darabhanga

darabhanga
nagar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
janasankhya
ghanatv
32,95,789 (2001 tak )
• 1,101 /kimi2 (2,852 /varg meal)
kshetrafal 2279 sq. kms ki.mee²

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a10′aN 85°a54′aE / 26.17°aN 85.9°aE / 26.17; 85.9 Bhaarat praant ke uttari Bihar mein baagamati nadi ke kinaare basa darabhanga ek jila evam pramandaleeya mukhyaalaya hai. darabhanga pramandal ke antargat teen jile darabhanga, madhubani, evam samasteepur aate hain. darabhanga ke uttar mein madhubani, dakshin mein samasteepur, poorv mein saharasa evam pashchim mein mujaffarapur tatha seetaamadhi jila hai. darabhanga shahar ke bahuvidh evam aadhunik svarup ka vikaas solahaveen sadi mein mugl vyaapaariyon tatha oinavaar shaasakon dvaara viksit kiya gaya. darabhanga 16veen sadi mein sthaapit darabhanga raaj ki rajdhani tha. apni praacheen sanskruti aur bauddhik parampara ke liye yeh shahar vikhyaat raha hai. iske alaava yeh jila aam aur makhaana ke utpaadan ke liye prasiddh hai.

anukram

naamaakaran

darabhanga shabd sanskrut bhaasha ke shabd 'dwaar-bang' ya faarasi bhaasha ke 'dar-A-bang' yaani Bengal ka darvaaja ka maithili bhaasha mein kai saalon tak chalanevaale sthaaneeyakaran ka parinaam hai. aisa kaha jaata hai ki mugal kaal mein darabhangi Khan ne shahar ki sthaapana ki thi. lekin kuchh log iska khandan karte hain aur maanate hain ki darabhangi Khan mugal kaal mein viksit darabhanga shahar ka koi vyaapaari raha hoga.

itihaas

vaidik sroton ke mutaabik aaryon ki videh shaakha ne agni ke sanrakshan mein sarasvati tat se poorab mein sadaaneera (gandak) ki or kooch kiya aur videh raajya ki sthaapana ki. videh ke raaja mithi ke naam par yeh pradesh mithila kahalaane laga. raamaayanakaal mein mithila ke ek raaja jo janak kahalaate the, sirdhvaj janak ki putri seeta thi.[1] videh raajya ka ant hone par yeh pradesh vaishaali ganaraajya ka ang bana. iske pashchaat yeh magadh ke maurya, shung, kanv aur gupt shaasakon ke mahaan saamraajya ka hissa raha. 13 veen sadi mein pashchim Bengal ke musalmaan shaasak haaji shamsuddeen iliyaas ke samay mithila evam tirhut kshetron ka baintavaara ho gaya. uttari bhaag jiske antargat madhubani, darabhanga evam samasteepur ka uttari hissa aata tha, sugauna ke oinavaar raaja kaameshvar Singh ke adheen raha. oinavaar raajaaon ko kala, sanskruti aur saahitya ka badhaava dene ke liye jaana jaata hai. kumaaril bhatt, mandan mishr, gadaadhar pandit, shankar, vaachaaspati mishr, vidyaapati, naagaarjun aadi mahaan vidvaanon ke lekhan se is kshetr ne prasiddhi pai. oinavaar raaja shivsinh ke pita devasinh ne laheriyaasaraaya ke paas devakuli ki sthaapana ki thi. shivsinh ke baad yahaaain padmasinh, harisinh, narasinhadev, dheerasinh, bhairavasinh, raamabhadr, lakshmeenaath, kaamasanaaraayan raaja hue. shivsinh tatha bhairavasinh dvaara jaari kiye gaye sone evam chaaaindi ke sikke yahaaain ke itihaas gyaan ka achha strot hai.
darabhanga shahar 16 veen sadi mein darabhanga raaj ki rajdhani thi. 1845 isvi mein british sarkaar ne darabhanga sadar ko anumandal banaaya aur 1864 isvi mein darabhanga shahar nagar nikaaya ban gaya.[2] 1875 mein svatantr jila banane tak yeh tirhut ke saath tha. 1908 mein tirhut ke pramandal banane par ise Patna pramandal se hataakar tirhut mein shaamil kar liya gaya. svatantrata ke pashchaat 1972 mein darabhanga ko pramandal ka darja dekar madhubani tatha samasteepur ko iske antargat rakha gaya.

