya unka vichaar tha . vichaar –svaatantraya ke is yug mein maanav kalyaan ke liye anek vichaaradhaara ko panapane ka avsar mila hai . ismein saamyavaad, poonjeevaad , antyodaya, sarvodaya aadi mukhya hain . kintu charaachar jagat ko santulit , svasth va sundar banaakar manushya maatr poornata ki or le ja sakane wala ekamaatr prakram sanaatan dharm dvaara pratipaadit jeevan – vigyaan, jeevan –kala va jeevan–darshan hai.

sanskrutinishtha deenadayaal ji ke dvaara nirmit raajanaitik jeevanadarshan ka pehla sutr hai unke shabdon mein- “ Bhaarat mein rahanevaala aur iske prati mamatv ki bhaavana rakhane wala maanav samooh ek jan hain . unki jeevan pranaali ,kala , saahitya , darshan sab bhaarateeya sanskruti hai . isliye bhaarateeya raashtravaad ka aadhaar yeh sanskruti hai . is sanskrutimein nishtha rahe tabhi Bhaarat ekaatm rahega .”

“avasudhaiv kutumbakama” hamaari sabhyata se prachalit hai . isi ke anusaar Bhaarat mein sabhi dharmo ko samaan adhikaar praapt hain . sanskruti se kisi vyakti ,varg , raashtra aadi ki ve baatein jo unke man,ruchi, aachaar, vichaar, kala-kaushal aur sabhyata ka soochak hota hai par vichaar hota hai . do shabdon mein kahein to yeh jeevan jeene ki shaili hai . bhaarateeya sarkaari raajya patra (gajt) itihaas va sanskruti sanskaran me yeh spasht varnan hai ki hindutv aur hindooijm ek hi shabd hain tatha yeh Bhaarat ke sanskruti aur sabhyata ka soochak hai .

upaadhyaayaji patrakaar to the hi chintak aur lekhak bhi the. unki asaamayik mrutyu se ek baat to spasht ho jaati hai ki jis dhaara mein vah bhaarateeya raajaneeti ko le jaana chaahate the vah dhaara hindutv ki thi jiska sanket unhonne apni kuchh krutiyon mein hi de diya tha. tabhi to kaaleekat adhiveshan ke baad vishv bhar ke media ka dhyaan unki or gaya. unki kuchh pramukh pustakon ke naam[2] neeche diye gaye hain-

  • do yojanaaeain ,
  • raajaneetik daayari,
  • bhaarateeya arthaneeti ka avmoolyan ,
  • samraat chandragupt ,
  • jagadguru shankaraachaarya, aur
  • ekaatm maanavavaad (angreji: Integral Humanism)
  • raashtra jeevan ki disha

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain