dasharath sharma

dasharath sharma
janm 1903
chooru, Rajasthan
mrutyu 1976
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
shiksha praapt ki Delhi vishvavidyaalaya

dasharath sharma (1903, chooru, Rajasthan - 1976) ek bhaaratavid evam Bhaarat ke Rajasthan kshetr ke itihaas par jaane-maane vidvaan the. aap bhaashyaachaarya haranaamadatt shaastri ke pautr tatha vidyaavaachaspati vidyaadhar shaastri ke anuj the[1].

anukram

aaranbhik jeevan

aapki praarambhik shiksha chooru mein hui. aapne Delhi vishvavidyaalaya aur Agra vishvavidyaalaya (vartamaan bi aar ambedakar vishvavidyaalaya) se kramash: itihaas tatha sanskrut kalaadhisnaatak pareekshaaen pratham shreni mein utteern keen . shodh prabandh arli chauhaan daainestees ke liye aapko di.lit ki upaadhi praapt hui[2]. dau॰ sharma muni jinvijya ki adhyakshata mein gathit us aayog ke sadasya the jiske prayatn se Abu kshetr ko Rajasthan mein samaahit kiya gaya[3].

vidyochit karm

1925 E. mein aap doongar college, Bikaner mein itihaas ke professor niyukt hue. 1935 E. mein aap mahaaraaja ganga Singh ke pautr dau॰ karani Singh ke niji shikshak niyukt hue. isi samay aapne Bikaner sthit anoop sanskrut pustakaalaya ke sanchaalan mein bhaag liya . 'pruthveeraaj raaso' ke vishay mein jo shankaaen anya vidvaanon ne prakat ki thi unka aapne khandan kiya .1944 mein aapne saadul raajasthaani research instityoot ki sthaapana mein yogadaan diya aur kai varshon tak is sanstha ka nirdeshan kiya. 1949 se 1957 tak aap hindu college, Delhi ke itihaas aur raajaneeti vabhaag ke adhyaksh rahe. 1957 mein aap Delhi vishvavidyaalaya ke itihaas vibhaag mein praacheen itihaas ke reedar niyukt hue. Delhi vishvavidyaalaya mein aapka sambandh itihaas, hindi tatha sanskrut in sab vibhaagon se tha. aapke maargadarshan mein itihaas, sanskrut, hindi, paali tatha praakrut ke shodhaarthi sahayogi roop se kaarya karte the. 1959 mein aap Rajasthan sarkaar ke dvaara Rajasthan ke praamaanik itihaas lekhan yojana ke pradhaan sampaadak niyukt hue. yeh pustak Rajasthan throo di ejij (bhaag ek) ke roop mein 1966 mein prakaashit hui. 1966 mein aap Jodhpur vishvavidyaalaya (varttamaan jayanaaraayan vyaas vishvavidyaalaya) ke itihaas vibhaag ke adhyaksh tatha professor niyukt hue. kuchh varsh pashchaat aap Jodhpur vishvavidyaalaya kala sankaaya ke adhishthaata niyukt hue. 1969 mein aapne Calcutta vishvavidyaaya mein 'aar pi nopaani bhaashanamaala' ke antargat saat bhaashan diye. inhi bhaashanon ko baad mein lekchars on rajput histari end kalchar ke roop mein prakaashit kiya giya. Jodhpur vishvavidyaalaya se seva nivrutti ke pashchaat aapne Rajasthan praachyavidya pratishthaan (Rajasthan puraatatv mandir) ka nirdeshan kiya. 1967 mein aap Indian history Congress ke praacheen bhaarateeya khand ke adhyaksh rahe tatha 1969 mein Rajasthan history Congress ke Udaipur aadhiveshan ke sabhaapati rahe[4].

shishya varg

dau॰ sharma ke nirdeshan mein anek adhyetaaon ne peeech. di. upaadhi praapt ki. shodhaarthiyon dvaara likhit kuchh granthon ke naam hain: A sosio-politikl stadi of di vaalmeeki raamaayan (dau॰ raamaashraya sharma)[5], san varaship in enshiyant India (dau॰ laalata prasaad Pande)[6], sosial life in naurdarn India 600-1000 E. (dau॰ brajanaaraayan sharma)[7], di paramaar 800-1305 E. (dau॰ pratipaal Bhatia)[8], foods end drinks in enshiyant India:fraum araleeest times too 1200 E. (dau॰ om prakaash)[9]sosial end kalcharal history of naurdarn India 1000-1200 E. (dau॰ brajendranaath sharma)[10], struggle for risponsibl gavarnameint in maaravaar (dau॰ sobhaagamal maathur)[11], raaj maaravaar dyooring british peraamaauntasi (dau॰ paarasaraaj shaah)[12].