bhaugolik sthiti

darabhanga jila ka kul kshetrafal 2,279 varg ki0mee0 hai. samoocha jila ek samatal upajaaoo kshetr hai jahaaain koi chihnit vanapradesh naheen hai. jile mein himaalaya se utarane waali nityavaahi au‍aar barasaati nadiyon ka jaal bichha hai. kamala, baagamati, koshi, kareh au‍aar adhavaara samooh ki nadiyon se utpann baadh har varsh laakhon logon ke liye tabaahi laati hai[3] ausat saalaana 1142 mimi varsha ka adhikaansh maunasoon se praapt hota hai. darabhanga jile ko aamtaur par nimn chaar kshetron mein baaainta jaata hai:

  • ghanashyaamapur, biraul tatha kusheshvarasthaan prakhand mein koshi ke dvaara jama kiya gaya gaad kshetr jahaaain daladali bhaag milte hain.
  • boodhi gandak ke dakshin ka ooaincha tatha upajaaoo bhookshetr jahaaain rabi ki kheti ki jaati hai.
  • boodhi gandak au‍aar baagamati ke beech ka doaab kshetr jo neecha aur daladali hai. yahaaain 29706 hekteyar bhoomi chaur kshetr hai.
  • sadar kshetr jo ooaincha hai aur kai nadiyaaain yahaaain se pravaahit hai.
janasaankhyiki

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar is jila ki kul janasankhya 32,85,493 hai jismein shahari kshetr tatha dehaati kshetr ki janasankhya kramash: 2,66,834 evam 30,18,639 hai.

  • stri-puroosh anupaat- 910/ 1000
  • janasankhya ka ghanatv- 1101
  • janm ke samay jeevan pratyaasha- 47.6 varsh
  • janasankhya vruddhi dar- 2.25%
  • saaksharata dar- 35.42% (puroosh-45.32%, stri- 24.58%)

jabki janaganana 2011 ke aakadon ke anusaar is jile ki kul aabaadi 3,937,385 hai.jismein purushon ki sankhya 2,059,949 aur mahilaaon ki 1,877,436 hai.[4]

prashaasanik vibhaajan:

darabhanga jile ke antargat 3 anumandal, 18 prakhand, 329 panchaayat, 1,269 gaanv evam 23 thaane hain.

  • anumandal- darabhanga sadar, beraul, beneepur
  • prakhand- darabhanga, bahaadurapur, hayaaghaat, hanumaananagar, baheri, kevati, singhavaara, jaale, manigaachhi, taaraadih, beneepur, aleenagar, biraul, ghanashyaamapur, keeratapur, gaura-bauram, kusheshvarasthaan, kusheshvarasthaan (poorv)

krushi evam vaaniki

darabhanga jile ki choona yukt domat kism ki mitti rabi evam khareef fasalon ke liye upayukt hai. bhadai evam agahani dhaan, gehooain, makai, raagi, tilhan (chana, masoor, khesaari, moong), aaloo ganna aadi mukhya fasale hain. jile ke kul kshetrafal ka 198415 hekteyar krushiyogya hai. 19617 hekteyar kshetr ooainchi bhoomi, 37660 hekteyar madhyam aur 38017 hekteyar neechi bhoomi hai. yadyapi darabhanga jila vanarahit pradesh hai fir bhi niji kshetron mein vaaniki ka achha prasaar dekhne ko milta hai. gaaainvon ke aaspaas raiyati jameen par seesam, khair, khajoor, aam, leechi, amarud, katahal, peepal, imali aadi paryaapt maatra mein dikhaai dete hai. aam au‍aar makhaana ke utpaadan ke liye darabhanga prasiddh hai aur khaas sthaan rakhata hai. jile ke praay: har hisse mein talaabon evam chaur kshetr mein poshak tatvon se bharpoor makhaana yahaaain ka khaas utpaad hai. makhaana ki kheti se ho rahe laabh ke maddenajar yahaaain ke kisaanon mein makhaane ki kheti ke prati dilchaspi badhi hai.[5] [6]

shaikshanik sansthaan

parampara se yeh shahar mithila ke braahmanon ke liye sanskrut mein uchch shiksha ke liye prasiddh raha hai.[7] puraatan evam aadhunik shiksha ka achha kendra hone ke baavajood darabhanga ek nimn saaksharata wala jila hai. lalitnaaraayan mithila vishvavidyaalaya ke alaave yahaaain tatha kaameshvarasinh sanskrut vishvavidyaalaya sthaapit hai jiske antargat raajya ke sabhi sanskrut mahaavidyaalaya aate hain. shahar mein takaneeki evam chikitsa mahaavidyaalayon ke atirikt mithila shodh sansthaan jaise vishisht shiksha kendra bhi hain. darabhanga jila ke antargat aanevaale shikshan sansthaan is prakaar hain:

