dalit saahitya

dalit saahitya se taat‍aaparya dalit jeevan aur usaki samas‍aayaaon par lekhan ko ken‍aadr mein rakhakar hue saahityik aandolan se hai jiska sootrapaat dalit painthar se maana ja sakta hai. daliton ko hindu samaaj v‍aayavas‍aatha mein sabse nichle paayadaan par hone ke kaaran nyaaya, shiksha, samaanata tatha svatantrata aadi maulik adhikaaron se bhi vanchit rakha gaya. un‍aahein apne hi dharm me achhoot ya as‍aaprush‍aaya maana gaya. dalit saahitya ki shurooaat maraathi se maani jaati hai jahaan dalit painthar aandolan ke dauraan badi sankh‍aaya mein dalit jaatiyon se aae rachanaakaaron ne aam janta tak apni bhaavanaaon, peedaaon, dukhon-dardon ko lekhon, kavitaaon, nibndhon, jeevaniyon, kataakshon, vyangon, kathaaon aadi ke maadh‍aayam se pahunchaaya.

anukram

avadhaarana

dalit saahitya ki avadhaarana ko lekar lambi bahasein chaleen. yeh savaal dalit saahitya mein pramukhata se chhaaya raha ki dalit saahitya kaun likh sakta hai, yaani s‍aavaanubhooti hi praamaanik hogi ya sahaanubhooti ko bhi s‍aathaan milega. pramukh dalit saahit‍aayakaaron ne kaha choonki savarnon ne daliton ki peeda ko bhoga naheen, isliye ve dalit saahitya naheen likh sakte. haalaanki yeh mat j‍aayaada dinon tak tika naheen, lekin aarambh mein bahas ka mudda bana raha. yeh prash‍aan maraathi ki tulana mein hindi mein adhik utha. ant mein is baat par rai banti najar I ki dalit saahitya as‍aasi aur nab‍aabe ke dashak mein ubhara ek saahityik aandolan hai jismein pramukhata se dalit samaaj mein paida hue rachanaakaaron ne his‍aasa liya aur ise alag dhaara manavaane ke liye sangharsh kiya.[1]

saahitya mein dalit

haalaanki saahitya mein dalit varg ki upasthiti bauddh kaal se mukharit rahi hai kintu ek lakshit maanavaadhikaar aandolan ke roop mein dalit saahitya mukhyat: beesaveen sadi ki den hai.[2]raveendr prabhaat ne apne upanyaas taaki bacha rahe lokatantr mein daliton ki saamaajik sthiti ki vruhad charcha ki hai[3]vaheen dau॰aaen.Singh ne apaneen pustak "dalit saahitya ke pratimaan " mein hindi dalit saahitya ke itihaas kon bahut hi vistaar se likha hai.[4]

pramukh bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein dalit saahitya

  • maraathi dalit saahit‍aaya
  • hindi dalit saahit‍aaya
  • telugu dalit saahit‍aaya
  • gujaraati dalit saahit‍aaya
  • kan‍aanad dalit saahit‍aaya


pramukh hindi dalit saahityakaar

  • da. dharmaveer
  • vipin bihaari
  • Kailash Wankhede
  • sohan paal sumanaakshar
  • Kailash chand chauhaan
  • bihaari laal harit
  • aanand svaroop bauddh
  • mahaashaya natthu Ram taamr meli
  • profesar shatrughn Kumar
  • Omprakash vaal‍aameeki
  • dharmaveer
  • mohanadaas naimishraaya
  • kainval bhaarati
  • sanjeev khudashaah
  • shyoraaj Singh bechain
  • tej Singh
  • soorajapaal chauhaan
  • jayaprakaash kardam
  • tulasi Ram
  • chamanalaal
  • viml thoraat
  • buddhasharan hans
  • dayaanand batohi
  • kaushalya baishantri
  • maata prasaad
  • chandrabhaan prasaad
  • si.bi. bhaarati
  • umaraav Singh jaatav
  • Ajay naavariya
  • roopanaaraayan sonakar
  • ratn Kumar saambhariya
  • raajesh Kumar bauddh
  • rajat raani meenoo
  • Dr.N.Singh
  • ish Kumar gangaaniya
  • aravin‍aad bhaarati
  • musaafir baitha
  • jagadeesh pankaj
  • asangaghosh
  • Ajay yateesh
  • rama shankar aarya
  • kaaveri
  • devanaaraayan paasavaan Dave
  • veerachandr das
  • tejapaal Singh tej
  • sudesh tanavar
  • suneel Kumar suman
  • Rajni tilk
  • hemalata maheeshvar
  • prem kapaadiya
  • Dr.Narendra Kumar aarya
  • Dr. Umesh Kumar Singh

sandarbh

  1. veer Bhaarat talavaar- dalit saahit‍aaya ki avadhaarana, chintan ki parampara aur dalit saahit‍aaya, prush‍aath-75
  2. bhaarateeya dalit aandolan : ek sankshipt itihaas, lekhak : mohanadaas naimishraaya, books for change, aai॰aesa॰abee॰aena॰ : 81-87830-51-1
  3. taaki bacha rahe lokatantr, lekhak - raveendr prabhaat, prakaashak-hind yugm, 1, jiya saraaya, hauj khaas, nai Delhi-110016, Bhaarat, varsh- 2011, I S bi N 8191038587, I S bi N 9788191038583
  4. dalit saahitya ke pratimaan : dau॰ ena0 Singh, prakaashak : vaani prakaashan, nai Delhi -110002, sanskaran: 2012

baahari kadiyaaain