granthakaarita

athaah vidvaan jain muni jinvijyaji ne dau॰ dasharath sharma ke baare mein kaha tha ' unhonne apne jeevan mein aisa vidvaan naheen dekha jiski itihaas aur saahitya donon mein itni gahari paith ho'. dau॰ sharma ne apne jeevanakaal mein kareeb paanch sau lekh itihaas tatha saahitya sambandhit vishyon par likhe the. iname se chaar sau se adhik lekhon ki soochi Dr dasharath sharma lekh sangrah (pratham bhaag) ke roop mein prakaashit hai. suprasiddh itihaasakaar ke. em. shreemaali ke anusaar pratyek lekh ko ek svatantr shodh kaarya kaha ja sakta hai. dau॰ sharma praacheen bhaarateeya itihaas ke vidvaan the parantu unka sarvaadhik shodh kaarya raajapootakaal par kendrit raha[13]. 1959 mein prakaashit arli chauhaan daainestees aapki pratham prakaashit pustak hai. ismein dau॰ sharma ne spasht likha hai ki chaalukya saamraajya tatha chauhaanon mein pratispardha ke kaaran muhammad gauri ko Bhaarat par aakraman mein safalta praapt hui[14]. raajapooton mein shaurya athva nipun senaaniyon ki kami naheen the parantu rajput shaasakon mein sahayog ka abhaav tha. is pustak ke uttaraardh mein chauhaan raajyon ki shaasan vyavyastha tatha jeevan paddhati ka varnan hai. lekchars on rajput histari end kalchar mein dau॰ sharma ne raajapooton ki utpatti ke baare mein kaha hai ki pratihaar raghuvanshi Lakshman ke vanshaj naheen the [15]. dau॰ sharma ne pandraveen shataabdi mein raajapooton ke punarutthaan par prakaash daalte hue raana kumbha tatha Rao jodha ke shaashanon ka vivran diya hai[16]. anya vyaakhyaanon mein dau॰ sharma ne 800-1000 E. ke rajput raajyon ke prashaasan ka varnan kiya hai. Rajasthan throo di ejij (pratham bhaag) mein praagaitihaasik kaal se allaauddeen ki mrutyu tak Rajasthan ka itihaas prastut hai. is pustak ka pratham bhaag dau॰ satyaprakaash shreevaastav ne likha tha jisme dau॰ sharma ne aavashyakataanusaar paravirtan kar diya. san 701 E.se 1316 E. ka sampoorn bhaag dau॰ sharma dvaara lipibddh hai. dau॰ sharma ke anusaar san 701 E. ke pashchaat raajapooton ne pradhaanata praapt ki tatha aitihaasik Rajasthan ka udbhav hua. is yug ka praarambh mein mlechhon ke Bhaarat par aakraman ka uttar pratihaaron ne diya[17]. pratihaaron ke pashchaat chauhaan, tomar tatha gaahadavaalon ne gjni ke aakramakaariyon ka 1192 E. tak virodh kiya[18]. dau॰ sharma ke anusaar raajapooton ki paraajaya mein jaati vyavastha, bhaarateeya vayaamandal, shaastradharm ka abhimaan, aakramanakaariyon par kattarpanthi islaam ka prabhaav, bauddh aur jain dharmon dvaara ahinsa ka prachaar aadi kaaran pramukh the. samraat pruthveeraaj chauhaan aur unka yug aapka chautha granth hai. arli chauhaan daainestees tatha Rajasthan throo di ejij mein pruthveeraaj chauhaan ke vishay mein jo apoorn rah gaya usaki poorti ki gayi hai. hindi bhaasha mein likhit aapka yeh ekamaatr granth hai[19].

rachanaaeain

pradhaan granth

  • arli chauhaan daainestees praarambhik chauhaan raajavanshon ke raajaneetik itihaas ka adhyayan, chauhaan raajaneetik sansthaaen tatha chauhaan prabhutv mein jeevan, 800 se 1316 E. tak, prastaavana lekhak: sardaar ke em pannikr aai॰ esa॰ bee॰ ena॰ 0-8426-0618-1
  • Rajasthan throo di ejij (pratham bhaag) Rajasthan ka vyaapak tatha praamaanik itihaas, prakaashak: Rajasthan state archives, Bikaner 1966, punarmudran 2014
  • lekchars on rajput histari end kalchar (aar pi nopaani bhaashanamaala 1969) prakaashak: Motilal banaaraseedaas, Jawahar nagar, Delhi, 1970. aai॰ esa॰ bee॰ ena॰ 0-8426-0262-3
  • samraat pruthveeraaj chauhaan aur unka yug, prakaashak: Rajasthan hindi granth academy, Jaipur 1972

ekatrit lekh

  • Dr dasharath sharma lekh sangrah (pratham bhaag), sampaadak: manohar sharma, divaakar sharma; prakaashak: hindi vishvabhaarati anusandhaan parishd, Bikaner 1977