  • praathamik vidyaalaya- 1165
  • madhya vidyaalaya- 312
  • uchch vidyaalaya- 70
  • angeebhoot degree mahaavidyaalaya-17
  • sambaddh degree mahaavidyaalaya- 26
  • sanskrut mahaavidyaalaya- 5
  • shikshak prashikshan mahaavidyaalaya- 2 (degree evam diploma)
takaneeki sansthaan:

darabhanga college of injiniyring, mahila abhiyantran mahaavidyaalaya, raajakeeya pauliteknik darabhanga, audyogik prashikshan sansthaan

chikitsa mahaavidyaalay:

darabhanga chikitsa mahaavidyaalaya evam aspataal, nursing training school-1, dant chikitsa mahaavidyaalaya-4 (niji), emaaaraem ayurvedik mahaavidyaalaya

anya vishisht sansthaan
  • mithila shodh sansthaan (sanskrut mein paraasnaatak stareeya shiksha evam shodh ki suvidha)
  • daak prashikshan kendra (daakakarmiyon ke liye kendra sarkaar dvaara sthaapit prashikshan kendra)
  • makhaana ke liye raashtreeya shodh kendra vaasudevapur darabhanga

iske atirikt jile mein 1 kendreeya vidyaalaya, 1 Jawahar navodaya vidyaalaya tatha 4 charavaaha vidyaalaya bhi hai.

sanskruti

darabhanga pradesh mithila sanskruti ka ang evam kendra vindu raha hai.[8] raamaayan kaal se hi yeh raaja janak tatha uttaravarti hindu raajaaon ka shaasan pradesh raha hai. madhyakaal mein is kshetr par musalmaan shaasakon ka kabja hone par bhi yeh hindu kshatrapon ke adheen raha aur apni khaas pehchaan banaae rakhane mein saksham raha. pehle se muslim bahul darabhanga shahar mein 19veen sadi ke aarambh mein braahman raaja dvaara apni rajdhani sthaanaantarit kiye jaane ke baad hindu yahaaain basane lage au‍aar shahar mein mili-juli sanskruti panapi. yadyapi darabhanga hindu bahul hai lekin musalmaan kul sankhya ka 36% hai.[9] mithila peinting, dhrupad gaayan ki gaya shaili aur sanskrut ke vidvaanon ne is kshetr ko duniya bhar mein khaas pehchaan di hai. prasiddh lok kalaaon mein sujani (kapde ki kai tahon par rangeen dhaagon se dijaain banaana), sikki (khar evam ghaas se banaai gayi kalaatmak dijaain waali upayogi vastu) tatha lakdi par nakkaashi ka kaam shaamil hai. saama chakeva evam jhijhiya darabhanga ka lok nrutya hai. yahaaain ke logon ke Khan-paan evam vidya prem par maithili mein prachalit ek kahaavat darabhanga ki sanskruti ko achhi tarah bayaan karta hai:
pag-pag pokhar, paan makhaan
saras bol, muski muskaan
vidya-vaibhav shaanti prateek
lalit nagar darabhanga thik
apne gauravashaali ateet evam adviteeya saanskrutik paranparaaon ke baavajood durbhaagya se mithila sanskruti ka kendra raha yeh kshetr aaj raajanaitik upeksha ka shikaar hokar rah gaya hai aur ab kabhi kabhi apni baadh ki bhayaavahata ke kaaran akhbaaron ki surkhiyon mein dikh jaata hai.

paryatan sthal

darabhanga shahar ke darshaneeya sthal
  • darabhanga raaj parisar evam kila:

darabhanga ke mahaaraajaaon ko kala, saahitya evam sanskruti ke sanrakshakon mein gina jaata hai. svargeeya mahesh thaakur dvaara sthaapit darabhanga raaj kila-parisar ab ek aadhunik sthal evam shiksha kendra ban chuka hai. bhavya evam yojanaabaddh tareeke se abhiklpit mahalon, mandiron evam puraane prateekon ko ab bhi dekha ja sakta hai. alag-alag mahaaraajaaon dvaara banabaae gaye mahalon mein naragauna mahal, aanandabaag mahal evam bela mahal pramukh hain. raaj pustakaalaya bhavan lalitnaaraayan mithila vishvavidyaalaya dvaara evam anya kai bhavan sanskrut vishvavidyaalaya dvaara upayog mein laae ja rahe hain.

  • mahaaraaja lakshmishvar Singh sangrahaalaya evam chandradhaari sangrahaalaya:

ranti-dyodhi (madhubani) ke svargeeya chandradhaari Singh dvaara daan kiye gaye kalaatmak evam amoolya durlabh saamagriyon ko shahar ke maanasarovar jheel kinaare 7 December 1957 ko sthaapit ek sangrahaalaya mein rakha gaya hai. is sangrahaalaya ko san 1974 mein domanjile bhavan mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya jahaaain sangrahit vastuon ko 11 kakshon mein rakha gaya hai. September 1977 mein darabhanga ke tatkaalin jilaadhikaari dvaara mahaaraaja lakshmishvar Singh sangrahaalaya ki sthaapana ki gayi. darabhanga mahaaraaj ke vanshaj shri shubheshvar Singh dvaara daan ki gayi durlabh kalaakrutiyaaain evam raaj se sanbadhit vastueain yahaaain sangrahit hai. darabhanga raaj ki amoolya evam durlabh vastuen tatha sone, chaaaindi evam haathi daaaint ke bane hathiyaaron aadi ko aath kakshon mein sajaakar rakha gaya hai. somvaar chhodakar saptaah mein pratyek din khulne vaale donon sangrahaalayon mein pravesh ni:shulk hai.[10]

  • shyaama mandir:

darabhanga station se 1 kilometer ki doori par mithila vishvavidyaalaya ke parisar mein darabhanga raaj dvaara 1933 mein banavaaya gaya kaali mandir bahut sundar hai. sthaaneeya logon mein is mandir ki badi pratishtha hai aur logon mein aisa vishvaas hai ki yahaaain pooja karne se manovaanchhit fal milta hai.

  • holi rojari church:

darabhanga railway station se 1 kilometer uttar sthit 1891 mein bana Catholic church isaai paadariyon ke prashikshan ke liye bana tha. 1897 mein bhookamp se hue nuksaan ke baad church mein 25 December 1991 se pun: praarthana shuru hui. church ke baahar isa maseeh ka ek pratima bana hai.

  • hajraat makhadoom bheeka shaah sailaani ka majaar shareef:

dargaah shareef hajraat makhadoom bheeka shaah sailaani rahamatullaah alaih Bihar ke darabhanga shahar ke railway station se aadha kilometer ki doori par dighi taalaab ke pashchim kinaare par mohalla mishratola (bhatiyaari saraaya ) mein main station road par hajraat makhadoom bheeka shaah sailaani rahamatullaah alaih ka majaar hai. sadak se oonchaai par sthit aalishaan dargaah shareef mein hajraat makhadoom bheeka bheeka shaah sailaani rahamatullaah alaih ka takareeban 400 varsh se puraana majaar hai.. dargaah parisar mein hi hajrat maulaana fida abdul kareem samarakndi rahamatullaah alaih ka bhi majaar hai… jo baad mein aaye the. hajraat makhadoom bheeka shaah sailaani rahamatullaah alaih ka saalaana urs Eid ul juha (bakareed ) ki 13 se 17 taarikh tak hota hai. jismein Bihar ke alaava anya raajyon se aur padosi desh Nepal ke bhi jaayareen aate hain.... .hajraat makhadoom bheeka shaah sailaani rahamatullaah alaih ko maanane vaale hindu muslim sikh isaai sabhi majhab ke log hai..

  • masjid evam makadoom Baba ki majaar:

darabhanga railway station se 2 kilometer ki doori par darabhanga tower ke paas bani masjid shahar ke musalmaanon ke liye sabse bada ibaadat sthal hai. paas hi soofi sant makadoom Baba ki majaar hai jo hinduon aur musalmaanon ke dvaara samaan rup se aadarit hai. station se 1 kilometer door gangaasaagar taalaab ke kinaare bani bhikha salaami majaar ke paas ramajaan maheene ki 12-16 veen ke beech mela lagta hai.