sampaadit granth

  • dayaaladaas ki khyaat (bhaag 2) prakaashak: anoop sanskrut pustakaalaya, Bikaner 1954
  • kyaamakhaan raaso, prakaashak: Rajasthan puraatatv mandir, Jaipur 1953
  • panvaar vansh darpan, prakaashak: saadul raajasthaani research instityoot, Bikaner 1960
  • indraprasthaprabandh, prakaashak: Rajasthan puraatatv mandir, Jodhpur 1963
  • amarasinhabhishek-kaavya, Pilani 1953
  • sangeetaraghunandanam, prakaashak: Rajasthan puraatatv mandir, Jodhpur 1974
  • raas tatha raasaanvayi kaavya (sah sanpaadan), prakaashak: naagari prachaarini sabha, Varanasi 1959
  • mudraaraakshas poorv sankathaanak, prakaashak: anoop sanskrut pustakaalaya, Bikaner 1945

prastaavanaaeain

  • achaladaas kheenchi ri vachanika, prakaashak: saadul raajasthaani research instityoot, Bikaner 1960
  • ahinsa aur usaka vishvavyaapi (lekhak:dau॰ kaamata prasaad)
  • itihaas ke roop mein hammeer mahaakaavya (muni jinvijya dvaara sampaadit)
  • ojha nibndh sangrah (bhaag 2) sah sanpaadan, prakaashak: saahitya sansthaan, Udaipur 1954
  • jasavantaudayot (lekhak: shri agarachand naahata)
  • jindatasoori (lekhak: shri agarachand naahata)
  • jain prashasti sangrah, bhaag 2 (lekhak: poornachand shaastri)
  • dalapatavilaas, prakaashak: saadul raajasthaani research instityoot, Bikaner 1960
  • padmini charitra chaupaai, prakaashak: saadul raajasthaani research instityoot, Bikaner
  • Bhaarat vijay (lekhak: dau॰ dasharath ojha)
  • hammeer mahaakavya mein etidya saamagri (lekhak: muni jinvijya)
  • hammeeraayan, prakaashak: saadul raajasthaani research instityoot, Bikaner
  • churu mandal ka itihaas, prakaashak: lo. s. sansthaan, nagar shri chooru

sameekshaaen

  • karani charitra (lekhak: shri kishorasinh baaispal)
  • deengal saahitya (lekhak: dau॰ jagadeesh prasaad) hindi vaarshiki 1960
  • dhola maaroo ra duha, prakaashak: naagari prachaarini sabha, Varanasi
  • baadali (lekhak; chandrasinh)
  • Bikaner ke jain lekh (lekhak: agarachand naahata)
  • yug pradhaan jinchandr soori
  • Rajasthan ke pravaad (lekhak: dau॰ kanhaiyaalaal sahal)
  • Rajasthan ra duha (lekhak: narottamadaas svaami)
  • Rajasthan saahitya samiti ke prakaash (varada III, ank 2, pru 51-4)
  • raaso vimarsh (lekhak: dau॰ maataaprasaad)
  • hastalikhit granthon ki khoj, prakaashak: saahitya sansthaan, Udaipur
  • hindi saahitya ka aadikaal (dau॰ hajaari prasaad Dwivedi aalochan)

baahari kadiyaaain

  • laaibreri of Congress sangrah soochi mein hamaare purodha-19 dau॰ dasharath sharma [1]
  • university of Chicago pustakaalaya sangrah mein dau॰ dasharath sharma dvaara likhit pustakon ki soochi [2]

sandarbh

  1. saarasvat, dau॰ paramaanand (1984) saahitysrashta shri vidyaadhar shaastri, prakaashak: ganu prakaashan, Bikaner prushth 10
  2. sharma, dau॰ girijaashankar (2003) hamaare purodha-19 dau॰ dasharath sharma, prakaashak:Rajasthan saahitya academy, Udaipur 2003 prushth 9-10 aai॰ esa॰ bee॰ ena॰ 81-88445-00-2
  3. kalcharal kontoors of India prushth 83, prakaashak: Abhinav prakaashan Delhi aai॰ esa॰ bee॰ N 978-0-391-02358-1
  4. sharma, dau॰ girijaashankar prushth 10-14
  5. A sosio-politikl stadi of di vaalmeeki raamaayan
  6. san varaship in enshiyant India
  7. sosial life in naurdarn India
  8. di paramaar 800-1305 E.
  9. foods end drinks in enshiyant India:fraum araleeest times too 1200 E.
  10. sosial end kalcharal history of naurdarn India 1000-1200 E.
  11. struggle for risponsibl gavarnameint in maaravaar
  12. raaj maaravaar dyooring british peraamaauntasi
  13. sharma, dau॰ girijaashankar, prushth 24
  14. arli chauhaan daainestees, prushth 89, 99
  15. lekchars on rajput histari end kalchar, prushth 1-6
  16. lekchars on rajput histari end kalchar, prushth 46-75, 85-94
  17. Rajasthan throo di ejij prushth 120
  18. Rajasthan throo di ejij prushth 261-300
  19. sharma, dau॰ girijaashankar prushth 22