darabhanga ke aaspaas
  • kusheshvarasthaan shivmandir evam pakshi vihaar:

samasteepur-khagadiya relalaain par hasanapur road se 22 kilometer door kusheshvar sthaan mein raamaayan kaal ka Shiv mandir hai. yeh sthaan ati pavitra maana jaata hai. kusheshvar sthaan, ghanashyaamapur evam beraul prakhand mein 7019 ekad jalaplaavit kshetr ko vanyajeev sanrakshan adhiniyam ke tahat pakshi abhyaaranya ghoshit kiya gaya hai. vishesh paaristhiki vaale is bhookshetr mein sthaaneeya, saaiberiyaai tatha Nepal, bhootaan, Pakistan, Afghanistan jaise padosi deshon se aanevaale pakshiyon ki achhi taadaad dikhaai deti hai. lalasar, dighauch, maail, nakata, Gary, gagan, adhaani, hariyl, chaaha, karan, ratava, gaibar jaise pakshi yahaaain dekhe ja sakte hain. pakshiyon ke avaidh shikaar ke kaaran inki taadaad ab kaafi kam ho chuki hai. saath hi ab to kai prajaatiyaaain vilupti ke kagaar par hai. logo mein abhi bhi poori jaagrukta naheen aa paayi hai aur log inhein bhojan ke paushtik aur svaadisht srot jo thand ke mausam mein unhein upalabdh hote hai ke roop mein dekhte hai. logo ke isi ravaiye ke parinaam svarup pariyaavaaran par parivartan aa rahe hai. ab inki sankhya kaafi kam ho chuki hai.

  • ahilyaasthaan evam gautamasthaan:

jaale prakhand mein kamataul railway station se 3 kilometer dakshin ahilyaasthaan sthit hai. ayodhya jaane ke kram mein Bhagwan shreeraam ne patthar bani shaapagrast ahilya ka uddhaar is sthaan par kiya tha. yahaaain prativrsh raamanavami (chaitr) evam vivaah panchami (agahan) ko mela lagta hai. kamataul se 8 kilometer door brahmapur mein Gautam rishi ka sthaan maana jaata hai. yahaaain Gautam sarovar evam paas hi mandir bana hai. brahmapur ke khaadi graamodyog kendra evam khaadi bhandaar se vastr khareede ja sakte hai.

  • chhaparaar: darabhanga se 10 kilometer door kamala nadi kinaare bana shivmandir ke paas kaartik evam maagh poornima ko mela lagta hai.
  • devakuli dhaam: biraul prakhand ke devakuli gaaainv mein Shiv ka praacheen mandir hai jahaaain pratyek ravivaar ko puja hetu bheed hoti hai. shivraatri ke din yahaaain mela bhi lagta hai.
  • nevaari: beraul se 13 kilometer door sthit yeh sthaan raaja lorik ke praacheen kila ke liye prasiddh hai.

yaataayaat evam sanchaar

  • sadak maarg:

darabhanga Bihar ke sabhi mukhya shaharon se raajamaargon dvaara juda hua hai. jile mein sadkon ki kul lanbaai 2245 kilometer hai. yahaaain se vartamaan mein do raashtreeya raajamaarg tatha teen raajakeeya raajamaarg gujarati hain. mujaffarapur se jhanjhaarapur jaanevaala raashtreeya raajamaarg 57 darabhanga hote hue jaati hai. 55 kilometer lamba raashtreeya raajamaarg 105 darabhanga ko jayanagar se jodta hai. jile mein raashtreeya raajamaarg 57 evam 105 ki kul lanbaai 57 kilometer tatha raajakeeya raajamaarg sankhya 50 tatha 56 ki kul lanbaai 89 kilometer hai.

  • rel maarg:

darabhanga bhaarateeya rel ke nakshe ka ek mahatvapoorn jankshan hai jo poorv madhya railway kshetr ke samasteepur mandal mein padta hai. Delhi-Guwahati root par sthit samasteepur jankshan se badi gej ki ek laain darabhanga hote hue Nepal seema par jhanjhaarapur ko jaati hai. darabhanga se ek anya rel laain seetaamadhi hote hue narakatiyaaganj ko jodti hai. sakadi se hasanapur ko jodanevaali relalaain nirmaanaadheen hai. 1996 tak darabhanga meter gej se juda tha lekin amaan parivartan ke baad yahaaain se Delhi, mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, amrutasar, Guwahati tatha anya mahatvapoorn shaharon ke liye seedhi trainein upalabdh hai.

  • vaayu maarg:

darabhanga se 10 kilometer ki doori par bana havaai adada bhaarateeya vaayu sena ke upayog mein hai. niktasth naagrik havaai adda 130 kilometer door Patna mein sthit hai. lokanaayak jayaprakaash havaai kshetr Patna (IATA code- PAT) se antardesheeya tatha seemit antarraashtreeya udaane upalabdh hai. Indian, Kingfisher, jet air, spaais jet tatha indigo ki udaanein Delhi, Kolkata aur raaainchi ke liye upalabdh hain.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain